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•••
The IRD’s decision bodies
•••
Participation in scientific partnerships
•••
IRD structure
•••
Research and service units
•••
IRD establishments around the world
Appendices
Coffee embryo
Annual report • 2006
Board of Trustees (at 1 July 2007)
Chairman
Jean-François Girard
Ministry representatives•••
Ministry of Education and Research
For research
Didier Hoffschir,
Deputy Director for sustainable development
For higher education
Philippe Vidal,
Coordinator, office of the Director General for higher education
•••
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation
Jean-Christophe Deberre,
Director of development policies
Antoine Grassin,
Director of scientific and university cooperation
•••
Ministry of the Economy, Finance and Industry
Éric Querenet de Breville,
Civil administrator
•••
Ministry for Overseas Territories
N...
Jean-Michel Bedecarrax(substitute),
sub-Director for employment and social,
educational and cultural affairs
External members
Monique Capron,
Chair of the Board of Trustees, Inserm
Alain Arconte,
Chair, Antilles-Guyane University
Catherine Brechignac,
Chair, CNRS
Patrice Debré,
Chair, Cirad
Bouli Ali Diallo,
Rector, University of Niamey
Souad Lyagoubi,
Former Minister of Health, Tunisia
Jean-Michel Severino,
Director General, Agence française de développement
Staff representatives
Alain Froment,
SNCS/FSU, doctor of medicine, representing research grade staff, Orléans
Marie-France Lange,
STREM-SGEN-CFDT, sociologist, representing research grade staff, Bondy
Christian Valentin,
STREM-SGEN-CFDT, soil scientist, representing research grade staff, Laos
Pascal Grebaut,
SNTRS-CGT-IRD, biology technician, representing ITA grade staff, Montpellier
Irène Salvert,
STREM-SGEN-CFDT, in-service training manager, representing ITA grade staff, Paris
Patrick Zante,
SNPREES-FO, soil scientist, representing ITA grade staff, Montpellier
The IRD’s decision bodies
55
Scientific council (at 1 July 2007)
Chair
Daniel Le Rudulier,faculty member, university of Nice, microbiology
Appointed members
Jean-Louis Arcand,faculty member, university of Clermont Ferrand, economics
Netij Ben Mechlia,faculty member, national institute of Agronomy, Tunisia (INAT), agro-climatology
Pascale Delécluse,research director, CNRS, oceanography
Stéphane Doumbe-Bille,faculty member, Jean Moulin university, Lyon 3, international law
Jacqueline Heinen,faculty member, university of Versailles St-Quentin en Yvelines, sociology
Michel Herzog,faculty member, Joseph Fourier university, Grenoble, plant biology
Newton Paciornik,technical adviser to the ministry of research, Brazil, energy, environment
Rémi Pochat, scientific director, central laboratory of the Public Works Dept, engineering, evaluations
Jean-Luc Redelsperger,research director, CNRS, climatology
Sergio Revah,faculty member, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico, microbiology-biotechnology
Jean-Pierre Reveret,faculty member, university of Québec, ecology,environment
Barbara Romanowicz,faculty member, university of Berkeley USA, geophysics
Rodolphe Spichiger,faculty member, university of Geneva and Director of the Geneva Botanical Gardens, biology and
plant ecology
Mamadou Souncalo Traore,national Director of health, Mali, parasitology
Elected members
••• College I, IRD research directors
Jean Albergel,hydrology
Pierre Chevallier,hydrology
Georges de Noni,geography, research management
Jean-Paul Gonzalez,human virology
Emmanuel Grégoire,geography
Michel Tibayrenc,genetics of infectious diseases
•••College II, IRD researchers
