Harvard School of Public Health Project on the Public and Biological Security

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Oct 24, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Harvard School of Public Health

Project on the Public and Biological Security




HURRICANE READINESS IN HIGH
-
RISK AREAS

Coastal South Carolina



June 18
-
July 10, 2007


N=507 adults in coastal counties (within 20 miles of the coastline)

of South Caroli
na






Research Team:


Robert J. Blendon, Harvard School of Public Health, Project Director


Tami Buhr, Harvard School of Public Health


John M. Benson, Harvard School of Public Health


Kathleen J. Weldon, Harvard School of Public Health


Melissa J. Herrm
ann, ICR/International Communications Research


Contact:


Robert J. Blendon, 617
-
432
-
4502



-
2
-





Hurricane Readiness in High
-
Risk Areas

Survey Results for Coastal South Carolina


The study was conducted for

the

Harvard School of Public Health

via telephone b
y
ICR
,
an
independent research company. Interviews were conducted from
June 18 to July 10
, 2007
,

among
a

representative sample of
507

respondents

age 18 and olde
r in coastal counties

of
South
Carolina
.


Interviewing was conducted in all counties within
twe
nty

miles of the coastline
.
The
margin of error

for the total sample

is +/
-

5
.0

percentage points

at the 95% confidence level.



1.

How worried are you that a major hurricane will hit your community during the next 6 months?



WORRIED

NOT WORRIED

Don’t
know


Refused

NET

Very

Somewhat

NET

Not too

Not at all

South Carolina

41

12

29

58

3
2

26

1

--



2.

Overall, how prepared are you if a major hurricane were to strike your community during the
next 6 months?



PREPARED

NOT
PREPARED

Don’t
know


Refused

NET

Very

Somewhat

NET

Not too

Not at all

South Carolina

76

32

44

24

12

12

*

--



3.

I’m going to read you a list of things some people have in their homes that could be used in case
of a hurricane emergency. For each one, please tell me if that is s
omething you currently have
or do not have.




Yes


No

Don’t
know


Refuse
d

A battery operated radio that you know works

82

18

1

--

A flashlight that you know works

96

4

--

--

A first aid kit

75

24

*

--

Extra batteries

88

12

--

--

A cell phone

90

10

--

--

At least $300 in cash to take with you if you had to leave your home

58

40

1

1

Water purifying supplies such as chlorine or iodine tablets

34

65

1

--

A generator

26

74

--

--



-
3
-



(
Asked of total

with a generator
; n =
127
)


4.

Have you heard or read

about the dangers from carbon monoxide due to running yo
ur generator

in an area that isn’t properly ventilated?



Yes

No

Don’t know

Refused

South Carolina

86

14

--

--


Q3h
/Q4 Combination Table



HAVE GENERATOR


Do not have
generator


Don’t

know



Refus
ed


NET

He ard about
dange rs

Not he ard
about dange rs

South Carolina

26

22

4

74

--

--



5.

If grocery stores in your community were closed due to a major hurricane and you had lost
electricity, for how many days could you feed your family on the non
-
p
erishable food you
currently have in your home?





0
-
2 days



3
-
6 days



7
-
13 days


14
-
20

days


21+


days


Don’t
know



Refused

South Carolina

9

30

34

12

11

4

*



6.

How many days of clean water do you think you would have on hand if the running

water
in
your home was cut off by a major hurricane?





0
-
2 days



3
-
6 days



7
-
13 days


14
-
20

days


21+

days


Don’t
know



Refused

South Carolina

25

31

19

9

10

5

1



7.

How much water do you think you should have on hand for each member of your family? Abo
ut
a quart of water per day, about a half
-
gallon of water per day, about a gallon of water per day,
or about two gallons of water per day?



About a
quart per
day

About a
half
-
gallon
per day

About a
gallon
per day

About two
gallons per
day


Don’t

know



R
efused

South Carolina

6

15

46

31

1

*



8.

If there were a power outage, how long do you think the perishable food in your refrigerator like
milk and meat would remain safe to eat? A few hours, one day, two days, or three days or
more?




A few hours


One

day


Two days

Three days
or more

Don’t

know


Refused

South Carolina

16

35

30

19

1

--


-
4
-



9.

