NordForsk - Application for Nordic networks for research and research training

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Nov 8, 2013 (4 years and 4 days ago)

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NordForsk
-

Application for Nordic networks for research and research training


Beslutning:

Mottagit:

Ref.nr.:


1 Last name

First name

Sex

Title/position

Rissanen

Kari

Male

Professor

University

Ac
ademic degree

University of Jyväskylä

PhD

Department/institution

Telephone (work)

Mobile

Nanoscience Center, Department of Chemistry


+358
-
14
-
2602672

050
-
5623721

Department/instituti
on address

Telefax (work)

P.O. Box 35

+358
-
14
-
2602651

Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

40014 JYU

Jyväskylä

FINLAND

krissane@cc.jyu.fi


2 Title of the project/activity
(
max 50 characters)



3 Time span for the first year of the network
(dd.mm.yyyy):

4 Subject area

(See last page)

Från:
01.09.2006

Till:

31.08.2009


Chemistry


5
Estimated number of
participants

DK

FI

IS

NO

SE

EE

LT

LV

RU

Other
inside
the EU*

Other
outside
the EU*

Total

Men

Women

Research students

3

6





3

7





3

















22

15

7

Research groups

2

2





2

3





1

















10









Other participants

2

5





4

7





4

















22

16

6

* Other countries








6 Summary.
Give a short description of the network’s targets and aims (max 200 words). NordForsk reserves the right to use

parts of the te
xt or the text in full for information purposes.


Titel: Crystal Engineering and Supramolecular Materials (sorry, impossible to fill in the titel the designated place!)



The overall goal of the network is to bring together a number of resea
rch groups in the field of “Crystal Engineering” and “Supramolecular Solid
State Chemistry”. Each group is individually producing high quality work in different parts of the “Crystal Engineering” spec
trum, from organic
chemistry to magnetism and with resea
rch goals spanning from advanced materials to biochemistry. However, the majority of these groups are small
with relatively young research leaders and there is thus potential for a large productivity and quality increase by the shari
ng of instrumentation,
ideas, students and know
-
how. The creation of a Nordic
-
Baltic network in the area will provide the catalyst for efficient communication and
collaboration of these groups and also give the necessary momentum for the creation of future EU
-
projects and centre
s of excellence.


Moreover, these teams are geographically spread out from central Finland in the north to Vilnius, close to the Belarus border
, in the south and have
had no natural ways to interact so far. This means that the graduate students in the fiel
d have only few discussion partners, and there has been given
practically no PhD
-
courses in the area. Thus, also here there is a large potential for quality increase.


The network will be chaired by the applicant Professor Kari Rissanen and coordinated by
Professor Lars Öhrström and Chalmers Tekniska
Högskola in Göteborg will act as the financial coordinating unit.



7 Amount requested from NordForsk

888

668,00

NOK


The department has accepted to administer the grant according to NordFor
sk’s rules and
conditions


The information about the persons and groups participating in the application is correct.

NordForsk may request confirmation (Letters of Intent) from the group leaders or network
members.




8 Co
-
ordinating group
(title, name, university, e
-
mail). A short presentation of the participants in the co
-
ordinating group must be enclosed.

Use the enclosed form (Appendix 15).

Title

Name

University or equivalent

E
-
mail

Prof.

Lars Öhrström

Chalmers Tekniska Högskola

ohrstrom@chalmers.se

Title

Name

University or equivalent

E
-
mail

Prof.

Eugenijus Butkus


University of Vilnius

Eugenijus.Butkus
@chf.vu.lt

Title

Name

University or equivalent

E
-
mail

Prof.

Carl Henrik Görbitz

University of Oslo

c.h.gorbitz@kjemi.uio.no

Title

Name

University or equivalent

E
-
mail

Senior assistan
t

Matti Haukka

University of Joensuu

matti.haukka@joensuu.fi

Title

Name

University or equivalent

E
-
mail

Prof.

Mikael Håkansson

Göteborgs Universitet

hson@ch
em.gu.se

Title

Name

University or equivalent

E
-
mail

Prof.

Christine McKenzie

University of Southern Denmark (Odense)






chk_chem@chem.sdu.dk

Title

Name

University or equivalent

E
-
mail

Ass. Prof.

Andrew Bond

University of Southern Denmark (Odense)






adb@chem.sdu.dk

Title

Name

University or equivalent

E
-
mail

Prof.

Helmer Fjellvåg

University of Osl
o

helmer.fjellvag@kjemi.uio.no

Title

Name

University or equivalent

E
-
mail

Assoc. Prof.

Kenneth Wärnmark

Lunds Universitet

Kenneth.Warnmark@organic.lu.se


9 Other sources of funding

Source

Amount applied for (NOK)

Received (NOK)

Reply pending (date)

Science councils

25

000,00







2007

Chemical societies

25

000,00







2007

Industrial sponsors

25

000,00







2007

Foundations

25

000,00







2007


10 Budget


EXPENSES

Year 1 (Year 4)


Year 2 (Year 5)


Year 3


Budget (NOK)

Result (NOK)

Budget (NOK)

Result (NOK)

Budget (NOK)

Result (NOK)


a) refundable from

NordForsk

Travel expenses

97

000,00







188

000,00







137

000,00







Living exp.(room/board)

129

700,00







221

050,00







138

500,00







Honoraria





































Administration

16

729,00







24

201,00







15

488,00







Material

5

500,00







3

500,00







1

000,00







Other

5

000,00







3

000,00







3

000,00







b) not refundable

Overhead





































Other













100

000,00





























































TOTAL EXPENSES

253

929,00







439

751,00







294

988,00








INCOME

Requested from

NordForsk

253

929,00







339

751,00







294

988,00







Surplus from previous year (for extension only)































Other income













100

000,00



















Own resources





































TOTAL INCOME

253

929,00







439

751,00







294

988,00







BALANCE

0,00







0,00







0,00









Surplus may be tra
nsferred

Surplus may be transferred

(not year 5)




11
a five
-
page (maximum) description of the proposed activity, including:

a

the current status of research and research training in the subject area in the Nordic countries

b

an exposition of the pro
spects and need for Nordic co
-
operation in the subject area with particular reference to research training

c

a detailed plan covering collaborative activities during the three years

d

targets to be achieved during the operating period of the network

e

V
isions for continued co
-
operation after the grant period

f

What consideration are made to increase equal participation and equality of women and men?

g

the estimated number of research students from each country expected to participate in the network


1. The current status of research and research training in the subject area in the Nordic
countries


There are a number of individual groups in the Nordic and Baltic region that are
internationally well known for their research in the subject
area. Among the participants
in this proposed network we have members of editorials boards(1), co
-
editors(2), books
authors(1), European conferences and network organisers(1), and authors in the most
prestigious journals(10). Despite this international pre
sence, however, local research
co
-
operation between the groups has so far been limited. For example, there have been
only a very small number of inter
-
institution publications to date (Göteborg
-
Lund
-
Vilnius(1) and Lund
-
Vilnius(2)). To some extent, this ref
lects the inherent
interdisciplinarity of the subject area
-

the proposed network includes groups working in
areas that encompass the traditional areas of biology(2), organic synthesis(3),
coordination chemistry(6), theoretical chemistry(2), X
-
ray crystall
ography(6), materials
science(3) and spectroscopy(2). Principally, however, it demonstrates that the mechanisms
for communication between the groups have not been effective, probably due to the
traditional borders of the disciplines in the Nordic countries

and the specialised Nordic
scientific meetings (i.e. solution coordination chemistry, X
-
ray diffraction, organic
synthesis). The proposed network aims to rectify this situation, providing a meeting
place and an important nucleation site for expansion of t
his internationally significant
field in the Baltic and Nordic regions, to the mutual benefit of all participants.


Appendix 15 shows that most of the research groups are relatively small or are also
active in other areas. As a result, each individual inst
itution cannot form a critical
mass of researchers and students required to provide the most effective and creative PhD
-
courses in the subject area. Basic research training courses exist at each institution in
some related core subjects, but these seldom t
ake into account the specific needs,
methods and problems of our subject area. One particularly obvious example of this is in
organic chemistry, where aspects of the solid state are mostly absent, at all education
levels.



