Management of the Baltic Sea as a common resource

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Nov 8, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Part
-
financed by the
European Union

Management

of the Baltic Sea

as a common resource


Bo Löwendal, Sweden

Member of the BSR INTERREG IIIB Steering
Committee




Baltic Sea Region Programme 2007


20
13 Conference

Hamburg

10
-
11 May 2007



Presentation Outline:




The background of Priority



Priority objective



Areas of support with examples



Financing: available funds and co
-
financing rates



The system of indicators



Common and priority specific results


The background of Priority (1)


STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES


Well developed monitoring system on the
environmental quality of the Baltic Sea



Good scientific knowledge base for management
of the marine environment



Established integrated coastal zone management
and river basin practices at the local and
regional level as a good potential for
transnational co
-
operation



Great nature values of European interest,
relatively high quality of environment (incl. vast
forest areas) and important cultural heritage



Lack of joint actions and action plans to prevent
and to combat land
-
based marine pollution
(nutrification of arable land and ground waters,
leaky wastes disposal areas, insufficient waste
water treatment) resulting, among others, in
eutrophication of sea waters, oxygen depletion
at the Baltic Sea bottom and high level of
dioxins in fish


Lack of well coordinated joint plans to prevent
and to respond to maritime accidents, incl. oil
spills and contamination by hazardous
substances


Lack of transnational co
-
operation and joint
planning in usage of Baltic Sea space and in
minimalisation of risks caused by natural
disasters


The background of Priority (2)




OPPORTUNITIES THREATS


Growing awareness of the poor status
of the Baltic Sea environment



Good natural and cultural heritage


incentives to develop pan
-
Baltic
tourism products as a measure for the
BSR branding



Good quality of the marine
environment as an asset to fish stocks



EU Marine Strategy Directive giving a
higher status to protection of the
marine environment and regional co
-
operation



EU Maritime Policy, EU Green Paper on
a future EU policy


Uncontrolled exploration of marine resources leading
to environmental hazards and/or use conflicts



Lack of political commitment and low harmonisation
of national management plans and legislation related
to the marine environment



Insufficiently prepared administrative personnel at
regional and national level to adapt and implement
UE regulations on ICZM and marine environment



Economic development needs overriding other
interests and weakening efforts to safeguard
sustainable development of the Baltic Sea and its
catchment area



Natural disasters such as rising sea level, flooding,
forest fires etc.


The objective


is to improve the management of
the Baltic Sea resources in order to achieve its
better environmental state




The goal is to learn more and to practice jointly a knew knowledge
on:


How to ensure
effective and efficient water management


How to

utilise resources

for the economic development of the
regions
without harming
the marine
ecosystems

(gathering the
knowledge, integration)


How to

mitigate the impacts of the regions economic
development
(preparedness and response, as well as capacity
building)


How to

prepare
the regions

for
the avoidable consequences of

the global climate change
(awareness raising, preparedness)


Areas of support:



1.

Water management with special attention to challenges caused


by increasing economic activities and climate changes


2.

Economic management of open sea areas and sustainable use


of marine resources


3.

Enhanced maritime safety


4.

Integrated development of off
-
shore and coastal areas

Area 1. Water management with special attention
to challenges caused by increasing economic
activities and climate changes (1)





Actions and strategies to improve water management in the Baltic Sea
and its catchment area



New technologies and solutions for water treatment based on the pooling
of existing experience in the BSR



Identification of weak links/bottlenecks in the water treatment systems
currently in use in order to increase their efficiency followed by concrete
investments


Area 1. Water management with special attention


to challenges caused by increasing economic


activities and climate changes (2)






Actions to prevent transboundary pollution, including nuclear radiation,


and to promote environmental management and standards




Actions, action plans, strategies and legislative frameworks for improved


water management in order to minimise impacts of climate change




Actions and solutions for improved protection of valuable marine


resources

Area 2. Economic management of open sea
areas and sustainable use of marine
resources




Preparation of strategies, actions and pilot investments for using
marine resources, e.g. in the field of advanced technologies in
marine culture (aquaculture), exploitation of gas hydrates,
offshore wind energy, fish breeding, use of biomass, exploration
of underwater tourism potentials etc.




Actions oriented towards sensitivity mapping of the Baltic Sea
space resulting in visualisation of investigated potential of marine
resources as well as in detection of possible conflict areas

Area 3. Enhanced maritime safety




Application of strategies, tools and methods to minimise
environmental risks resulting from both natural hazards and
human activities




Actions and investments to enhance preparedness and response
on the sea in case of accidents or spills




Joint strategies and actions to increase reliability of maritime
transport in the Baltic Sea

Area 4. Integrated development of off
-
shore


and coastal areas






Harmonisation of national management plans on marine


environment and joint transnational implementation of their


relevant parts




Streamlining of national efforts towards development of the


off
-
shore planning standards




Development and implementation of integrated coastal zone


management aiming at competence building at regional and


national level




Preparation of scenarios, adaptation strategies and


intervention plans towards mitigation of impacts of climate


change on coastal areas

Available funds:








Co
-
financing rates:



Up to 50 % for Norwegian partners


Up to 75 % for partners from: Denmark, Finland, Germany and
Sweden


Up to 85 % for partners from: Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia and Poland


Up to 90 % for RU/BY partners


Up to 50 % for partners located outside programme eligible area
except from 75% co
-
financing rate for the whole Land Lower Saxony


ERDF + Norwegian = 30 % of 208 MEUR

ca 62.4 MEUR

ENPI


4.0 MEUR

The system of indicators:


To measure achievements of the programme the
system of indicators

has been established and defined in the Operational Programme



The system

is based on a set of expected results accompanied by
respective outputs. There are two types of expected results for each
priority:
common

and priority s
pecific

ones



Each project
must
:



address at least one
common

and one
specific

result, and



define
indicator

for the addressed results’ achievement



quantify outputs

Common results in the priority 3




Increased political recognition for transnational solutions
improving the management of Baltic Sea resources



Increased sustainability of co
-
operative networks aiming at
improved management of the Baltic Sea



Unlocking public /private investments aimed at the improvement
of Baltic Sea management



Specific results of the priority 3:




Improved institutional capacity and effectiveness in water
management in the Baltic Sea



Improved institutional capacity in dealing with hazards and risks,
including climate change



Increased sustainable economic potential of marine resources



Influenced policies, strategies, action plans and/or regulations in
the field of management of Baltic Sea as a common resource