WATER Our Planet's Most Precious Resource Georgia Department ...


Nov 8, 2013 (7 years and 11 months ago)


Water Conservation
Tools For

Local Governments And

Georgia Department of Community Affairs

Office of Environmental Management

We Depend on

Clean Water Daily!

372 billion gallons/day in the U.S.

5.8 billion gallons/day in Georgia

2.7 billion gallons for:

public supply and private wells (47%)

agriculture (28%)

industrial activities (25%)

3.1 billion gallons for:

electric power generation

How Much Water Does
One Person Need?

Every day, the average American uses about
150 gallons of water.

Residential Water Use
Georgia Water Sources

80% of our water comes from
surface water and 20% comes
from ground water withdrawals.

In the Atlanta region, 85% comes
from surface water withdrawals
with more than half originating
from the Chattahoochee River.

Continuing growth, development and
population increases in many areas are
straining existing water supplies

Local governments (and states) are
competing for available water sources

Indoor and outdoor water conservation is not
widely practiced in Georgia (declining rates)

The Water Crisis

Nature’s Boundaries

Georgia Department of Community Affairs

Watershed Protection

A comprehensive land use planning and
implementation process to protect rivers, streams,
lakes and other waters;

A process to address the disruption of the natural
drainage flows caused by development; and

A method to address wastewater discharges,
storm water runoff, and nonpoint sources of

Drought in Georgia

Georgia’s most recent drought lasted from

Equivalent loss of a year’s worth of rain in
first three years’ rainfall

Surface water flows were greatly reduced

Reservoir storage was depleted

Groundwater was lowered, wells dried up

Soil moisture was low, crops were affected

State must develop a comprehensive water
conservation plan”

Drought Report

Drought in Georgia Web Page


2000 Drought Report

Water Conservation


State must develop
comprehensive water conservation plan

Emergency Relief


State should provide
emergency grants and loans to assist local

Water Supply


State must fund the
implementation of the Water Supply Act of
1989 to build regional reservoirs

2000 Drought Report

Agricultural Water Use


State must
develop an effective method to evaluate
consumptive use of water for agricultural
irrigation and implement a plan to reduce
water use

State Water Plan


State must perform a
detailed review of existing water policy and
laws and develop a comprehensive state
water plan

All Is Not Lost!!!

Huge Gains Can Be Made
Through Conservation

Los Angeles, CA has maintained it’s
water use at a constant level despite
continued growth and development.

Georgia and the Atlanta Metro Area
can do the same!!!

Water Conservation

Why should We Do It?

(more reasons than a drought)

Reduce personal water costs

Minimize the need for local governments to
fund expensive reservoir, water treatment
plant and pipeline projects

Help maintain sufficient water in streams,
rivers and lakes for fishing, boating,
swimming, protection of aquatic life and
downstream users

Water Conservation

Where Do We Start?

Water has been cheap and plentiful.
We need to stop taking it for granted!

Adopt a watershed mentality
has a need for clean water.

In drought conditions, pay even more
attention to how you are using water!

Basic components of a water
conserving community

What you should be doing:

Economize (reduce and reuse)

Repair leaks

Install water saving devices

Reuse Water

Observing water restrictions

What your local government can/should be doing:


Promoting installation of water saving devices

Enforcing water restrictions

Implementing changes in System Management

Install Water Saving Devices

When buying new appliances, look for
water saving features such as load size
selectors for washing machines and
selectable wash cycles for dishwashers

Install low
flow toilets to save up to 5.5
gallons of water with each flush. Ultra low
flow (1.6 gpf) are required for new
construction or remodeling

Install Water Saving Devices

Install faucet aerators to significantly reduce
water use (.8 gpm savings~$2.00)

Install low
flow showerheads or flow
regulators in your existing shower (1.25 gpm

Install water displacement devices such as
milk jugs, bags or dams in toilet tanks (up to
2.5 gpf~$0.59 or $4.00)

Install fill cycle diverters to redirect refill
water into the tank. (.5
1.0 gpf~$0.50)

Reuse Water

Unused or slightly used water (gray water) is
often suitable for other uses, but local
restrictions may apply.

Make the most of any water before you let it
go down the drain

Air conditioner and dehumidifier condensate
water can be collected or redirected to water
outside plants

Other Ideas

Look for water conservation initiatives

in your area

Support teaching of the EPA Water
Sourcebook Series in schools, as promoted by
the Georgia Water Wise Council

Patronize businesses that practice and promote
water conservation

Getting The Word Out

Community and special websites

Public service announcements (PSAs) on
radio and television stations
(Ross King with the GA
Water Management Campaign (404) 522

Newpaper notices and articles

Public meetings and presentations

Brochures and other handouts

Mailouts in water bills

Door Hangers

Changes in System Management

based pricing (increase price with
demand, summer surcharges, etc.)

Universal Metering (a meter for each unit in an
apartment or housing complex)

Pressure Management

Water Accounting and Loss Control

Use Regulation, i.e. restrictions

The Pollution Prevention Assistance Division (P2AD) can lend
technical assistance in these areas: Judy Adler (404) 657

State Actions

Water Restrictions

When water restrictions are in effect:

EPD's intent is to curtail water use by residential
and business water users

Local water utilities may expand the ban

For the most current water restrictions:

check out

or call EPD at (404) 657
5947, (888) 373
(outside Atlanta)

State Actions

Water Conservation Plans are required from
water users that:

have groundwater withdrawal permits (or permit
modifications)in excess of 100,000 gallons per day
(except ag.)

have surface water withdrawal permits (or permit
modifications) in excess of 100,000 a day (except ag.).

Creation of a new water conservation position at
the DNR to coordinate efforts and expedite action
on a state drought management plan.

State Actions

(as recommended in Water Issues White Paper)

Amendment of the Water Supply Act to make
water conservation projects eligible for funding
through the State Revolving Fund

Provision of tax incentives for water

Prohibit use of water from a regional reservoir
until the local government has demonstrated an
effective water conservation program, including
water conservation pricing.

State Government Resources

Department of Community Affairs (DCA)

Provides resources and technical assistance to local governments and
Keep America Beautiful Affiliates that want to promote water
conservation among residents.
(404) 679
4940 www.dca.state.ga.us

Pollution Prevention Assistance Division (P2AD

Assist industrial, commercial and institutional water users with their
water efficiency efforts
(404) 651
5120, www.p2ad.org

Environmental Protection Division (EPD)

Regulate water use among the various water consumers in the state,
including discharge permits and withdrawal permits.

Plan water supply and drought management for the state. (Drought
Report, Water Issues White Paper)

(404) 657
5847, www.dnr.state.ga.us/environ

More Helpful Information

Water Conservation Devices

http://www.niagaraconservation.com/ (Niagara Conservation)

http://www.nrgsavers.com/products.htm (NRG Savers)

Water Conserving Communities in Georgia

Savannah Water Efficiency Program

Georgia Water Wise Council

info on xeriscaping, water efficiency,
water sourcebook, etc.

Cobb County
Marietta Water Authority http://www.watersmart.net/

Other States

California Urban Water Conservation Council

More Helpful Information

Other States, cont.

Crescenta Valley Water District toilet rebate program

City of Albequerque

Drought in Georgia



This presentation was prepared by the Georgia Department of
Community Affairs, using information available from the US
Environmental Protection Agency, Georgia DNR
Environmental Protection Division and Pollution Prevention
Assistance Division, Association County Commissioners of
Georgia, City of Griffin, UGA College of Agriculture and
Environmental Sciences, Georgia Water Wise Council,
Georgia Conservancy and Niagara Conservation Co.