2. An exposition of the prospect
s and need for Nordic co
-
operation in the subject area
with particular reference to research training


2.1 Research

As the field of supramolecular chemistry develops, solid
-
state aspects are becoming
increasingly important. In particular the determination
and analysis of crystal
structures has become a key component of any research program in the subject area. Thus,
effective collaboration between chemists and crystallographers is more necessary and
valuable than ever before. The mutual benefits of collabor
ation are evident in many
areas. For example, some researchers in the proposed network are explicitly concerned
with “bottom up” construction of molecular materials using hydrogen bonding and
coordination chemistry (sometimes referred to as “crystal engine
ering”, or ”molecular
magnetism” where there is specific interest in the interactions of unpaired electrons).
From a chemistry viewpoint, they would benefit from closer contacts with supramolecular
-
oriented organic chemists, and from an analytical viewpoin
t, expert crystallographic
collaboration would enable them to gain maximum profit from their structural data.
Likewise, researchers traditionally classified as “crystallographers” often rely on
effective collaboration with synthetic chemists. We see signif
icant benefits in bringing
together “hydrogen
-
bond researchers” with “coordination chemists” and
”crystallographers”, since each provides a vital component in the overall development of
crystal engineering and supramolecular chemistry.


A thorough search o
f the Nordic and Baltic countries reveals that there are several
groups in the region that are active in this research area, but that they are currently
not collaborating to any large extent. Although all groups have developed international
collaborations,

there is a strong strategic interest in developing relations also in our
close proximity.


2.2 Research training

The proposed network will facilitate effective research training in three specific ways.


2.2.1 The first is via a large PhD
-
course to be giv
en in 2007. This will cover the
fundamental topics of the research area in a focused way that is not possible within
traditional undergraduate or graduate courses. For example, crystallographers and
inorganic chemists will be exposed to relevant concepts i
n organic synthesis, and organic
chemists will be taught the most important aspects of crystal growth and X
-
ray
diffraction. The key role of the network will be to bring together students and a
complete spectrum of relevant research specialists in a way th
at cannot be achieved at
any of the individual institutions.

2.2.2 The second aspect of the research training is planned exchanges between the
laboratories: each graduate student in the participating groups will be able to spend at
least one week with anot
her group in the network. The intention is to expose students to
practical methods and ideologies other than those applied in their own research group. It
is expected that the group leaders themselves will also take part in similar exchanges.

2.2.3 Finally
, the meeting program of the network will give ample opportunities for the
graduate students to give oral presentations of their own work.



3. A detailed plan covering collaborative activities during the three years


3.1 October 2006: 2 day meeting of all

network applicants in Göteborg. Detailed planning
of network activities. Research group presentations.


3.2 January 2007: 1 day planning meeting for the PhD
-
course. This will be held in
conjunction with the 19th Nordic Structural Chemistry Meeting in orde
r to both reduce
costs since some network members would normaly go to the NSM meetings anyway (a minority
though) and to provide an incentive for the others to approach and "see things" from the
crystalographic side. Network partner CHG from Oslo is chairi
ng this meeting.


3.3 November
-
April 2006: Web
-
based phase of PhD
-
course "Methods and Applications of Solid
State Supramolecular Chemistry and Crystal Engineering". Kari Rissanen in Finland and
Lars Öhrström in Sweden will coordinate this.


3.4 April 2007:

Continuation of PhD
-
course by a 5
-
day workshop in Vilnius, Lithuania.
There will be three main themes:


3.4.1 Methods of synthesis and characterization, including: organic synthesis aspects of
solid
-
state supramolecular chemistry, crystal growth, how to c
ollaborate with a
crystallographer, how to use the Cambridge Structural Database, other techniques for
solid
-
state characterisation.

3.4.2 Solid
-
state supramolecular chemistry and crystal engineering, including:
applications
-

existing and forthcoming, mol
ecular magnetism, 3D
-
networks
-

synthesis and
nomenclature, biological and medicinal aspects of solid
-
state supramolecular chemistry.

3.4.3 Research frontiers in solid
-
state supramolecular chemistry and crystal engineering,
including lectures on current re
search by each group leader, posters and oral research
presentations by graduate students.


3.5 May 2007: Final examination in PhD
-
course (web) and evaluation.


3.6 October 2007: Meeting of group leaders in Oslo. Planning of exchange program of
students an
d staff and evaluation of PhD
-
course. Discussions of forthcoming EU networks
and applications.


3.7 May 2008: A Nordic
-
Baltic 3
-
day workshop in "Methods and Applications of Solid State
Supramolecular Chemistry and Crystal Engineering" in Jyväskylä. Invitat
ion of external
lecturers with special emphasis on possible new EU
-
projects or other collaborations. Oral
presentations by PhD
-
students.


3.8 Fall 2008: Meeting of group leaders in Odense. Exact timing dependent on deadlines
for various applications that w
ill be discussed.


3.9 May 2009: Final 2 day meeting in Vilnius.


3.10 2007
-
2009: Graduate student exchange program. Although in principle this will be in
effective from the start of the program, a reasonable assumption is that it will gain
momentum only a
fter the Vilnius course in 2007. These visits should be 1
-
2 weeks and the
student should learn and use special equipment and methods not available in their own
laboratories. In some cases, longer visits may become desirable, and where necessary,
additional

funds will be applied for directly in those cases. Many participating
universites have these visiting programs for their PhD
-
students.


3.11 2006
-
2009: Group leaders visiting program (2
-
3 days). A schedule for this will be
agreed on after the October 2006

planning meeting. It is envisaged that some of the costs
of this program can be financed from other sources such as local seminar programs and
dissertation funds. Again, when longer visits may be desirable, additional funds may be
sought from other source
s.



4. Targets to be achieved during the operating period of the network


After the three years we should have achieved the general goals of:


(a) Improvements in quality and quantity of existing research projects.


(b) Improvements in quality and breadth

of PhD
-
student education in each research
project.


Furthermore, we envisage some specific measurable goals:


(c) 10 new collaborative projects with new funding (national or EU) involving at least
two of the partners without contact prior to formation of
the network.


(d) All of the partners becoming members in proposed or existing European networks and
collaborations through contacts within the propsed network.


(e) 20 publications (in print/submitted/in progress/planned) involving at least two of
the par
tners without contact prior to formation of the network.



5. Visions for continued co
-
operation after the grant period


(a) The improvements in quality and quantity of existing research projects should be
maintained both by "effortless" normal collaborati
ons now established through the network
and more specifically by extra funding generated through this improvement.


(b) Continued cooperation in EU
-
networks.


(c) Continued cooperation through grants form the European Science Council.


(d) New or continued

cooperation through increased Nordic
-
Baltic mobility. For example,
students from the network applying for post
-
doc positions within the network or through
contacts established by the network.


(e) A possible extension of the Nordforsk grant so that the ne
twork can function as a
Nordic
-
Baltic research school.


(f) Through the action of the network, some participating groups may progress
sufficiently to gain status as "centres of excellence" and the network can continue to
function under that Nordforsk progr
am.



5. What considerations are made to increase equal participation and equality of women and
men?


This should be on the agenda of the first meeting. There are so few people in the area
that it is impossible to get an even distribution among the main pa
rtners at the time of
this application. However, the gender balance will certainly be a consideration for
planning lecturers and tutors for the PhD
-
course and subsequent meetings.

Moreover, it is important that the decision making in these matters involve

both men and
women, especially women graduate students, as it is in the transition from PhD
-
student to
faculty that we currenlty see the big gender gap in chemistry and related areas. Thus we
will especially encourage female graduate students to take acti
ve part in the planning of
the PhD
-
course and subsequent network activities.

In conjunction with this, it is worth pointing out that the network will provide obvious
opportunities for post
-
doctoral work much closer to "home" than the current networks and
r
esearch contacts of the participating groups, and this may also enhance the chances of
women PhD:s continuing in academia.


6. The estimated number of research students from each country expected to participate in
the network


6.1 Norway 2
-
4

6.2 Finland 6
-
7

6.3 Sweden 6
-
7

6.4 Denmark 2
-
4

6.5 Lithuania 2
-
4



12
The applicant's CV (maximum two pages
).


Kari Tapani Rissanen, Professor, Ph.D., FRSC


Personal data

Born 29.11.1959, married, four children


present employment: Professor and H
ead of Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, University of
Jyväskylä, Finland


Chemistry studies, University of Jyväskylä, 1980
-

1985


-

M.Sc. in Organic Chemistry, 18.12.1985, University of Jyväskylä.