Sylvain Bonvalot,geophysics
Dominique Buchillet,anthropology of health
Marie-Hélène Durand,economy
Michel Petit,remote sensing, hydrobiology
Yves Goudineau,anthropology
Yann Moreau,hydrobiology
•••College III, IRD engineers and technicians
Odile Fossati,hydrobiology
Yann Hello,geophysics
Michel Larue,research management, IRD representative in Indonesia
Scientific commissions
Chairs of sectoral scientific commissions (CSS) and research and applications management commissions (CGRA)
Yves Gaudemer, CSS1:physics and chemistry of the planetary environment
Dominique-Angèle Vuitton,CSS2:biology and medical science
Pierre Auger, CSS3:science of ecological systems
Émile Le Bris,CSS4:human and social sciences
Jean-Philippe Chippaux,CGRA 1:engineering and consulting
François Jarrige,CGRA 2:administration and management
IRD participation
in scientific partnerships
••• Groupements d’intérêt scientifique
OCEANOMED,Marine research hub in the PACA region
Sol,Sustainable management of soil heritage
Curare,University discussion centre for an environmental hazards agency
Institut Rhône Alpin des SystèmesComplexes,Complex systems institute
Silvolab,Tropical rainforest ecosystems in French Guiana
Pisciculture,Fish farming in Mediterranean and tropical regions
GRISCYA,Cyanobacteria
Europôle Mer, Marine science and technology
GénopôleMontpellier Languedoc-Roussillon
Ceped,Linkages between population and development
Réseau Amérique latine,Information dissemination and facilitation of French social and human
sciences research on Latin America
IRSP,Public health research institute
BRG,Genetic Resources Bureau
IFB,French Biodiversity Institute
Aire développement,Scientific and financial support for scientific communities in the South
Génoplante recherche,Plant genomics
PRAM,Martinique Agro-Environmental Research Centre
CRVOI,Research and monitoring centre on emerging diseases in the Indian Ocean
Production of indicators on the research and innovation system
Research network in Île-de-France on sustainable development
••• Groupements d’intérêt public
Médias France,Global change and regional impacts
Mercator Océan,Ocean and climate forecasting
Nickel et son Environnement,National centre for research and technology on nickel
and its environment
ANRS,National AIDS Research Agency
Renater,National telecommunications network for technology, teaching and research
Ecofor,Temperate forest ecosytems
OST,Science and technology monitoring unit
••• Groupements d’intérêt économique
Dial,Development of investigations into long-term adjustment
Génavir, Management of oceanographic survey vessels
••• Groupements européens d’intérêt économique
Edctp,European Developing Countries Clinical Trials
Ecart, European Consortium for Agricultural Research in the Tropics
••• SAS Société par action simplifiée
Génoplante Valor, Management and exploitation of intellectual property rights resulting from the
Génoplante programme
•••Groupements de recherche (GDR)
ACOMAR, Analysis, understanding and modelling of marine biology archives
DIWOOD,Diversity, establishment and functioning of organisms associated with marine wood falls
••• National programmes
PNEC,Coastal environments
LEFE,Environment and Earth’s fluid envelopes
PNTS,National remote sensing programme
AMMA,African monsoon multidisciplinary analyses
ECCO,Continental ecosphere: environmental hazards
RELIEFS,National earth reliefs programme
••• Regional programmes
ZONECO,Marine resources in the New Caledonia exclusive economic zone
ZEPOLYF,Inventorying and mapping of sea mounts in the French Polynesian exclusive economic zone
