of Engineering Exam

exhaustedcrumMechanics

Oct 24, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

96 views

Prepare for and Pass

The Fundamentals

of Engineering Exam

David A. Rockstraw, Ph. D., P. E.

Overview


What to expect on the exam


Strategies for taking the exam


How the exam is scored


What should you do if you fail?

What to Expect on the FE Exam


designed for students who are close to
finishing an undergraduate engineering
degree (a test of engineering fundamentals)


8 Hours long


AM Session


120 multiple choice questions


PM Session


60 multiple choice questions


Given twice per year (April and October)

How to Prepare for the FE


Spend some time reviewing for the exam


Remember though that you have been preparing
throughout your undergraduate education


Study review books


Attend review sessions


Take the exam seriously

Study Materials


Sample questions, supplied reference book,
and other material is available at
www.ncees.org


Most review books have a sample exam with
solutions

To what level should you prepare?


Focus on your core education areas as this is
where you are likely to be most successful


Learn “new topics” of areas your discipline
was not a focus to the extent they are covered
on the exam


This is an area where outside guidance is helpful

What to bring with you

1.
Your exam authorization notice.


available for download via your My NCEES
account 2

3 weeks prior to the exam date.

2.
A current, signed, government
-
issued photo
ID (i.e., driver’s license or passport).


first and last name on the photo ID must match
the name on the exam authorization notice.


A student ID card is not acceptable for
admittance.

NCEES Candidate Agreement


Approved calculators


Admission requirements


Grounds for dismissal from exam


Reference Materials


Personal Items


Items permitted on desktop


Intellectual Property Rights and Exam Security


Exam Irregularities

Reference materials


The FE and FS exams are closed
-
book.


FE exam candidates will receive a copy of the
FE Supplied
-
Reference Handbook

on exam day.


FS exam candidates will be

supplied with surveying

reference formulas.

Permitted Calculators



Casio fx
-
115 models


HP 33s and HP 35s models


TI
-
30X and TI
-
36X models



policy through Nov. 15, 2011

Items Permitted on Desktop during Exam


answer sheet


exam booklet


ID


admission notice


NCEES
-
approved
calculators


NCEES
-
issued

pencils with
erasers


small snacks


two straightedges such as
a ruler, scale, triangle, or
protractor.


Personal Items


FE and FS examinees may bring personal
items in a clear plastic bag only.


Purses and backpacks are not permitted in
closed
-
book exams.


Examinees may bring snacks (e.g., hard
candies, candy bars, gum) and nonalcoholic
drinks, as long as having them does not
disturb other examinees.

Personal Items


Examinees may wear wristwatches or place
them on the floor. Small clocks must be
placed on the floor.


Examinees may not wear hoods (on hooded
sweat
-
shirts, for example) or hats with brims
during the exam.


Head coverings that qualify as religious apparel
are permitted.

Personal Items


Examinees may not bring slide charts or wheel
charts (hand
-
held cardboard or plastic
calculating devices with rotating or sliding
pieces) or drafting compasses.


Examinees may not bring weapons of any
kind.


Examinees may not bring tobacco products or
personal chairs.

Grounds for Dismissal


Having in your possession…


a cell phone


a calculator that is not on the NCEES
-
approved list


loose papers, legal pads, writing tablets, or
unbound notes


a device with copying, recording, or
communication capabilities


including but are not limited to cameras, pagers, PDAs,
radios, headsets, tape players, MP3 players, calculator
watches, electronic dictionaries, electronic translators,
and transmitting devices.

Grounds for Dismissal


Using a non
-
NCEES writing instrument or eraser to
complete any portion of the exam


Copying from another examinee’s answer sheet or
colluding with other examinees


Beginning exam before proctor instructs you to do so


Failure to stop writing immediately when time called


Writing on anything other than your exam booklet or
answer sheet (including FE Supplied Handbook)


Removing pages from your exam booklet


Leaving the exam area without authorization

AM Exam Specifications


Mathematics

A.
Analytic geometry

B.
Integral calculus

C.
Matrix operations

D.
Roots of equations

E.
Vector analysis

F.
Differential equations

G.
Differential calculus

Engineering Probability and Statistics

A.
Measures of central tendencies and dispersions (e.g., mean,
mode, standard deviation)

B.
Probability distributions (e.g., discrete, continuous, normal,
binomial)

C.
Conditional probabilities

D.
Estimation (e.g., point, confidence intervals) for a single
mean

E.
Regression and curve fitting

F.
Expected value (weighted average) in decision
-
making

G.
Hypothesis testing


Chemistry

A.
Nomenclature

B.
Oxidation and reduction

C.
Periodic table

D.
States of matter

E.
Acids and bases

F.
Equations (e.g., stoichiometry)

G.
Equilibrium

H.
Metals and nonmetals


Computers

A.
Terminology (e.g., memory types, CPU, baud
rates, Internet)

B.
Spreadsheets (e.g., addresses, interpretation,
“what if,” copying formulas)

C.
Structured programming (e.g., assignment
statements, loops and branches, function
calls)

Ethics and Business Practices

A.
Code of ethics (professional and technical
societies)

B.
Agreements and contracts

C.
Ethical versus legal

D.
Professional liability

E.
Public protection issues (e.g., licensing
boards)

Engineering Economics

A.
Discounted cash flow (e.g., equivalence, PW,
equivalent annual FW, rate of return)

B.
Cost (e.g., incremental, average, sunk,
estimating)

C.
Analyses (e.g., breakeven, benefit
-
cost)

D.
Uncertainty (e.g., expected value and risk)

Engineering Mechanics (A. Statics)

