CSA Aerospace and High Technology Database Guide

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Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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www.csa.com

Updated:
June

2006 by Aimée Leverette













CSA Aerospace and High Technology

Database Guide







200
6













www.csa.com

Updated:
June

2006 by Aimée Leverette

T
able of Contents


1
.

10 Reasons to Use
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

.....................

1


2.
What i
s
the
CSA Aerospace and High Technology R
esearch Database
?

..............................

1


3.
Benefits of
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

................................
.

2


4
.
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

Subject
Coverage

.....................

3


Classification Scheme

& Subject Headings

................................
................................
..........

4


5
.
Supplemental Complimentary Databases

................................
................................
................

6


Rec
ent References Related to
Technology

................................
................................
...........

6


Web Resources Related to
Technology

................................
................................
................

6


6
.
Searchable Field
s and

Codes

................................
................................
................................
.....

7


Full
-
Record View

................................
................................
................................
.................

7


Table

................................
................................
................................
................................
.....

8


Field Codes Defined

................................
................................
................................
.............

9


7.
Publication Types
.

................................
................................
................................
....................

10


8. Document
Delivery

................................
................................
................................
..................

10


9.
Language
.......

................................
................................
................................
............................

11


10
.
Selection
an
d Indexing
Policy

................................
................................
................................

11


11
.
Boolean Operators and Other Search Tools

................................
...................

…………
.....
12


12
.
Ready, Set, Search!

Using the CSA Illumina Platform to Search the
CSA
Aerospace and
High

Technolog
y
Research Database

................................
................................
................................
..

13


Quick,
Advanced
, or Command

Search
ing

................................
................................
........

13


Limits

.............

................................
................................
................................
......

..........

17


Results Page

................................
................................
................................
.......................

17


Type Tabs

................................
................................
................................
...........................

18


Sorting Features

................................
................................
................................
.............

.....
18


Record View…….

................................
................................
................................
....

..........
18


Print, Save, and E
-
mail

................................
................................
................................
.......

18


QuikBib
……..
.

................................
................................
................................
....

..........
.....
18


13
.
Value Added Features

................................
................................
................................
............

1
9


Thesaurus Search

................................
................................
................................
................

19


Browse Ind
exes

................................
................................
................................
...................

22


14
.
The Re
search Process

................................
................................
................................
........

.....23



1

www.csa.com

Updated:
June

2006 by Aimée Le
verette

CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database


10 Reasons to Use
the
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research
Database


1.

Access to over
2.5

million
records
.


2.

Backfile coverage dating
to
the early 1960’s
,

with the earliest publ
ication dating
to
the 1940’s
.

A
pproximately

50% of its records hav
ing

publication dates of 1982
or later.


3.

Coverage of
national and
i
nternational peer
-
reviewed journals
, international
conferences and government reports.

4.

Advance
d

searching capability of 2
6

indexed fields
.

5.

Searching via Browsable Indexes
.

6.

Thesaurus Searching capability
.

7.

Ability

to cross
-
search with other CSA Illumina

databases using a
n automatic

de
-
duping feature
.

8.

Lateral searching through Authors and Descriptors
.

9.

Provoked searches of
Recent
References

and
Web Resources Related to
Technology

databases
.

10.

Easy citation formatting via QuikBib
.


What Is
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database
?


The
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

is

currently a major
component of the

CSA
Technology

Research Database service.

The
CSA Aerospace and
High Technology Research Database

traces

its roots to the first printed index published in
1961, as
International Aerospace Abstracts (IAA). IAA

was produced in partnership with
AIAA (The Am
erican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) and NASA
’s
Scientific
and Technical Information Program.

Beginning in 2000 this resource has been published
by CSA.

The database has continuously chronicled research and technological findings
through high
ly selective coverage of a wide variety of sources. The
CSA Aerospace and
High Technology Research Database

enables

researchers, students, librarians,
government agencies, and others to
access

relevant and timely
research in the field of
aerospace and simi
lar technologies.


Sources covered include over 3,000 periodicals, conference proceedings, technical
reports,

standards,
trade journal
s
/newsletter items, patents, books, and
reviews.