-

Ph.Lic. in Inorganic Chemistry, 3.6.1987, University
of Jyväskylä. .


-

Ph.D. in Chemistry, 14.3.1990, University of Jyväskylä.


Major scientific posts

-

Deputy assistant, Department of Chemistry, University of Jyväskylä, 1985
-
1986

-

Assistant, Department of Chemistry, University of Jyväskylä, 1986
-

1990.

-

Assistant Professor (Senior Assistant), Department of Chemistry, University of
Jyväskylä, 1990
-
1993.

-

Reseach Fellow, Finnish Academy, 1988
-
1991 (on leave from the above Assistantship and
Assistant Professorship).

-

Senior Reseach Fellow, Finnish Acad
emy, 1991
-
1993 (on leave from Assistant
Professorship)

-

Docent in Chemistry, University of Jyväskylä, 1991


1995 (terminated due to the
permanent position in the same faculty)

-
Professor in Organic Chemistry, 1993
-
1995, University of Joensuu

-
Senior Scie
ntist Grant, A23 salary class, Academy of Finland, 1.8.1995
-

31.7.1996.

-
Senior Scientist, A30 salary class, Academy of Finland, 1.8.2000


31.7.2001

-
Full Professor in Organic Chemistry, 1.11.1995
-

present, University of Jyväskylä




Scientific prizes,
memberships and positions of trust

-

Ph. D. Thesis Prize (20000 FIM), Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, 1991

-

Magnus Ehrnrooth Prize in Chemistry (12 000 €), Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 2005

-

Fellow of the Royal Chemical Society (2005
-
>)

-

A mem
ber of Finnish Academy of Science and Letters (2004
-
>)

-

A member of the German Chemical Society (DGCh)

-

A member of Finnish
-
French Technical Society (2005
-
>)

-

A founder and member of the executive committee of the Division of Synthetic
Chemistry of th
e Finnish Chemical Society, 1992


1994 (secretary), 1996
-
97 (vice
chairman), 1998
-
1999 (chairman)

-

The Finnish presentative at the Management Committee of the COST Chemistry Action

D7 (Molecular Recognition Chemistry), 1992


1997

-

The Finnish prese
ntative and vice
-
chairman at the Management Committee of the COST
Chemistry Action D11 (Supramolecular Chemistry), 1998


2003

-

The Finnish presentative and chairman (2004


2005) at the Management Committee of
the COST Chemistry Action D31(Organising Non
-
Covalent Chemical Systems with Selected
Functions), 2004
-

2009

-

The Chairman of the Jyväskylä Professors Union 1998
-
2001

-

The Chairman of the Jyväskylä Summer School 2002 (JSS12), www.jyu.fi/summerschool/

-

Member of the Ethics Council of the Universi
ty of Jyväskylä (1999


2000)

-

Member of the Scientific Committee of Finnish Chemical Indistry (2002
-
>)

-

Member of International Advisory Board, New J. Chem., (2002

>), CrystEngComm.
(2004

>)

-

Member of the Research Council for Natural Sciences and E
ngineering of the Academy
of Finland, (2004


2006)

-

Chairman of the Steering Committee of the Academy of Finland nanoscience research
programme, FinNano (2006
-
>)

-

Member of the Science Council of the University of Jyväskylä (2006
-
>)

-

Member of TEKES

FinNano Chemical Industries vision workgroup (2006
-
>)

-

Referee over 60 publications/year (Angew. Chem., J. Am. Chem. Soc., Chem. Eur. J.,
Chem. Comm., New J. Chem., CrystEngComm., J. Org. Chem., Eur. J. Org. Chem., Eur. J.
Inorg. Chem., J. Incl. Phenom.
, Chirality, Carbohydr. Res., Acta Chemica Scandinavica,.,
J. Alloys and Comp., J. Chem. Soc. Perkin 1., J. Chem. Soc. Perkin 2.)








Supervised Post graduate degrees



Ph.D.






Ph.Lic. (post graduate degree)


Huuskonen Juhani, 1995

Ratilainen Jari, 27.8.1997



Pirinen Satu Marjaana,

19.11.1997

Airola Karri, 4.11.1998




Satumari Loukiala, 10.12.1997

Nissinen, Maija, 4.5.2001



Tommi, Nyrönen, 19.11.1997

Wegelius, Elina, 25.5.2001



Anu Jäntti, 29.4.1998

Dezsö Fabalu, 30.11.2001



Lahtinen Tanja Maria, 27.1.1999

Minna Luostarinen, 1
3.12.2002



Koistinen Jari Tapio, 18.2.1999

Tanja Lahtinen, 13.6.2003



Nissinen Maija Johanna, 19.5.1999

Kalle Nättinen, 28.11.2003



Wegelius Elina Karoliina, 28.5.1999

Pauli Saarenketo, 20.11.2004



Lahtinen Maarit Johanna, 15.3.2000

Jarmo Ropponen, 26.
11.2004



Nummelin Sami Juhani, 17.5.2000

Heidi Mansikkamäki (2006)*



Ropponen Jarmo Tapani, 14..6.2000

Keijo Mäntykoski (2006)**



Falabu Deszo, 23.8.2000

Sami Nummelin (2006)***




Tiina Rajamäki, 21.5.2003




* Under review, defence fixed 16.5.2006, **
Under supervisors review,
*** Experimental work done, writing underway, dissertation late 2006


Total External funding since 1997 : > 3 000 000 €


Publications

1987


present: ca. 260 publications and submitted manuscripts in scient
ific journals,
18 patents/patent applications and >150 posters/lectures in scientific conferences.


Reseach topics: Structural and Synthetic Supramolecular, Organic Chemistry and
Nanochemistry, X
-
ray Crystallography, Crystal Engineering










1
3
A list of the applicant's publications (maximum 20 titles
)


1. H. Mansikkamäki, S. Busi, M. Nissinen A, Åhman and K. Rissanen, Self
-
Assembling
Exceptionally Stable Resorcinarene Nanotubes, Chem. Eur. J. (2006), early view 28.3.2006.

2. H.
Mansikkamäki, M. Nissinen and K. Rissanen, C
-
methyl resorcin[4]arene packing motifs
with alkyl ammonium salts: From molecular capsules to channels and tubes, CrystEngComm.
(2005), 519
-
526.

3. M. Cametti, M. Nissinen, A. Dalla Cort, L. Mandolini and K. Riss
anen, Recognition of
Alkali Metal Halide Contact Ion Pairs by Uranyl
-
Salophen Receptors Bearing Aromatic
Sidearms. The Role of Cation
-
π
-
Interactions. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2005), 3831
-
3837.

4. H. Mansikkamäki, C. A. Schalley M. Nissinen and K. Rissanen, Weak
interactions between
resorcinarenes and diquaternary alkyl ammonium cations, New J. Chem. (2005), 116


127.

5. H. Mansikkamäki, M. Nissinen and K. Rissanen, Non
-
Covalent π···π Stacked Exo
-
Functional Nanotube: Subtle Control of Resorcinarene Self
-
Assembly
, Angew. Chem., Int.
Ed. Eng. (2004), 1263
-
1266.

6. P. Badu, U. Maitra, K. Rissanen, N.M. Sangeetha, P. Vijaykumar and A.R. Raju, Pyrene
-
Derived Novel One
-

and Two
-
Component Organogelators, Chem. Eur. J. (2003), 1922
-
1932.

7. H. Mansikkamäki, M. Nissinen,

C. Schalley and K. Rissanen, Self
-
Assembling
Resorcinarene Capsules: Solid and Gas Phase Studies on Encapsulation of Small Alkyl
Ammonium Cations, New. J. Chem. (2003), 88
-
97.

8. H. Mansikkamäki, M. Nissinen and K. Rissanen, Encapsulation of Diquats by Re
sorcinare:
A Novel Anion
-
Solvent Mediated Staggered Hydrogen Bonded Capsule, Chem. Comm. (2002),
1902
-
1903.

9. N. Maier, S. Schefzick, G. Lombardo , M. Feliz, K. Rissanen, W. Lindner and K.
Lipkowitz, Elucidation of the chiral recognition mechanism of cinc
hona alkaloid
carbamates type receptors for 3,5
-
dinitrobenzoyl amino acids, J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2002),
8611
-
8629.

