Overview Of The Global Land Cover Network Initiative (GLCN)

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Nov 8, 2013 (4 years and 2 days ago)

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.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

Overview Of The

Global Land Cover Network
Initiative

(GLCN)


Strategies for Land Cover
Mapping

and Monitoring


John S. Latham

GLCN Co
-
ordinator

SDRN, FAO

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

Country Core Requirements Rely Heavily on Land

Cover Data


For: Environmental, Food Security, and
Humanitarian Programmes.


In support of :Sustainable Development
and stewardship of natural resources,
environmental protection, disaster
mitigation.

The underlying principles are: Affirmed by
UNCED Agenda 21, reconfirmed at
WSSD and the General Assembly’s
Millennium

Declaration, activate through
many initiatives including MA.

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP








UN Core Requirements also Rely Heavily on Land

Cover Data
-

common driving forces for harmonised
information

1 NATIONAL AND INT. RESPONSIBILITIES UNDER AGENDA 21
-
FAO/UNEP ESP. CHAPTER 10 & 40(

INTEGRATED PLANNING AND
MANAGEMENT OF LAND RESOURCES & INFO FOR DECSIONS
MAKERS)

2 STANDARDISTION FOR INPUT TO UNCED CONVENTIONS
-

CBD,
CCC, CCD.

3 GLOBAL TOTAL CARBON INITIATIVE
-

TCI/KYOTO PROTOCOL


4 TO MEET THE GROWING DEMANDS OF INTERNATIONAL

PROGRAMMES FOR HARMONISATION OF TRANSBOUNDARY
ISSUES
-

FOOD SECURITY, DESERTIFICATION,
DEFORESTATION, WATERSHED MANAGEMENT ETC
.

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP


Poverty


Education


Gender Equality


Child Morality


Maternal Health


HIV/AIDS Malaria


Environment


Global Partnerships


Achieving

the MDGs

Earth Data

GIS Systems

Professionals

Standards

SDI

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

OVERVIEW GLCN



The

Global

Land

Cover

Network

(
GLCN
)

initiative

is

the

result

of

a

common

effort

of

FAO

and

UNEP

to

answer

the

need

expressed

by

the

international

community

for

a

global

land

cover

standardized

data

base
.



The

GLCN

initiative

is

based

on

the

recommendations

of

the

Agenda

21

for

coordinated,

systematic

and

harmonized

collection

and

assessment

of

data

on

land

cover

and

environmental

conditions,

especially

for

monitoring

degradation
:

remote

sensing

and

G
geographical

I
information

S
ystems

(GIS)

technologies

are

used
.



Presently
,

the

GLCN

is

the

first

example

o
f

an

operational

global

initiative

in

the

domain

of

geographical

information
.


As

a

result

of

this

effort

and

as

another

step

towards

development

of

a

global,

harmonized

land

cover

classification

and

mapping

strategy,

with

the

objective

to

provide

direction,

focus

and

guidance

for

harmonization

of

land

cover

mapping

and

monitoring

at

national,

regional

and

global

levels
.


This

initiative

has

been

launched

at

the

conference

“Strategies

for

Global

Land

Cover

Mapping

and

Monitoring”

held

in

Florence

6
-
8

May

2002

during

which

a

common

final

declaration

(the

Artimino

declaration)

was

issued
.


.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

Management

Framework

NSDI

Components


Supportive

Information Policy /

Data Standards

Computing and

Network

Technology

Custom Applications

for Data Access / Use

Capacity

Building &

Communications

Structured
Framework Layers

Spatial,

Tabular Data

Integrated, efficient,

cost
-
effective infrastructure


Enables national

priorities and

economic renewal
.


Land
administration;


Natural resource
management;


Environmental
management;


Land use
planning

and development


Information Management

Supports

Empowering NSDI’s

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

A New Programme to Improve Global Land
Cover Information Access

A joint FAO/UNEP initiative, known as the Global Land Cover Network or
GLCN

Objectives:



-

Methods and standards to harmonize regional and local land cover
information.


-

Develop Networks and Linkages among co
-
operating organizations.


-

Development of a high resolution global land cover data set based on a
common standard.


-

Implementation of a distributed service to provide


comparable products at global, regional, and national and lower levels.


-

Training, and institution
-
building to maximize benefits for developing
countries.


-
Operational development and use by national stakeholders

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

Biophysical/biogeochemical
consequences of land use
change

Human drivers of
land use change

Impacts on
sustainability

Land cover
observations

UNDERSTANING OF CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF
LAND COVER/USE CHANGE

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

Environmental

suitability

Infrastructure

Socio
-
economics

Land cover

Multiple data sources

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

Areas for

sustainable development

Integration for sustainable development

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP



Real World

Object

User(s)

Spatial Information Chain

Data Collection

Information

Extraction

Information

Integration

DATA

Observations &

Measurements

INFORMATION

Data organized

& placed in context

KNOWLEDGE

Ability to understand

& explain

Information

Understanding

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

Three Domains of Reality

The Need is to Organize and Turn Data into
Actionable Knowledge


Cognitive

Domain

(Actionable

Knowledge)



Symbolic

Domain

(Information)




Physical

Domain

(Data)

Sense

Measure

Count


Understanding

and

Explaining

Information



Data

Placed in

Context




Measurements

and

Observations

IT ROLE



Decide

Perceive






Compute

Transfer

Symbolize






Sense

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

How is FAO Supporting Geo
-

Information

VALUE ADDED

BY IT

Data

Information

Knowledge

Decisions

Actions

Meaning

Integration

Relevance

Collaboration

Reference: The Gartner Group

PHYSICAL

SYMBOLIC

COGNITIVE

SENSORS & FIELD DATA

MEASURING& MONITORING


AGRICULTURE ( PREDICIT/FORECAST)


ENHANCED FARM MANAGEMENT

INFORMATION AGRICULTURE

ENTERPRISE

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

Global Land Cover 2000
-

JRC
at
Scale
1:1,000,000
-

raster based

Georeferenced Land Cover Initiatives
-
Africover/Asiacove/ S.AMERICA

National Scale :
1:250,000
-
1:100,000
-

vector based

Global
Land Cover

Scale
1:5
-
2,000,000
-

raster based

Local Soil
Information System
at Scale
1:20,000
-

vector based

C
atchment
I
nformation
S
ystem at
Scale
1:50,000
-

vector based

IGBP

1991

GLC 2000

Global Map

Member
States

Regions

Local

Global assessments

Spatial planning

Local Planning

LCCS

harmonisation/

translation

A Nested Land Cover System

.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK/ASIACOVER WORKSHOP

Building a Global Coalition
---
Partnership


A number of initiatives are already in existence




No single entity at national, regional or international
level can do it alone



Added
-
value for synergization and harmonization




Key partners: governments, industry, academic
institutions, in addition to operational programmes and
organizations
-

we invite the African community here to
become an active participant in this process and to
become engaged as incubators for ASIAN
implementation



AFRICOVER
-
E.A.

GLOBAL LAND COVER NETWORK WORKSHOP




THANK YOU