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Updated:
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2006 by Aimée Le
verette

Benefits of
the
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database


The
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

offe
rs

an unparalleled
resource for
bibliographic coverage of basic and applied research in aeronautics,
astronautics, and space sciences. The database also covers technology development and
applica
tions in complementary and supporting fields such as chemistry, geosciences,
physics, communications, and electronics. In addition to periodic literature, the database
also includes
broad topical scope and
coverage of reports issued by NASA, other U.S.
and

international

government agencies
, professional societies,

international institutions,
universities, and private firms.



A subscription to
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database
:





Provides online access to a comprehensive overview

of leadi
ng
aerospace and
technology resources



Ensures
q
uality
that
users rely on.




Benefits the user by utilizing

the functionality of the award winning CSA
Illumina Platform



Contains unique material and retrospective coverage not available in other

I
ndexes



Helps

librarians provide well
-
balanced information from a variety of viewpoints

and sources














3

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Updated:
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2006 by Aimée Le
verette

CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

Subject

Coverage


The scope and coverage of the
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

has

bee
n developed

with the flexibility to meet the constantly changing information needs
of its users and reflects new and emerging technolog
ies and research
developments in
such areas as:

o

Aerodynamics

o

Air Transportation

and

Safety

o

Aircraft Design and Instrumen
tation

o

Astrodynamics

o

Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

o

Communications and Navigation

o

Cybernetics

o

Documentation and Information Science

o

Earth Resources and Climatology

o

Electronics and Electrical Engineering

o

Energy Production and Conversion

o

Environment
al Pollution

o

Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer

o

Geophysics and Earth Resources

o

Instrumentation and Photography


o

Lasers and Masers

o

Life Sciences

o

Materials

o

Mathematical and Computer Sciences

o

Mechanical Engineering

o

Meteorology, Climatology, and Oceanogr
aphy

o

Military Sciences and Homeland Defense

o

Nanotechnology/Microtechnology

o

Optics

o

Physics: Solid State, Thermodynamics, Atomic and Molecular, Nuclear
and High
-
Energy, Acoustics, Plasmas

o

Propellants and Fuels

o

Quality Assurance and Reliability

o

Social Sci
ences

o

Space Sciences

o

Spacecraft Design and Systems Engineering

o

Structural Mechanics

o

Urban Technology and Transportation








4

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Updated:
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2006 by Aimée Le
verette

CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

Subject Headings
and Classification Codes


CSA Aerospace and High Technology

Research Database

editors

strive

to

facilitate
searching by
assigning to each record a unique subject classification code. This
classification scheme was developed jointly with NASA
.

A complete list of the
Classification Codes appear
s

in the following tab
le grouped by their respective subject
headings.
The codes below display in the Classification (CL=) field

i
n a CSA Illumina
record.


As a new term surfaces in the materials being indexed, it is accessible electronically via
free
-
text searching of the abst
ract and/or title of the bibliographic record. As its usage in
the literature increases, a term may be established as a Subject Heading and connected to
related terms. Similarly, Subject Headings may be retired as usage of the concept
declines. New termino
logy for existing concepts may also be established.
These Subject
Headings may be used as searchable fields with the Descriptors (DE=) field when
constructing queries (see the
Selection and Indexing Policy

section for more information).



