Astronomy in the

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Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Astronomy in the

President’s 2007 Budget


David Trinkle, Amy Kaminski, and Joel Parriott

February 13, 2006

The 2007 Budget

Broad National Priorities


Sets priority on war against terrorism


Promotes strong economy; includes
other high
-
priority domestic initiatives


Restrains spending throughout the rest
of government


Maintains focus on results instead of
dollars


The Deficit in Context:


Percent of GDP

2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
0
1
2
3
4
5
Cutting the Deficit in Half
Percent of GDP
40-year Historical Average 2.3%
February 2004
Projection
February 2005
Projection
Actuals
Projections
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
NIST Labs
DOE Office of Science
NSF
American Competitiveness Initiative:
Research Funding
Billions of dollars
Total
$19.5
$10.7
$9.8
ACI
R&D Budget



2006

2007 Req

Diff.

Defense

71.9

74.2

3%

Health and Human Services

28.8

28.7

0%

NASA

11.4

12.2

7%

Energy

8.6

9.2

7%

National Science Foundation

4.2

4.5

8%

Agriculture

2.4

2.0

-
17%

Homeland Security

1.5

1.5

2%

Commerce

1.1

1.1

-
1%

Others…

TOTAL

133.8

137.2

3%

Federal S&T Budget



2006

2007 Req

Diff.

National Institutes of Health

28.4

28.4

0%

NASA

7.7

7.1

-
8%

Energy

5.6

6.2

9%

National Science Foundation

5.6

6.0

8%

Defense

6.6

5.9

-
11%

Agriculture

2.2

1.9

-
11%

Others…


TOTAL

60.4

59.8

-
1%

0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
14000
16000
18000
20000
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Cross-Agency
Support
Space Operations
Aeronautics
Exploration Systems
Science
Total NASA Budget

($16.8 billion requested for 2007)

NASA Science Budget

($5.3 billion requested for 2007)

0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Earth-Sun System
Universe
Solar System
Exploration
NASA Universe Theme

($1.5 billion requested for 2007)

0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
$ millions
Beyond Einstein
Gamma-ray Large Space
Telescope (GLAST) Program
Herschel/Planck
Kepler
Navigator
Stratospheric Observatory for
Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA)
Hubble Space Telescope
James Webb Space Telescope
Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer
Universe Research (MO&DA,
Balloons, ADA/ADS)
R&A
2007 Request for Some of NSF’s

Astro
-
Related Research



NSF Discretionary

2006


5,581

2007


6,020




% Diff


+8%

Research and

Related Activities

4,331

4,666

+8%

Mathematical and

Physical Sciences

1,085

1,150

+6%

Astronomy

200

215

+8%

Physics

233

249

+7%

2007 Request for NSF’s

Astro
-
Related Facilities

MREFC

ALMA, IceCube are maintaining planned funding

AdvLIGO now 1st in MREFC queue, still a 2008 start

Others

2006

2007

% Diff

Gemini


18


20

+10%

LIGO


32


33

+4%

Centers/
Observatories


183


190

+4%

Tech.
Development


(ongoing for LSST and GSMT)

DOE…

The focus should be not only

how much

but also
how well



Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART) is a
vehicle used to improve program performance


Most sweeping assessment of federal programs


nearly 800 programs


102 of those have been R&D


20% of programs to be added each year


Ratings of Sample R&D Programs

Effective

NASA: Mars Exploration

NASA: Solar System Exploration

NASA: Structure and Evolution of the Universe

NASA: Sun
-
Earth Connection

NSF: All programs assessed to date

Moderately Effective

NASA: Earth System Science

NASA: Mission and Science Measurement

NASA: Space Station

Adequate

NASA: Education

NASA: Space and Flight Support

Ineffective

DOE: Oil Technology

Results Not Demonstrated

NASA: Earth Science Applications

NASA: Space Shuttle

R&D Investment Criteria

Retrospective
Assessment

Relevance

Quality


Performance

Prospective
Planning

Exploration Vision Objectives


Sustained, affordable human/robotic program to
explore solar system and beyond


Human presence across solar system, starting
w/human return to Moon by 2020, to prepare for
human exploration of Mars and beyond


Innovative technologies, knowledge, and
infrastructure to explore/support human destination
decisions


International and commercial participation in
exploration