••• Federative Research Institutes
Lyon
IFR 41,Ecology, genetics, evolution
Marseille
IFR 86,Agro-industrial biotechnology (BAIM)
IFR 134,Economics and human and social sciences of health, Aix-Marseille
Montpellier
IFR 119,Tropical and Mediterranean continental biodiversity
IFR 122,Montpellier Institute of Biology
IFR 123,Languedoc Institute for Water and Environment Research (ILEE)
IFR 127,Plant development, diversity and adaptattion – genes and phenotypes (Daphné)
IFR 129,Aquatic ecosystems: human impact, functioning, products
Paris
IFR 071,Institute for the science of medicines (ISM)
IFR 101,Ecology, biodiversity, evolution, environment
IFR 106,Environment and management of rural areas (EGER)
••• Competitiveness hubs
Mer-Bretagne
(Sea-Nergie), in Brittany
Q@limed
, on food and quality of life in the Mediterranean region, in Languedoc Roussillon
Risques,
on risk management and local/regional vulnerability, in Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur
Mer Sécurité Sûreté
(MSS): sea, safety, security and sustainable development, in Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur
Orpheme
, on emerging and orphan diseases, in Languedoc Roussillon and Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur
Agronutrition en milieu tropical
,on food and agriculture in tropical regions, in La Réunion
Annual report • 2006
57
Central services
at 1 July 2007
Director General
Michel Laurent
Secretary GeneralVincent Desforges
Earth and environment department
Jacques Boulègue
Living resources department*
Bernard Dreyfus
Societies and health department
Jacques Charmes
Capacity-building supportAlain Leplaideur
Consulting and industrial liaison
Eva Giesen
Information and communication Marie-Noëlle Favier
Legal affairs
Hervé Michel
Head office administrationJean-Charles Linet
International relationsDaniel Lefort
French overseas dependenciesRoger Bambuck
Evaluation and indicatorsBenoît Lootvoet
Information systemsGilles Poncet
Legal affairs
Hortense Moisand-Renard
* To 28 February 2007 :Patrice Cayré
Headquarters administrationChristian Altairac
Accounting office
Jean Fohrer
Scientific programming and regional
action
Christian Marion
Chairman
Jean-François Girard
Research and service units (US)
(at 1 July 2007)
•••ARDUIN Pascal - US 9
SDEE- Demographic, epidemiological and
environmental monitoring
pascal.arduin@ird.fr
www.ird.sn/activites/niakhar/
•••ARFI Robert - Unit 167
CYROCO- Cyanobacteria of shallow tropical waters.
Roles and controls
robert.arfi@ird.fr
www.com.univ-mrs.fr/IRD/cyroco/index.htm
•••AUGER Pierre - Unit 79
GEODES- Mathematical and computer modelling of natu-
ral, biological and social complex systems
pierre.auger@ird.fr
www.ur079.ird.fr/
••• BARTHELEMY Daniel - Unit 123
AMAP(UMR) - Botany and bioinformatics
of plant architecture
barthelemy@cirad.fr
www.amap.cirad.fr/
••• BOTTERO Jean-Yves - Unit 161
CEREGE(UMR) - European centre for research and
education in the environmental geosciences
jybotter@cerege.fr
••• BOURGUET Denis - Unit 22
CBGP(UMR) - Centre for population biology and management
dircbgp@supagro.inra.fr
www.montpellier.inra.fr/CBGP
••• CHARVIS Philippe - Unit 82
GEOAZUR(UMR) - Géosciences Azur
direction@geoazur.unice.fr
www-geoazur.unice.fr
••• CHAVANCE Pierre - Unit 7
OSIRIS- Monitoring and information systems
for tropical fisheries
pierre.chavance@ird.fr
www.ird.sn/activites/sih/index.htm
••• CHENORKIAN Robert - Unit 184
ESEP(UMR) - Prehistoric economies, societies and
environments
chenorkian@mmsh.iniv-aix.fr
••• CHOTTE Jean-Luc - Unit 179
SeqBio - Soil bio-functioning and carbon sequestration
