Language Arts Final Exam Study Guide 2-SIDED! - TeacherWeb

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Dec 14, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Language Arts Final Exam Study Guide


2
-
SIDED!

ANSWERS

Elements of Literature

The 4 parts of plot in order:

1.

exposition

2.

complication


3.
climax

4.

resolutio
n
theme:

lesson, moral, value of story


genre:

type of book

setting:
time
-
when, place
-
where,

duration
-
how long





mood:

feeling book gives



protagonist:

“good guy” main character

antagonist:

“bad guy” or supporting

character

Jane Shaffer

Thesis:

main point of the essay,
backbone, tells the reader what
essay is
about

CD:

concrete detail; facts; quotes

CM:

commentary; opinion; analysis

Ratio:

in JS CDs to CMs

Counterargument:

opposite of
position in persuasive essay or
speech


a rebuttal

Position:
the side or argument taken
in a persuasive essay or speech

1 Chunk
:

one ratio or set of CDs to
CMs
in a body paragraph

2 chunk
:

two ratios of CDs to CMs
in a body paragraph
G
rammar

Subject:

noun

Predicate:

verb

Noun:

person, place, thing; idea

Pronoun:

replaces proper noun

Verb:

action or state of
being

Adjective:








Conjunction:

connects words,
phrases, clauses (and, but, or)

Preposition:

placement of nouns

(in,
beside)

Semicolon:
;

connects two
complete, and related sentences

Dash:

a way to give an aside or
parenthetical information about

the
subject in a sentence (use two on
either side)

Adverb:

describes adjectives,
verbs, or other adverbs

Interjection:

an exclamation, such
as, Wow!


Literary Devices:

Metaphor

compares two unlike things


Simile
:
compares two unlike things
using the words like or as

Cliché

overused word or phrase




Onomatopoeia

sound word that sounds like the sound

Personification
giving human characteristics to inhuman things



Irony

when the opposite of what is expected happens

Pun

play on words



Idiom

c
ultural figure of speech w/ literal and figurative meaning

Alliteration

two or more words in a row

that sound the same at the beginning

Oxymoron

two opposite words together that actually exist

Hyperbole
extreme exaggeration


Euphemism

replacing the
impolite with polite