10. F. Fochi, P. Jacopozzi, E. Wegelius, K. Rissanen, P. Cozzini, E. Marastoni, E.
Fisicaro, P. Manini, R. Fokkens and E. Dalcanale, Self
-
Assem
bly and Anion Encapsulation
Properties of Cavitand
-
Based Coordination Cages, J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2001), 7539
-
7552.

11. E. Breuning, U. Ziener, J.
-
M. Lehn, E. Wegelius and K. Rissanen, Two
-
Level Self
-
Organization of Arrays of [2x2] Grid
-
type Tetranuclear Me
tal Complexes via Hydrogen
Bonding, Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. (2001), 1515
-
1521.

12. A. Shivanyuk, E. F. Paulus, K. Rissanen, E. Kolehmainen and V. Böhmer, Resorcarenes
in the Boat Conformation as Building Blocks for Hydrogen Bonded Assemblies Including Two
Am
monium Cations, Chem. Eur. J., (2001), 1944
-
1951.

13. J. Bobacka, T. Lahtinen, J. Nordman, S. Häggström, K. Rissanen, A. Lewenstam and A.
Ivaska. All
-
Solid
-
State Ag+
-
ISE based on [2.2.2]p,p,p
-
cyclophane, Electroanalysis,
(2001), 723
-
726.

14. T. Haino, D.

Rudkevich, A. Shivanyuk, K. Rissanen and J. Rebek Jr. Induced
-
Fit
Molecular Recognition with Water
-
Soluble Cavitands, Chem. Eur. J. (2000), 3797
-
3805.

15. M. J. Krische, J.
-
M. Lehn, N. Kyritsakas, J. Fischer, E. Wegelius and K. Rissanen,
Self
-
assembly o
f 1
-

and 2
-
Dimensional Multicompartmental Arrays via the 2
-
Aminopyrimidine
H
-
Bonding Motif and Selective Guest Inclusion, Tetrahedron (2000 ), 6701
-
6707.

16. U. Ziener, E. Breuning, J.
-
M. Lehn, E. Wegelius, K. Rissanen G. Baum, D. Fenske and
G. Vaughan, R
ecognition Directed Supramolecular Assemblies of Metal Complexes of
Terpyridine Derived Ligands with Self
-
Complementary Hydrogen Bonding Sites Chem. Eur.
J. (2000), 4132
-
4139.

17. A. Shivanyuk, K. Rissanen, S. Körner, D. Rudkevich and J. Rebek, Jr., St
ructural
Studies of Self
-
Folding Cavitands, Helv. Chim. Acta. (2000), 1778
-
1790.

18. E. Breuning, M. Ruben, J.
-
M. Lehn, F. Renz, Y. Garcia, V. Ksenofontov, P. Gutlich, E.
Wegelius and K. Rissanen, Spin Crossover in a Supramolecular Fe4(II) [2x2] Grid
Tri
ggered by Temperature, Pressure and Light. Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Eng. (2000), 2504
-
2507.

19. N. Alcock, P. Barker, J. Haider, M. Hannon, C. Painting, Z. Pikramenou, E. Plummer,
K. Rissanen and P. Saarenketo , Red and Blue Luminescent Metallo
-
Supramolecul
ar
Coordination Polymers Assembled Through π
-
π Interactions. J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans,
(2000), 1447
-
1462.

20. A. Shivanyuk, K. Rissanen and E. Kolehmainen, Encapsulation of Et3N+
-
H...H2O in a
Hydrogen Bonded Resorcarene Capsule, Chem. Comm. (2000),

1107
-
1108.



14
A detailed budget for the three years of the network, including specific information on the various items in the budget.

(Please note that a maximum of 10 per cent may be used for administrative costs.)


Coordinators mee
ting 2006

Travel

16000

Room/board

17200

Honoraria

0

Other


1500

Material

500

Adm.


2465

Sum


37665


Webcourse 2006

Travel

0

Room/board

0

Honoraria

0

Other


2000

Material

2000

Adm.


2000

Sum


6000


PhD
-
course planning meeting O
slo 2007 (some research leaders + some graduate students)

(in conjuction with the 19th Nordic Structural Meeting, travel costs payed for those who
would not otherwise have attended the conference)

Travel 6000

Room/board 5600

Adm 812

Sum

12412


PhD
-
course 2007

Travel

81000

Room/board

112500

Honoraria

0

Other


1500

Material

3000

Adm.


13862

Sum


211862


PhD exchange program

Travel

60000

Room/board

128000

Honoraria

0

Other


0

Material

0

Adm.


5000

Sum


19300
0


Group leaders exchange program

Travel

30000

Room/board

33000

Honoraria

0

Other


0

Material

0

Adm.


2000

Sum


65000


Coordinators meeting 2007

Travel

16000

Room/board

17200

Honoraria

0

Other


1500

Material


500

Adm.


2465

Sum



37665






Conference 2008

Travel

121000

Room/board

117750

Honoraria

0

Other


1500

Material

3000

Adm.


17031

Sum


160281


Coordinators meeting 2008

Travel

16000

Room/board

13000

Honoraria

0

Other


1500

Material

500

Adm.


2171

Sum


33171


Final meeting 2009

Travel 86000

Room/board 45000

Honoraria 0

Other 1500

Material 500

Adm. 8612

Sum 131612



Grand total: 888668 NKr




15
Presentation of participating groups (maximum one page per g
roup)

(you can copy this page)

Group leader’s last name

䙩牳t name

pex

mosit楯i

Öhrström

Lars

M

Professor

University

Academic degree

Chalmers Tekniska Högskola

PhD

Department/Institution

Telephone (work)

Chemical and Biological Engineering

+46 31 77
2 2871

Dept. address

Telefax (work)

Physical Chemistry

+46 31 772 3858

Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

41296

Göteborg

Sweden

ohrstrom@chalmers.se

Subject area (See last page)

chemistry

Other participants in the group
(use more space if necessary)

L
ast name

First name

Sex

Position

Borel

Cédric

M

PhD
-
student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Mohamed

Ghazzali

M

PhD
-
student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position





Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Description of the group and its activities

Molecule
-
based materials are

“bottom
-
up” designed materials where the starting point is one or several molecules with some specific
properties that will go through a synthetic process to give a bulk material with desired specifications as to magnetism, poro
sity,
catalytic potential,
luminescence, solubility, colour, etc. In order to achieve these properties, there may be a specific three
-
dimensional arrangement of the molecular building blocks that is required.


Providing that the building blocks are able to connect to each other in
specific ways (that is forming directional intermolecular or
coordination bonds) the molecules in the crystal may form infinite patterns. If these patterns extend in all three dimensions

we may
regard the final structure as a three
-
dimensional or 3D net. W
e should also be able to carry out the reverse act, specify what net we
want, adjust our molecules accordingly and then achieve the specific three
-
dimensional arrangement (net) that is needed.


Our primary goal is to prepare porous materials with a molecu
lar control over pore
-
size, distribution and topology. We use both
organic and inorganic building blocks, and these materials are often referred to as metal
-
organic frameworks. The long
-
term objective
with this research is to manufacture new materials for
chemical engineering to be used as catalysts, for separation and for gas
-
storage.


We also have an general interest in the nomenclature and description of molecule based nets and are convinced in their useful
ness in
the description and understanding of ma
ny crystal structures.

