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Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Detlef Schreiber, Head

Environment, Resource Efficiency, Waste Management


Workshop on Developing a Green Business Support Strategy for
Ukrainian Private Business Organizations

Donetsk, 7
-
8 October 2010



“Developing a Green Business Support Strategy for UBCCE“


A UBCCE/ GTZ project supported by the

German Government through the
International Climate Initiative

of the Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMU)


“Experiences from International Cooperation“



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Project “Developing a Green Business Support Strategy for UBCCE“


Objectives:

A Green Business Support Strategy for UBCCE is developed

-

Create awareness for the multiple challenges of climate change
for the business sector (and opportunities)

-

promote the application of climate
-
friendly technologies

-

explore market opportunities (“Green business”)

-

exchange of experiences, common learning


Pilot countries: Ukraine and Azerbaidjan


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Green

Economy & Green
Growth

Greening

the

Economy, Global
Green

New Deal,
Low
-
carbon
-
Economy,
Low
-
carbon

growth
,
Green

Business,
Green

Jobs,
Green

Recovery
,
Green

Techologies
,
Green

markets




What‘s

new
?
Why

is

Green Economy
important
?

Social & Economic

Development / GDP
-
Growth

Environmental Degradation,

Resource Consumption

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

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Global Trends

(Quelle: Meadows, Limits to Growth, 30 Year Update)

Population

Industrial Production

Metal consumption

CO2
-
Concentration

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Green

Economy &
Green

Growth
Discussion

UNEP 03/2009: Global Green New Deal / Green Economy Initiative

OECD
-
Declaration

06/2009 on Green Growth


Maximize

social

&
ecologic

benefits

of

recovery

packages

for

tackling

financial

crisis


G
-
20, 09/2010
-
>
Financing

the

shift

to

a Green Economy (WB etc.)

Kopenhagen
Accord

12/2009
-
>
climate

change


UN General
Assembly

-
>
Summit

Rio 2012 (Focus: Green Economy!)



= >



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What does “Green Busines” mean for

Enterprises and private sector organisations?

Green Markets:



General need for more efficient and
sustainable products and services



Increasing awareness of Consumers



Green public procurement



Regulations and standards

Green Enterprises:



Improve environmental performance



Reduce materials intensity, energy and material
costs (Germany:
>

40 % of production costs)



Improve energy and resource efficiency



Reduce

waste, emissions and
costs!

Business organisations = providers of
information and services!


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Turnover


>


1.500 Million/year

Ongoing projects

approx 2.700 in developing and



transform countries, emerging




economies

Partner countries

about 130

Employees


~ 15.000 world
-
wide

Clients:


German Government / Federal Ministry for Economic
Cooperation & Development (BMZ)


Other Federal Ministries (BMU


Environment)


Commission of the European Union


Governments of other countries


International finance institutions, private companies

GTZ
-

Government
-
owned Company for International
Cooperation for Sustainable Development

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GTZ


Activities in the Framework of Bilateral
Cooperation with the Ukraine

Since

2002
the

Federal
Ministry

for

Eonomic

Cooperation

and

Development (BMZ)
provides

Funds
for

bilateal

Technical
and

Financial
Cooperation

(439 Mio. EUR in total, 33 Mio. EUR TC)

Focus Areas:



Sustainable

Economic

Development
and

Promotion
of

Small
and

Medium
-
Sized

Enterprises



Energy

and

Energy

Efficiency



Combat

against

HIV / AIDS

Other German
Ministries

involved

in bilateral
Cooperation
:

Interior
,
Health
, Environment (BMU


Climate

Change / ICI)



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Green Economy & Environmental Management Projects

Number of projects: about 20

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Environmental policy

and legal framework
conditions & economic incentives


Creation of framework conditions and incentives for a
Green Economy and resource efficiency



Legal instruments and standards


Economic incentives for efficient resource use and
environmental protection / Environmental Fiscal Reform


Mainstreaming / strategic environmental and climate
assessment


Negotiated solutions, voluntary agreements


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Example
: CHINA


Ecological

Fiscal

Reform (EFR)


GTZ support to the „Task Force on Economic Instruments for Energy
Efficiency and the Environment“ in China Council for International
Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED)


Recommendations to
Wen

Jiabao
, Prime Minister of China (2009):




Introduction of „Eco
-
Tax“ as part of the Tax Reform



Focus on such priorities as water, air and waste



Development of appropriate CO
2

taxation



Increase of energy prices
(abolish harmful subsidies)



Development of green


low carbon Economy

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©
GTZ
-
PREMAnet, 2008


HO
-
111
-
NPO Arrow
-
e
-
0708

generation

of NPO

Raw

material

Energy

Water

Input

desired

final

product

Non

-

product

output

(NPO)

Total

NPO

-

costs

Input

-

costs

of NPO

+

Input

-

costs

of NPO

+

Processing

-

Costs

of NPO

+

Processing

-

Costs

of NPO

+

Disposal

-

Costs

of NPO

=

Disposal

-

Costs

of NPO

=

10

-

30% of

total

cost

of

production

Process

Output

.