jean-luc.chotte@ird.fr
www.mpl.ird.fr/SeqBio
••• COLIN Jean-Philippe - Unit 95
REFO- Land tenure regulations, public policy and stake-
holder reasoning
jean-philippe.colin@ird.fr
••• CORMIER-SALEM Marie-Christine - Unit 169
Natural heritage, territories and identities
marie-christine.cormier-salem@ird.fr
••• COT Michel - Unit 10
Mother and infant health in tropical environments:
genetic and perinatal epidemiology
michel.cot@ird.fr
••• COTTON Fabrice - Unit 157
LGIT(UMR) - Tectonophysics and internal
geophysics laboratory
fabrice.cotton@obs.ujf-grenoble.fr
www-lgit.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr
••• COUDRAIN Anne- Unit 32
GREAT ICE- Glaciers and high altitude water resources –
climatic and environmental indicators
anne.coudrain@ird.fr
www.mpl.ird.fr/hydrologie/greatice/
••• COURET Dominique - Unit 29
URBI- Urban environment
dominique.couret@ird.fr
www.ur029.ird.fr
••• CREUTIN Jean-Dominique - Unit 12
LTHE(UMR) - Laboratory for the study of transfers in
hydrology and environment
jean-dominique.creutin@ird.fr
www.lthe.hmg.inpg.fr
••• CUNY Gérard - Unit 177
(UMR) - Trypanosomiasis in humans,
animals and plants
gerard.cuny@ird.fr
••• DELAPORTE Éric - Unit 145
(UMR) - HIV/AIDS and associated diseases
eric.delaporte@ird.fr
••• DELAUNAY Daniel - Unit 13
MMP- Migration, mobility, settlement dynamics
and territorial dynamics
daniel.delaunay@ird.fr
www.ur013.ird.fr
••• DELPEUCH Francis - Unit 106
Nutrition, diet, societies
francis.delpeuch@ird.fr
www.mpl.ird.fr
••• D’HERBES Jean-Marc - US 166
Evaluation and monitoring of the causes, mechanisms and
consequences of desertification in arid and semi-arid
regions
jean-marc.dherbes@ird.fr
•••DREYFUS Bernard - Unit 40
LSTM(UMR) - Laboratory for the study of tropical and
Mediterranean symbiosis
bernard.dreyfus@ird.fr
••• DU PENHOAT Yves p.i. - Unit 65
LEGOS(UMR) - Laboratory for space-based geophysics
and oceanography research
directeur@legos.obs-mip.fr
www.obs-mip.fr/legos
••• ECHEVERRIA Manuel - Unit 121
LGDP(UMR) - Plant genomics and plant development
manuel.echeverria@univ-perp.fr
••• EYMARD Laurence - Unit 182
LOCEAN(UMR) - Oceanography and climate laboratory:
experiments and numerical approaches
laurence.eymard@ird.fr
••• FAURE Yves-André - Unit 23
DEVLOC- Local urban development.
Dynamics and regulation
yves-andre.faure@ird.fr
••• FERRARIS Jocelyne - Unit 128
CoRéUs- Biocomplexity of coral ecosystems
in the Indo-Pacific
jocelyne.ferraris@ird.fr
www.ird.nc/COREUS/
••• FICHEZ Renaud - Unit 103
CAMELIA- Characterisation and modelling of exchanges in
lagoons under terrigenous and human influences
renaud.fichez@ird.fr
www.ird.nc/CAMELIA/
••• FONTENILLE Didier - Unit 16
Characterisation and control of vector populations
didier.fontenille@ird.fr
www.mpl.ird.fr/vecteur/
••• FREON Pierre - Unit 97
ECO-UP- Structure and functioning of exploited upwelling
ecosystems: comparative analyses for an ecosystem
approach to fisheries
pierre.freon@ird.fr
www.sea.uct.ac.za/marine/idyle/
••• GARIN Patrice - Unit 183
G-EAU(UMR) - Water management, stakeholders and uses
patrice.garin@cemagref.fr
••• GONZALEZ Jean-Paul - Unit 178
CTEM- Emergence of diseases: territories and conditionss
jean-paul.gonzalez@ird.fr
••• GOURIOU Yves - US 191
Ocean observing systems and operations at sea
yves.gouriou@ird.fr
•••GRUENAIS Marc-Éric - Unit 2
ASSA- Health in Africa: health systems and actors
marc-eric.gruenais@ird.fr
www.vcharite.univ-mrs.fr/shadyc/accueil.html
••• GUILLAUD Dominique - Unit 92
ADENTHRO- Human adaptation to tropical environments
during the Holocene
dominique.guillaud@ird.fr
