presentation_novideox - Conflict Minerals

downtownbeeMechanics

Nov 18, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

94 views




Straddles the Equateur



Literally and figuratively


the heart of Africa



The fulcrum on which the


African continent swings



Bordered by nine countries



1/4
th

the size of the US and


the size of Western Europe



Second largest rainforest



Untapped reserves of


enormous resource



Approx. 60 million inhabitants



Over 200 ethnic groups



Life expectancy 51 years



Almost half the population is


less than 15 years old





Born and raised in Congo



Came to the USA in 1998



2 siblings



Love Lady Gaga




Student Coordinator with FOTC



Activist, Writer



Advocate for the Congo


20, 000 BC: The
Ishango

Bones.



Pre
-
Kongo

Civilization.



Kongo

Empire (1000 BC).



First European Contact



Slave Trade and Fall of Empire




European exploration of Africa (David Livingstone,
Henry Morton Stanley).


1884
-
85 Berlin Conference.


King Leopold's Reign (1885


1908).







Economic Consolidation and
Extractive relationship



Kimbangu

resistance



Independence movements
disguised as cultural associations



Paternalistic Political Rule and Role
of Christian Mission



Van
Bilsen

30 year plan for
independence



Belgium accumulates debt in the
name of the Congolese people


Brussels conference



Declaration of Independence



Congo elects Patrice Lumumba as Prime
Minister (June 30 1960 Lumumba takes
office)



Lumumba’s Independence Day Speech



Lumumba assassinated on January 17,
1961 just over six months after taking
office



US, Belgium, French, British and UN
Involvement in Lumumba’s assassination



Lumumba’s letter to his wife Pauline


Mobutu Era (1960


1997)


Initiated first coup in
September 1960


Resistance by Nationalist and
Democratic Forces including
the
Mulele

led resistance


Second coup in 1965 when he
assumes the full reigns of
power


Reign marked by
Kleptocracy


Cold War Patron of the West


Destruction of the country


Overthrown in May 1997



Kabila’s time (1996


2001)


Rwanda invades in October of
1996 using the Hutu unchecked
presence in Congo as the
rationale for the invasion


Kabila made spokesperson of
Rebellion


May 1997
-

Brought to power by
Rwanda and Uganda with the help
of Angola and the backing of the
United States (See 2001
Congressional hearing of Tom
Tancredo and Cynthia McKinney)


Kabila assassinated in January
2001 replaced by Joseph Kabila


Launched in 1998 with the
second invasion of Congo by
Rwanda and Uganda


Attempt to remove Kabila
whom both countries installed
in May 1997


Kabila appeals to Zimbabwe,
Angola and Namibia for
support to resist Rwanda and
Uganda


Marked by the systemic rape
of Congo’s natural resources


Geopolitics
-

8 African
Countries implicated

We

were

accompanied

by

body

guards

for

everything,

even

when

we

went

to

the

toilet



We

had

to

be

at

the

disposition

of

the

man

who

raped

us

all

day
.

It

was

always

the

same

man
.

Even

if

I

did

not

want

to,

I

had

to

be

his

concubine
.

He

always

had

his

gun

pointed

at

me

and

threatened

to

kill

me

if

I

resisted

him
.

If

I

posed

the

least

resistance,

he

would

hit

me
.

The ultimate reason for the terrorizing of the
women and displacement of entire villages
by the perpetrators is to access and control
mineral rich land of gold, coltan, tin, niobium
and other valuable resources. In fact, two
types of systematic rapes are taking place
in the Congo; one is the violent raping of
women and the second is raping of the
resources by multinational corporations;
and the two are inextricably linked.

Berkeley

• 66 % said their home had
been destroyed or confiscated

• 61 % of those polled in the
east said they witnessed the
violent death of a family
member or friend

• 34 % said they themselves
had been abducted for more
than a week

• 53 % reported being forced
to work or being enslaved by
armed groups

• 16 % had been sexually
violated and 12 percent
multiple times

Johns Hopkins

Snap Shot of South Kivu
Province


• 82% of rape survivors have
STDs


• 60% have lost their husbands


• Estimated 30% of rape
survivors are HIV positive


• Impunity throughout province


estimated 40,000 case of
rape
-

38 cases brought to
prosecution.

In

order

to

stop

the

rapes,

we

must

stop

the

conflict
.

