The Semantic-Web-Trust-Layer: Legal and Social Effects

economickiteInternet and Web Development

Oct 21, 2013 (4 years and 22 days ago)

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The Semantic
-
Web
-
Trust
-
Layer

1
/
2


1
21.10.2013

The Seman
tic
-
Web
-
Trust
-
Layer: Legal and Social E
ffects

(Research Proposal)

Martin Schliefnig

ms@smart
-
infosys.com


StudienNr. A300 MatrikelNr. 0160919

University Vi
enna
-

Institute of Government &

European Stu
die
s

VO 210063
-

Frisch WS 2008 G6
/F


In
f
ormation Society & E
-
Govern
ance:

Digital Identity & Privacy Developments

October 20
th
, 2008


The Semantic W
eb

has left the status of pure academic
research topic and has become a
framework for practice web applic
ations and a new kind of commercial approach called
“Semantic
-
Web
-
based E
-
Commerce”.
While a lot of concepts as well as practical
applications for the lower layers

(Fig. 1)

of the Semantic Web exist and layers like
“Logic” and “Proof” are not necessary in
a lot of e
-
commerce

use
-
cases, th
e top
-
layered
“Trust” concept has

still

been

far away from implementations

during the last years
.


Fig. 1: Semantic Web Layer Cake with top
-
layered Trust
-
concept

Currently

the Austrian Federal Economic C
hamber (Österreich
ische Wirtschaftskammer
,
www.wko.at
) is currently working on an interesting approach for data validation within
the
Semantic W
eb using their “Firmen A
-
Z”
, a kind of company index system that
includes basic data of more th
an 400.000 Austrian companies
1
.





1

See
http://firmena
-
z.wko.at

for more details.

The Semantic
-
Web
-
Trust
-
Layer

2
/
2


2
21.10.2013

Within this approach a link to define trustful Semantic
-
Web
-
data of a company is
integrated.
Similar projects

for private usage

map this approach to the area of social
networking platforms like Facebook or XING.

The basic i
dea is to provide an easy
method for web users to indicate data within the web as trustful, so that intelligent web
applications can work with this information without any further trust proof mechanisms
like digital signatures.

The res
earch paper should de
al with po
s
sible

social and legal effects of such an “easy
going” trust approach for the semantic web. What kind of chances and risks can be
identified?
How is such an approach consistent referring to the current state of e
-
commerce law in Europe?

What kin
d of
social and legal effects could occur if such an
approach is accepted by the community?


Literature


[MI08]

Miller, P.; Styles, R.; Heath, T.: Open Data Commons
, a license for Open Data

Format.
2008
.


[BE05]

Benjamins, R. (ed.):
Law and the semantic w
eb

:

legal ontologies, methodologies, legal
information retrieval, and applications
.

Springer, 2005.


Annotated Virtual Reference Resources (VRR)



[
VRR
1
]

ebSemantics
.

An initiative of the
Austrian Federal Economic C
hamber

to support
Semantic
-
Web
-
based E
-
C
ommerce.

http://www.ebsemantics.net/



[
VRR
2
]

Open Data Commons.
http://www.opendatacommons.org/


[
VRR
3
]

Linked Data Project.
http://www.linkeddata.org/


[
VRR
4
]

Creative Commons.
http://creativecommons.org/