Moving Into Automation:

fanaticalpumaMechanics

Nov 5, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Moving Into Automation:

The Life of Henry Ford

The Early Years

Henry Ford was
born on July 30,
1863.


He was born on a
farm near
Dearborn,
Michigan.


Henry Ford only went to


school for eight years.


As a young boy he was

fascinated with how

things worked. He loved

to take apart watches to see how they
functioned. Soon he was able to put
watches back together and even fixed
ones that broke.



As a young man, Ford knew that he
didn’t want to work on the farm. He
left home to work as a machinist (a
person who works with machines). He
was later hired by the Westinghouse
company to service their steam
engines.

The Inventing Years

In 1891, Ford began

working with a famous

inventor named Thomas

Edison at a company called

The Edison Illuminating Co.

Here his creativity was sparked

and he began inventing. He wanted to make a
gasoline powered engine.

Ford’s First Gasoline Powered Car

In 1896, Henry Ford completed his first
vehicle that was powered by gasoline
instead of steam like other cars of his
time. This car was called the
Quadricycle.

Ford liked the Quadricycle, but he
wanted to keep experimenting and
creating cars until he made one that
he felt was perfect.

Company Owner

In 1903, Ford started his own
company called the Ford
Motor Company. He
wanted to make cars that
the ordinary person, like
you and me, could afford.
But making one car was
very expensive and took a
long time to build. Only
wealthy people were able
to afford cars.

On October 1, 1908,
after lots of hard
work, Ford
introduced his new
car. It was called the
Model T. It had
many important
innovations

such as
the steering wheel on
the left, which every
other company soon
copied.

While his workers worked, Ford watched
them closely and noticed that they spent a
lot of time getting the materials they needed
to do the job. It took the workers a long
time to build a car.

Henry wanted to build
more cars in a faster
way. He wondered if he
could find a way to
help the workers to get
the materials they
needed quickly.


Owner and Innovator

Henry knew there had
to be a faster and
better way to put the
cars together.


So in
1913
-
1914, Henry and
his engineers
designed conveyor
belts that ran down
long tables carrying
parts and pieces that
needed to be put
together.

Ford’s introduction of the moving
assembly belts into his plants allowed
him to produce more cars in a shorter
amount of time. Instead of the worker
walking to the car, the car came to the
worker who stayed in one place. Each
worker had only one job to do and
then the car would move on.

Before the assembly line, it took 14
hours to build one car. With the
assembly line, workers could build
one car every 93 minutes. This meant
that Ford could make more cars to sell
at a cheaper price. Now many more
people could afford to buy a car.

On the next slide watch this old movie that shows the
inside of a factory. Can you see the assembly lines?

In the Factory

Company Pride

With all of the cars Ford could now
make and sell, he needed more
workers in his factories. He decided
to pay them $5.oo an hour and started
an 8 hour workday. His workers were
well
-
paid and well
-
treated. They
were proud to work at the Ford Motor
Company.

Henry Ford died in his home in
Michigan in 1947. He is buried in Ford
Cemetery in Detroit.

Factories Today

Factories today still use
the assembly line to
make large amounts
of their products
quickly.


Henry Ford’s ideas
helped to shape
American history.