www.orleans.ird.fr/UR_US/adentrho.htm
••• HAMON Serge - Unit 188
DIA-PC(UMR) - Diversity and adaption of cultivated plants
serge.hamon@ird.fr
••• HERRERA Javier - Unit 47
DIAL - Development, institutions and long-term analysis
javier.herrera@ird.fr
www.dial.prd.fr/
Annual report • 2006
••• HUYNH Frédéric - US 140
ESPACE- Assessments and spatialisation of environmental
data
frederic.huynh@ird.fr
www.espace.ird.fr
•••JOLIVET Marie-José- Unit 107
Cim- Identity construction and globalisation
marie-jose.jolivet@ird.fr
••• JOSSE Erwan - US 4
ACAPPELLA- Hydro-acoustics applied to fishery and aquatic
ethology and ecology
erwan.josse@ird.fr
www.brest.ird.fr/us004/index.htm
••• KERR Yann- Unit 113
CESBIO(UMR) - Centre for the study of the biosphere from
space
yann.kerr@cesbio.cnes.fr
www.cesbio.ups-tlse.fr
••• LAE Raymond - Unit 70
RAP- Adaptive responses of fish shoals and populations
to environmental pressure
raymond.lae@ird.fr
www.ird.sn/activites/rap/index.htm
••• LALLEMANT Marc - Unit 174
IRD-PHPT- Clinical epidemiology, mother and infant health
and HIV in Southeast Asia
marc.lallemant@ird.fr
••• LANGE Marie-France - Unit 105
Knowledge and development
marie-france.lange@ird.fr
www.ur105.ird.fr/
••• LAVELLE Patrick - Unit 137
BIOSOL(UMR) - Soil functioning and biodiversity
patrick.lavelle@ird.fr
www.bondy.ird.fr/biosol
••• LEGENDRE Marc - Unit 175
CAVIAR- Characterisation and utilisation of fish diversity for
integrated aquaculture
marc.legendre@ird.fr
••• LE GUYADER Hervé - Unit 148
(UMR) - Systematics, adaption, evolution
herve.le-guyader@snv.jussieu.fr
••• LHOMME Jean-Paul - Unit 60
CLIFA- Climate and agro-system functioning
jean-paul.lhomme@ird.fr
••• LIVENAIS Patrick - Unit 151
LPED(UMR) - Population-environment-development
laboratory
patrick.livenais@ird.fr
www.lped.org
••• MARSAC Francis - Unit 109
THETIS- Tropical tuna and pelagic ecosystems:
taxis, interactions and exploitation strategies
francis.marsac@ird.fr
www.brest.ird.fr/ur109/index.htm
••• MERLE Olivier - Unit 163
(UMR) Magmas and volcanoes laboratory
olivier.merle@ird.fr
wwwobs.univ-bpclermont.fr
••• MICHON Geneviève - Unit 168
Environmental dynamics between forest, agriculture and biodi-
versity: from local practices with nature to conservation policy
genevieve.michon@ird.fr
••• MOISSERON Jean-Yves - Unit 102
Public intervention, spaces, societies
jean-yves.moisseron@ird.fr
••• MONTEL Jean-Marc - Unit 154
LMTG(UMR) - Laboratory for the study of mechanisms and
transfers in geology
montel@lmtg.obs-mip.fr
www.lmtg.obs-mip.fr
••• MORETTI Christian - US 84
Biodival- Knowledge of tropical plant resources
and their uses
christian.moretti@ird.fr
www.orleans.ird.fr/UR_US/biodival/index.htm
••• MORIZE Éric- US 28
CHRONOS- Age and chronophysiology in fish and aquatic
molluscs
eric.morize@ird.fr
••• NEPVEU Françoise - Unit 152
(UMR) Pharmaceutical chemistry of natural substances and
redox pharmacophores
francoise.nepveu@ird.fr
••• NICOLE Michel - Unit 186
RPB(UMR) - Plant resistance to pests and diseases
michel.nicole@ird.fr
••• OBERDORFF Thierry - Unit 131
AMAZONE- Macro-ecological approach to aquatic biodiversity
in continental waters
thierry.oberdorf@ird.fr
••• ORTLIEB Luc - Unit 55
PALEOTROPIQUE- Tropical palaeo-environments and climate
variability
luc.ortlieb@ird.fr
••• OUAISSI Ali - Unit 8
Pathogenics and epidemiology of the trypanosomatids
ali.ouaissi@montp.inserm.fr
••• QUEIXALOS Francisco - Unit 135
CELIA(UMR) - Centre for the study of indigenous
languages of America
qxls@vjf.cnrs.fr
••• QUENSIERE Jacques p.i. - Unit 63
C3ED(UMR) - Economics and ethics for environment
