Marine Reserves

diligentdeputyManagement

Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

109 views

1


Sarita Williams
-
Peter

Saint Lucia

2

Marine Protected Areas in Saint Lucia

Bois D'Orange Mangroves

Marine Reserve

Caesar Point to Mathurin Point reefs

Marine Reserve

Canaries/Anse la Raye Marine Management Area

Local Fisheries Management Area


-

Marigot Bay Mangrove Forest

Marine Reserve


-

Artifical Reef at Anse Cochon (Lesleen M)

Marine Reserve


-

Reefs extending from Rocky Shore south of Anse
Galet

Marine Reserve


-

Artifical Reef at Anse la Verdure (Daini
-
Koyomaru
Dredger)

Marine Reserve

Cas
-
en
-
Bas Mangroves

Marine Reserve

Choc Bay Artificial Reef

Marine Reserve

Choc Bay Mangroves

Marine Reserve

Fond D'Or Beach

Marine Reserve

Grand Anse Beach and Mangrove

Marine Reserve

Louvet Mangroves

Marine Reserve

3

Marine Protected Areas in Saint Lucia

Vigie Beach Artificial Reef

Marine Reserve

Point Sable Management Area

Environmental Protection Area


-

Maria Islet Reef

Marine Reserve


-

Maria Islets

Wildlife Reserve


-

Anse Pointe Sable
-
Man Kote Mangroves

Marine Reserve/ Ramsar sites


-

Esperance Harbour Mangroves

Marine Reserve / Ramsar site

4

Marine Protected Areas in Saint Lucia

Marquis Mangroves

Marine Reserve

Moule
-
a
-
Chique artificial reef

Marine Reserve

Bois D'Orange Mangroves

Marine Reserve

Rodney Bay Artificial Reefs

Marine Reserve

Savannes Bay Mangrove Area

Marine Reserve

Soufriere Marine Management Area

Local Fisheries Management Area


-

Reefs from Anse Chastnet to the western most
point of Trou au Diable Beach (includes Grande
Caille Reef)

Marine Reserve


-

Reefs from just west of Rachette Point to and
including Bat Cave

Marine Reserve


-

Reefs from the southern end of Malgretoute
Beach to northern end of Jalousie Beach (i.e.
Reefs around Petit Piton)

Marine Reserve


-

Reefs from northern extent of Gros Piton to the
western most point of Gros Piton

Marine Reserve


-

Pitons Management Area (terrestrial and marine
components)

Environmental Protection Area/
World Heritage Site

5

Soufriere Marine
Management Area:

A Marine Protected Area
on the West

Coast of Saint Lucia

6

Background


Increase in water
-
based tourism activity in
Soufriere vs. traditional users



Conflict and competition for limited space and
resources among various users and uses



Degradation of resources; loss of economic
opportunity; threat of violence!



Initial unsuccessful effort by Department of
Fisheries


7

Unique Consultative and
Participatory Process




Clean slate



Multiple stakeholder meetings:governmental, non
-
governmental, community
-
based persons



Representation/mobilisation of groups



Various site visits



Scientific studies and popular knowledge



No time line

8

Zoning Arrangements


Marine Reserves



Fishing Priority
Areas



Yacht Mooring
Areas



Recreational Areas



Multiple Use Areas


9

Marine Reserves

10

Fishing Priority Areas


11

Yacht Mooring Areas


12

Recreational Areas

13

Multiple Use Areas

14

Mission Statement


To contribute to national and local
development, particularly in the fisheries and
tourism sectors, through the management of
the Soufriere coastal zone, based on the
principles of sustainable use, co
-
operation
among resource users, institutional
collaboration, active and enlightened local
participation, and equitable sharing of benefits
and responsibilities among stakeholders.


15

Institutional Structure (I)


Board of Directors (BODs) (meets at least once per
quarter; also annual general meeting)



Stakeholder Committee (meets at least once per
quarter)



Staff (manager, rangers, public relations officer,
accountant, administrative assistant, auxiliary
staff)



Local Fisheries Management Authority under the
Fisheries Act (Area is Local Fisheries Management
Area)



Not
-
for
-
profit Company under the Company’s Act



Agencies on BODs retain individual management
authority for areas and sectors under jurisdiction

16

Institutional Structure (II)

SMMA Board of Directors


President
(person with proven knowledge and
experience in the field of development and
management, appointed for a renewable period of two
years by Cabinet of Ministers, upon recommendation
of the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)



Ministry

with

responsibility

for

Fisheries



Ministry

with

responsibility

for

Planning




Ministry

with

responsibility

for

Tourism



St

Lucia

Air

and

Sea

Ports

Authority



National

Conservation

Authority


17

Institutional Structure (III)

SMMA Board of Directors (Cont’d)



St Lucia Dive Association



St Lucia Hotel and Tourism Association



Soufriere Fishermen’s Cooperative



Soufriere Regional Development Foundation



Soufriere Water Taxi Association



Parliamentary Representative for Soufriere
Constituency


18

Institutional Structure (IV)

SMMA Stakeholder Committee (SC)




Includes a broad membership to ensure
representation of all stakeholders



All major proposals for management and
development produced or being considered by
the management agencies of the Association,
and related to the SMMA, must be presented to
the SC for advice



Issues raised by the SC are to be considered by
the Board of Directors of the SMMA

19

Financial Arrangements


User fees (dive, snorkel and coral
conservation (mooring) fees




Installation of moorings




Sale of souvenirs




Internet café




Donations




Grants

20

What Does the SMMA Do? (I)


Scientific research on the natural
resources of the area



Regular monitoring of coral reefs, water
quality and other environmental factors
and resources



Public information and sensitisation



Provision of facilities for users of the
SMMA, e.g. moorings



Coordination of economic activities
related to the SMMA and its resources


21

What Does the SMMA Do (II)


Promotion of technologies that are
appropriate and linked with local
environmental, social and cultural
aspects of the SMMA



Surveillance and enforcement of rules
and regulations



Conflict resolution among the various
user groups whenever necessary



Maintenance of the principles of ongoing
participation and public consultation


22

A Few Highlighted
Achievements


Co
-
existence of users with minimal conflict



Increases in fish stocks in marine reserves and
fishing areas and reflection of these increases in
fishermen’s catches



Self
-
sustainability with regards to operating
costs



International recognition



Community support



Enhanced awareness and sensitisation



23

But All is Not Well...


Sedimentation and Sewage



Overuse of certain dive sites (localised
congestion)



Non
-
compliance with rules and regulations by
fishers from communities adjacent to Soufriere


Theft on yachts/inadequate involvement of
district police/lenient penalties


Inadequate consultation regarding
development activity or inadequate and/or
untimely action when reports are made


Late payment of user fees








24

New Developments/Challenges


Management of
Canaries/Anse la Marine
Management Area
(CAMMA)


Proposed new hotel
development in the
SMMA, including marina


World Heritage Site issues


Sedimentation &
wastewater, coupled with
the compounding effects
of storm events and global
warming