Do you or does anyone else in your household take prescription drugs on a regular or ongoing
basis, or not?



Yes, on a
regular or
ongoing basis

No, not on a
regu
lar or
ongoing basis


Don’t
know



Refused

South Carolina

66

33

*

--



(
Asked of t
otal who take Rx drugs on a regular basis
; n =
357
)


10.

In the event of a major hurricane, do you and other household members have at least an extra
three week supply of t
he prescription drugs you take regularly, or not?



Yes

No

Don’t know

Refused

South Carolina

57

40

3

--


Q9/Q10 Combination Table



TAKE Rx DRUGS REGULARLY

Do not
take
Rx


Don’t
know



Refused


NET

Have 3
week supply

Do not have 3
week supply

South

Carolina

66

38

26

33

*

--



11.

If government officials said that you had to evacuate the area because there was going to be a
major hurricane in the next few days, would you leave the area or would you stay?



I would leave
the area

I would
stay

Depends

(vol.)

Don’t
know


Refused

South Carolina

68

26

5

1

--





-
5
-


(
Asked of t
otal who would/might evacuate
; n =
371
)


12.

If you had to evacuate the area where you live because of a major hurricane, would you need
help to do so?



Yes

No

Don’t know

Refused

So
uth Carolina

17

83

*

--



(
Asked of t
otal who would/might evacuate

and would need help to do so
)


13.

Do you have that help lined up?


Q11/Q12/Q13 Combination Table



South
Carolina

Would/might leave area (NET)

74


Would need help (subnet)

12



Have he
lp lined up

7



Do not have help lined up

5


Would not need help

61

Would stay in area

26





-
6
-


(
Asked of t
otal who would/might evacuate
; n =
371
)


14.

If you had to evacuate the area where you live because of a major hurricane, where would you
go?



S
tay with
friends or
family
members in
another area



Go to a
hotel or
motel

Go to an
evacuation
center run by
the Red Cross
or government


Sleep in
a car or
outdoor
s



D
on’
t
know

where you
would go





Refused

South Carolina

60

20

9

1

10

1


Q11/Q14 Combi
nation Table



WOULD/MIGHT LEAVE AREA


Would
stay in
area



NET

Stay with
friends
/family in

another area

Go to a
hotel or
motel

Go to evacuation

center run by the

Red Cross/ gov’t

Sleep in a
car or
ou瑤oors

a
on’

know
where

South Carolina

74

44

14

6

1

7

26



(
Asked of t
otal who would/might evacuate
; n =
371
)


15.

If you had to evacuate because of a major hurricane, how far away would you go?



Less than

10 miles

10 to 50
miles

50 to 100
miles

100 to
200 miles

More than

200 miles

Don’t
know


Refuse
d

South Carolina

4

11

20

29

32

4

--


Q11/Q15 Combination Table



WOULD/MIGHT LEAVE AREA


Would
stay in
area



NET


Less than

10 miles


10 to 50
miles



50 to 100
miles


100 to 200
miles


More than

200 miles

South Carolina

74

3

8

15

21

24

26




-
7
-


(
Aske
d of t
otal who would/might evacuate
; n =
371
)


16.

If you had to evacuate, how would you get to where you are going?





Go in
your car



In a
friend’s car



Use public
transportation



Walk or ride
a bike

Don’t know
how you
would
evacuate




Refuse
d

Sou
th Carolina

90

3

3

--

4

1


Q11/Q16 Combination Table



WOULD/MIGHT LEAVE AREA


Would
stay in
area



NET


Go in
your car


In a
friend’s car


Use public
transportation


Walk or
ride a bike

Don’t know how
you would
evacuate

South Carolina

74

66

2

2

--

3

26



(
Asked of t
otal who would/might evacuate
; n =
371
)


17.

If you had to evacuate because of a major hurricane, when would you return home?
Would
you…



Return to
your home as
soon as the
hurricane is
over



Wait until officials
say it’s safe to go
back




Don’t
know





Refused

South Carolina

17

81

2

--


Q11/Q17 Combination Table



WOULD/MIGHT LEAVE AREA




Would
stay in
area





NET

Return to
your home as
soon as the
hurricane is
over



Wait until officials
say it’s safe to go
back

South Carolina

74

12

60

26



-
8
-



(
Asked of t
otal who would/might

stay in area if there were an evacuation
; n =
167
)


18.

