EXPANDING LUNAR SOLAR ENERGY AND POWER

electricfutureAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 4 months ago)

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205


CHAPTER 7


EXPANDING LUNAR SOLAR ENERGY AND POWER




The Sun is the principal source of energy for the Earth. For almost eighty years, a
dialogue has been underway as to the best way to use space
-
based energy!
1

The world’s
inhabitants had become alarm
ed with the negative impact of fossil fuels, especially the
“greenhouse effect” from pollution and climate change. Further, rapid population growth,
spurred on the research for not only a cleaner energy source, but a place for earthkind to
expand. The Moo
n provided a perfect place to satisfy the need for an abundant supply of
clean energy. People began to realize that utilization of such space resources represented
an unlimited frontier. Thus, the United States, along with other countries like Russia,
Uk
raine, and Japan, had spent many millions on solar energy research. What held up the
implementation of such investigations was the issue of which energy system to develop
for beaming solar power to Earth. Since this would involve very costly start
-
up cost
s, the
big issue was which to utilize for
-

either from orbiting satellites around the Moon, or
from power stations that transmit energy from the lunar surface itself.


In the first decade of the 21
st

Century, the Global Space Trust concluded that the
maj
or commercial value for going back to the Moon permanently was not just for
scientific purposes, but also to employ lunar resources, especially a Lunar Solar Power
System.




1

Durst S.M., Bohannan, C. T., Thomason, C. G., Cerney, Yuen, L., eds.
Proceedings of the International
Lunar Conference 2003
. San Diego, CA: UNIVELT/Space

Age Publishing Company, 2004, STS Vol.
108….Pelton, J. and Marshall, P.
License to Orbit


The Future of Commercial Space Travel.
Toronto,
Canada: Apogee Books/ CG Publishing, 2009….Glaser, P. E., Davidson, F. P., Csigi, K. I.,
Solar Power
Satellites


A

Space Energy System for Earth.
Chichester, UK: Praxis/Wiley Publishing, 1998….Criswell,
D. R. and Harris, P.R. , “Micros and Microwaves


Why the World Needs Global Policies on Space
-
based

Energy,”
Spaceflight.
London, UK: British Interplanetary Society,
Vol. 50, August 2009, pp. 300
-
306.
Visit
www.solardaily.com

or www.energydaily.com.


206


Power beaming solar energy from the Moon to Earth

In 2010, the same year GST launc
hed its first private space enterprise mission
sending humans back to our sister planet, a small practical demonstration of space solar
power was initiated by Pacific Gas & Electric Company. Through its contractor, Solaren
Corporation, a southern Californi
a company, a plan got underway to deliver 200 hundred
megawatts of clean, renewable power using solar panels from geosynchronous earth
orbit. The solar
-
electric energy from the orbiting satellite is converted to microwaves,
beamed to a receiving antenna on

Earth where it was converted back to electric energy,
and fed into a PG&E power grid. The choice to generate electricity this way was made
because solar energy is endless, and does not pollute like fossil fuels. In space there is no
atmosphere or cloud i
nterference, no seasons, plus no loss of sun at night. Further this
“real estate” is currently still free, but hard to reach. SPACE Canada furthered the cause
by promoting an international dialogue on solar energy from space. It sponsored
symposia, vide
os, and other media efforts to convince the general public about the
proposed solution. The case for space
-
based energy took into account realities that
Earth’s population would soon grow to 6 billion, meaning an enormous global demand
for a cleaner, reas
onably priced, abundant energy source. In the second decade of the 21
st

century, serious study got underway on the larger possibilities for space based energy.


207


Thus a global consensus gradually emerged to pursue the prospects for solar
energy from outer

space, including the Moon. There were sufficient scientific,
technological, commercial, financial, environmental and national security justifications
for seeking this new supply of sustainable energy. To ensure safe delivery of such energy
to Earth’s pe
oples also meant that space enterprises obtain the necessary regulatory
approval or agreements from a consortia of governments, facilitated through the United
Nations’ agencies along with the Global Space Trust. Further, building the necessary
infrastructu
re to beam energy from the Moon initially required enormous capital
investment. The GST partners discovered that obtaining funding for such ventures was
difficult, especially during times when the world’s economy was in recession. So with
the formation o
f the Lunar Infrastructure Development Corporation, it became feasible to
sell bonds worldwide to underwrite lunar macroproject, such as space
-
based energy
systems on the Moon. Finally, the public became willing to take a long
-
term solution to
its energy
needs. Thus by 2050, progress had been made in creating the necessary
infrastructures for this purpose. Initially, LIDC decided not to pursue Peter Glaser’s
strategy for solar power satellites in GEO. After exhaustive studies, its Administration
finally