Some recent publications




Molecule Based Materials
-

the Structural Network Approach. L. Öhrström, K. Larsson, Elsevier: Amsterdam,
2005
, ISBN 0
-
444
-
52168
-
2




Synthesis, a case of isostructural packing, and antimicrobial activit
y of silver(I)quinoxaline nitrate, silver(I)(2,5
-
dimethylpyrazine)
nitrate and some related silver aminopyridine compounds, M. A. M. Abu
-
Youssef, V. Langer and L. Öhrström, Dalton
Transactions,
2006
,

in press, DOI:
10.1039/b516723j




A unique example of
a high symmetry three
-

and four
-
connected hydrogen bonded 3D
-
network, M. A. M. Abu
-
Youssef, V.
Langer, L. Öhrström, Chemical Communications.
1082

1084
, 2006
,




What kinds of three
-
dimensional nets are possible with tris
-
chelated metal complexes as buildi
ng blocks ?, L. Öhrström, K.
Larsson Dalton Transactions, 347
-
353,
2004




A (10,3)
-
b Net by Sulphate Hydrogen
-
Bonded Biimidazolate Complexes, L. Öhrström, K. Larsson CrystEngCom, 222
-
225,
2003

• Crucial Influence of Solvent and Chirality
-

The Formation

of Helices and 3D
-
Nets by Hydrogen
-
Bonded Biimidazolate
Complexes, L. Öhrström, K. Larsson, S. Borg, S. T. Norberg, Chemistry,
-

a European Journal, 7, 4805
-
4810,
2001


Professor Öhrström will be the coordinatior of the network


15
Presentation of partic
ipating groups (maximum one page per group)

(you can copy this page)

Group leader’s last name

First name

Sex

Position

Rissanen

Kari

M

Professor

University

Academic degree

Jyväskylä

PhD

Department/Institution

Telephone (work)

Nanoscience Center, Depa
rtment of Chemistry

+358
-
14
-
2602672

Dept. address

Telefax (work)

Survontie 9

+358
-
14
-
2602651

Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

40014

Jyväskylä

Finland

Kari.Rissanen@jyu.fi

Subject area (See last page)

chemistry

Other participants in the group
(use mor
e space if necessary)

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Huuskonen

Juhani

M

Assistant professor

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Russo

Luca

M

Post doctoral researcher

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Välimäki

Laura

F

Ph.D. student

Last name

First n
ame

Sex

Position

Beyeh

Ngong Kodiah

M

Ph.D. student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Description of the group and its activities

The weak non
-
covalent are of major importa
nce in natural processes, but also modern materials science is utilizing more and more
these subtle and difficult to control interactions. When these weak non
-
covalent interactions manifest themselves in crystalline
material, either single crystalline or a
morphous, they can be studied in detail by single crystal X
-
ray diffraction and solid state NMR,
lesser extent with powder diffraction methods. Studying, designing and utilizing these interactions in the solid state has re
cently
gained a lot of interest, t
he research area now being called “Crystal Engineering”

The Jyväskylä group has a very broad interest on the solid state studies of weak interactions and structure determination of
small or
large supramolecular systems. Recently the major effort has been

focused on the self
-
assembling properties of resorcinarenes (a
cyclic tetramer obtained from a reaction between resorsinol and an aldehyde). Other major systems studied are
metallosupramolecular systems, metalloorganic frameworks (MOFs), hydrogen bonded n
etworks (HBNs). Overall the research
interests vary from hydrogen bonding, cation …


interactions, I…N or O interactions, CH …


interactions and





interactions
occurring is various organic, metalloorganic, organometallic, dentritic or inorganic syst
ems in solid state. Extensive collaboration
with leading supramolecular chemistry research group is a special feature of our research.


Some representative recent paper are:


1. H. Mansikkamäki, S. Busi, M. Nissinen A, Åhman and K. Rissanen, Self
-
Assemblin
g Exceptionally Stable Resorcinarene
Nanotubes,
Chem. Eur. J.

(2006), early view, 28.3.2006.



2. L. H. Uppadine,

J.
-
P. Gisselbrecht, N. Kyritsakas, K. Nättinen, K. Rissanen and J.
-
M. Lehn, Mixed Valence, Mixed Spin State and
Heterometallic [2x2] Grid
-
type

Arrays Based on Heteroditopic Hydrazone Ligands: Synthesis and Electrochemical Features,
Chem.
Eur. J.

(2005), 2549
-
2565.


3. M. Cametti,

M. Nissinen, A. Dalla Cort, L. Mandolini

and K. Rissanen
, Recognition of Alkali Metal Halide Contact Ion Pairs by
Ura
nyl
-
Salophen Receptors Bearing Aromatic Sidearms. The Role of Cation
-

-
Interactions.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.

(2005), 3831
-
3837.


4. H. Mansikkamäki, M. Nissinen and K. Rissanen, Non
-
Covalent π···π Stacked Exo
-
Functional Nanotube: Subtle Control of
Resorcinarene Self
-
Assembly,
Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Eng.

(2004), 1263
-
1266.




15
Presentation of participating groups (maximum one p
age per group)

(you can copy this page)

Group leader’s last name

First name

Sex

Position

Eugenijus

Butkus

M

Professor

University

Academic degree

Vilnius University

Dr. hab.

Department/Institution

Telephone (work)

Organic chemistry

+370
-
5
-
2336517

De
pt. address

Telefax (work)

Naugarduko 24

+370
-
5
-
2330987

Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

03225

Vilnius

Lithuania

eugenijus.butkus@chf.vu.lt

Subject area (See last page)







Other participants in the group
(use more space if necessary)

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Edvinas

Orentas

M

PhD student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Laurynas

Riauba

M

PhD student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Aleksandr

Grisin

M

Master student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Sigita

Visniakova

F

Bachelor student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Gintautas

Bagdziunas

M

Bachelor student

Description of the group and its activities

The members of the Vilnius group are E. Butkus
, senior researcher, Professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry of Vilnius
University, PhD student Mr E. Orentas, having expertise in synthesis of chiral organic compounds, PhD student L. Riauba havin
g
expertise in computational chemistry, MSc studen
t Mr. A. Grisin, (
BSc degree
obtained

in 2005) working on synthesis of cage
organic molecules, Mrs. S.
Visniakova

and G.
Bagdziunas

are Bachelor students and prospective Master students fall 2006. E. Butkus
with co
-
workers has published over 50 papers in l
eading international journals and made numerous presentations, including four
invited lectures at international conferences.

The group members have experience in the synthesis of chiral molecules to mimic biological events and to study stereochemical

probl
ems of organic chemistry. Over last years the group has elaborated synthetic methods of polycyclic compounds of required
structure and symmetry and containing appropriate functional groups by intramolecular ring cyclization and rearrangement reac
tions,
i.e
. enamine cyclization, thallium (III) nitrate ring contraction, Baeyer
-
Villiger oxidation and other stereoselective transformations.
The absolute configuration of chiral molecules has been determined by the CD and VCD spectroscopy in combination with
enant
iospecific synthesis of compounds and spectra calculation. Recently we have developed a series of molecular structures based
on the framework of the
C
2
-
symmetric bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane derivatives fused with heterocyclic fragments capable of supramolecular
o
rganization. The chirality of bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane framework is considered suitable for supramolecular applications due to a
cleft
molecular shape. In addition, this skeleton is quite common in Nature as a constituent of many natural and biologically activ
e
products or their metabolites. In the frame of this project we are planning to elaborate synthetic pathways for the construct
ion of the
appropriate heteroaromatic moieties into bicyclononane skeleton with functional groups providing hydrogen bonding and
generation
as well as amplification of molecular chirality. For the design of the molecular clefts incorporating hydrogen bonding sites
suitable
moieties having respective functional groups for complementary hydrogen
-
bonding should be introduced and the re
levant synthetic
methods will be developed. Application areas of generated supramolecular structures could be drug delivery and DNA intercalat
ion.
The polymers

may be formed upon aggregation supposed to have other properties compared to traditional covalen
t polymers.
These
properties could include efficient energy or electron transfer in the nanoscale dimension thus making these molecules highly
attractive targets in the field of nanotechnology.

Some recent publications

1. Zilinskas A., Stoncius S., Butkus
E. Chirality, 2005, 17, S70
-
S73.

2. Stephens P.J., McCann D.M., Devlin F. J., Flood T. C., Butkus E., Stoncius S., Cheeseman J.R. J. Org. Chem., 2005, 70, 390
3
-
3913.

3. Stoncius S., Butkus E., Zilinskas A., Larsson K., Öhrström L., Berg U., Wärnmark K. J.
Org. Chem., 2004, 69, 5196

5203.

4. Stephens P.J., McCann D.M., Butkus E., Stoncius S., Cheeseman J.R., Frisch M.J. J. Org. Chem., 2004, 69, 1948

1958.

