Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) from a HCI perspective

duewestseaurchinAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 4 months ago)

63 views

Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)
from a HCI perspective
Helge Hüttenrauch
Interaction and Presentation Laboratory,
Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm
MDI-Grundkurs, 2002
H. Hüttenrauch
Föreläsningsstrategi
blanda languages;
presentation availableoncourse-page;
litteratur för fördjupning till slut
BARA introduktion(!) Ł
det går inte att förklara allt i 45 minuter
det blir ingen vetenskaplig djupt på teman
H. Hüttenrauch
Översikt
vad är en ”service robot”? [inte vet vi ännu…]
teknik: komponenter som ingår
mdi-perspektiv
design: vilka är med i framtagningen?
nyckelord att slå upp
mdi-frågeställningar
H. Hüttenrauch
“Service Robot”
termen är omdiskuterade…
ejindustrialrobot
ej Science Fiction
H. Hüttenrauch
“Service Robot”
sensor-based
klara sig i “unstructed, highly dynamic
environments”, läs = hemma! J
JJ
J
jobbar i närheten av människor (ibland)
“maskin”, verktyg, assistant, agent, djur, ?
“embodied”, kan vara “mobila”& “autonoma”
kan vara(?) / uppfattas som intelligenta
H. Hüttenrauch
Movie-Time: Cero project
H. Hüttenrauch
”the rest is just technology” [Ericsson]
noticed the industrial design?
ultrasound sensors for navigation / obstacles
2 motors with odometry sensors
Speech recognition & Text to speech synthesis
GUI both on workstation and PDA
gesture outputthrough CERO character
camera / vision system for …
lots of LOC (lines of code)…
H. Hüttenrauch
“Social” robot is to
express, and/or perceive emotions
communicate with high-level dialogue
learn/recognize models of other agents
establish/maintain social relationships
use natural cues (e.g. gaze, gestures)
exhibit distinctive personality and character
may learn/develop social competencies
[Fong et al, 2002]
[Fong et al, 2002][Fong et al, 2002]
[Fong et al, 2002]
H. Hüttenrauch
MDI perspective: Situation
1) co
1) co1) co
1) co-
--
-located
locatedlocated
located2)
2) 2)
2) telerobotics
teleroboticstelerobotics
telerobotics
H. Hüttenrauch
MDI perspective: Situation
3) Autonomous
3) Autonomous3) Autonomous
3) Autonomous4) Tele
4) Tele4) Tele
4) Tele-
--
-present
presentpresent
present
H. Hüttenrauch
MDI perspective: User(s)
Robot as part of a social context:
”Primary users
”:
allowed and trained to operate robot
”Secondary users
”:
assist the robot on its mission; familiar
with it; can operate its basic functions
”Bystanders

just encountering the robot; potentially
interested and engaging with it
We need to design for all groups!
H. Hüttenrauch
Disciplines involved
[Fong et al, 2002]
H. Hüttenrauch
Nyckelord (att fördjupa sig i...)
mobility, assitant / assistive technology
emergent behaviors
narrative psychology
agent hypophisis
design spaces and design niches
function allocation
mixed mode initative in speech technology
supervisory control
H. Hüttenrauch
MDI frågor
sensors, networking, and privacy
”away-from-the-screen”interfacing
mobile embodied agent perception
design and evalutation for context sensitivity
multiple interfaces, situations, modalities
intelligence, automation, responsibility
expectations handling for intelligent devices
H. Hüttenrauch
Literatur / Further readings I
Fong et al.(2002), A survey of Socially Interactive Robots, Robotics and Autonomous Systems
(forthcoming)
V. Braitenberg (1996), Vehicles-experiments in synthetic psychology, MIT Press.
C. Breazeal (2002), Designing sociable robots, MIT Press.
J. Cassell et al., eds., Embodied conversational agents, MIT Press.
K. Dautenhahn (2002), Design spaces and niche spaces of believable social robots, in: Proc. Intl. Wksp.
Robot and Hum. Interactive Commun., 2002.
S. Kiesler and J. Goetz, Mental models and cooperation with robotic assistants, in: Proc. CHI, 2002.
H. Huttenrauch and K. Severinson-Eklund, Fetch-and-carry with CERO: observations from a long-term
user study, in: Proc. Intl. Wksp. Robot and Hum. Commun., 2002.
K. Severinson-Eklund et al., Social and collaborative aspects of interaction with a service robot, Rob.
Auton. Sys. ? (forthcoming) (2002).
T. Sheridan, Eight ultimate challenges of human-robot communication, in: Proc. Intl. Wksp. Robot and
Hum. Commun., 1997.
H. Hüttenrauch
Literatur / Further readings II
Reeves, B. & Nass, C. (1996) The Media Equation: How people treat computers, television and new
media like real people and places. Cambridge, Mass: Cambridge University Press.
R.Parasuraman, V. Riley,. "Humans and Automation:Use, Misuse, Disuse, Abuse" in Human Factors,
39, No.2, June 1997. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society., 1997.
H. Eftring, ”The Useworthiness of Robots for People with Physical Disabilities”. Ph.D. Thesis. Certec,
Lund University, Lund, Sweden, 1999.
Host Hendriks-Jansen. Catching Ourselves in the Act -Situated Activity, Interactive Emergence,
Evolution, and Human Thought
. A Bradford Book, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1996.
Andy Clark, Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again
, MIT Press; Reprint edition
(January 9, 1998).
Rodney Brooks (2002), Flesh and Machines: How Robots Will changeus, Pantheon Books.
Ray Kurzweil, The age of Intelligent Machines, MIT Press; Reprint edition (March 1992).
Hans Moravec, Robot: Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind, Oxford University Press, 2000.
Isaac Asimov, The complete robot, Acacia Press, Inc., 1983.
H. Hüttenrauch
Comments?
Questions?
Thank you for your attention!
Suggestions?
www.nada.kth.se/iplab/hri