opted to establish a solar energy industry constructed on the Moon itself, as
researched by Robert Waldron and David Criswell. This approach to the creation of a
Lunar Solar Power System (LSPS) called for the building of two power bases (east and
west) o
n the lunar surface.
*




*

Refer to “Space
-
Based Energy


Lunar Solar Power” in
Space Enterprise
by P. R. Harris (New York,
NY: Springer
-
Praxis, 2009, A
ppendix B, pp. 554
-
567).


208

















1)

The advantage of this strategy was to produce a supply

The Lunar Power System, as co
-
invented by Dr. David Criswell, (1) collects sunlight on (2) the Moon (3) where it is converted
The Lunar Solar Power System (1)
collects sunlight (2) on the Moon where (3) it is converted there into electric power by
solar arrays, and (4) microwave beamed to Earth via (5) an orbital redirector (6) to rectennae which converts the microwave
energy to electric energy for distribution
to power grids on Earth.
*






For further information, see “Space
-
Based Energy


Lunar Solar Power” in
Space Enterprise
by P.
R. Harris (New York, NY: Springer
-
Praxis, 2009, Appendix B, pp.544
-
567).


The Lunar Solar Power System as co
-
invented by Criswell and W
aldron (1) collects sunlight (2) on the Moon (3) where it is























209

This plan was modified to construct the lunar power system around the circumference
of the Moon, beginning with Mons Malapert in the south pole region.

The rationale of the above strategy was that it produced sufficient power to
accelerate
lunar exploration, settlement, and development. The power is distributed through
underground cables for use on the Moon, as well as transmission of excess energy to
Earth. The latter involved microwave mirrors in Earth orbit that directed the po
wer to
various terrestrial locations. There, rectennae on Earth collected the energy for
conversion into electric energy.


The organization that managed the system was known as Luna Solar Energy
Enterprise or LSEE. Its primary goal was to obtain sufficien
t solar power to fuel luna
industrial parks and settlements. Its secondary goal was to expand the system, so as to
sell energy at lower costs to larger numbers of customers on Earth. Until the luna solar
energy system was fully operational, LUNA WORLD de
pended on energy obtained from
lunar regolith.

Dr. Farid Elashmawi, an Egyptian solar engineer, had been working for the
Global Space Trust for eight years on Earth. He was one of the principal experts chosen
to implement the initial three stages of LSPS i
nstallment schedule. When he relocated to
LUNA WORLD with his wife, Fatima, the energy expert undertook to erect two large
plants on the lunar surface. These power stations were named after the two co
-
inventors
of this energy system
-

the one on the eastsi
de of the Moon was called the “Criswell,”
while the other on the westside was dubbed the “Waldron.” Then in 2048, the Lunar
Infrastructure Corporation choose Elashmawi as CEO of its LSEE subsidiary.









210

Meanwhile, Fatima bore their first lunar child in
Easta
sia
, the community of
which she would eventually become the general manager. Farid’s wife was immensely
proud of his role in providing solar energy to the home planet, and here at LUNA
WORLD. But she was equally pleased with his leadership in the Islamic c
ommunity on
the Moon.

Liam Harris, LIDC director, closely supervised Dr. Elashmawi as he gradually
installed the new energy system to meet the needs of lunar dwellers, and subsequently for
their Earth customers. An astute financial analyst, Liam did not e
xpect to see profits on
the venture until well into the 22
nd

century. In the short term, he knew that start
-
up costs
of this power system were high during its initial stages of development. But to encourage
Farid, he often remarked,
In the long term, we

can expect a significant return on the
huge

investment in this macro enterprise
. However, the real payoff in this venture was
that the twin
-
planet inhabitants now have a highly profitable and endless source of low
-
cost, clean energy!


Solar collectors
on the lunar surface convert sunlight to electricity.