+


Profitable Environmental Management (PREMA)

Non
-
Product Output Concept
: NPO = All material, energy and water which
is used in the production process but does not end up in the final product


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Example
: CHINA


application

of

mjethodology

„Profitable Environmental Management“ (PREMA)

Approach


PREMA Training of 3 Trainers, 42 Consultants, 128 representatives of
companies


Implementation of 11 training programs in 5 cities


Implementation of 840 PREMA measures in more than 60 companies


Results


64 companies, implementation of more than 800 individual measures


Investment of approx. 6,5 million


in plants that led to annual net
saving of approx. 13,5 million


(average payback period
: 5,2
months)


Altogether, up to 30% of energy, 20% of water and 10% of materials
have been saved

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PREMA Saving Potentials



Saving potentials in Chinese Enterprises with PREMA
®

Energy

Water

Steel

* billion

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Sustainable Energy


Renewable Energies (RE)



Wind energy



Bio energy



Hydropower



Solar energy



other sources (geothermal …)


Energy Efficiency (EE)



EE in Buildings



EE
-

electric devices, products



EE in the Industry



EE in thermal Power Plants


Strategies for Energy and Climate




International Networking



Energy planning



Carbon markets



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No use of existing
synergy potential
s

between the
companies


No integration into

regional structures


Insufficient laws
& regulations


Rare


cooperation with


SMEs


Polluting production
processes

Green(
ing
) Industrial Parks

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Benefits

of

Integrated
Eco
-
Industrial Parks

National/
International
Competitiveness

Marketability
of the
site

Efficient

estate
management

High
investments per
unit area

Investment
safety

Clean and effective
production
processes

Compliance with national
and international
standards

Good relations
with
communities

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GTZ Services for EIP

-
Capacity development for
public and private decision
makers

-
Business models for the park
management

-
Dialogue forums, community
advisory panels, etc.

-
Improved policies and
governance

-
International networks

-
Technology transfer

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August
27
th

2007

Competence and Technology Centres



Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of
Technology (APCTT), India

Cooperation with UN

ESCAP,

regional network


International Centre for Environmental
Technologies (CITET), Tunisia

PREMA, ISO 14001;

EU
-
Project on Eco
-
Labelling;


Centre for Environmental Technologies,
Morocco

Local cooperation with partners from


private sector and local administration


And other examples (Chile, Turkey etc.)

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Resource

Efficiency
and

Greenhouse

Gas
Mitigation

in Cities

Concepts for cities and municipalities on climate change,
environmental management and resource efficiency



Urban climate strategies (GHG inventory for cities, climate
action plans, etc.)


Resource efficient municipal economy


brown field development (management of contaminated sites)


Urban environmental management


“Green Cooling for a Warming World”



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PROKLIMA

PROKLIMA

PROKLIMA

PROKLIMA

“Green Cooling in a Warming World”

Project Example: PROKLIMA

Funds of the Montreal Protocol used for projects for the
substitution of ODP by ozone
-

and climate
-
friendly
substances in cooling and foaming: US$ 43,5 Mio.

Capacity building, technology transfer & demonstration



Phase
-
out of ozone
-
depleting substances: 8,000 t ODP t



Mitigation of Greenhouse gases: ca. 46,3 Mio t. CO2eq.



Costs per ton of CO2eq:
<

1 US$


On
-
going projects (BMU
-
ICI):



Reduction of direct GHG
-
Emissions: 36 Mio. t CO2eq



indirect mitigation / increased energy efficiency: 7 Mio. t





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Integrated waste management

Towards climate
-
friendly, resource efficient integrated solid
waste management


Waste policy (e.g. Product stewardship, extended producer
responsibility, economic instruments)


3R: reduce, re
-
use, recycle


Use of recycling material in production process


Municipal waste management and information systems


GHG mitigation / Waste climate calculator


Waste to Energy


Co
-
Processing of waste in cement kilns


Integration of informal sector into recycling


Public Private Partnership (PPP
)

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Example
: MEXICO

Waste

Management
and

Sustainable

Resource

Use

Approach:


Development and implementation of
integrated

solid waste management
(ISWM)

and procedures the management of contaminated sites


Advise to competent ministries on formulation of sector policies, laws,
norms and technical guidelines and creation of framework conditions


Outcome


National Waste Strategy with an integrated approach, developed with GTZ
support


The share of recyclable waste increased in the period from 2002 till 2007
from 48 to 78 percent of the total volume of waste


Funding provided by Mexico for remediation of heavily contaminated sites
increased from 280.000


in 2006 to 4,7 Millions


in 2008

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Recycling and waste management








Sustainable tourism







Ozon layer and climate protection

Public Private Partnership

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Tackling global
challenges

like

climate

change
,
growing

populations

and

increasing

resource

consumption

require

enormous

efforts

and

changes

towards

a Green Economy.

Markets

are

started

becoming

increasingly

green
;
change

can

already

be

noticed

in
many

segments
.

Enterprises
are

facing

huge

challenges

and

opportunities
.
They

should

prepare

as

early

as

possible

in order
to

improve

resource

efficiency

and

identify

green

market

chances
.

Private
sector

=
part

of

the

solution
!

Business
organisations

should

support

enterprises

by

providing

information

and

facilitating

training

and

other

services
.

C O N C L U S I O N S

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Thank

you

very

much

for

your

attention
!


Detlef.Schreiber@gtz.de