I’m going to read a list of reasons some people might have for not evacuating the area where
they live if there were a major hurricane. For each one,
please tel
l me if it is a reason why you
would not /might not evacuate.




Yes


No

Don’t
know


Refuse
d

You don’t know where to go

16

82

2

*

You don’t have a car or know anyone who could give you a ride

12

88

1

--

You have medical or physical problems

that would make it difficult to
leave

12

87

1

--

You have to take care of someone who would be physically unable to
leave

16

84

--

--

You would be worried your possessions would be stolen or damaged if
you left

26

73

1

--

You would not want to leave yo
ur pet

21

79

--

--

You would not be able to afford to leave

13

87

--

--

You would not be able to leave your job

21

77

1

*

You think your home is well
-
built and you will be safe at home

61

34

6

--

You think evacuating would be dangerous

26

70

4

1

You
think the roads would be too crowded to leave

50

46

4

--


Q11/Q18 Combination Table



South
Carolina

Would/might stay in area if there were an evacuation (NET)

31


Don’t know where to go

5


Don’t have a car or know anyone who could give you a ride

4


eave medical/physical p牯blems that would make it di晦fcult


to leave

4


eave to take ca牥 o映someone who would be physically


unable to leave

5


to牲red possessions would be stolen o爠damaged i映you le晴

8


tould not want to leave pet

6


tould not b
e able to a晦f牤 to leave

4


tould not be able to leave job

7


eome is well built and will be sa晥 the牥




Think evacuating would be dange牯us

8


Think 牯ads would be too c牯wded to leave



tould leave a牥a i映the牥 we牥 an evacuation



Don’t Kn


1

剥晵sed





-
9
-




19.

If a major hurricane were to hit your community and for whatever reason you did not leave your
home, how confident are you that you would be rescued if you needed to be?



CONFIDENT

NOT CONFIDENT

Don’t
know


Refused

NET

Very

So
mewhat

NET

Not too

Not at all

South Carolina

68

32

36

28

1
4

14

3

1



20.

Do you or any other household members have any pets in your home, such as dogs, cats, birds
and the like?



Yes, have
pets

No, do not
have pets

Don’t
know


Refused

South Carolina

54

4
6

--

--



(
Asked of t
otal who have pets
; n =
266
)


21.

If you had to evacuate because of a hurricane, do you have a place you can go where you can
take your pet, or not?



Yes, have a place
to go and take pet

No, do not have a place to go
and take pe
t

Don’t
know


Refused

South Carolina

78

22

--

--


Q20/Q21 Combination Table



HAVE PETS



Do not
have
pets




Don’t
know





Refused




NET

Have a place
to take pets
in case of
evacuation

Do not have a
place to take
pets in case of
evacuation

Sout
h Carolina

54

42

12

46

--

--



22.

Has your family agreed on a phone number outside the region that all members of your
immediate family could call in the event of a hurricane if you are unable to communicate, or
haven’t you done that?



Yes,
family has a
greed
on a phone number
outside the region

No,
haven’t
done that


Don’t
know



Refused

South Carolina

53

45

1

*



-
10
-




23.

Has your family agreed on a place you could meet after a hurricane is over if you got separated
and could not go back home, or haven’t

you done that?



Yes, family has agreed
on a place to meet

No, haven’t
done that

Don’t
know

Refused

South Carolina

37

61

1

*



24.

Do you know the location of an evacuation center in your community where you could go if you
had to?



Yes

No

Don’t know

R
efused

South Carolina

68

30

2

--



(
Asked of t
otal who
know
the location of an evacuation center
; n =
345
)


25.

Do you know if this evacuation center is considered strong enough to withstand a hurricane
rated category 3 or higher?



Yes

No

Don’t know

Re
fused

South Carolina

62

15

22

*



Q24/Q25 Combination Table



KNOW THE LOCATION OF
EVACUATION CENTER



Do not
know the
location of
evacuation
center




Refused
location of
evacuation
center





NET

Know
evacuation
center could
withstand a
Category 3

Do

not know if
evacuation
center could
withstand a
Category 3

South Carolina

68

42

10

32

--



26.