Aeronautics

1 Aer
onautics (General)

2 Aerodynamics

3 Air Transportation and Safety

4 Aircraft Communications and Navigation

5 Aircraft Design, Testing and Performance

6 Aircraft Instrumentation

7 Aircraft Propulsion and Power

8 Aircraft Stability and Control

9 Rese
arch and Support Facilities (Air)

Physics

70 Physics (General)

71 Acoustics

72 Atomic and Molecular Physics

73 Nuclear and High
-
Energy Physics

74 Optics

75 Plasma Physics

76 Solid
-
State Physics

77 Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

Astronautics


12 Astronautics (General)

13 Astrodynamics

14 Ground Support Systems and Facilities
(Space)

15 Launch Vehicles and Space Vehicles

16 Space Transportation

17 Space Communications, Spacecraft
Communications, Command and Tracking

18 Spacecraft Design,

Testing and Performance

19 Spacecraft Instrumentation

20 Spacecraft Propulsion and Power

Social Sciences

80 Social Sciences (General)

81 Administration and Management

82 Documentation and Information Science

83 Economics and Cost Analysis

84 Law, Po
litical Science and Space Policy

85 Urban Technology and Transportation




5

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verette

Chemistry and Materials

23 Chemistry and Materials (General)

24 Composite Materials

25 Inorganic and Physical Chemistry

26 Metallic Materials

27 Nonmetallic Materials

28 Propell
ants and Fuel

29 Materials Processing

Space Sciences


88 Space Sciences (General)

89 Astronomy

90 Astrophysics

91 Lunar and Planetary Exploration

92 Solar Physics

93 Space Radiation

Engineering

31 Engineering (General)

32 Communications and Radar

33 Electronics and Electrical Engineering

34 Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer

35 Instrumentation and Photography

36 Lasers and Masers

37 Mechanical Engineering

38 Quality Assurance and Reliability

39 Structural Mechanics

Mathematical and Computer Sc
iences

59 Mathematical and Computer Sciences
(General)

60 Computer Operations and Hardware

61 Computer Programming Software

62 Computer Systems

63 Cybernetics

64 Numerical Analysis

65 Statistics and Probability

66 Systems Analysis

67 Theoretical Ma
thematics

Geosciences


42 Geosciences (General)

43 Earth Resources and Remote Sensing

44 Energy Production and Conversion

45 Environment Pollution

46 Geophysics

47 Meteorology and Climatology

48 Oceanography

General

99 General

Life Sciences

51 Life

Sciences (General)

52 Aerospace Medicine

53 Behavioral Sciences

54 Man/System Technology and Life Support

55 Space Biology
















6

www.csa.com

Updated:
June

2006 by Aimée Le
verette

Supplemental Complimentary Databases


When you sear
ch the CSA Illumina

technology

databases, including
the
CSA Aero
space
and High Technology Research Database
, two supplementary database
s

are searched
simultaneously: Recent References Related to
Technology

and Web Resources.
Access to
these databases is

included with a subscription
to
the
CSA Aerospace and High
Technol
ogy Research Database

on

CSA Illumina
.


Recent References Related to
Technology

This service supplemen
ts CSA Illumina

by

providing
weekly
updates of citatio
ns

entered
into the Technology Research database’
s production system.

Citations
found here

include
s
earchable fields for article title, author name, and journal title

and can be found by
viewing the list of databases selected to search from within the Search Results page by
using the
Collapse/Expand

button
. If the search produces any matches, you will se
e the
choice for ‘Recent References Related to
Technology
.’ Citations identified include
those
not yet indexed in the
CSA Illumina

database(s) being searched.


Web Resources

This da
tabase is a collection of
over 4
5,000

high
-
quality web sites relevant to
t
echnology
,
which are selected and indexed by our editors.

Sites indexed include secondary sources
providing specific, technical information of interest to a college
-
level audience, from
respected, non
-
biased sources such as educational institutions, govern
ment agencies, and
scientific organizations. Also indexed are sites representing primary sources of interest to
technology

researchers.

The feature can be found as the
Web Sites

tab, to the right of the
Published Materials tab from within the Search Result
s page (see below).

URLs are
reviewed on a monthly basis, averaging a phenomenal rate of less than 5% dead links.



Web Sit
es ta
b containing web resources

Collapse/Expand button




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Updated:
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2006 by Aimée Le
verette

Searchable Fields and Codes: Full
-
Record View






8

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June

2006 by Aimée Le
verette

Searchable

Fields and Codes
: Table


The table below shows field codes and sample sear
ch queries with regard to the Full
Record View screen shot on the previous page.


Lane, H., Hanson, M., and Kennedy, B., "Autonomous Walking Inspection and
M
aintenance Robot (AWIMR),"
Infotech@Aerospoace
;

Arlington, VA; USA; 26
-
29
Sept. 2005,
Vol. AIAA Paper 2005
-
6919, American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics
.

F
or more information regarding field codes, click
here
.

Note: See
Ready, Set, Search!

for information and tips on Advanced and Command Searching on
pages
11
-
13
.

