Research Challenges on Human-Robot Interaction and Robotic Human Science

embarrassedlopsidedAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Research Challenges on

Human
-
Robot Interaction and Robotic Human Science



JORGE

SOLIS
-
ALFARO
, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, Waseda University


The research on human
-
robot interaction (HRI)
and robotic human science
(RHS)
have
been an emerging topic of
inte
rest for both basic research and customer application. The studies specially focus on behavioral and cognitive
aspects of the interaction and the social contexts surrounding it. One of the most challenging problems is giving the
robots an understanding of

how to interact with human beings at the same logical level so that they may function not as
passive tools, but rather as active agents that can drive the human interaction, instead of merely reproducing a sequence
of movements. Hence, these robots must h
ave higher level cognitive functions that include knowing how to reason,
when to perceive and what to look for, how to integrate perception and action under changing conditions, etc. These
functions will enable robots to perform more complex tasks which re
quire tight human interaction; consequently, the
robots can perform high level interactions
(i.e.
teaching m
otor skills to unskilled people
, etc.)
.

In this talk,
an overview
of the current

research on humanoid robot
s, medical robotics and systems and

educa
tion robotics will be introduced.


1.

Humanoid Robots
:

Nowadays several researchers have been developing anthropomorphic robots
as a research
approach related to RHS to
roughly replicate some of the human motor skills such as walking, dancing, etc.
However,

such robots are still far away from understanding and processing emotional states as the human does. In
order to overcome this limitation, the research on music still seems particularly promising; since it is a universal
communication medium. Furthermore,

the research on music can also provide expressive tools that traditionally
have been hidden in musicians' skills.

For that reason, at Waseda University, the research on the Waseda Flutist
Robot
and Saxophonist Robot have

been carried out as an approach to

understand the human motor control from an
engineering point of view as well as introducing novel ways of musical teaching.


2.

Medical Robotics and Systems
:
Certainly, in order to conduct effective learning experiments, the robotic system
must actively inte
ract with humans at the same logical/perceptual level through all the stages of the learning
process. This means that robots should analyze the exchanged information between human and robot to evaluate
learner’s performance and furthermore, to provide some

kind of feedback (aural, haptic, visual, etc.) which may
promote the creation of the internal models by the active training of learner on the task so that subjects can
reconstruct

accurately the motor skill by reinforcing the
kinaesthetic memory
.

On the o
ther hand, there is the
possibility of studying which parameters of the learning process may lead or break down the acquisition of the
motor skill by modifying the conditions of the experiments. These parameters may include: which feedback
modality is prov
ided (one modality or multimodal), complexity of the skill, learning procedure, number of
repetitions of the task, etc.


3.

Education Robotics
:
Developed countries
, as leading nations in scientific research and production

of innovative
technological products,

hold very large shares in high

technology

industries.

However, the continuous falling of the
birthrate in
developed
countries is resulting in a reduction in the number of students where most of them are going
away from scientific fields. This situation ma
y tremendously affect the industry by losing competitive power in the
future due to the shortage of talented engineers.

For this purpose,
we have focused
our research
in developing

more
advanced educational mechatronic tools to motivate their creativity at

different educational levels. For this purpose,
we have proposed the development

of a two
-
wheeled inverted pendulum type mobile robot designed to

provide
educational issues related to electronics, mechanics, control theory

and programming.




-

2

-

Short BIOGRAP
HY

2009 ~

Assistant Professor

Research Institute for Science and Engineering,

Waseda University
, Tokyo, Japan

2006 ~ 2008

Research Associate

Department of Modern Mechanical Engineering ,
Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan

2003 ~

Visiting Researcher.

Humanoi
ds Robotics Institute, Waseda University,
Tokyo, Japan

2004~2006

Post
-
Doctoral Research Fellow

Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan

2003~2004

Research Assistant

PERCRO Laboratory Pisa, Italy

2004

Ph.D. in Robotics

Perceptual Robotics Laboratory (PERCRO). Pis
a,
Italy

2003

Visiting Researcher

Waseda University

2000

Visiting Researcher

Mechanical Engineering Laboratory (now AIST).
Tsukuba Science City, Japa
n

1998~2000

RS/6000 Hardware

Support Engineer.

IBM of Mexico, Mexico

1998

System

Electronics


Engineer
ing Degree

The Monterrey Institute of Technology. Toluca,
Mexico

1998

Visiting Researcher

Laboratoire d'e Analyse et Architecture
d'Systemes, Toulouse, France



Research Interests


Humanoid Robots,
Human/Robot
I
nteraction
, R
-
Education and Skill
Transfer

Systems, M
e
dical Robots and Systems,
Rehabilitation Robots, Mechatronic Systems for Education Purposes, Human
Motor Control and L
earning, Computer
Vision, Haptic Interfac
e Control and F
orce rendering, Tele
-
operation
S
ystems,
Gesture

Recognition Systems
, et
c.