5. Butkus E. Synlett 2001, 1827
-
1834.




15
Presentation of participating groups (maximum one page pe
r group)

(you can copy this page)

Group leader’s last name

First name

Sex

Position

Bond

Andrew David

M

Associate Professor

University

Academic degree

University of Southern Denmark (Odense)

Ph.D. (University of Cambridge, UK)

Department/Institution

T
elephone (work)

Department of Chemistry

+45 6550 2545

Dept. address

Telefax (work)

Campusvej 55

+45 6615 8780

Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

5320

Odense M

Denmark

adb@chem.sdu.dk

Subject area (See last page)

Chemistry

Other participants in the gro
up
(use more space if necessary)

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

Firs
t name

Sex

Position

























Description of the group and its activities

The principal focus is on crystallographic characterisation of some of the most simple molecules, many of whic
h are liquids or gases
under ambient conditions. The purpose of the research is to examine the balance between intermolecular forces in the most sim
ple
crystal structures, with a view towards developing more robust fundamental understanding for application

to larger systems.


The laboratory specialises in
in situ
crystallisation techniques, providing structural information that has previously remained elusive.
For example, the crystal structures of the
n
-
alkylcarboxylic acids from hexanoic (C
6
) to pentadeca
noic acid (C
15
) reveal that the
alternating melting point in this series is correlated with alternating crystal density. The origin of the effect lies in les
s efficient
packing of the terminal methyl groups in the odd acids, giving a reduced van der Waals
contribution to the lattice binding energy
compared to the even acids.
[
1
]

The definitive rationalisation of this phenomenon comes some 125 years after it was first observ
ed!


Continuing work with

in situ

co
-
crystallisation is being used to examine low
-
mwlting multi
-
component systems. This provides a
route to examine co
-
crystals that are solutions at room temperature, enabling the development of low
-
temperature crystal engi
neering.
For example, the series of 2:1 co
-
crystals of the
n
-
alkylcarboxylic acids with pyrazine reveals that the melting point inversion of the
pure acids is inverted on co
-
crystallisation.
[2]


A more conceptual research focus is the identification of str
uctural analogies in organic and inorganic solid
-
state chemistry.
Systematic database analysis permits identification of unifying features in the often independent areas of organic and inorga
nic
structural chemistry. For example, the hydrogen
-
bonded cubane

in the hydrochloride of the primary amine 2,6
-
di(iso
-
propyl)aniline
is directly analogous to the cubane motifs in the complexes of Sn
2+

and Pb
2+

with the dianion derived from the same organic
moiety.
[
3
]

Development of this theme has identified a more general analogy, allowing the traditionally inorganic concepts of ring
-
stacking and ring
-
laddering to be applied in the organic solid state.
[4]


The group leader is an author

of over 70 research papers and 60 crystal structure communications, and is a Co
-
Editor of the
International Union of Crystallography journal
Acta Crystallographica Section E
.


[1] A. D. Bond,
New J. Chem.

(2004),
28
, 104
-
114.

[2] A. D. Bond,
Chem. Commun.

(2003), 250
-
251.

[3] A. D. Bond & E. L. Doyle,
Chem. Commun.

(2003), 2324
-
2325.

[4] A. D. Bond,
Coord. Chem. Rev.
, (2005),
249
, 2035
-
2055.


15
Presentation of participating groups (maximum one page per group)

(you can copy this page)

Group leader’s la
st name

䙩牳t name

pex

mosit楯i

Håkansson

Mikael

M

Prof.

University

Academic degree

Göteborg University

Dr.

Department/Institution

Telephone (work)

Department of Chemistry

46
-
31
-
7722896

Dept. address

Telefax (work)

Kemivägen 10







Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

SE
-
41296

Göteborg

Sweden

hson@chem.gu.se

Subject area (See last page)

Chemistry

Other participants in the group
(use more space if necessary)

Last name

First name

Sex

Posi
tion

Eriksson

Johan

M

PostDoc

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Lennartson

Anders

M

Ph. D. student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Kokoli

Theonitsa

F

Ph. D. student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Olsson

Susanne

F

Masters student

Last nam
e

Firs
t name

Sex

Position

























Description of the group and its activities


The group is active in preparative organometallic chemistry and coordination chemistry.


Recently and more specifically, the group attempts to
achieve absolute asymmetric synthesis (AAS) by preferential crystallizaton of
stereochemically labile conglomerates. In AAS, optical activity is created from achiral or racemic starting materials without

the
interference of any chemical (eg catalysts) or p
hysical external chirality (eg polarized light). Although such breaking of symmetry
may seem counter
-
intuitive, it is indeed possible to achieve and has relevence to prebiotic chemistry and the origin of biomolecular
homochirality. Moreover, we propose
that the same AAS techniques may be used in solid
-
state synthesis of chiral molecules and
materials giving high enantiomeric excess and yield.
[1
-
3]

One obvious advantage over existing methods is that both enantiomers are
equally available. Other advantag
es include atom economy and solvent
-
free conditions. Crystal engineering is used for the
rationalization of already identified labile conglomerates and also in the design and search for new conglomerates.



[1] A. Lennartson, M. Vestergren, M. Hakansson,

Chem. Eur. J.

2005

11

1757
-
1762.

[2] A. Johansson, M. Hakansson,
Chem. Eur. J.

2005

11

5238
-
5248.

[3] A. Johansson, M. Hakansson, S. Jagner
Chem. Eur. J.

2005

11

5311
-
5318.




15
Presentation of participating groups (maximum one page per group)

(you ca
n copy this page)

Group leader’s last name

䙩牳t name

pex

mosit楯i

Jagner

Susan

Female

Professor

University

Academic degree

Chalmers University of Technology

PhD

Department/Institution

Telephone (work)

Inorganic Chemistry, Department of Chemical and
Biological Engineering

+46 31

772 2852

Dept. address

Telefax (work)

Kemivägen 10

+46 31

772 2846

Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

SE
-
412 96

Göteborg

Sweden

susan@chem.chalmers.se

Subject area (See last page)

Chemistry

Other participants in the group
(use more space if necessary)

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Description of the group and its activities

For most molecular compounds the transformation from solution phase to crystalline phase


crystallisation


is a straightforward
event without change in composition or structure. However, i
t is becoming increasingly clear that some transition metal complexes,
such as halocuprate anions with large unipositive cations, or mixed
-
valence copper(I,II) species, form crystals containing species for
which there is no firm evidence of existence in s
olution prior to crystallisation. It appears that such complexes exist solely within the
constraints of a crystalline solid where there is stabilisation by weak intermolecular forces, such as cation

cation and cation

anion
interactions. The crystallisati
on event can be seen as a process of supramolecular chemistry, and, as an extension of this, a component
of the goal of crystal engineering.


[1] C. Hasselgren, S. Jagner, I.G. Dance,
Chem. Eur. J
.
,
2002
,
8
, 1269
-
1278.

[2] B. Gustafsson, M. Håkansson,
S. Jagner,
New J. Chem,

2003
,
27
,

459
-
461
.

[3] C. Hasselgren Arnby, S. Jagner, I. Dance,
CrystEngComm
,
2004
,
6
, 257
-
275.

[4] A. Johansson, M. Hakansson, S. Jagner
Chem. Eur. J.

2005

11

5311
-
5318.








15
Presentation of participating groups (maximum
one page per group)

(you can copy this page)

Group leader’s last name

䙩牳t name

pex

mosit楯i

McKenzie

Christine

Female

Professor

University

Academic degree

University of Southern Denmark (Odense)

B.Sc.Ed., B.Sc.(Hons), Ph.D.

Department/Institution

T
elephone (work)

Department of Chemistry

+45 6550 2518

Dept. address

Telefax (work)

U niversity of Southern Denmark

+45 6615 8780

Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

5230

Odense

Denmark

chk@chem.sdu.dk

Subject area (See last page)

Chemistry

Other partic
ipants in the group
(use more space if necessary)

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Larsen

Frank

M

Ph.D. student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Egdal

Rune

M

Ph.D. student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Description of the group and its activities

The focus of the group is synthetic coordination and biocoordination chemistry and nanobioscience.

The aim is to prepare
fundamentally new types of functional materials. In some cases inspiration
is drawn from the active sites of metalloenzymes found in
Nature. A particular focus is on transition metal compounds which activate water or dioxygen. A wide variety of compound typ
e is
studied including complexes of new chelating and multinucleating acy
clic ligands, molecular (hydr)oxo
-
bridged metal clusters,
mixed
-
metal and mixed
-
valence compounds and multimetal
-
templated macrocyclic complexes. The ultimate aim is to incorporate
these reactive molecules into functional supramolecular and nanoscale devi
ces to be used in molecule sensing and catalysis. Apart
from single crystal studies, various other 2D and 3D structures are investigated. These include SAMs, MOFs, noble metal naopa
rticles
and soft polymeric nanoparticles Solid state structural chemistry w
here possible is complimented by solution and gas phase structure
and reactivity studies. Achievements include:



The first examples of the hydroperoxo and peroxo non
-
heme iron complexes (solution and gas phase).