Field Name

Label

Search Examples

Title

TI=

ti=(autonomous and inspection and robot*)

Author

AU=

au=(lane, hobson)

au=lane

Affiliation

AF=

af=(Northrup Grumman)

Source

SO=

so=(Infotech@Aerospoace 2005)

so=(Infotech@Aerospoace and 2005)

ISSN

IS=

is=(0146
-
3705)

Descriptors

DE=

de=(space robots) de=(autonomous navigation)

de=(robot dynamics) de=(telerobotics)

de=(extravehicular activi
ty) de=(spacecraft maintenance)

de=(robot arms) de=(locomotion)

de=(space

crews) de=(systems of systems)

de=(diagnostic systems) de=(prototypes)

de=(microgravity)


de=(health monitoring (engineering))

Abstract

AB=

ab=((single command uplink cycle) and (microscopic imaging))

ab=(Athena Microscopic Imager Instrument)

Conference

CF=

cf=(infotech@aerospace 2005)

Publisher

PB=

pb=(american institute of aeronautics a
nd astronautics)

Report Number

RP=

rp=(aiaa paper 2005
-
6919)

rp=(2005
-
6919)

Language

LA=

la=English

Publication Year

PY=

py=2005

Publication Type

PT=

pt=(conference paper)

Classification

CL=

cl=(18 Spacecraft Design, Testing and Performance)

cl=18

Up
date

UD=

ud=2005

Accession Number

AN=

an=(A05
-
18
-
52610)

Subfile

SF=

sf=(aerospace & high technology)

References

RE=

re=(smith, j)


re=((smith, j) and (EVA and lunar strategy))




9

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Updated:
June

2006 by Aimée Le
verette

Field Codes Defined


The following field codes are found in the records of this database. Here they are l
isted in
alphabetical order by two
-
letter code. See
Field Codes and Search Examples

for detailed
descriptions and search examples.


AB = Abstract

ED = Editor

LA = Lang
uage

PR = Patent Priority
Data

AF = Affiliation

EI = Electronic ISSN

MC = Material
Classification

PT = Publication Type

AN = Accession
Number

IB = ISBN

ML = Material

PY = Publication Year

AU = Author

IL = Illustrations

NR = Number of
References

RE = R
eferences

CA = Corporate
Author

IS = ISSN

NT = Notes

RL = Resource
Location

CF = Conference

JC = Journal
Coverage

NU = Other Numbers

RP = Report Number

CL = Classification

JC = Journal Issue

PA = Patent Application
Data

SF = Subfile

DE = Descriptors

J
N = Journal Name

PB = Publisher

SO = Source

DO = DOI

JV = Journal Volume

PC = Patent Country

TI = Title

EA = Email Address

KW = Keywords

PN = Patent Number

UD = Update

TIPS




An ISBN search should be constructed without using hyphens, e.g.
ib=
013505215
7
, whereas an ISSN search should include hyphens and be placed
in parentheses, e.g.
is=(
0146
-
3705
).



A Corporate Author (CA=)
is
the name of the organization that has produced the
original source document. This field is often present when there is no person
al
author field.
U
se the distinctive parts of the name
when searching this field
and do
not search for designations such
as
Corp, Co, Company, Ltd.
e
tc
.
, e
.
g
.,

ca=(
national aerospace l
ab
)
,

ca=(NASA)
, or ca=(
Astronomical Observatory,
Uppsala (Sweden))
.



T
he

Source

field

(SO=)

contains bibliographic citation information. If the record
describes a journal article, the source field contains

both

the
full title and the
abbreviated journal title. To find the correct form of the abbreviated name, look in
the Seria
ls Source List, which is located in the database’s fact sheet.

A source

need not be a journal article. Conference proceedings also frequently populate the
Source field
.



C
lassification codes and descript
ors

are broad subject headings that are specific to
th
e
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database
. For example,
27

is
the classification code used

to denote that the source document is primarily about
nonmetallic materials
. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of much of the material
covered, one rec
ord may have several classifications. If you are already familiar
with the database or have a code from a previous search and wish to find similar



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Updated:
June

2006 by Aimée Le
verette

records, place the code or descriptive word(s) in the query box,
e.g.

cl=(
27
Nonmetallic Materials
).



When sea
rching for conference information, use the CF= field, which provides
the name of the conference and where and when it occurred. For faster retrieval,
ignore the common words such as "annual or "annu" or "meeting" and search for
the distinctive elements onl
y, e.g. cf=(
lunar

and
Houston and 2004
) when
searching for “
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV,” Houston, TX, Mar. 15
-
19,
2004
.




In some records, an author's name is followed by an *. This means that the
organization and address in the Author Affiliation fie
ld belongs to this author.
You cannot search for this * because the search engine uses this symbol to
truncate words. An Author Affiliation search for the organization can be
conducted using af=(organization name).