With considerable help from the Engineering, Robotic and Contractor Corps,
Farid’s team first built an underground LSEE administrative and control facility. Then
arrays of panels were installed on the
surface to collect and convert the sun’s rays for use

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in LUNA WORLD. These were made entirely of lunar materials, and installed by the A
& R Corps. Meanwhile, back on Earth, the GST contractors set up the necessary
microwave receivers or rectennae, both o
n land and on sea platforms. This large scale
engineering program required real organizational synergy between the earthkind and
spacekind workers.

With the Sun as its power source and the Moon as its platform, the LW energy
system integrated many element
s from photovoltaics, power grids, microwave
transmitters, and Earth
-
orbiting reflectors, to production of emplacement machinery. All
space components were manufactured on the Moon. The whole venture slowly became a
profitable source of income for its lu
nar investors. In addition to income earned from
energy sales, LIDC’s operating funds also came from fees collected for spacecraft
landings, various construction and communication licenses, and taxes.

***


As director of the Lunar Infrastructure Developm
ent Corporation, Liam Harris
also established a task force on Lunar Mineral Rights. At its first meeting, the members
included Junichi Haruyuma, Sergei Kostolani, Woody Sears, Jay Shiteda, and George
Robinson. The Judge agreed to Liam’s request that he c
hair the group.

Robinson opened the first session with this introduction:
We know well from UN
treaties that the Moon is the common heritage of humanity. We know that provisions have
been made by LIDC for investors and developers not only to lease land, bu
t to obtain a
reasonable profit from their ventures. We also realize that some individuals and
organizations seek to gain a monopoly on lunar resources, especially minerals. We all
had a warning when that South African tried to capture our market for minin
g precious

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stones. We now know that the identity of the global corporation was behind that
unsuccessful effort which resulted in the death of one of our Peacekeepers. So to protect
our mineral rights for the benefit of all, and not special interests, this

Task Force has
been established!

Liam waited until his listeners pondered upon these opening remarks. Then he
went on to describe the situation back on Earth relative to vast seabed resources. It began
in 1982 when many nations signed on to the UN Conve
ntion on the Law of the Sea. But
it took decades before the United States and other countries ratified that treaty. Gradually
multiple claims to resources under the continental shelf, especially in Arctic regions,
were in dispute even before such claims
could be sorted out and approved. Harris
pointed out that it was the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf who
initially worked out a system to confirm such claims to undersea minerals. Now the
International Seabed Authority issues licenses f
or exploration, but not production of the
nodules discovered. However, commercial miners demand clear, exclusive title to their
underwater holdings before beginning their research and development.


Liam concluded,
LIDC would like to avoid such delay and
chaos. We need your
help to ensure that

the minerals

of LUNA WORLD are responsibly processed and
beneficial to all humanity, while protecting all our resources from illegal or irresponsible
exploitation. Therefore, we request this Task Force investigate
these issues, and
recommend a strategy for us to more effectively regulate and manage lunar minerals and
mining. LIDC seeks to promote revenue sharing partnerships that furthers rapid but
responsible lunar development.


213

Having so challenged these diverse e
xperts, a lively discussion ensued as how
LIDC should improve its license system for mineral exploration, and provide the
necessary legal, safety, and environmental guidelines. One proposal was to encourage
mining cooperatives of investors and developers
from the twin planets. It would take
many weeks before Judge Robinson submitted the report and recommendations of the
Task Force on Lunar Mineral Rights.


Lunar explorers, both technauts and robonauts, constantly search for mineral and water recourses.

***

As director of LW transportation, Michaela Harris
-
Schrunk was having a business
luncheon at the Mall with Harrison Jack Schmitt III. He was a new contractor from the
University of Wisconsin. The fusion engineer engaged first in some small talk before

getting down to the purpose of this meeting. Conversing pleasantly, Jack inquired about
the health and well being of Michaela’s twins. She told him about the boys’ progress, and
their joy when playing with their two social robots.
They are so humanlike i
n appearance
and actions, that even I want to hug them. Those child robots make life a whole lot easier
for me


they not only watch over the twins, but help my kids improve their language and
technical skills!


214


Michaela then got down to the lunchon’s real

business. She reminded Jack that in
two years LUNA WORLD would celebrate the 80
th

anniversary of his famous astronaut
grandfather’s departure from the Moon. Bearing the same name as his noted relative,
Jack replied,
After my Grandad left the Moon on his

Apollo 17 mission in 1972, I never
thought it would take humanity so long to get back on the lunar surface.


