EnablingTechnologies - High Impact Technology Exchange ...

dotardhousesMechanics

Nov 18, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Daniel Hull OP
-
TEC

Elaine Johnson Bio
-
Link

Rachel Bower, ATE Central

Mel Cossette,
MatEd

Deb Newberry, Nano
-
Link

Enabling Technologies

Impact on Curricula and Instruction

A
Work in Progress


Objectives of this Presentation


Introduce the concept of enabling technologies in the
context of how they could enhance and update AAS
curricula.


Provide a draft example of enabling technologies in
the physical sciences.


Discuss a model for enabling technologies in the
bio/chem technologies.


Engage participants in activities to contribute
information about how technologies enhance their
field, and how this could improve/update their
curriculum.

What are Enabling Technologies?

Definition:

Technical concepts, materials, devices and
processes that are developed in one technology
and used in another technology to “enable”
advances, new understanding, equipment and
applications.


Enabling technologies can be applied to drive
radical change in the capabilities of a user or
culture. They can also be used to update and
streamline technical curricula.



Prominent Enabling Technologies

in the Physical Sciences


Electronics Technology


Information Technology
: Digital Systems,
Including Communications, Networks,
computing and graphic design


Materials

Technology and Nanotechnology


Photonics Technology
: optics and electro
-
optics, including lasers


Electronics


as an Enabling Technology

Definition:
The application of the movement of electrons
in the creation of devices, systems and components used in
all cutting edge technologies


Enabling Communications:
Radio, TV, IT networks,
computers, cell phones, cable, smart phones


Enabling Controls:
Automation, robotics, manufacturing,
home control, appliances, security, toys & games


Enabling Instrumentation:
Semiconductor manufacturing



Enabling Information Systems:
IT networks, PCs, servers,
mainframes, desktops/laptops, hand held devices,
processors, peripherals




Electronics


as an Enabling Technology
(Cont’d)


Enabling Components & Devices:
Displays, discrete
components, MEMs, ICs


Enabling Energy Production & Storage

(fossil, nuclear,
solar, wind & batteries)


Enabling Energy Transmission
(power lines & substations




Enabling Energy Utilization Devices/Systems
(motors,
heating, lighting etc.)


Enabling Photonics:

power supplies, controllers,
modulators & detectors in lasers and other electro
-
optic
devices.


Information/Communications Technology

as an Enabling Technology

Definition of IT:
The technology involved with the
transmission and storage of information, especially the
development, installation, implementation, and management of
computers and control systems within companies, colleges, and
other organizations.

Definition of Communications:
The safe and secure
delivery of voice, video and data over optical, wireline and
wireless transmission media.

Enabled Technologies:
All Fields

Materials Technology

as an Enabling Technology

Materials Science is the
“Science of Stuff”

Definition:
Creating, altering, selecting and using appropriate
materials for buildings, vehicles, furnishings, displays,
simulations, equipment, molds/castings, coatings, electrical and
mechanical devices and environmental control. Converting
and/or refining raw physical and biological materials, creating
new materials with suitable properties and characteristics for
durability, extreme temperature and corrosion tolerances, lighter
weight and increased strength. Includes biomanufacturing and
nanotechnology…essentially,
materials are everywhere
.

Materials Technicians
: refers to the technicians that, in the
course of their work, handle materials.

Materials Science


Enabled technologies:
all manufacturing sectors including
electronics/IT
, construction, welding, manufacturing,
entertainment, transportation,
aerospace, energy
production/transmission/utilization,
consumer products,
photonics
, and medical instrumentation/prosthetics/devices
.


Emerging areas:
include additive manufacturing (AM creates
a three dimensional
model/object one layer at a
time) and
nano
-
materials (defined as smaller than 1/10
th

of a
micrometer).


AM:
polymers and metals such as nickel, stainless steel.


Nano
-
Materials:
research changes in material properties
when taken from the macro scale to nano scale.


Nanotechnology

as an Enabling Technology

Definition:
The ability to observe, study measure and manipulate
matter at the molecular and atomic scale.


Within a material the arrangement of atoms will define the physical,
electrical and biological properties of that material

Correlation of nanoscience to traditional science subjects


Pulling

in aspects of physics, chemistry, biology and materials science

Translating
to all engineering and science disciplines

Finding

applications in every market segment

Observing the world at the nanoscale is inherently multi
-
disciplinary


No escaping the requirement for multi
-
disciplinary learning (and
teaching) at all levels.

© Deb Newberry 2008

New Technology
C
ould
C
ombine

Detection and Treatment

Immediate sensing as a tumor is removed!