Publication Types

CSA Aerospace and High
Technology Research Database

editorial

sta
ff

indexes

a
number of

broad

publication
types that are searchable on
CSA Illumina

by using the field
code PT=
.
These document types include journal article
s
,

peer reviewed journals,
conferences (technical papers,

monographs (which includes
book
s
,

theses,
government
reports, etc.)

and websites.


The publication types (PT=) represented in
CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Database

by percentage:




Journal Article:

42
%



Conferences: 30%



Reports: 23%



Websites
:
2
%



Other: 3% (Books, Patents, Dissertations)


Document Delivery


Fee
-
based document delivery for materials cited in
the
CSA Aerospace and High
Technology Research Database

is

supplied
predominately by the Linda Hall Library.

For
document availability, fe
e schedules, and ordering information, please visit
http://www.lindahall.org/docserv/

or
request information via

e
-
mail

at

dispatch@lindahall.org
.










11

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Updated:
June

2006 by Aimée Le
verette

Langu
age


The following languages are indexed in
the
CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Database

(see below)
:




AFRIKAANS



FINNISH



KOREAN



SERBO
-
CROATIAN



ARABIC



FLEMISH



LITHUANIAN



SLOVAK



ARMENIAN



FRENCH



MACEDONIAN



SLOVENIAN



BELORUSSIAN



GEORGIAN



MALAY



S
PANISH



BULGARIAN



GERMAN



NEPALI



SWAHILI



CHINESE



GREEK



NORWEGIAN



SWEDISH



CROATIAN



HEBREW



PERSIAN



TURKISH



CZECH



HINDI



POLISH



UKRAINIAN



DANISH



HUNGARIAN



PORTUGUESE



VIETNAMESE



DUTCH



INDONESIAN



ROMANIAN




ENGLISH



ITALIAN



RUSSIAN




ESTONIAN



JAPANESE



SERBIAN



Selection
and Indexing
Policy


The inclusion of content in
the
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

is

highly selective.
Monographs, government documents, and other reports are drawn
from a wide range of print and electronic sources. The

journals covered in
the
d
atabase

are

defined in three ways:




INTERNATIONAL



More
than 3,
0
00 j
ournals published

in over 120 countries

and
48

different languages

hav
e been

indexed and abstracted by
CSA Aerospace
and High Technology Research Database

editor
ial staff
.
Many titles are
accompanied by a URL to the publisher’s website.
A serials coverage
list is
alphabetized by title and updated semi
-
annually.



PEER
-
REVIEWED


The
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research
Database

defines

'peer
-
review' or 'refer
eed' as the role of experts or review boards
in the field of expertise examining the journal articles before acceptance for
publication. It is the process through which experts in the field of study assess the
quality of articles that are submitted to a jo
urnal for publication.
The d
atabase

editorial staff rely

upon
Ulrich’s,
the front matter of the

journal
s

included

to
determine that it is peer
-
reviewed
,

and c
ontact with

publishers for verification.




ELECTRONIC


The
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Resea
rch Database

defines

full
-
text journals as those that are published on the Internet and do not
have a print counterpart.
Electronic journals have been covered in
this database

s
ince
2000

and more are being added annually. Content from these journals
can
be

downloaded for free or via subscription.


Note:
For
a complete list of the

journals indexed in the database
, click
here
.




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2006 by Aimée Le
verette

The indexing practices of
the
CSA Aerospace and High Technology

Research Database

provide

value
-
added features that include professional document selection, extensive
quality control, and
descriptor
indexing
.

Descriptors

are assigned using the
CSA
Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

S
ubject
H
eadings
list

f
ound on
pages 4 and 5,

and

provide access to the
test concepts and trends in the literature through
this list of subject headings. As new terms emerge in the materials being indexed, we
insure that it is immediately searchable electronically by including i
t in the abstract of the
bibliographic record.


Boolean Operators and Oth
er Search Tools Supported by CSA Illumina


Boolean operators help define the relationships between words or groups of words.


AND

Use to narrow a search and retrieve records containi
ng all of the
words it separates


OR

Use to broaden a search and retrieve records containing any of the
words it separates


NOT

Use to narrow a search and retrieve records that do not contain the
term following it.


( )

Use to group words or phrases when c
ombining Boolean phrases
and to show the order in which relationships should be considered.


Proximity operators identify the number of words to come between the search terms.


WITHIN

Use to narrow a search by specifying a proximity relationship of


“X
” fewer than “X” words between search terms.