Partial models for the Oxygen Evolving Centre

of Photosystem II; H abstraction by tyrosine and water oxidation.



Isolation of the first mixed
-
valence di
-
µ
-
hydroxo
-
Fe(II)
-
Fe(III) complex (model for methane monooxygenase).



The regiospecific insertion of oxygen atom into a ligand substrate via a proposed

non
-
heme Fe(V) intermediate.



Structural characterisation of dimetallic compounds (Fe
2
, Mn
2
, Co
2
, Cu
2
) containing the novel (HOHOH)
-

bridging groups as
models for dimetallic hydrolysis enzymes



The controlled 2 and 4
-
metal template synthesis of 2+
2 and 4+4 Schiff base macrocycles (i.e. 4 dialdehyde and 4 diamine
units) with thiophenolate hinging groups


[1] A. Nielsen, F. B. Larsen, A. D. Bond and Christine J. McKenzie,

Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.
2006, 45,
1602
-
1606.

[2] A. Christensen, C. Mayer, F. Je
nsen, A. D. Bond and C. J. McKenzie,

Dalton Trans.,
2006,108
-
120.

[3] A. K. Poulsen, A. Rompel, C. J. McKenzie,
Angew. Chem., Int. Ed.

2005, 44, 6916
-
6920.


[4] A. D. Bond, S. Derossi, F. Jensen, F. B. Larsen, C. J. McKenzie and J. Nelson

, Inorg. Chem.,
2005
,

44
, 5987
-

5989
.


[5] F. Bramsen, A. D. Bond, C. J. McKenzie, R. Hazell, B. Moubaraki and K. S. Murray,
Chem., Eur. J.,
2005,
11
, 825
-
831.

[6] M. Ghiladi, F. B. Larsen,

C. J. McKenzie, I. Søtofte, and J.
-
P. Tuchagues

J. C. S., Dalton Trans.,

2005,
3396
-
3402.






15
Presentation of participating groups (maximum one page per group)

(you can copy this page)

Group leader’s last name

First name

Sex

Position

Haukka

Matti

M

Senior assistant

University

Academic degree

University of Joensuu

Ph.D. (Un
iversity of Joensuu, FI)

Department/Institution

Telephone (work)

Department of Chemistry

+358 13 2513346

Dept. address

Telefax (work)

P.O. Box 111

+358 13 2513346

Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

FI
-
80101

Joensuu

Finland

matti.haukka@joensuu.fi

Subje
ct area (See last page)

Chemistry

Other participants in the group
(use more space if necessary)

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Jakonen

Minna

F

PhD
-
student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Tuikka

Matti

M

PhD
-
student

Last name

First name

Sex

Posit
ion

Oresmaa

Larisa

F

PostDoc

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Laurila

Elina

F

PhD
-
student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Hirva

Pipsa

F

Academy Researcher

Description of the group and its activities

The principal research area of the group is desi
gn, synthesis and characterization of transition metal compounds. The focus is on
extended 1
-
D systems and interactions between the metal centers. The goal of the research is to produce new photochemically,
photophysically, and catalytically active extende
d metal materials. In the extended metal chain materials the strength of metal
-
metal
interaction can vary from strong bond
-
like interactions to nearly non
-
existent ones. The neighboring sites can be strongly interactive
and connected with direct metal
-
meta
l bond or they can be linked by suitable linkers. Ligands such as pyrazine and 4,4’
-
bipyridine
are typical examples of such linking units. The extended arrangement of the metal
-
metal bonded systems can be further supported by
using polydentate bridging lig
ands, which are expanded over several metal centers. For example, oligo
-
α
-
pyridyl amino ligands have
been used to support the metal
-
metal chains. At the other extreme there are systems, in which the complexes are simply stacked in the
solid state. In these

cases the dominating interactions are weak such as

-

-

stacking. Stacking can also be further supported by
hydrogen bonding. The challenge in this field is the design of mononuclear transition metal compounds as building blocks suit
able
for a stacked arc
hitecture. The main requireme
nt is that the mononuclear units should have a number of well
-
oriented hydrogen bond
donors and acceptors within one molecule. From this viewpoint diazole heterocycles containing one pyridine
-
type

N= atom and one

NH


center p
rovide a useful system for self
-
assembly especially when the

N= atom is bound to a metal center and the NH group
serves as a hydrogen bond donor. Indeed, metal complexes containing coordinated pyrazole, imidazole and their derivatives hav
e
been successful
ly employed for further assembly and hydrogen bonding interaction of these ligated species has been employed for
crystal engineering purposes.

From the characterization viewpoint the principal technique is X
-
ray crystallography. Both single
-
crystal and po
wder methods have
been exploited in this field. Another useful technique is computational chemistry. Although the study of weak interactions is

a
challenging task for computational chemistry, modelling methods can be used to shed light on the nature of suc
h interactions. Also,
the self
-
assembly of mononuclear units into an extended system can be studied computationally.


Some representative papers:

1. P. Hirva, M. Haukka, M. Jakonen, T.A. Pakkanen, Growth of the Metal Framework in Linear Ruthenium and Osmi
um Carbonyls
Inorg. Chim. Acta

(2006),
359
, 853
-
862.

2. A. V. Khripun, S. I. Selivanov, V. Yu. Kukushkin, M. Haukka, Hydrogen Bonding Patterns in Pyrazole Pt(II
-

and IV) Chloride
Complexes
Inorg. Chim. Acta

(2006),
359
, 320
-
326.

3. E. Eskelinen, P. Da Co
sta, M. Haukka, The Synthesis and Electrochemical Behavior of Ruthenium(III) Bipyridine Complexes:
[Ru(dcbpy)Cl4]
-

(dcbpy = 4,4’
-
dicarboxylic acid
-
2,2’
-
bipyridine) and [Ru(bpy)Cl3L] (L = CH3OH, PPh3, 4,4’
-
bpy, CH3CN)”
J.
Electroanal. Chem.

(2005),
579
, 257
-
265.

4. M. A. Moreno, M. Haukka, T. Venäläinen, T. A. Pakkanen, Support Effect in the WGSR Catalyzed by Na2CO3 Activated
[Ru(bpy)(CO)2Cl2]
Catalyst, Catal. Lett
. 2004,
96
, 153
-
155.



15
Presentation of participating groups (maximum one page per group)

(you can copy this page)

Group leader’s last name

First name

Sex

Position

Wärnmark

Kenneth

Male

Associate Professor

University

Academic degree

Lunds universitet

PhD

Department/Institution

Telephone (work)

Kemicentrum

+46 46 2228127

Dept. address

Te
lefax (work)

Organisk kemi

+46 46
-
2224119

Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

22100

Lund

Sweden

Kenneth.Warnmark@organic.lu.se

Subject area (See last page)

chemistry

Other participants in the group
(use more space if necessary)

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Artacho

Joseph

M

Guest researcher

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Solano

Carlos

M

PhD
-
student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Wallentin

Carl
-
Johan

M

PhD
-
student






Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























Description of t
he group and its activities

We are using organic synthesis to design new compounds with specific properties both in solution and in the solid state. More

specifically, in the solid state we are interested in designing three
-
dimensional (3D) network contain
ing channels for the potential use
as catalyst and for the transport of small molecules, the latter as a means of separating molecules. This means that the orga
nic
components in the network are designed in such a way that they contain functional groups (su
pramolecular synthons) in a defined
spatial orientation that can allow for the components to interact by intermolecular forces. We use both hydrogen bonding moti
fs and
metal
-
ligand interactions as the supramolecular synthons. We develop synthetic methodolo
gies to introduce those synthons into the
geometrically well
-
defined bicyclic structures of Tröger’s base and [3.3.1]bicyclononane, the latter in collaboration with Prof.Butkus
in Vilnius, and in structurally well
-
defined metal complexes based on ligands c
ontaining hydrogen
-
bonding motifs.

In addition to the applications mentioned above, we are also interested in the general topic how to control 3D net by careful

design of
its molecular components.