Sandia National Laboratories

Nanotechnology Technicians


Technicians are finding jobs in electronics,
materials, biotech, quality assurance, testing,
sales etc.


Companies of all sizes: Very small to 3M and
IBM


Part of a research or product development
team or independent workers


Education & Training requires a broad
technical base including other technologies


Biotechnology

as an Enabling Technology

Biotechnology deals with the use of “
living organisms


Definition:
The use of living organisms to produce useful
products.

Commercialization:
We
are now experiencing the growth of
companies that are producing medicines, biofuels, gene therapies,
stem
-
cell applications, forensics, pest
-
resistant plants, improved
nutritional products, vaccines, biosecurity assays, environmental
testing, personalized medicine, synthetic biology, and countless other
new applications. Because most of these are highly regulated, in
addition to technicians who actually do the research and production,
there is a growing requirement for regulatory and quality technicians.
Skills:
Increasingly
, community and technical colleges throughout the
nation are implementing programs to provide relevant competency
-
based education that
prepare
biotechnology technicians.

Biotechnology Technicians
: Technicians that work in research, testing,
and production facilities that use living organisms to produce useful
products.

Biotechnology


Biotechnology Industry:
the bioscience industry is rapidly
changing to include working relationships with other scientific
disciplines and technologies


Enabling technologies:
Restriction Enzyme Technology, Gene
Transfer, Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), Sequencing


Enabled applications:
agriculture, medicine, environmental
monitoring, industrial enzymes, forensics, heredity,
bioinformatics, food testing, genetic testing, biofuels,
biomaterials, biomedical devices, nano
-
bio, stem cell
research, personalized medicine, synthethic biology

Photonics

as

an Enabling Technology

Definition:
The application of optics and electromagnetic energy
whose basic unit is the photon, incorporating optics, electro
-
optics,
lasers, and electronics
.


Enabling Advanced Manufacturing:
l
aser
-
based additive
manufacturing; Laser
-
scanned reverse engineering.


Enabling Materials Processing:
l
aser welding, cutting,
scribing, drilling and heat treating.


Enabling Nanotechnology:
a
tomic force microscopy,
fluorescence microscopy,
quantum dot lasers, quantum dot
LEDs
, carbon nanotubes.


Enabling Biotechnology:
o
ptical microscopy, Fluorescence
microscopy, fluorescence
-
activated cell sorter,
spectrophotometers,
electron microscopy
,
l
aser microscopy


Enabling Biomanufacturing:
spectrophotometers, cell
counting, characterizing biodiesel fuel


Enabling

Microelectronics:
photolithography, micro
-
optic
inspection.


Photonics as an Enabling Technology
(cont’d)


Enabling IT/Communications:
fiber optics for transmission; laser
diode transmitters, photo detectors


Enabling Energy Production, Transmission and Utilization:
solar
voltaics, solar hot water, laser
-
induced thermonuclear energy, solid
state (LED) lighting


Enabling Defense/Aerospace:
LIDAR, laser target designators, space
communication, laser
-
guided missiles, destruction of drones,
missiles & mine fields


Enabling Sensing and Displays:

LED & LCD displays/monitors, Image
recognition, environmental monitoring, spectral of atmosphere &
other gasses, laser radars & survey instruments


Enabling Biomedical Equipment:
laser surgery, LASIK surgery, laser
photocoagulation, laser prostrate & vascular relief, fiber optics for
colonoscopy, laparoscopes,
o
ptical coherence tomography (OCCT)

Prominent Enabling Technologies

in the Biological & Chemical Sciences


Materials Technology


Information Technology


Nanotechnology


Biotechnology &
Biomanufacturing


Restriction Enzyme Technology


Gene Sequencing


Gene Transfer


Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)


Stem Cell Technology


Synthetic Biology




Enabling Technology Impact on
Technical Curriculum and Teaching

Example#1
Laser Course Infusion in Other
Technologies

One or two laser/optics courses are being taught as
electives in the following technologies:


Fiber Optics Communications


Biomedical Equipment


Advanced Manufacturing


Nanotechnology


Others??

Enabling Technology Impact on Technical
Curriculum and
Teaching (cont’d)

Example#2:
Photonics Systems Technician Curriculum


80% of photonics employers prefer broad
-
based, interdisciplinary
technicians, with a specialty in lasers. (2013 employer focus groups)


28 of the 33 colleges teaching photonics in the U.S. are teaching 2
-
3
photonics courses, built on an electronics core that also includes IT,
digital control, and properties of materials.


The PST Curriculum requires only one photonics faculty member
and less expensive lab equipment.