NEAR

Use to narrow a search by specifying a proximity relationship of
fewer than 10 words between search terms.


Special symbols can expand the scope of your search.


*

Truncate using the wild card symb
ol. This expands a search term
to include forms of a root word, e.g.
satellite
* retrieves
satellites
,

satellite imagery, satellite instruments, satellite configurations, etc.


*

Find an unlimited number of characters within a word, e.g.
alumin*um

retrieves

aluminum
and
aluminium
.

?

Find alternative spellings. The ? represents any single character; ??
represents two characters and so on. Use within or at the end of a
word, e.g.
wom?n finds woman as well as women
.


Note: Search queries containing several oper
ators
search in the following order:

( )
,
NEAR
,
NOT
,
AND
,
OR





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June

2006 by Aimée Le
verette

Ready, Set,

Search!

Usi
ng CSA Illumina

to Sear
ch
CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Database


Now that you have an understanding of
the

CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Datab
ase

and

how the searchable field codes and search tools function, you are
now ready to s
earch
the
d
atabase

via

CSA Illumina
.


Note:
Clicking on ‘Help

& Support
’ at any time will direct you to a context
-
specific Help page.


Q
UICK, ADVANCED,
OR COMMAND

SEAR
CHING

On CSA Illumina
, search strategies can be applied using one of three approaches.




Quick Search

restricts your search to
anywhere (AY=). A
n anywhere search
searches across all of the available fields in a record
.

Multiple words entered into
the searc
h

field
, will be treated as a phrase

(see below)
.








Advanced Search

gives you the advantage of being able to select any of the 2
1

field codes from a pull
-
down menu. The separate search boxes are formatted to
include the Boolean Operators to help guide
you in formatting your search

(see
below)
.





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For users whose subscription package includes
the
Community of Scholars

database
,

All
,
Published Works
, and
Scholars Type Tabs

will be displayed and allow the user to
select to search both Published Works and
Scholar profiles, or to search one to the
exclusion of the other (see below). The
All

tab enables a search of both published
works and scholar profiles, but limits the search limiters to database(s) selection and
date range (see below)
.





All

tab selected




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The
Publishe
d Works

tab performs searches only for published materials, such as
journal articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings, etc. This tab includes a
full range of limiters: Database(s) selection, Date Range, Latest Update, Journal
Articles Only, En
glish Only, Show (display format) options, and Results Per Page
options (see below).




The
Scholars

tab will be displayed and provides

access to
profiles of active academic
scholars are provided as a supplemental resource to enhance your research. Clic
k on
the
Scholars

tab in the top row of resources across the top of your search results to
access scholar profiles

searching exclusive of searching for Published Works
.

Click
here

for more informati
on.


The
Scholars

tab enables the user to search only for Scholar Profiles. The pull
-
down
menu of searchable fields contains a limited number of fields: Anywhere, Keywords,
Title, Interests, Abstract, Scholar Name, and Affiliation. The Community of Scholar
s
database is automatically selected and
searches more than 1 million active researchers
working in over 200 disciplines and 8 countries.

A selection may be made to search
an “Unlimited” number of countries or a user may select a single country or set of
c
ountries to be searched. To select multiple countries, press the “Ctrl” key and click
on the countries to be searched (see below).


Published Works

tab selected




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Command

Search

or
Professional Search

may be preferred by advanced users
who are comfortable
entering search strategies

that include field codes and
nesting or parsing commands without aid of a template (see below).




Note: Searches are
not

case sensitive.


Scholars

tab selected




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LIMITS

Search strategies may be refined by using the following li
mits

(
available in ‘
Advanced
Search’

and ‘Command
Search

):




Latest Update

limits your results to include only the most recent records that were
added to the database.
The
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research
Database

is

updated on
a monthly

basis.



Journal Articles Only

limits the search to only inc
lude the publication type of
journal articles.



English Only
limits retrieval to only records that are available in English.
The
CSA Aerospace and High Technology Research Database

indexes

source
publications in
48

languages; for non
-
English documents, titl
es are translated into
English, and, whenever possible, an abstract is provided in English
.



By Publication Date

limits retrieval to a specific date range.


RESULTS PAGE






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TYPE TABS

CSA has classified the content with the CSA Social Services Abstracts data
base as
Published Works

and
Web Sites
.