She asked,
Was Dr. Schmitt still a professor of geology at the University of
Wisconsin when you were a student there?


Yes,
the younger Schmit
t confirmed.
He was still quite active in his old age, and our
class used his
Return to the Moon

as a textbook in a course which we took with him.”
*



The suave, competent executive did not mention his agenda until they finished
dessert, then added,
As yo
u know, Mrs. Schrunk, the helium
-
3 plant which I direct will be
operational in six months. The mining, processing, and refining that we do there will
require a transportation system on the lunar surface. Are you able to confirm what type
of system that

will be? Also what connections will you provide for transportation to
other surface facilities on LUNA WORLD?


Michaela smiled,
Oh, the Department of Transportation should have its final
report ready for you within this month. It will address all your co
ncerns in this regard,
but I can get you a preliminary draft tomorrow. However, my Master’s degree was in
astrotransportation, not mining. So could you give me a briefing on what you will be
producing at the new Kulcinski Fusion Center?

She used the off
icial title of the facility
named as a memorial to the principal researcher on this innovative energy system


the
late Professor Gerald Kulcinski at the University of Wisconsin.




*

Harrison H. Schmitt,
Return to the Moon: Exploration, Enterprise, and Energy in the Human Settlement
of Space. (
New York, NY: Corpernicus/Praxis, 2006 or www.springer.co
m).


215


Jack was now in his element, so he did his best to summarize the plant’s
op
eration. He explained that their fusion technology is entirely automated. He pulled out
a promotional electronic booklet with illustrations, pointing to a robotic processor for
mining.
You see,
he elaborated,
this plant had adopted a rectilinear strateg
y. The lunar
regolith is conveyed to the processor by large buckets. The finer extracted volatiles are
then transported away from the mining area to our refining plant some distance away.
That is the first transportation problem I hope your report will add
ress.


The attractive and brainy woman knew that lunar regolith is full of metals and
generally 4 to 15 meters thick depending on where it was located on the Moon. So
Michaela paged through the visual document provided, observing,
I notice there is a
secon
d mining spiral strategy that you are not using. But it says here that approach
would move refined material directly from a central station to user.


Jack countered that approach would be tested at a second fusion plant to be built
within two years.
The bi
g issue I hope your report examines is the most cost effective way
we could transport our products to customers on Earth, which lacks the helium 3 that we
can provide!

The engineering executive pointed to an explanation in the L
-
pod he had given
her.
You
see it is solar energy that enables us to extract solar wind H
-
3 from the regolith.
Our photovoltaic system produces the electricity. Once our dueterium
-
helium
-
3 fusion
power plant is operable, we will supply additional power for luna systems. Since hel
ium
3 fuel is not as abundant on Earth like it is here, our plants can export such to the home
planet. Again, that raises the transportation issue relative to getting our luna product
safely back to Earth!


216

Michaela realized that all of this was still exper
imental, but she promised to
carefully study the innovative process described in his information brochure. There were
so many unknowns and costs involved in helium
-
3 production; she would consult with
LIDC’s experts before completing the transportation re
port for this macroproject. She
realized that right now LUNA WORLD was more focused on developing lunar solar
power. But she appreciated that this was only one of several luna efforts underway to
solve Earth’s energy problem. It also was clear to her th
at mass drivers were the
principal launch systems for exporting lunar products.
*

***


The Class of 2050 was again having a celebration in an Irish pub chosen by
Megan McArthur. The atmosphere reminded her of Eire for she loved the Irish music and
dancing
here. The occasion was to celebrate Chris De Neugurelu winning the contest for
naming the third settlement underway at Lunagrad. Her nomination of
Artemis

was
selected and she would receive a round trip week’s vacation for two at the
Caliph
hotel
on the L5

orbiting station, constructed by a Middle Eastern consortium. Her classmates
inquired as to who would share her prize trip. Chris quietly replied,
Why, Dip, of course.
They all knew that she and Banjeree were dating, but did not realize is was that seri
ous.
After a round of drinks and much toasting to her good fortune, Tu Wang shyly asked the
Chancellor why she choose that particular designation for the new city.






