Agilyx Technology: Plastics to Crude Oil

fallenleafblackbeansOil and Offshore

Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Fact Sheet for Air Regulators

Agilyx Technology: Plastics to Crude Oil

Agilyx has a best
-
in
-
class plastics
-
to
-
crude
-
oil technology to recover mixed waste plastic that cannot be
economically recycled. Agilyx
technology is a waste management solution
that recovers higher value
utility from waste plastic headed for landfills, incinerators and co
-
firing of industrial boilers


while
providing environmental benefit.


Agilyx is a recovery technology that adds valu
e
to non
-
recyclable waste plastics
.

Agilyx’s highest performance position in the waste
management hierarchy

(shown to the right)

is also its
best position in the marketplace: after r
ecycling. Much
of the plastic
produced today is
either
not recyclable

-

o
r
if it is recyclable, it is mixed or contaminated in a
way
that makes
it

too expensive to recycle
.

To wash and
separate these
m
aterials becomes cost prohibitive and
leaves us with one

other way to recover utility: extract
the energy.



Agilyx provides an
alternative to

mining virgin crude.

Agilyx produces ultra
-
sweet crude o
il that is sold to refineries and can be used to make crude products
from high
-
value plastic resins to gasoline and diesel. The table below shows how the Agilyx process
can help reduce

the life
-
cycle carbon intensity of transportation fuels. Agilyx’s
positive
impact comes
from efficient recovery of hydrocarbons from plastics as an alternative to virgin crude oil extraction
(highlighted
below)

and the concerns associated with that extra
ction
.


C
ARBON
I
NTENSITY

OF
C
RUDE
O
IL

gCO
2
e/MJ

O
IL
S
ANDS

(Growing source)

A
GILYX


Low
-
Carbon

Avg. Scenario

US

A
VERAGE

(Lower carbon sources

in decline)

T
AILPIPE
E
MISSIONS

72.91

72.91

72.91

R
EFINING AND
T
RANSPORTATION

14.08

12.67

14.08

E
XTRACTION

/

A
GILYX
P
ROCESS


18.35

3.54
-

13.99

8.07

T
OTAL


105.34

89.12
-

99.57

95.06

Note:
Agilyx
Range depends on purity a
nd composition of plastic types and energy inputs.


Regulation of Agilyx

Agilyx
facilities produce minimal emissions. The closed process keeps any contaminants contained;
the process’s only emissions come from natural gas or propane burning and the flaring of Non
-
Condensable Gases (NCGs).
The next generation of Agilyx technology wil
l have the ability to recover
NCGs and use their heat value as a substitute for natural gas or propane. The table below details the
onsite air emissions from a typical Agilyx facility compared to the threshold for a standard air discharge
permit.

A
IR
E
MIS
SIONS

S
OURCES


(Annual short tons

CO
2
e)

A
GILYX
C
URRENT
G
ENERATION

E
MISSIONS

(Flared NCGs)

A
GILYX
N
EXT
G
ENERATION
E
STIMATED
E
MISSIONS

(Recovered NCGs)

S
TANDARD
D
ISCHARGE
P
ERMIT
E
MISSIONS
T
HRESHOLD

NG or LP

+
NCG

=
Onsite
Process Emissions

3,708

+
4,451

=

8,159

2,
281

+ 4,
451

=
6,732

74,000

Note: 16

vessel unit
processing
14,225

tons

per year of mixed and contaminated plastics

pulled from MSW
.
Fact Sheet for Air Regulators

Agilyx Performance

vs. Combustion

I
NDICATOR

A
GILYX
C
RUDE
O
IL

I
NCINERATOR
E
LECTRICITY

E
NERGY
R
ETURNED ON
E
NERGY
I
NVESTED
(EROEI)


Per 1,000 lbs of
mixed plastics

Feedstock Energy: 17.5 MMBTU

Agilyx Process Energy:
3.4

MMBTU

Total Input Energy: 20.
9

MMBTU


Recover
e
d

Energy:

16.72 MMBTU

(
870

lbs of crude oil)

Feedstock Energy:

17.5 MMBTU

Process
Energy:

(data not readily available)

Total Input Energy:
17.5+ MMBTU


Recovered

Energy:

<
3.32 MMBTU

(973 kWh of electricity)


Note:

If this electricity is used in an EV
where the engine is 3 times as efficient as
an ICE it is the equivalent of 9.96 MMBTU

of oil
.

C
ARBON
I
NTENSITY
(CI)

3.54
-

13.99 g CO
2
e / MJ


Note:
Range is based on operational and
situational factors.

48.8 g CO
2
e / MJ

C
RITERIA
A
IR
P
OLLUTANTS


(tons/year)

PM 2.5/10:
6

CO:
5

SO
2
:
5


VOC:
1

NO
x
:
28

PM 2.5/10:
28 CO: 87

SO
2
: 220 VOC: 2

NO
x
: 369

(based on Covanta Marion permit records)

P
ERMIT
S

R
EQUIRED

Standard A
ir
C
ontaminant
D
ischarge

Permit

Storm Water Discharge Gen.
1200
-
COLS

Air Quality
Title V

Solid Waste 364

Waste
Water
Discharge 101240


Storm Water Discharge 1200
-
Z


A Glance at the State of the Plastics Market

In the US
92.4% of plastics are landfilled or combusted. Plastics represent 12% by weight
and 25% by
volume of landfills according to EPA. Landfilling plastics not only consumes
land and energy
, it wastes
the reclamation potential of the plastic’s embodied energy.

Agilyx captures the
energy in plastics much
more efficiently
with lower carbon
intensity and
lower local air emissions t
han combustion
.








A Glance at Virgin Crude Oil Sourcing

An

increasing portion of oil consumed in the US
and globally
comes from politically unstable nations.


Agilyx crude is a locally produced, transportation fuel


the highest value form of energy.


N
ote that crude extraction

in
North America

is becoming
more energy
and

more
carbon
intensive as easier to extract
sources deplete and newer,
more difficult to extract
sources (e.g., oil sands, North
Slope,
Gulf of M
exico
, etc.)
make up more of our supply.




1

US EPA “Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States Tables and Figures for 2010.”
November 2011. Accessed online at
http://www.epa.gov/osw/nonhaz/mu
nicipal/msw99.htm


N
ATIONALLY
1

G
ENERATED

R
ECYCLED

L
ANDFILLED

E
STIMATED
C
OMBUSTED

T
ONS OF PLASTIC

31,040,000

2,360,000

23,508,984

5,171,016

%


7.6%

75.7%

16.7%