Published Works

is the results page default and includes thirteen publication
types:

Journals, Peer
-
reviewed Journals, Conferences, Books, Chapters/Essays,
Book reviews, Reports, Dissertations, Patents, Maps, Catalo
gs, News, Other.
These categories are not mutually exclusive, e.g. a peer
-
reviewed journal would
also be included in the journals publication type category.



The
Web Sites

tab contains websites that have been carefully selected and
reviewed by CSA’s editori
al staff and include useful portions of academic,
governmental, technical, and scientific web resources.


Note: If your organization subscribes to the Community of Scholars database, you will also see a
Scholars tab

located between the Published Works and

Web Sites tabs
.


SORTING

The sorting features give you the opportunity to order your results based on the
publication date or relevancy.





Most Recent First

displays the records in order beginning with the most recent.



Relevance

Rank

displays records in o
rder based on relevancy. Relevancy is
determined through a rating system that weighs the records based on the number
of times the term(s) appear in the record and where they appear.


SHOWING RECORDS

Select how to display records from the ‘Show’ pull
-
down m
enu. Options include
displaying the

short format, full format, full format
-
omit references, and custom format.


DUPLICATE RECORDS

CSA Illumina automatically removes any duplicate records, or
‘de
-
dupe
s

,
that
may
appear in your set of results, displaying on
ly the most complete record.
You can use the
‘Show Duplicates’ feature to display the duplicates.

This

is especially useful when you
are cross
-
database searching.


VIEWING RECORDS

When viewing records on
CSA Illumina

notice that
both the author and descri
ptors are
hyperl
inked. Clicking on the
hyperlink

will search the database for each occurrence of the
selected author or descriptor.


PRINTING, SAVING, and E
-
MAILING RECORDS

Printing, saving, and e
-
mailing records can be done by using the

Save, Print,
E
-
ma
il’

function. This function also includes an exporting feature to a number of bibliographic
managers such as
RefWorks

and the use of our output format editor,
QuikBib
.






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Value
-
Added Features


CSA Illumina

offers a n
umber of value
-
added features to help with the search process
and maximize the relevancy of search results.


THESAURUS SEARCH

Using the

NASA

Thesaurus, you can
search
the
CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Database

directly

for terms via a
n

A
-
Z,

a

hierarchical
, or
a
rotated index
display. These display formats allow you to navigate

the thesaurus alphabetically,
through

hierarchical relationships between terms
, or using the rotated (permuted) index
.
After finding

the
appropriate terms, you can searc
h for those terms in
the
d
atabase

using

the Thesaurus Search Feature within the Search Tools tab.




The
Alphabetical

display presents an alphabetical list of thesaurus terms

(see
below)
.








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The
Hierarchy

display

shows a terms and its hierarchy, includin
g its Scope and
History Notes, its unique alphanumeric code, any Use For (
UF) or Use directions,
and its
hierarchical relationships with Broader Terms (BT), Narrower Terms
(NT), and Related Terms (RT)

(see below)
.








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The
Rotated Index

displays all thes
aurus terms or phrases that contain the search
term used

(see below)
.




Note:
Remembered

(or
Marked
)
Terms

can be selected and searched from any of the displays,
applying AND, OR, or Explode operators, and setting limits as defined above.






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BROWS
ABLE

INDEXES

A browsable index is an alphabetical listing of terms used in a specific field of a
database. You can browse this list to see, for example, various spellings of author names,
what types of publications are covered by a particular database, or the n
ames of journals
indexed in a certain database. After finding appropriate terms, you can then submit a
search for those terms.

Searches may also be activated through
three

browsable indexes:
Author, Journal Name, and Publication Type

in both the
CSA Aerosp
ace and High
Technology Research Database

Browsable Index
.

Once the
appropriate
author name,
journal name, or publication type is located
, you can search
directly
in

the

d
atabase

using

the Indexes Search Feature within the Search Tools tab

(see below)
.



Notice the

multiple

variation
s

of the author name
.
S
earch
all instances to find every

article by this
author.

Notice the
misspelling

of the

same

author
’s

name
.
Add this to the marked names list to find every

article by this author.




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The Research Process


I) How to begin the electronic research process


A.
Determine your goals:

1.

State your research question:

"What
are the current
and future technologies

being used

for
space
exploration

and spacecraft maintenance
?"


2.