Consult these Internet websites:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massdriver or /Telerobotics
/Rectenna

or /
Solar furnace

or /
David Criswell.

Also see, www. moons
ociety.org;
www.moonminer.com
;
www.nss.org/settlement/ssp
/library; www.moondaily.com.




217


Cislunar hotel at L5 Station, erected by Arab entrepreneurs, where Chris De Neururela and

Dip Banerjee will vacation.



Chris laughed,
Well, since we named our other two cities after gods from Greek
mythology, I chose to pick another


“Artemis” is goddess of both the hunt and Moon.
Pausing, she added,
Beside it was also the name of a Society
of space activists at the turn
of the century who promoted a project to land a Lunar Transfer Vehicle on the Moon,
using it for the first lunar habitat. They envisioned that their explorers would set up a
solar power station and antennas, while searching
for a lunar base site. These space
activists certainly had foresight
-

look them up for yourselves on the Internet


www.asi.org
. I visited that website last year when we were all at Unispace Academy, I
discovered this
name that won this prize vacation for us,
as Chris fondly put her hand in
Dip’s.


218


The multicultural group agreed it was an appropriate selection worthy of her
deserved prize, and offered them a toast for a bon voyage. A striking characteristic of
luna cul
ture was that no one felt
foreign,
and much diversity was evident in the make
-
up
of the inhabitants, as with this French
-
Indian couple being honored. People here
identified themselves as
spacekind or spacefarers,
rather than by nationality or even race
an
d skin color. They were all solar system emigrants, and their center of happiness was
the universe. They found their new offworld homeland liberating because here they all
were, in a sense, foreigners! In luna society, people were judged by their compet
ence and
performance, not by their place of origin. Together, these pioneers experienced the
challenges, risks, and bafflements of life beyond Earth. Despite the displacement,
anxiety, alienation, and incongruity, luna dwellers thrived for they had escap
ed the
boredom and banality of their everyday past on the home planet. Many felt the emotions
of childhood because life here was full of surprise, novelty, color, and excitement.
Everyday together they dared and defied the fates, as they fulfilled more o
f their potential
as human beings!

There was much chatter as the classmates caught up on each one’s activities.
Finally Oleg Alifanov got their attention when he stated,
Have you noticed how many
LUNA WORLD inhabitants have familial connections to real pe
ople who had been active
in the global space movement, either as participants or supporters? Why many of our
facilities are named after such visionaries.

He told them his research on orbital
telescopes revealed that in 2008 an astronaut by the name of “M
egan McArthur” operated

219

a 50
-
foot robotic arm used in the delicate upgrading of the Hubble, thus extending its
magnificent service to expand our knowledge of the universe!
*


Megan beamed,
Yes, that was my American aunt!

She was a Hawaii native with a
Ph.
D. from Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Her last mission to repair and upgrade
the Hubble. That improved telescope allowed us to observe the first galaxies to appear
some 600,000 years after the Big Bang!


Genially, the Class discussed contributions

of that first orbital telescope which
obtained more than a half million images before it was deactivated in 2014. In greater
detail that any instrument before, it enabled astronomers to examine the evolution of
galaxies, stars, planets, along with the sy
nthesis of chemical elements. Today their Luna
Astronomers Club benefited from its successor, the
James Webb Telescope
which
continues to make spectacular observations and discoveries within the sky’s cosmic
wonders


Orbiting stations like this one at L1
can provide a platform for space telescopes.


Pete Raygoza then intervened with this update,
You should know something else
that my wife is involved with. For the benefit of LUNA WORLD’s youth, Megan is
introducing Gaelic football into Selenopolis


it’s
a game she played as a girl in Dublin.
Since it’s like soccer that I once played in Mexico, I have been drafted as their coach.



*

See
HUBBLE: Imaging Space and Time
(Washington, DC: National Geographic
Society, 2008).


220

The Gaelic Football Association has approved of our team, and the Apollo settlement is
developing an opposition team. Players
can only kick the ball four meters before they
move it to another player


no throwing or lifting the ball, for everything is done by the
foot. The effect of lunar gravity is making for a very lively luna game for our kids who
use our underground playing
field. Someday we may even try it on the lunar surface!