1.
Resultants of force systems

2.
Concurrent force systems

3.
Equilibrium of rigid bodies

4.
Frames and trusses

5.
Centroid

of area

6.
Area moments of inertia

7.
Friction


Engineering Mechanics (B. Dynamics)

1.
Linear motion

(e.g., force, mass, acceleration, momentum)

2. Angular motion

(e.g., torque, inertia, acceleration, momentum)

3. Mass moments of inertia

4. Impulse and momentum

5. Work, energy, and power

6. Friction


5. and 6. applied to Particles or rigid bodies

Strength of Materials

A.
Shear and moment diagrams

B.
Stress types (e.g., normal, shear, bending, torsion)

C.
Stress strain caused by:

1. axial loads; 2. bending loads; 3. torsion; 4. shear

D.
Deformations (e.g., axial, bending, torsion)

E.
Combined stresses

F.
Columns

G.
Indeterminant

analysis

H.
Plastic versus elastic deformation

Material Properties

A.
Properties

1. chemical 2. electrical 3. mechanical 4. physical

B.
Corrosion mechanisms and control

C.
Materials

1. engineered materials

2. ferrous metals

3. nonferrous metals


Fluid Mechanics

A.
Flow measurement

B.
Fluid properties

C.
Fluid statics

D.
Energy, impulse, and momentum equations

E.
Pipe and other internal flow


Electricity and Magnetism

A.
Charge, energy, current, voltage, power

B.
Work done in moving a charge in an electric field
(relationship between voltage and work)

C.
Force between charges

D.
Current and voltage laws (Kirchhoff, Ohm)

E.
Equivalent circuits (
series
,
parallel
)

F.
Capacitance and inductance

G.
Reactance and impedance,
susceptance

and admittance

H.
AC circuits

I.
Basic complex algebra


Thermodynamics

A.
Thermodynamic laws (e.g., 1st Law, 2nd Law)

B.
Energy, heat, and work

C.
Availability and reversibility

D.
Cycles

E.
Ideal gases

F.
Mixture of gases

G.
Phase changes

H.
Heat transfer

I.
Properties of: 1. enthalpy 2. entropy


Afternoon Session Subjects


PM Exam is Discipline
-
Specific


Chemical; Civil; Industrial; Electrical; Mechanical;
General


All exams are contained in the same booklet.


Review the published “exam specifications”
for the discipline you intend to take


http://www.ncees.org/Exams/FE_exam.php


PM General Exam (Other Disciplines)


Advanced Engineering Mathematics


Engineering Probability and Statistics


Biology


Engineering Economics


Application of Engineering Mechanics


Engineering of Materials


Fluids


Electricity and Magnetism


Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer


Watch the clock, time limits are strictly
enforced


Average of 2 minutes/problem in the AM


Average of 4 minutes/problem in the PM


Attack the areas you know best, first


Save difficult problems for last

Strategies for Taking the FE Exam


Think before you start a problem


Is there an easy way to work this?


If you don’t know the correct answer,
eliminate some incorrect answers


Are of these answers obviously wrong?


Can you work backwards?



Strategies for Taking the FE Exam

Strategies for Taking the FE Exam


Mark your best guess (may be your first guess)
with a “?” and come back to it


Make notes and a best guess before moving
on to the next question


Answer each question


There is no penalty for an incorrect answer


Your score is based on number of correct answers

Handling Difficult Problems


If you have no clue at all:


Make your best guess


Circle the problem number (or identify it some
other way) to indicate you have no clue


Come back to these problems only if have more
time


Never leave a question unanswered

Saving Time


Write the letter of the correct answer in the
margin on the test booklet


At the end of the page, transcribe the answers
to the answer sheet


Do this
one

page at a time.


Do not do this for the entire exam and then
attempt to transfer the answers

Units


In the morning some problems are given in
both SI and ENG units


Work with what you are most comfortable



Most afternoon exams will be SI only so be
prepared

Terminology


Not everyone uses the same terminology


Try to be familiar with other nomenclature


Focus on the problem; do you know it by
another name?

Reference Manual


Be familiar with its organization


Where are your most frequently used
equations?


What data will you use the most?


Not necessarily a good idea to study by the
reference manual

Work Out Of Sequence


Problems tend to be grouped in sections


Work what you know best, first


Save the most difficult for last


If you don’t know it, guess

Write Out the Problem


Work in the test booklet


Solving problems in your head may not be the
fastest way


Make sure you record your answer on the
answer sheet

graders do not look at your
test booklet


Timeline to Results


Typically, NCEES releases scores to licensing
boards 8

10 weeks after the exam date. The
licensing boards or testing services then notify
you of your results.


Sample Score Report

Determining Passing Scores


After each administration, every NCEES exam
undergoes extensive statistical analysis to
determine the minimum level of performance
required for entry into the profession.


A committee of subject
-
matter experts works
with experienced
psychometricians

(testing
experts with a background in statistics) to
determine the level of performance that
corresponds with minimal competence in that
discipline. This becomes the passing score.

Determining Passing Scores


NCEES


does not publish passing scores because they
change with each administration.


scores each exam without predetermined % of
examinees that should pass or fail.


All exams are scored the same way.

Determining Passing Scores


Diagnostics are applied


Unfair problems are eliminated


Possibility of multiple correct answers


Score determined after “bad” problems are
eliminated


First
-
time takers and repeat takers are graded
to the same standard.



National Pass Rates

National Pass Rates

PM General Exam

What If You Do Not Pass?


Take it again


Exam is offered twice a year


Review and study for the next time


use “diagnostic report” to focus your study


No adverse information is placed on your
record