and development
jacques.quensiere@ird.fr
www.c3ed.uvsq.fr
••• RENAUD François - Unit 165
(UMR) - Genetics and evolution of infectious diseases
francois.renaud@ird.fr
••• ROUSSOS Sevastianos - Unit 185
Bio Trans- Biodiversity and functional ecology of micro-
organisms for processing recalcitrant compounds
sevastianos.roussos@ird.fr
••• SELIM Monique - Unit 3
Tem- Labour and globalisation
monique.selim@ird.fr
www.ur003.ird.fr
••• SERVAT Éric - Unit 50
HSM(UMR) - HydroSciences Montpellier
eric.servat@ird.fr
www.hydrosciences.org/
••• SILVAIN Jean-François - Unit 72
BEI- Biodiversity and evolution of plant/insect-pest
antagonist complexes
jean-francois.silvain@ird.fr
www.cnrs-gif.fr/pge/index.html
••• SIMONDON François - Unit 24
Epiprev- Epidemiology and prevention: environment and
efficacy of interventionss
francois.simondon@ird.fr
www.mpl.ird.fr/epiprev
••• THEBE Bernard - US 19
OBHI- Hydrological monitoring systems and engineering
bernard.thebe@ird.fr
www.usobhi.net/
••• THOLOZAN Jean-Luc- Unit 180
LMBEC(UMR) - Microbiology and biotechnology
of hot environments
jean-luc.tholozan@ird.fr
•••TRAPE Jean-François - Unit 77
Malaria research in tropical Africa
jean-francois.trape@ird.fr
http://gemi.mpl.ird.fr
••• TREGEAR James - Unit 192
Palm species
james.tregear@ird.fr
••• VALENTIN Christian - Unit 176
SOLUTIONS- Soils, land use, degradation and rehabilitation
christian.valentin@ird.fr ••• VOLTZ Marc - Unit 144
LISAH(UMR) - Laboratory for the study of
soil/agrosystem/hydrosystem interactions
voltz@ensam.inra.fr
www.sol.ensam.inra.fr/
••• DME:units in the Earth and Environment Department
••• DRV:units in the Living Resources Department
••• DSS:units in the Societies and Health Department
59
IRD establishments
around the world (at 1 July 2007)
FRANCEHead office
213, rue La Fayette
75 480 Paris Cedex 10
Tél : + 33 (0)1 48 03 77 77
Centre de Bretagne
Claude Roy
BP 70 - 29280 Plouzané Cedex
Tél. 02 98 22 45 01
brest@ird.fr
Centre d’Ile de France
Maurice Lourd
32, avenue Henri Varagnat
93143 Bondy Cedex
Tél. 01 48 02 55 75
bondy@ird.fr
Centre de Montpellier
Georges De Noni
911 avenue Agropolis
BP 64501 - 34394 Montpellier cedex 5
Tél. 04 67 41 61 00
montpellier@ird.fr
Centre d’Orléans
Yveline Poncet
5 rue du Carbone
45072 Orléans Cedex 2
Tél. 02 38 49 95 00
orleans@ird.frFRENCH OVERSEAS
TERRITORIES
French Guiana
Jean-François Daniel
BP 165 - 97323 Cayenne cedex
Tél. (05 94) 29 92 92
guyane@ird.fr
Martinique - Caribbean
Marc Morell
BP 8006 - 97259 Fort de France cedex
Tél. 05 96 39 77 39
martinique@ird.fr
New-Caledonia and South Pacific
Fabrice Colin
BP A5 - 98848 Nouméa Cedex
Tél. (687) 26 10 00
nouvelle-caledonie@ird.fr
French Polynesia
Jacques Iltis
BP 529 - 98713 Papeete - Tahiti
Tél. (689) 50 62 00
polynesie@ird.fr
La Réunion
Alain Borgel
IRD - BP 172
97492 Sainte-Clotilde cedex
Tél. (02 62) 29 56 29
la-reunion@ird.fr
AFRICA
South Africa, Mozambique
Jean-Marie Fritsch
IRD auprès de l’IFAS - P.O. Box 542
Newtown 2113 Johannesburg
66, Margaret Mcingana Street
(Market Theatre Precinct)
Tél. (27 11) 836 05 61/64
afrique-du-sud@ird.fr
Bénin, Togo
Bruno Bordage
IRD/SCAC
Ambassade de France à Cotonou
128 bis rue de l’Université
75351 Paris 07 SP - France
Tél. (229) 21 30 03 54
benin@ird.fr
Burkina Faso
Jean-Pierre Guengant
01 BP 182 - Ouagadougou 01
Tél. (226) 50 30 67 37 / 39
burkina-faso@ird.fr
Cameroon
François Rivière
BP 1857 Yaoundé
Tél. (237) 2220 15 08
cameroun@ird.fr
Congo (République du)
François Rivière
Centre DGRST/IRD
BP 1286, Pointe-Noire
Tél. (242) 94 02 38/37 45
congo@ird.fr
Côte d’Ivoire
Philippe Solano p.i.
