5.8 Surface, porosity, automationx - Izones

fanaticalpumaMechanics

Nov 5, 2013 (4 years and 3 days ago)

79 views

1

SURFACE

Property 4 SURFACE

Smooth surface

2D protrusions

3D protrusions

1

2

Property 4 Surface

Carved shelves

to save space

Dimpled train

to glide

Non
-
stick
packaging

to clean

Textual flip
-
flops

to appear

Ribbed surface

to heat

Serrated tape

to tear

Lotus effect

to self
-
clean

Corrugated surface

to increase
structural strength

3

Property 4 Surface

Braille wine label

to identify

Shark skin swimsuit

to glide

Radiator breakfast tray

to heat

Teflon coated roller tray

to clean

Finned cup
to cool

Lego bricks

to assemble

Protruded chocolate

to break

Structured surface

to break


BENEFITS of SURFACE

4

Smooth surface

2D protrusions

3D protrusions

Increase anti
-
slip property

Create a deliberate weak point

Improve drainage

Improve heat transfer properties

Improve location for two joining parts

Improve traction

Increase controllability

Increase heat resistance

Increase noise

Make it easier to grip

Reduce drag

Reduce processing time

Add identification marks

Improve self
-
cleaning

Improve accuracy

Product


Sugar coating on
biscuits/cakes/etc


Process


Fins for shaking


More surface means more reaction,


Surface to initiate weak point break


Flow spoilers inside Ribena bottle prevent

drips when halting the pouring process


Form a skin on top of custard


Mould (or engrave) product branding
information onto product
-

e.g. Polo mints


Engrave advertisements of other products
(by the same manufacturer) onto the
product.


Braille labelling


Corrugated sides on a container for hot
products (e.g. disposable coffee cup) make
the product cooler to hold


Grilling food provides a more directional
heat source than, say, cooking in oven


Top and bottom surfaces of a baked bean
tin are different in order to facilitate
stacking

5

Property 4 Surface

Surface


Product



Moulded hand grips on
tools


Single
-
sided cellotape


Drink cans shaped to
facilitate stable stacking


Process



Material surface treatments/

coatings
-

plating,
erosion/corrosion protection,
non
-
stick, etc


Fisures for sound absorption


Protrusions on engines for
cooling


Reduce drag on aerodynamic
surfaces by adding riblets or
'shark
-
skin' protrusions


Nano surface for self cleaning


Aerodynamic surfaces



6

Property 4 Surface

Surface


7

POROSITY

Property 5 POROSITY

Solid

Hollow

Multiple hollow

7

8

GEOX permeable shoes

to cool

Double wall glass

to insulate

Hollow PaintStick

to contain

Light and air
permeable door

to appear

Property 5 POROSITY

Hollow glasses

to vary

Hollow pitcher

to cool

Hollow mug

to contain

Hollow foam

to insulate

Serrations

to break

9

Aquabell water weights

to store

Permeable shoe soles

to drain

Property 5 POROSITY

Triple inner hose

to store

Hollow easter egg

to break

Hollow spoon

to measure

Hollow hangers
to store

Collapsible ladder

to store

Hollow breath

gloves

to heat

Baby bottle
with syringe

to dispense


BENEFITS of POROSITY

10

Make it easy to handle

Add a hole to hang object

Add ability to be inflated

Add new function or integration of other functions

Create a space to insert something

Create the impression of increased size

Maintain temperature

Make it easier to assemble

Pass something through the object

Reduce weight

Create deliberate weak point

Improve fuel economy

Improve heat transfer properties

Improve storage capacity

Improve filtering capacity

Increase system flexibility

Isolate stresses or loads

Make it difficult to replicate or copy

Make it easier to carry

Improve grip

Improve absorbing

Reduce materials used

Porosity

Product


Drill

holes in a
structure

to

reduce

the
weight



Cavity

wall

insulation



Transpiration

film
cooled

structures



Desiccant

in
polystyrene

packing

materials



Medicated

swabs
/dressings


Whipped cream


Souffle
/mousse/
etc


Hollow Easter
-
egg


Filled chocolate
-

liqueurs,
toffee
-
fillings,
etc





Process


Use

sponge
-
like

structures

as

fluid

absorption

media


Use

a
porous

metal
mesh

to

wick

excess

solder

away

from

a joint


Foam

metals



Store
hydrogen

in the
pores

of a
palladium
sponge
. (
Fuel

"tank"
for

the
hydrogen

car
--
much

safer
than

storing
hydrogen

gas)

