Management of the Baltic Sea as a common resource


Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)


financed by the
European Union


of the Baltic Sea

as a common resource

Bo Löwendal, Sweden

Member of the BSR INTERREG IIIB Steering

Baltic Sea Region Programme 2007

13 Conference


11 May 2007

Presentation Outline:

The background of Priority

Priority objective

Areas of support with examples

Financing: available funds and co
financing rates

The system of indicators

Common and priority specific results

The background of Priority (1)


Well developed monitoring system on the
environmental quality of the Baltic Sea

Good scientific knowledge base for management
of the marine environment

Established integrated coastal zone management
and river basin practices at the local and
regional level as a good potential for
transnational co

Great nature values of European interest,
relatively high quality of environment (incl. vast
forest areas) and important cultural heritage

Lack of joint actions and action plans to prevent
and to combat land
based marine pollution
(nutrification of arable land and ground waters,
leaky wastes disposal areas, insufficient waste
water treatment) resulting, among others, in
eutrophication of sea waters, oxygen depletion
at the Baltic Sea bottom and high level of
dioxins in fish

Lack of well coordinated joint plans to prevent
and to respond to maritime accidents, incl. oil
spills and contamination by hazardous

Lack of transnational co
operation and joint
planning in usage of Baltic Sea space and in
minimalisation of risks caused by natural

The background of Priority (2)


Growing awareness of the poor status
of the Baltic Sea environment

Good natural and cultural heritage

incentives to develop pan
tourism products as a measure for the
BSR branding

Good quality of the marine
environment as an asset to fish stocks

EU Marine Strategy Directive giving a
higher status to protection of the
marine environment and regional co

EU Maritime Policy, EU Green Paper on
a future EU policy

Uncontrolled exploration of marine resources leading
to environmental hazards and/or use conflicts

Lack of political commitment and low harmonisation
of national management plans and legislation related
to the marine environment

Insufficiently prepared administrative personnel at
regional and national level to adapt and implement
UE regulations on ICZM and marine environment

Economic development needs overriding other
interests and weakening efforts to safeguard
sustainable development of the Baltic Sea and its
catchment area

Natural disasters such as rising sea level, flooding,
forest fires etc.

The objective

is to improve the management of
the Baltic Sea resources in order to achieve its
better environmental state

The goal is to learn more and to practice jointly a knew knowledge

How to ensure
effective and efficient water management

How to

utilise resources

for the economic development of the
without harming
the marine

(gathering the
knowledge, integration)

How to

mitigate the impacts of the regions economic
(preparedness and response, as well as capacity

How to

the regions

the avoidable consequences of

the global climate change
(awareness raising, preparedness)

Areas of support:


Water management with special attention to challenges caused

by increasing economic activities and climate changes


Economic management of open sea areas and sustainable use

of marine resources


Enhanced maritime safety


Integrated development of off
shore and coastal areas

Area 1. Water management with special attention
to challenges caused by increasing economic
activities and climate changes (1)

Actions and strategies to improve water management in the Baltic Sea
and its catchment area

New technologies and solutions for water treatment based on the pooling
of existing experience in the BSR

Identification of weak links/bottlenecks in the water treatment systems
currently in use in order to increase their efficiency followed by concrete

Area 1. Water management with special attention

to challenges caused by increasing economic

activities and climate changes (2)

Actions to prevent transboundary pollution, including nuclear radiation,

and to promote environmental management and standards

Actions, action plans, strategies and legislative frameworks for improved

water management in order to minimise impacts of climate change

Actions and solutions for improved protection of valuable marine


Area 2. Economic management of open sea
areas and sustainable use of marine

Preparation of strategies, actions and pilot investments for using
marine resources, e.g. in the field of advanced technologies in
marine culture (aquaculture), exploitation of gas hydrates,
offshore wind energy, fish breeding, use of biomass, exploration
of underwater tourism potentials etc.

Actions oriented towards sensitivity mapping of the Baltic Sea
space resulting in visualisation of investigated potential of marine
resources as well as in detection of possible conflict areas

Area 3. Enhanced maritime safety

Application of strategies, tools and methods to minimise
environmental risks resulting from both natural hazards and
human activities

Actions and investments to enhance preparedness and response
on the sea in case of accidents or spills

Joint strategies and actions to increase reliability of maritime
transport in the Baltic Sea

Area 4. Integrated development of off

and coastal areas

Harmonisation of national management plans on marine

environment and joint transnational implementation of their

relevant parts

Streamlining of national efforts towards development of the

shore planning standards

Development and implementation of integrated coastal zone

management aiming at competence building at regional and

national level

Preparation of scenarios, adaptation strategies and

intervention plans towards mitigation of impacts of climate

change on coastal areas

Available funds:

financing rates:

Up to 50 % for Norwegian partners

Up to 75 % for partners from: Denmark, Finland, Germany and

Up to 85 % for partners from: Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia and Poland

Up to 90 % for RU/BY partners

Up to 50 % for partners located outside programme eligible area
except from 75% co
financing rate for the whole Land Lower Saxony

ERDF + Norwegian = 30 % of 208 MEUR

ca 62.4 MEUR


4.0 MEUR

The system of indicators:

To measure achievements of the programme the
system of indicators

has been established and defined in the Operational Programme

The system

is based on a set of expected results accompanied by
respective outputs. There are two types of expected results for each

and priority s


Each project

address at least one

and one

result, and


for the addressed results’ achievement

quantify outputs

Common results in the priority 3

Increased political recognition for transnational solutions
improving the management of Baltic Sea resources

Increased sustainability of co
operative networks aiming at
improved management of the Baltic Sea

Unlocking public /private investments aimed at the improvement
of Baltic Sea management

Specific results of the priority 3:

Improved institutional capacity and effectiveness in water
management in the Baltic Sea

Improved institutional capacity in dealing with hazards and risks,
including climate change

Increased sustainable economic potential of marine resources

Influenced policies, strategies, action plans and/or regulations in
the field of management of Baltic Sea as a common resource