Completers of the PST program receive an AAS in electronics with a
photonics certificate.


The same core that supports photonics can also support majors in
robotics, instrumentation, communications etc. This is an effective,
efficient delivery system that is saving colleges $$.

Photonics Systems Technician(PST)


Photonics systems technicians (PSTs) work in industries whose processes
and operations require the extensive use of photonics devices to meet
production or mission goals. PSTs frequently
integrate photonics devices
or subsystems into larger systems
, where photonics is an
enabling
technology.

PSTs have the responsibility of ensuring these photonic
devices operate within prescribed specifications and are compatible
and/or complementary with the entire integrated system.



These technicians must

know how these photonic devices operate and
interface with the equipment or systems in which they are
embedded.

They must also understand

how photonics devices

and
subsystems enable equipment and systems to accomplish specific tasks.




These technicians
must have broad, working knowledge and skills of
electronic and electromechanical devices/systems, combined with their
specialty knowledge and skills in photonics to efficiently and effectively
repair systems, and operate
, maintain,
and
calibrate photonics
subsystems, and integrate these subsystems into full systems
.

Curriculum for PST’s


New curriculum will require 3
-
4 semesters of
photonics courses


Based on an Electronics core


Course 1: Fundamentals of Light and Lasers


Course 2: New version of Course 2 (2 semesters)


An additional course could be added, depending
on resources and employer service area
needs(Fiber Optics, advanced optics and/or
selected photonics applications
m
odules)


Degree: AAS in Electronics with a Photonics
Specialty


Course #1 Fundamentals of Light and Lasers

1
-
1
Nature & Properties of Light


1
-
2
Optical Handling and Positioning


1
-
3
Light Sources & Laser Safety


1
-
4
Basic Geometrical Optics


1
-
5
Basic Physical Optics


1
-
6
Principles of Lasers

Course #2A Laser Systems and Applications



2
-
1 Q
-
Switched and Mode Locked Lasers


Operating
Principles,


Intracavity Modulators


Temporal
Output
Characteristics


Frequency
Doubling
Techniques


2
-
2 Laser Output Characteristics and Measurements


Power, Energy, Irradiance, Divergence


Beam Profiling/M
2
, Beam Mode, Pulse Shape


Spectral Bandwidth


2
-
3 Overview of Laser Systems & Applications


2
-
4
CO
2

Lasers


2
-
5
Diode
Lasers


2
-
6
Fiber Lasers

Note: Order of Modules 2
-
4, 2
-
5, 2
-
6, 2
-
7, 2
-
8 and 2
-
9 may be
exchanged according to priorities set by local employers



Course #2B Laser Systems, Systems
Integration & Troubleshooting


2
-
7 Argon
& Ion
Lasers


Operation, components and Output characteristics


2
-
8 Nd:YAG &
other Optically Pumped Solid
Lasers


Operation, components and Output
characteristics


2
-
9 Excimer Lasers


Operation, components and Output
characteristics


2
-
10
Laser Troubleshooting
Strategies


Using Equipment Manuals


Testing Procedures


Data Analysis & Fault
Identification


2
-
11
System Integration
Techniques


Specification Sources for Laser
Systems


Installation Plans


Start
-
up Procedures


Verification Testing


Documentation Procedures


Safety
Considerations




Course #2B Laser Systems, Systems
Integration & Troubleshooting


2
-
7 Argon
& Ion
Lasers


Operation, components and Output characteristics


2
-
8 Nd:YAG &
other Optically Pumped Solid
Lasers


Operation, components and Output
characteristics


2
-
9 Excimer Lasers


Operation, components and Output
characteristics


2
-
10
Laser Troubleshooting
Strategies


Using Equipment Manuals


Testing Procedures


Data Analysis & Fault
Identification


2
-
11
System Integration
Techniques


Specification Sources for Laser
Systems


Installation Plans


Start
-
up Procedures


Verification Testing


Documentation Procedures


Safety
Considerations




Three Interlocked Curricula


Photonics Applications Techs


Electronics Core + Specialty Courses in an Technology Area enabled by
Photonics


1
-

2 Photonics Courses infused in Electronics Core


Degree: AAS in the Enabled Technology Area with a certificate in Photonics


Photonics Systems Techs


Electronics Core + 2
-

4 Specialty Photonics Courses


Degree AAS in Electronics with a Specialty in Photonics


Photonics Specialist


Reduced Electronics Core + 8 Specialty Course in Photonics


Degree: AAS in Photonics.


Currently taught in only 4
-
5 colleges


~20% of new jobs


Discussion and Suggestions

Rachel Bower