The

rapes

are

a

direct

result

of

the

conflict
.

International

pressure

can

play

a

role

in

stopping

the

conflict

which

is

in

fact

the

best

way

to

help

the

women
.

Also,

pressure

on

corporations

to

make

sure

that

Congo's

wealth

is

not

looted

and

in

fact

benefit

the

people

is

also

needed

so

that

the

women

will

have

the

resources

needed

to

heal

and

recover

from

the

trauma

that

they

have

experienced
.


Transitional Government
(2003


2006)


One + Four (One
president and four vice
presidents)


Structural flaws of
elections in 2006


Rebel groups in the
North and East of Congo


Forrest International (George Forrest)


Nikanor

(Dan
Gertler
)


Katanga Mining (
Glencore
)


Dodge Phelps (Freeport
McMoRan
)


Anvil Mining


First Quantum


Trinitech

& Eagle Wings


Kemet


HC
Starck


Citibank


American Mineral Fields/
Adastra


Cabot Corporation


OM Group


AngloGold Ashanti


World Bank


International Monetary Fund


Heritage Oil


Blattner

Group


Banro


Traxis

Woldwide


Comprehensive List found on Website

Rich Land

Untold Wealth


Poor People

Human Rights Lost


Since 1885, the affairs of the Congo have not been
determined by the people of the Congo



The central question is who is going to control
Congo's wealth and for whose benefit



The root cause of the conflict in the Congo is the
scramble for her immense natural wealth

Rich Land

Untold Wealth


Poor People

Human Rights Lost


Congo has enormous natural, hydro, agricultural and
human potential



Congo's resources are vital to the functioning of the
world's military, aerospace, technology and electronics
industries



Congo's geo
-
strategic location and spectacular wealth
makes it critical to the development and future of the
entire African continent


Local elites


Neighboring countries


Multilateral Institutions (World Bank, IMF, London Club,
Paris Club)


Foreign governments


Foreign Corporations


Congo' challenge is both internal and external. We can
help through pressure on the outside and support to
groups on the inside.

What can you do?

1. Very Brief History of Congo's challenges:


A. Control of Own Affairs


B. Internal & External Challenges


C. Geostrategic Battle


D. Fulcrum on which Africa swings


E. Enormous Potential
-

Energy, Hydro, Agriculture, 2nd Largest Rainforest
in the World


2. Key note that what is taking place is the latest expression of scramble for
Congo's wealth
-

would be a mistake if we pursue short
-
term policies that are
not even guaranteed to work


3. We know what works
-

global pressure and attention on all parties involved


4. Optimum Ways to help:


A. Global Pressure
-

appeal to President Obama to take the lead and
encourage other nations to engage on what is a scar on the conscience of
humanity


B. Support local institutions and connecting them to the global flow of
information, commerce and ideas



















1. End Conflict & Worst
Humanitarian Crisis

2.
Partner with Congolese to
control their resources and
determine their affairs

Global Pressure on
world leaders and
corporate actors

Support local Congolese
institutions

Global Education/Mobilization
Campaign

Leads to:

Political process
backed by the
global community

Global pressure on international forces
(corporate, foreign governments,
multilateral) fueling the conflict,
weakening the people’s sovereignty,
entrenching dependency and deepening
the impoverishment of the people

Strengthening of
local Congolese
institutions

FOTC Top 10 Tactics:

1.
Congo Week

2.
Break the Silence
Tour

3.
Fundraising
Campaigns

4.
Grow support
networks

5.
Media outreach

6.
Commentaries and
policy papers

7.
Letter Writing
campaigns

8.
Cultural events

9.
Delegations to
Congo

10.
Open source
participation at
several levels

Executed on
massive global
scale (100
countries, 1,000
communities)

FOTC
Strategy


Educate yourself


Spread the word to your family friends
and loved ones


Become a Friend of the Congo


Invite A Congolese speaker to your
community


Support Congolese grassroots institutions


Participate in the Recycle Program


Write a letter to your elected officials and
local media


Write corporations about their
involvement in the Congo


Join our cyber protest and myth breakers
team


Sign
-
up for the FOTC email list


Participate in FOTC delegations to the
Congo


Bring your talents, expertise, ideas and
suggestion to bear on the Break the
Silence global movement