If you had to go to an evacuation shelter because of a hurricane, how worried would you be
about the conditions and your sa
fety?



WORRIED

NOT WORRIED

Don’t

know


Refused

NET

Very

Somewhat

NET

Not too

Not at all

South Carolina

62

22

40

36

20

16

1

1



-
11
-





27.

I’m going to read a list of concerns people sometimes have about going to a hurricane
evacuation center or shelter. If you had to go to a shelter be
cause of a hurricane, please tell me
how worried you would be about each one.



a.

You wouldn’t have enough clean water to drink

(Total asked; n =
243
)


WORRIED

NOT WORRIED

Don’t
know


oefused

k䕔

sery

Somewhat

k䕔

ko琠瑯o

ko琠a琠all

South Carolina

6
6

34

32

33

1
7

16

--

1



c.

You wouldn’t have the prescription drugs or medicines that you need

(Total asked; n =
243
)


WORRIED

NOT WORRIED

Don’t
know


oefused

k䕔

sery

Somewhat

k䕔

ko琠瑯o

ko琠a琠all

South Carolina

48

25

23

50

1
7

33

--

1



d.

You wo
uld be threatened by violence

(Total asked; n =
243
)


WORRIED

NOT WORRIED

Don’t
know


oefused

k䕔

sery

Somewhat

k䕔

ko琠瑯o

ko琠a琠all

South Carolina

44

19

2
5

53

25

28

1

2



f.

The conditions of the shelter would be unsanitary

(Total asked; n =
243
)


WORRIED

NOT WORRIED

Don’t
know


oefused

k䕔

sery

Somewhat

k䕔

ko琠瑯o

ko琠a琠all

South Carolina

66

41

25

30

17

13

2

2


h.

The shelter would be too crowded and you would not have any privacy

(Total asked; n =
243
)


WORRIED

NOT WORRIED

Don’t
know


oef
used

k䕔

sery

Somewhat

k䕔

ko琠瑯o

ko琠a琠all

South Carolina

63

44

1
9

36

1
8

18

*

2



b.

You wouldn’t have enough food to eat

(Total asked; n =
264
)


WORRIED

NOT WORRIED

Don’t
know


oefused

k䕔

sery

Somewhat

k䕔

ko琠瑯o

ko琠a琠all

South Carolina

54

25

29

45

27

18

1

*



e.

You would need medical care and wouldn’t be able to get it

(Total asked; n =
264
)


WORRIED

NOT WORRIED

Don’t
know


oefused

k䕔

sery

Somewhat

k䕔

ko琠瑯o

ko琠a琠all

South Carolina

58

29

29

41

2
5

16

1

*



j.

Your valuables m
ight be stolen

(Total asked; n =
264
)


WORRIED

NOT WORRIED

Don’t
know


Refused

NET

Very

Somewhat

NET

Not too

Not at all

South Carolina

60

30

30

40

2
0

20

--

*



g.

You would be exposed to sick people and could catch their illness

(Total asked; n =
264
)


WORRIED

NOT WORRIED

Don’t
know


Refused

NET

Very

Somewhat

NET

Not too

Not at all

South Carolina

62

32

30

38

2
4

14

--

*


-
12
-




-
13
-




i.

You would have a hard time communicating with family outside of the shelter

(Total asked;



n =
264
)


WORRIED

NOT WORRIE
D

Don’t
know


Refused

NET

Very

Somewhat

NET

Not too

Not at all

South Carolina

60

23

37

40

19

21

--

*



28.

Thinking back over the past three years was your community threatened or hit by a major
hurricane, or not?



Yes, community
was threatened
or
hit by major
hurricane

No,
community
was not
threatened



Don’t
know




Refused

South Carolina

27

70

3

--



(
Asked of to
tal whose community was threatened/hit by a major hurricane in last 3 years
; n =


123
)


29.

Before the hurricane hit, were you able t
o get the information you needed to keep yourself and
your family safe, or not?