.

Publications in the field



Design and Synthesis of a
C
2
-
symmetric self
-
complementary hydrogen
-
bonding cleft molecule based on the bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane


and 4
-
oxo
-
5
-
azaindole framework. Formation of channels and inclusion complexes in the solid state, Stoncius, S.; Butkus, E.;


Ilinskas, A.; Larsson,
K.; Öhrström, L.; Berg, U.; Wärnmark, K.
J. Org. Chem
.

2004
,

69
, 5196
-
5203.




Synthesis of 2
-
Pyridone
-
fused 2,2’
-
Bipyridine Derivatives. An Unexpectedly Complex Solid State Structure of 3,6
-
Dimethyl
-
9H
-
4,5,9
-
triazaphenanthren
-
10
-
one, Jónsson, S.; Solano
, Arribas, C.; Wendt, O. F.; Siegel, J. S.; Wärnmark, K.
Org. Biomol. Chem
.
2005
,
3
, 996
-
1001.



• The Synthesis and Characterization of all Diastereomers of a Linear Symmetrically Fused Tris
-
Tröger’s Base Analogue


New


Chiral Cleft Compounds, Artac
ho, J.; Nilsson, P.; Bergquist, K.
-
E., Wendt, O. F. and Wärnmark, K.
Chem. Eur. J.
2006
,
12
,


2692
-
2701.




15
Presentation of participating groups (maximum one page per group)

(you can copy this page)

Group leader’s last name

First name

Sex

Positi
on

Gørbitz

Carl Henrik

M

Professor

University

Academic degree

University of Oslo

PhD

Department/Institution

Telephone (work)

Dep. of Chemistry

+47 228 55460

Dept. Address

Telefax (work)

Postbox 1033, Blindern

+47 228 55441

Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

N
-
0315

Oslo

Norway

c.h.gorbitz@kjemi.uio.no

Subject area (See last page)

chemistry

Other participants in the group
(use more space if necessary)

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Hersleth

Hans
-
Petter

M

PhD
-
student

































Description of the group and its activities

The single crystal diffraction group at the University of Oslo has two main fields of activities:

A

Structures of amino acids and peptides.

B

Studies of proteins.

Activities within
A

are particula
rly relevant for the present application. With short peptides (mainly dipeptides) as construction tools,
a comprehensive effort has been made to decipher the principles of molecular aggregation and develop solid state structures w
ith new
properties. Single

crystal X
-
ray diffraction is the main experimental method for characterization, with powder X
-
ray diffraction and
theoretical calculations as important supplements. Uniquely among organic molecules, dipeptides with two hydrophobic residues

can
form porous

structures. These can in turn be divided into two different classes depending on whether the pore is hydrophobic (Val
-
Ala or VA
-
class) or hydrophilic (Phe
-
Phe or FF
-
class). Structures of the VA
-
class have been shown to have high and selective
affinity for

absorption of noble gases as well as CO
2
, while structures in the FF
-
class, and in particular the structure of FF itself (see
ref. 1 below) carries considerable potential for absorption of organic guest molecules with kiral selectivity.


The group leader

has 89 published papers (27 in 2003
-
2005). Some recent, important publications are:

1.

Nanotube formation by hydrophobic dipeptides

C. H. Görbitz
Chem. Eur. J
.
7

(2001) 5153
-
5159.

2.

An exceptionally stable peptide nanotube system with flexible pores


C.
H. Görbitz
Acta Crystallogr
.

B58

(2002) 849
-
854.

3.

Nanotubes from hydrophobic dipeptides: Pore size regulation through side chain substitution.


C. H. Görbitz
New. J. Chem
.

27

(2003) 1789
-
1793.

4.

Microporous organic crystals: an unusual case for L
-
leucyl
-
L
-
serine


C. H. Görbitz, M. Nilsen, K. Szeto & L. W. Tangen,
Chem. Commun
. (2005) 4288
-
4290.

5.

Monoclinic nanoporous crystal structures for L
-
valyl
-
L
-
alanine acetonitrile solvate hydrate and L
-
valyl
-
L
-
serine
trifluoroethanol solvate,
C. H. Görbitz,
Cryst
EngComm.

7

(2005) 670
-
673.




15
Presentation of participating groups (maximum one page per group)

(you can copy this page)

Group leader’s last name

First name

Sex

Position

Fjellv
å
g

Helmer

M

Professor

University

Academic degree

University of Oslo

Ca
nd. Real.

Department/Institution

Telephone (work)

Centre of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Dep. of Chemistry

+47 228 55564

Dept. Address

Telefax (work)

Postbox 1033, Blindern

+47 228 55565

Postal code

City

Country

E
-
mail

N
-
0315

Oslo

Norway

helmer.fjellvag@kjemi.uio.no

Subject area (See last page)

Chemistry

Other participants in the group
(use more space if necessary)

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Dietzel

Pascal

M

Postdoctoral researc
her

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Nielsen

Renie

F

PhD
-
student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

Dizdarevic

Selma

F

Master student

Last name

First name

Sex

Position

























L
ast name

First name

Sex

Position

























Description of the group and its activities

Magnetic properties of low
-
dimensional condensed metal coordination systems in coordination polym
ers

The number of possible architectures for coordination polymers is limited only by the number of combinations possible to achi
eve
from the available metal moities and linking organic molecules, and it is, therefore, virtually limitless. Thus, it is poss
ible to achieve
desired connectivities and spacings between the metal moities within the metal organic framework by virtuous choice of the
components.

We are especially interested in studying the magnetic properties of isolated polynuclear clusters and of
one
-

or two
-
dimensionally
condensed metal polyhedra systems within such network compounds. Our approach towards achieving such structures is based on
utilization of suitable organic linkers, which promote the the desired type of condensation of the metal c
ontaining building units by
virtue of type and arrangment of their ligating functional groups. For example, we have recently reported a number of compoun
ds
constructed from a transition metal and 2,5
-
dihydroxyterephthalic acid.

Within the scope of the prop
osed network we would like to extend our work on the synthesis of coordination polymers with the
features described above and the investigation of their magnetic properties. Collaboration with the groups involved in synthe
sis of
organic ligand systems woul
d be an invaluable benefit of the network. It will hopefully enable us to design coordination polymers
containing identical metal moities, e.g. one
-
dimensional metal
-
oxygen chains, in differing distances from each other, thus allowing us
to tune the intera
ction between the magnetic centers.

The functional materials group in Oslo is equipped with a Bruker ApexII single crystal diffractometer and several Siemens D50
00
powder diffractometers for analysis of solid samples. We have regular access to the Swiss
-
No
rwegian Beamline at ESRF for high
-
resolution synchrotron measurements of powder samples. A Belsorp MiniII device is available to determine surface areas and po
re
volumes of porous substances, and Quantum Design MPMS and PPMS systems to measure ac and dc ma
gnetic susceptibilities.


Recent publications:

Pascal D. C. Dietzel, Richard Blom, Helmer Fjellvåg, A scandium coordination polymer constructed from trimeric octahedral
building blocks and 2,5
-
dihydroxyterephthalate,
Dalton Trans.
,

2006
,

(Advance Article)

DOI:

10.1039/b516365j
.

Pascal D. C. Dietzel, Barbara Panella, Michael Hirscher, Richard Blom, Helmer Fjellvåg,

Hydrogen adsorptio
n in a nickel based
coordination polymer with open metal sites in the cylindrical cavities of the desolvated framework,
Chem. Commun.
,

2006
,959
-
961.

Pascal D. C. Dietzel, Richard Blom, Helmer Fjellvåg, Increased dimensionalities of zinc
-
diphenic acid coord
ination polymers by
simultaneous or subsequent addition of neutral bridging ligands,
Dalton Trans.

2006
, 586
-
593.

Pascal D. C. Dietzel, Y. Morita, Richard Blom, Helmer Fjellvåg, An in situ high
-
temperature single
-
crystal investigation of a
dehydrated metal
-
organic framework compound and field
-
induced magnetization of one
-
dimensional metal
-
oxygen chains,
Angew.
Chem. Int. Ed.
2005
,
44
, 6354
-
6358.


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included

in this
application

form and
submitted

as
one

document

file
.





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ion
must reach NordForsk no later than 16.00 pm on 3
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)





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-
mail:
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