Medicine

duewestseaurchinAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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1 November

Medicine

Impacts in Medicine


Drugs


Procedures


Health Care


Information

Medical Imaging


Diagnostic


Better than exploratory surgery


Ability to “see” soft tissues


Produce 3D images from a large number of
2D slices


Assistive in surgery

Computed Tomography


Medical imaging method that uses x
-
rays




Magnetic Resonance Tomography


Creates images of the inside of opaque
objects


Does not require radiation


Excites hydrogen nuclei in water molecules


Distinguishes pathological tissues from
normal ones by density


Image

Ultrasound


Easily portable


Based on sound echos

Surgery Assistance


Laparoscopic Surgery


Fiber optic system allows surgeon to see
through a video feed


Uses long thin instruments


2001: first transatlantic surgery was a
laparoscopic gall bladder removal


Laser eye surgery


Requires precise direction of laser


Remote surgery


Useful in


Remote locations


War zones


Requires


Telepresence: ability to act as if you were
actually at another place


Telerobotics: an agent at the other end to
perform the tasks

Virtual Environments


Usually requires head mounted display


Displays images that you would see


Adjusts the images as you move


Also:


Haptic feedback


Audio placement


Smells

Virtual Environments: Other Uses


Training


Simulators


Urban fighting


Emergency teams


Acclimation


Overcoming phobias


Preparation

Research at UNC


http://midag.cs.unc.edu/

Others


Pace makers


Insulin testers and pumps


Wheel chairs


Design of prosthetic devices



Will we some day have a bionic person?


Health Care


Record keeping


Preventive care


More diagnostic tests


More vaccines


Administering drugs


Billing

Information


General


WebMD


medco


Individual diseases


Diabetes:
http://www.diabetes.org/home.jsp


Alzheimer’s:
http://www.alz.org/


Nutrition and fitness