Set pa
rameters for your search (i
.
e
.
, technology type, geographical location,)



"What
types

of
mechanisms

and systems
are going to be analyzed



(
space robots
,
telerobotics
,
robotics
,
autonomous navigation
,
etc
.
)?"



"
What
functionalities, modes, or methods

are

to be included in the
research (
spacecraft maintenance, extravehicular activity
,
robot arms,
microgravity, locomotion,
etc.)
?"



"What dates are to be set as parameters for this research
, and is this

time frame

flexible
?
"



B. Identify general concep
ts:

Which general terms relate to your search?









"
space robots
"; "
extravehicular navigation
"; "
autonomous
navigation
";

"
spacecraft maintenance
"
; “
robot dynamics



C. Choose the appropriate database

1.

Are there specific

journals
, confere
nces,

or publications
that specialize in my area
of interest
?



Acta Astronautica


American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics


IEEE International Conference on
Robotics

and Automation (ICRA
)


Proceedings of SPIE


Progress in Astronautics and Aerona
utics


2.

Are any of these journals covered in
the
CSA Aerospace and High Technology
Research Database

or

SAGE
full
-
text collection database(s)? What other resources
are available
in
the Web
Resources Database?


II) Build your search strategy:


A. Quick s
earch:

1.

Enter phrase or multiple search terms separated by Boolean operators AND to

link terms, OR to link similar words or synonyms:





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"
autonomous

navigation
and

inspection
"
or
enter


"
space robots

and


extravehicular activity

or

spacecraft maintenanc
e
"

in the Quick
Search

box


Note: Consult thesauri for proper use of terms.
For example, use "
artificial intelligence
"

"
machine recognition
"; use "
automation
" instead of "
instrumental analysis
.
"


B. Advanced Search:

The drop boxes allow you to limit
the

search by

any of the searchable field codes

including

Keyword (KW), Author (AU), Journal Name (JN), Descriptor (DE), Abstract
(AU), or Title (TI). You can also limit your search to specific publication years and
choose the record format. The descriptor f
ield (DE) and abstract field (
AB
) will allow
you to narrow down your search even more by locating specific descriptors and key
words in the abstract.

Example: If I wanted to limit my search
to
Chinese
.
..

DE
=
(
robot
or
robot dynamics
) and KW
=
(
autonomous navi
gation
)

and
LA=Chinese

III) Analyzing Results


A. Good results:

If results are satisfactory, then
Save, Print, E
-
mail

citations, download them to a


bibliographic manager such as RefWorks,
or output them via CSA's
QuikBib,

which
allows CSA Illumina

users to easily generate a bibliography of selected database
records in eight of the most popular bibliographic styles. The ava
ilable bibliographic
styles are:





AMA (American Medical Association), 9th Edition



APA (American Psychological Association), 5t
h Edition



APA (American Psychological Association), 5th Edition
-

Annotated with Abstracts



ASA (America Sociological Association), 2nd Edition



Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Edition
-

Author
-
Date System



Council of Biology Editors


CBE 6th, Citation Seq
uence



Council of Biology Editors


CBE 6th, Name
-
Year Sequence



Harvard



Harvard


British Standard



MLA, 6th Edition



MLA, 6th Edition
-

With subscriber information



Turabian, 6th Edition
-

Reference List



Uniform
-

Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts
Submitted to Biomedical Journals




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The ‘Save, Print, Email’ feature is located at the top of the results page following the
‘Mark or Clear all on page’ and ‘Update Marked List’ links

(see below)
.




B. If results are not on target:

1.

Check spelling

of
search terms and use thesauri or browsable indexes to drop

unnecessary or misleading terms.

2.

Increase precision
:
for example, if you want to emphasize the
use of
satellite
imagery

in space exploration

then you may have to search
satellite imagery

as a
descriptor (DE) or
word in the title of the article instead of by keyword (KW).
Also,
l
unar roving
vehicles

may be more specific than just
roving vehicles
.

3.

You may need to rethink whether the database you selected is appropriate for

your search.


C.

Too few/too many results:

1.

Increase retrieval

by using fewer ANDs and more ORs




DE
=
((
autonomous navigation
)

or

(
robot*
)

or
(
inspection
))


2.

Increase precision

by using additional ANDs and fewer ORs (NOT can be used to

exclude some terms)





D
E
=
((
autonomous navigation
)

and
(
robot*
)

and

(
inspection
))