Yes

No

Don’t know

Refused

South Carolina

93

6

1

--



(
Asked of to
tal whose community was threatened/hit by a major hurricane in last 3 years
; n =


123
)


30.

Was your commu
nity damaged by this hurricane, or not?



Yes, my community
was damaged

No, my community was
not damaged

Don’t
know

Refused

South Carolina

45

55

1

--



Q28/Q30 Combination Table



Community threatened / hit by a major
hurricane in last 3 years

Community
has not been
threatened /
hit by a major
hurricane




Don’t
know





Refused



NET

Community
was
damaged

Community
was not
damaged

South Carolina

27

12

15

70

3

--




(
Asked of to
tal whose community was
damaged

by a major hurricane in last 3 years)


31. Was there major flooding associated with this hurricane in your community or not?


[not enough cases for analysis]





-
14
-


(
Asked of to
tal whose community was threatened/hit by a major hurricane in last 3 years
; n =


123
)


32.

Because of this hurricane, d
id you leave your home where you lived, or did you stay in your
home?



Left my home
where I lived

Stayed in my
home

Don’t
know


Refused

South Carolina

26

74

--

--



Q28/Q32 Combination Table



Community threatened / hit by a major
hurricane in last 3 ye
ars

Community has
not been
threatened / hit by
a major hurricane



Don’t
know




Refused


NET


Left home


Stayed in home

South Carolina

27

7

20

70

3

--



(
Asked of t
otal whose community was threatened/hit by a major hurricane in last 3 years and


l
eft home where lived
)


33.

When you left your home, do you happen to remember if you brought each of the



following documents with you?



A.

Proof of health insurance


B.

Proof of prescription drugs you and your family were taking


C.

Proof of homeowne
r’s or renter’s insurance


[not enough cases for analysis]



(
Asked of t
otal whose community was threatened/hit by a major hurricane in last 3 years and


left home where lived)


34.


If you had needed your Social Security number while you were away from
your home, would
you have been able to provide it?


[not enough cases for analysis]




(
Asked of t
otal whose community was damaged by a major hurricane in last 3 years)


35.

How would you rate the response of government and voluntary agencies to the proble
ms cr
eated
by this storm?


[not enough cases for analysis]




-
15
-



(
Asked of t
otal whose community was damaged by a major hurricane in last 3 years)


36.

During and immediately following this hurricane, was there a time when you had any of the
following proble
ms?


[not enough cases for analysis]



37.

Thinking about where your home is located, how likely is your home to be flooded or damaged
due to wind in a major hurricane? (READ SCALE)



LIKELY

NOT LIKELY

Don’t
know


Refused

NET

Very

Somewhat

NET

Not
very

N
ot at all

South Carolina

60

23

37

38

21

17

2

--



38.

Is your home located in an evacuation zone or not, or don’t you know if it is in an evacuation
zone?



Yes, located in an
evacuation zone

No, not located in
an evacuation zone

Don’t know if it is an

evacuation zone


Refused

South Carolina

46

20

34

--



39.

Do you think your home would withstand a major hurricane of Category 3 or higher

without
significant damage?



Yes

No

Don’t know

Refused

South Carolina

47

39

14

--



40.

Now thinking about yo
ur own health status… In general, would you say your health is
excellent,
very good, good, fair, or poor
?



EXCELLENT/VERY GOOD/GOOD

FAIR/POOR

Don’t
know


Refuse
d


NET

Excellent

Very good

Good

NET

Fair

Poor

South Carolina

84

26

34

24

16

11

5

*

--




-
16
-



41.

Do you or does anyone in your household have a chronic illness or disability that would require
you to get help if you had to evacuate because of a major hurricane, or not?



Yes, someone in
household has chronic
illness or disability

No, no one
in
hou
sehold


Don’t
know



Refused

South Carolina

16

84

*

--



(
Asked of t
otal who have or someone in household has a chronic illness or disability)


42.

Do you have help lined up for this person with the chronic illness or disability if you need to
evacuate
because of a major hurricane or not?


Q4
1
/Q42 Combination Table



HAVE OR SOMEONE IN HH HAS A
CHRONIC ILLNESS OR
DISABILITY

No one in
household with a
chronic illness or

disability



Don’t
know




Refused


NET

Has help
lined up

Do not have
help lined up

South Carolina

16

11

5

84

*

--



43.

