China A Visual Presentation - 21james21

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Dec 14, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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China

A Visual
Presentation





By James
and Aaron


Lasted from 220
-
589


Followed the collapse of the Han
Dynasty


Popularity of Buddhism and
Taoism grew


Period of Disunion


Only woman to rule China


Married to a sickly emperor


Deemed two sons unfit to rule


Killed her own son and blamed it
on Empress Wang in order to
become ruler


Brought stability and prosperity
although widely disliked

Empress Wu

Age of Buddhism


Many people donated
land/money to temples


Buddhism influenced art,
literature, and architecture


Lasted 400
-
845


Ended when Tang emperor
launched campaign against
religion



Chinese became expert farmers
(Grew rice, wheat, barley;
invented backbone pump)


Cities grew, giving a population
of over 1 million


Woodblock printing, Gunpowder,
Compass, etc. invented.


Tang and Song Achievements

Confucianism


Based on ideas of Confucius


Confucius argued that society would
function best if people concerned for
others and had appropriate behavior


As Buddhism gained popularity,
Confucianism lost influence


Neo
-
Confucianism emphasized spiritual
matters


Neo
-
Confucianism became official
government teachings during Song
Dynasty



Scholar
-
Officials



Scholar Officials
-

educated member of
the government


One would become one by taking a test


Only a small fraction of people taking the
test could reach a high level and be
given a position in the government


Were admired for knowledge and paid
for aid


Ghengis Khan


Born as Temüjin


Organized all the Mongol tribes together
to rule a large part of Asia


During death in 1227, all of Northern china
was in control


Kublai Khan


Son of Ghengis Khan


Became ruler of Mongols in 1260


Finished conquest of China in 1279


He and Mongols belonged to a different
ethnic group then the Chinese (Different
gods, language, clothing, etc.)


Started Yuan Dynasty

Yuan Dynasty


Mongols placed heavy taxes on Chinese


Mongol soldiers were sent throughout
China to guard and keep watch on the
Chinese


Much of the Yuan Dynasty is from an
Italian merchant named Marco Polo


Ended when Zhu Yuanzhang led a rebel
army to victory over the Mongols in 1368

Ming Dynasty


Led by Zhu Yuanzhang


Lasted 1368
-
1644


One of the most stable and prosperous
times in China’s history


Expanded China’s fame overseas


Sponsored incredible building projects
over China

Zheng He


Greatest sailor of the Ming period


Led seven grand voyages around Asia
between 1405 and 1433


Sailed fleet throughout Indian Ocean


Once returned to China with
representatives from over 20 nations

The End