That sparked discussion of about other 1/6 gravity sports on the Moon which
LIDC encouraged. It’s director, Liam Harris, was a big supporter of athletics, such as this
new form of football. He was e
ven encouraging Tu Yang in the construction of stadium
large enough eventually for Luna Olympics. The stadium sporting events would attract
contestants and fans from all over the twin planets. His buddies asked Tu why he was
calling the arena the
Galaxy
Stadium.


Wang replied,
Because this huge facility will serve all the people of our galaxy.


At that moment, Gordon Delahunt was passing the classmates’ table, and
overhearing that conversation, laughingly observed, “
Yeah, all we Selenians have to do is
to

find ways to pay for this macroproject.
As a LW founder, Gordon himself was a
heroic figure to them. At 82, Delahunt’s body was lean, hard, and fit. He had not only
lead in founding this first settlement of the Moon, but in the process explored the ver
y
frontiers of his soul. Here was a tested and thoughtful man of accomplishment. His gaze
showed both understanding and compassion. Gordie, as he was known to compatriots,
was much admired. So they urged him to have a Guinness’ stout with them, and disc
uss
the historical significance of their first luna city.


Delahunt obliged for he believed in encouraging and informing new settlers. He
explained that back in 1988, a bill, H.R. 4128, was introduced in the U. S. House of

221

Representatives. This legislati
on, which supported offworld migration, was produced by
Congressman George E. Brown from California. Since Pacific Interplanetary Enterprises
was in La Jolla, California, his uncle Rob Delahunt helped in the drafting of this futuristic
law on behalf of spa
ce settlement.

At first, the bill did not pass, until the wily
Congressman attached it to a NASA funding bill and got it through in 1990. For the first
time on record, the Congress of the United States recognized the inevitability of its
citizens settlin
g offworld.


The classmates inquired about most significant aspects of this landmark
legislation. Delahunt noted that this Space Settlement Act declared that the extension of
human life beyond the Earth’s atmosphere would lead to space settlement, as well
as the
advancement of science, exploration, and the general welfare.
It was the first government
mandate for humanity to move toward the development of a spacefaring civilization.

The
group was impressed, but they saw the Act as a confirmation of Krafft Eh
ricke’s thinking
on the extraterrestrial imperative.


Chris then added that the high school students at LU’s Arthur Clarke Academy
studied the full document in their lunar history classes. The Space Settlement Act

confirms for the teens that their ancesto
rs envisioned Moon and Mars colonies, and
planned ahead for many aspects of an emerging space culture.


Tu Yang suddenly commented,
That declaration motivated my own country to
push ahead with its Chinese space program. I grew up in China’s new tourism in
dustry
as our people began to travel around the world. That is when I became convinced that
lunar tourism was the key to expanding the Moon’s population. Back in 2003, an
international lunar conference was held in Hawaii. There my father heard a speech

222

about “The Future of Lunar Tourism.”
*

On his return home, he inspired me with its
forecasts. He maintained that our country must work toward lowering launch costs, so
that space travel would not be only for the elite, but for the masses. In the confere
nce
proceedings that I inherited after his death, I was motivated by the vision of those
participants who anticipated that lunar tourism will contribute to economic growth on
Earth, and create significant employment opportunities.


Delahunt responded,
Tan
g’s right for I actually attended that Waikola Beach
conference, and heard that speaker, Patrick Collins, predict that we could have several
million passengers on orbital tourism by 2030. Well we didn’t, so Tu Yang, you have a
way to go before the Luna Ol
ympics you propose is actually held here, with all its high
-
flying games! By the time it happens, you will have your new stadium ready to host the
events!

Gordie arose from the table, and concluded,
Well, we old folks need our sleep and I have
an early mee
ting tomorrow. May your dreams come true! Goodnight fellow spacefarers!

***




*

See
Proceedings of the Internal Lunar Conference 2003

edited by Steve M. Durst, et al, Vol. 108,
American Astronautical Society (www.univelt.com).


223



Meteroites and Solar Flares are a part of luna living.

The next morning, Delahunt was at an early emergency session of the LIDC
Council. The presiding director, Liam Harris, c
onfronted the assembled leaders with
some unpleasant news. The agenda today would focus on two impending hazards to the
people of LUNA WORLD


an alarming increase in solar flares highlighted their
continuing fears of the hazards such flares might cause t
heir thin
-
shelled spacecraft and
workers on the lunar surface. The other issue was an approaching meteor storm that
requires better defensive measures.