Do you live in a home you or your family own, are you renting a house or apartment, or do you
live somewhere else?



Live in a family
owned home

Renting a house or
apartment

Live

somewhere else

Don’t
know


Refused

South Carolina

81

16

2

*

1



44.

Do you live in a single family home, a duplex or multi
-
family home, an apartment building or
condominium, or a mobile home?



Live in a
single family
home

Duplex or
multi
-
family
home

Apartment
building or
condominium


A
m
obile
home


Don’t
know



Refused

South Carolina

75

6

7

12

--

--



45.

How long have you lived in your community?



Less
than 1
year


1
-
5
years


6
-
10
years


11
-
20
years

More
than 20
years

Your
whole
life


Don’t
know



Refuse
d

South Carolina

5

29

15

18

19

14

*

--



-
17
-



46.

Are you currently married, living with a partner, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you
never married?




Currently
married

Living
with a
partner



Widowed



Divorced



Separated

Have you
never
married


Don’t
know



Refused

South C
arolina

50

8

9

8

4

20

*

1



47.

Are you, yourself now covered by any form of health insurance or health plan, or do you not
have health insurance at this time?



Yes, covered

No, not covered

Don’t know

Refused

South Carolina

83

15

1

*



48.

Do you have

homeowner’s or renter’s insurance or don’t you have this insurance at this time?



Yes, have
homeowner’s or
renter’s insurance

No, don’t
have at this
time


Don’t
know



Refused

South Carolina

80

16

4

*


D01.

Including yourself, how many adults, 18 or o
lder, are there living in your household?



1

2

3

4

5

6+

Refused

South Carolina

27

48

16

4

1

1

2


D02.

Are there any children under the age of 18 living in your household?



Yes

No

Don’t know

Refused

South Carolina

38

60

*

1



DO3.

Besides the telephon
e number I reached you on, how many other telephone numbers, if any,
does your household have that I could have reached you on?



None

1

2

3

4+

Refused

South Carolina

45

28

16

5

4

2



D03a.

In total, how many cell phones do you and all the other members

of your household have?



None

1

2

3

4+

Don’t
know

Refused

South Carolina

12

25

34

18

9

*

2



-
18
-



D04.

What is the last grade or class that you completed in school?



South Carolina

HS or Less (net)

50


Less than HS (sub net)

13



None, or grade 1
-
8

4



High school incomplete

(grades 9
-
11)

9


HS Grad (sub net)

37



High school graduate (grade 12 or GED certificate)

34



Business, technical, or vocational school AFTER high school

3

Some college or more (net)

48


Some college

27


College graduate+

(sub net)

21



College graduate

13



Post
-
graduate training or professional schooling after college

8

Don’t Know



剥晵sed

2


a05K

that is you爠age?



18
-
29

30
-
49

50
-
64

65+

Refused

South Carolina

21

35

23

17

4



-
19
-



D06.

Are you, yourself, of Hispa
nic or Latino background, such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or
other Latin American background?



(Asked of total Hispanics)


D06a.

Are you White Hispanic or Black Hispanic
?



(Asked of total
non
-
Hispanics
)


D07.

Do you consider yourself to be white, b
lack or African
-
American, Asian
-
American, or some
other race?



Race Summary Table



South
Carolina

White non Hispanic

67

Black non
-
Hispanic

23

Asian

1

Some other race

2

Hispanic (net)

4


White

2


Black

1


Unspecified

1

Don’t Know

*

剥晵sed

3





-
20
-


D08.

IS YOUR TOTAL ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME FROM ALL SOURCES,
AND
BEFORE TAXES:



South
Carolina

Less than $40,000 NET

33


Less than $15K

5


$15K but less than 20K

6


$20K but less than $25K

5


$25K but less than $30K

5


$30K but less than $40
K

10


Less than $40K (unspecified
)

3

$40,000 or more NET

51


$40K but less than $50K

11


$50K but less than $75K

14


$75K but less than $100K

11


$100K +

12


$40K + (unspecified)

4

Don’t know

6

剥晵sed





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Male

Female

South Carolina

49

51