Adaptive Automation - Peter Hancock - University of Central ...

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Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Department of Psychology
s

Institute for Simulation and Training

University of Central Florida

Orlando, FL 32826

Adaptive Automation

P.A. Hancock

Presentation for the Class of 2007


Human Factors II EXP 6257


February 1st, 2007

“Fitts List” Human surpass machine is the:

Machines surpass humans in the:

What is Adaptive Automation?

Levels of Automation
(after Sheridan)

Management by Consent MBC, Management by Exception MBE

Supervisory control as related to direct
manual control and full automation

Hierarchical nature of supervisory control

Multiloop model of supervisory control

1.
Task is observed
directly by human
operator’s own senses.

2.
Task is observed
indirectly through
artificial sensors,
Computers and
displays.

This TIS feedback
interacts with that from
within HIS and is
filtered or modified.

3.
Task is controlled
within TIS automatic
mode.

4.
Task is affected by the
process of being
sensed.

5.
Task affects actuators
and in turn is affected

6.
Human operator
directly affects task by
manipulation.

7.
Human operator
affects task indirectly
through a controls
interface, HIS/TIS
computers and
actuators. This control
interacts with that
from within TIS and is
filtered or modified.

8.
Human operators gets
feedback from within
HIS, in editing a
program, running a
planning model, etc.

9.
Human operator
orients him or herself
relative to control or
adjusts control
parameters.

10.
Human operator
orients him or herself
relative to display or
adjusts displays
parameters.

Fig. 9.6.11. Multiloop model of supervisory control

Effects of interface design, S
-
R compatibility, and
feedback on automation usage

Five supervisor functions as nested loops

Plan

Teach

Monitor

Intervene

Learn

Summary of concepts related to automated
flight
-
decks and pilot workload

A Paradox Associated with Perceived Animacy

A paradox associated with perceived animacy. Automated systems that have high autonomy and
authority but low observability appear to behave as if they are animate agents capable of activities
independent of the operator. However, such systems are deterministic, and their behavior is predictable
if one has complete and available knowledge of how the system works, complete recall of the past
instructions given to the system, and total awareness of the situation and environmental conditions.

Human vs Robot

Stages of development of telerobotics

Leonardo da Vinci (1452
-
1519)

The design of the first known robot in recorded history
1495


Helicopter powered by four men (which would not have
worked since the body of the craft would have rotated)
and a light hang glider which could have flown.On
January 3, 1496 he unsuccessfully tested a flying
machine he had constructed

John Dee (1527
-
1608)


Rabbi Judah Loew, The Maharal of
Prague

(1525
-
1609)

Johannes Kepler (1571
-
1630)


Kepler's elliptical orbit for Mars

John Louis von Neumann 1903
-
1957

Theories of Self
-
reporting Automata, 1966

Norbert Wiener(1894
-
1964)


The impact of “the automatic age”
on our moral lives.