Leveraging Public-Private-Partnerships [PPP] for ... - Gauteng Online

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Nov 12, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Leveraging Public
-
Private
-
Partnerships
(PPP) for Increased Investment in ICT
R&D


the DST Experience


GPG ICT 2012 Summit


14 June 2012

Gallagher Estate,
Midrand

South African R&D Investment

Indicator

2007/08

2008/09

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
(GERD)


R’ Millions

18 624

21 041

GERD as a percentage of GDP

0.93

0.92

ICT expenditure on R&D as a percentage
of GERD

14.0

13.1

ICT GERD as percentage of GDP

0.12

0.13

Source: DST/HSRC


National Survey of Research and Experimental Development (2008/2009 Fiscal Year


ICT R&D Investment: 2001
-

2009

Information, computer and communication
904
1,061
1,534
1,866
2,314
2,598
2,763
0
500
1,000
1,500
2,000
2,500
3,000
2001/02
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
2007/08
2008/09
Year
R' million
Transition to
knowledge
-

based
Economy

RESOURCE
-
BASED ECONOMY

KNOWLEDGE
-
BASED ECONOMY



4

Global Knowledge Economy Indices (KEI)

Source: World Bank Institute (2004)



5



Innovation

Information Infrastructure

Education

Economic and
Institutional Regime

Interconnected

Interdependent

The Four Pillars of the
Knowledge
-

Based Economy



6

DST Programme in ICT R&D and Innovation


Advanced Human Resource Capacity
Development


Develop Focused World
-
Class Research at
HEIs

and R&D institutions


Stimulate and Build Strong and Robust
Innovation Chain

Strategic
Objectives


Increased ICT Access


Modernised Government


Modernised Economy


Developed Local ICT Industry


Enhanced e
-
Science


Enhanced Green Economy

ICT R&D and
Innovation
Outcomes

Key RDI Initiatives & Flagships


Cyber
-
Infrastructure (SANReN and CHPC)


Increasing
ICT access and enabling

inclusive use
of ICTs


Rural connectivity



Wireless Mesh Networks
Project


Human Language Technologies


The

Digital Doorway


increasing access to
computing infrastructure and information
resources


Supporting national priorities


Education & Health: Mobile apps and

services


Monitoring:
Earth observation and sensing


Strategic Independence: Information security

Leveraging Funding through
Partnerships with Multinational ICT
Companies

Why ICT MNC Investment in SA (1)


Factors attributable to MNCs’ decision to invest


Exploiting domestic markets


Managerial and technological knowledge


Lower factors of production and competitive
labour

costs


Purchasing power of the local market and proximity to
other viable markets


Compliance with existing regulatory and legal regime,
e.g. NIPP, BBEEE Act, BEE Equity Equivalents etc.

Why ICT MNC Investment in SA (2)


DST’s Foreign Direct Investment requirements


Human Capital Development


Innovation and Technology
-
based SME development


World
-
class research infrastructure, e.g. R&D
laboratories and innovation centres


Technology transfer


adoption of practices that will
foster transfer and diffusion of technology within the
existing IRP regime

Existing and Planned DST Partnerships with
MNCs


Human Capital Development (MSc & PhDs)


Enterprise

development


Application of High Performance Computing in
Climate Change

Microsoft SA


Advanced Human Capacity Development (MSc
& PhD)


Research Capacity Building Programme


Software Development Capacity Programme

SAP


Mobile Applications Laboratory


Support to the African SKA


Educational Support programmes


Research Ambassador Program


Access to Broadband Network for communities

Nokia
Corporation

Planned

partnership

with

IBM

=>

HCD,

Enterprise

Development

and

Establishment

of

a

Research

Facility

Existing DST Partnerships with MNCs

The SAP Example


HCD
Programme
supported
about 21 post graduate
students (5 PhDs and 16 Masters) over the past 4 years


Research led to innovation projects in mobile
applications

to support Very Small Enterprises to:


Support supply chain activities for
Spaza

shops


Currently conceptualising an mobile application for
the taxi commuter



Existing DST Partnerships with MNCs (2)

The Nokia

Example


The mLab Initiative


Mobile

Application Lab Southern Africa (mLab)


managed by a
consortium that include CSIR Meraka Institute , The Innovation
Hub,
Ungana

Africa and the Coach Lab


Funded through a partnership
between DST, Nokia Corporation,
World Bank InfoDev and Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs


Based at the Innovation Hub, the

project supports innovation and
entrepreneurship development bases on mobile application
development



Engagement Modalities and Funding Options

Engagement modalities:


Begin with high level expression of intent between DST and MNC
and lead to
MoU
.


Definition and agreement on broad areas of collaboration,
alignment with mutual priorities.


Execution of formal funding contract between the DST and
implementing agency, i.e. CSIR


Institute an agreement between CSIR and the MNC >>>
MoA
. A
Programme

Management Office assist the CSIR to develop
detailed projects for collaboration.


Monitoring, evaluation, assessment of impact.



.

Engagement Modalities and Funding Options (2)

Funding options:


Funding options depend on the nature and scope
of the collaboration


Funding levels from each party depend on weight
they attach to the particular project.


Funding could also be in kind, i.e. access to
researchers, infrastructure and facilities.

The new ICT R&D and Innovation
Roadmap will guide future
collaboration with private sector

Roadmap frames and guides ICT
RDI activity


focus is on Impact

Research

Institutions

Value Chain

Strategy

Service Delivery

Policy and
Strategy


Improved quality of basic
education


A long and healthy life for all
South Africans


Decent
employment
through inclusive
economic growth


A skilled and
capable workforce
to support an
inclusive growth
path


An efficient, competitive and
responsive economic
infrastructure network

Higher

Education

Government

Industry

Technology

Expertise

People

Research

Outputs

People

People

Products

and services

Services

Society

The ICT RDI Roadmap Purpose


Enable increased
public

and
private investment in ICT RDI
(by a
factor of 3 to 4) by


providing a mechanism to forecast technology developments in targeted
areas;


identifying critical areas that must be developed to meet
SA's

socio
-
economic objectives ;


and by surfacing and demonstrating the ICT research community and
sector's understanding and agreement on the
trends, market potential,
priorities and investment
requirements



Provide a
framework to plan
and coordinate technology
developments both nationally and regionally


to enable
sophisticated
decision making

Investment Portfolio of 6 Thematic Clusters

6 Strategic Priority Areas

1

3

2

4

5

6

Ideal Investment and Impact

Conclusion


Implemented R&D programmes linked to
SA challenges


Developed a mechanism for engaging with
MNCs



The Roadmap identified future areas for
R&D focus



Thank You