11

Property 5 POROSITY

Porosity

Human

+ semi automated tool

Fully automated tool

Human

12

AUTOMATION

Property 6 AUTOMATION

12

13

Self
-
heating

meal

Self
-
assembling

tent

Robo Builder

to assemble

ROOMBA floor cleaner

to clean

Property 6 AUTOMATION

Self
-
adapting

shoe

Self folding stroller

to store

Self stirring mug

to mix

Swallowable robot

to inspect

14

Self
-
leveling
laser

Spray on fingernails

to apply

Self
-
inflating

tyres

Self
-
detecting

toaster

Property 6 AUTOMATION

Self
-
rocking

baby bed

Self
-
dispensing
perfume

Self chilling bottle

to cool

Self
-
supporting

bodyweight assistant

15

Teaching techniques:

Stimulate
participants to write
about it

(wikipedia)

Property 6 AUTOMATION

Learn by /osmosis

Automation in collecting customer information

Keep track of


Customers


Orders


Demands


Wishes


This can be done through


tender forms


invoice details

1. introduction | 2. value | 3. resources | 4. nine windows | 5. analogy | 6. patents |
7. properties

| 8.conflicts | 9. product
dna

| 10. appendix

Osmosis

is

really

a

scientific

term

relating

to

the

flow

of

fluids

through

a

semi
-
permeable

membrane
.

With

respect

to

learning,

it

means

a

gradual,

often

unconscious

process

of

assimilation
.

The

term

has

been

applied

to

"sleep

learning,“

"unconscious

learning
.
"

16

AUTOMATION

Human


+
semi

automated

tool

Fully

automated

tool

human

In "precision farming," GPS now guides tractors to plow
and seed fields,
instrumentalizing

the earth remotely and
resulting in a monoculture of cornfields over thousands of
acres throughout Iowa and into several other
midwestern

states.


The AUTO
-
GUIDE Satellite Navigation System is a steer
-
assist feature that automatically guides the agriculture
vehicle along a path established by GPS (Global
Positioning System). The system steers the vehicle
electronically, so operator steering corrections are not
required while the system is engaged. Auto
-
Guide uses
sub
-
metre
,
decimetre

and
centimetre

(USA only)
accuracy to provide straight lines, while the operator is
simply required to turn the machine at
headlands.Operators

are consequently less fatigued and
work more efficiently into the night, or in low visibility
situations, with reduced skips and overlaps
-

resulting in
increased efficiency and economic
savings.In

addition,
repeatability or Controlled Traffic eliminates guess rows
and reduces widespread compaction, leading to
environmental savings.




See

video

Precision farming

Source:

auto
-
guidenav.com

1. introduction | 2. value | 3. resources | 4. nine windows | 5. analogy | 6. patents |
7. properties

| 8.conflicts | 9. product
dna

| 10. appendix

17


BENEFITS of AUTOMATION

Decrease user involvement

Increase user involvement

Create the ability to deliver extremes of a function, outside the
human range

Decrease user involvement

Reduce human drudgery

Add self
-
balancing

Create opportunities for self
-
learning

Improve delivery system

Improve user safety

Reduce fatique effect

Reduce time wastage

Human

+ semi
automated

tool

Product


A soda fountain pump that
runs on the pressure of the
carbon dioxide that is used
to "fizz" the drinks. This
assures that drinks will not
be flat, and eliminates the
need for sensors


Halogen lamps regenerate
the filament during use
--
evaporated material is
redeposited


Large Yorkshire puddings
act as the food container as
well as being edible


Ditto taco
-
shells, pitta
-
bread, Cornish pastie, etc


Sausage skins


Process


Self
-
locking

nut


Self
-
cleaning oven


Self
-
balancing

wheel



Use

heat
from

a
process

to

generate

electricity

"Co
-
generation
"


Use

animal

waste as
fertilizer



Use

food
and

lawn

waste
to

create

compost


Self
-
heating tinned
food/drinks


Self
-
cooling soda tins


Self
-
regulating temperature
coffee cups
-

keep the
contents warmer for longer


18

Property 6 AUTOMATION

Human

+ semi
automated

tool