At the same time, Tu Yang was meeting with two A&R experts, Eric Schrunk and
his deputy, Jeff Offenau.

In his promotion of luna tourism, Yang reminded them of his
remodeling plan for the Visitors Center at the Aldrin Lunaport. He was proud of his
installation of a hologram featuring the late Krafft Ehricke explaining the features of the
city he first conc
eived


Selenopolis
!


Eric found that device innovative.
My twins loved to put their hands through
Krafft’s legs and see no interference. So what do you have in mind and for where? Why
do you need us?


224


Because I am looking for a customized design android,
Yang

replied
. Actually,
the same one produced twice with different messages,
Tu answered. He explained that he
wanted one of each for the new visitor centers planned in
Apollo
and
Artemis.
The
tourism director provided them with a list of specifications f
or these social robots to be
called “Krafft.” One was to be preprogrammed with the voice the late Kraftt Ehricke
lecturing about the “Extraterrestrial Imperative


Why Humanity Must Colonize Space,”
and the other would excerpt two of his speeches on “Spac
e Tourism in a Therapeutic
Environment.”


Eric sought clarification,
So you are asking the A & R Corps to build a robotic
replication of the visionary Ehricke with the ability to use actual recordings of his voice?

Right
,
Yang concurred.
Here are pictures
and videos of Krafft to help you in
molding these two figures. You can use some of the parts of your existing robots and
reconfigure them.


Jeff puzzled over the specs. They called for a life
-
like figure the size of the real
Ehricke. The robot was to have

multiple facial expressions


able to have lips that purse,
a face that grins and smiles, a mouth and eyes that open and close. The machine was to
look and act somewhat like the real man it replicated. It would emulate his gender, age,
weight, and exact

appearance. Fortunately, the legendary rocket scientist had been a
handsome German, so the designers could copy his face with skinlike “frubber” or face
rubber, then cover the mechanical “body” with a business suit like Krafft had worn. Jeff
knew they ha
d the in
-
house capability to integrate a number of robotic operations. A & R
had the necessary microprocessor chips and sensors made on the Moon, as well as
sufficient scanning lasers and video cameras already imported from Earth. Lunicks were

225

even makin
g computers with fiber optic cable with connections that could be used in
android robots. Their programmers could match Ehricke’s voice pattern, but robots still
had shortcomings. Jeff reckoned
Selenians
could even make metal craniums suitable to
hold al
l this informational processing. Finally, he raised a question for Eric.
How will we
handle the face sculpturing?


Schrunk quickly responded,
We have a new contractor from Hanson Robotics in
Dallas who should be able to do this for us.

He will sculpt a f
ace that even Ehricke’s
wife and children would recognize.

But Eric wanted to know if this android was
expected to answer questions.


Oh, yes,
Tu confessed.
We expect the tourists to ask “Krafft” questions.


Well, that is going to cost you more,
Eric admi
tted.
Creating robots with social
fluency, conversational skills, and convincing humanlike presence is very expensive.
Most of our robots are made for specific and doable tasks. But we have a team of
psychologists and robotic experts working together on
the issue. And where are you
getting the millions to pay for this project?


Yang quietly answered,
The Chinese government has agreed to underwrite the
venture with only two conditions. One is that you share the technology you use in
building “Krafft,” and
two, that you place a sign near where he stands. It should read,
Gift of the Chinese people to the pioneering inhabitants of LUNA WORLD.



The roboticists confirmed they would undertake the challenge Yang presented
them with detailed specifications, and in
formed that these robots would be placed in the
new lunaports of the two cities. He enthused.
The Lunar Tourism Corps contract will be
ready soon for your signatures. After all, if Professor Javier Movellan and his scientists

226

could build a similar robot c
alled “Einstein” some forty years ago, I am sure luna
workers today can produce a comparable replica of “Krafft” that will share Ehrike’s
futuristic thinking with thousands of visitors to the Moon!
Tu reminded them that the
new cities were now under const
ruction, so their deadline for installation of each finished
“Krafft” was 2052.


Then Tu headed for the Rogers Wellness Center. He had chipped a tooth on a
hard luna apple, and had an appointment there with the dentist. He’d heard that Dr. Clark
Henderson
was a whiz at advanced dental technology, so he anticipated a short, painless
visit with him!

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