IRD/SCAC
Ambassade de France à Abidjan
128 bis rue de l’université
75351 Paris 07 SP
cote-ivoire@ird.fr
Egypt
Nathalie Bernard-Maugiron p.i.
P.O. Box. 26 - 12 211 Giza, Egypt
Tél. (202) 2362 05 30
egypte@ird.fr
Guinea
IRD - BP 1984, Conakry
Kenya
Jean Albergel
IRD Kenya, ICRAF
United Nations Avenue, Gigiri
P.O. Box 30677 -
00100 Nairobi
Tél. (254 20) 722 4758
kenya@ird.fr
Mali
Gilles Fédière
IRD - BP 2528 - Bamako - Mali
Tél. (223) 221 05 01
mali@ird.fr
Morocco
Henri Guillaume
IRD - BP 8967 - 10000 Rabat Agdal
Tél. (212) (0) 37 67 27 33
maroc@ird.fr
Niger
Gilles Bezançon
BP 11416 - Niamey
Tél. (227) 20 75 38 27
niger@ird.fr
Senegal, Cape-Verde, The Gambia,
Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania,
Christian Colin
BP 1386 - CP 18524 Dakar - Sénégal
Tél. (221) 849 83 30
senegal@ird.fr
Tunisia
Antoine Cornet
IRD - BP 434
El Menzah 4 - 1004 Tunis
Tél. (216 71) 75 00 09 / 01 83
tunisie@ird.fr
LATIN AMERICABolivia
Jean-Joinville Vacher
CP 9214 - 00095 La Paz
Tél. (591 2) 278 29 69 / 42
bolivie@ird.fr
Brazil
Pierre Sabaté
CP 7091 - Lago Sul
71619-970 - Brasilia (DF)
Tél. (55 61) 32.48 53 23
bresil@ird.fr
Chile
Gérard Hérail
IRD - Casilla 53 390 - Correo Central
Santiago 1
Tél. (56 2) 236 34 64
chili@ird.fr
Ecuador
Bernard Francou
Whymper 442 y Coruña
AP 17 12 857 Quito
Tél. (593 2) 250 39 44
equateur@ird.fr
Mexico
Abdelghani Chehbouni
Calle Cicerón N°609
Col. Los Morales, Polanco
C.P. 11530 México, D.F.
Tél. (52 55) 52 80 76 88
mexique@ird.fr
Peru
Pierre Soler
Casilla 18 - 1209 - Lima 18
Tél. (51 1) 441 32 23
perou@ird.fr
ASIAIndonesia
Michel Larue
Wisma Anugraha
Jalan Taman Kemang 32 B
Jakarta 12730
Tél. (62 21) 71 79 21 14
indonésie@ird.fr
Laos
Daniel Benoit
BP 5992 - Vientiane
République du Laos
Tél. (856 21) 45 27 07
laos@ird.fr
Thailand
Michel Tibayrenc
IRD Representative Office
French Embassy
29, Thanon Sathorn Tai
Bangkok10120
Tél. (66 2) 627 21 90
thailande@ird.fr
Viêt-nam
Jacques Berger
Ambassade de France - service culturel
57 Than Hung Dao - Hanoï
Tél. (84-4) 972 06 29
vietnam@ird.fr
INDIAN OCEAN
Madagascar
Christian Feller
BP 434 - 101 Antananarivo
Tél. (261 20) 22 330 98
madagascar@ird.fr
EUROPEAN UNION
Patrice Cayré
CLORA - IRD - 8 avenue des Arts
B1210 Bruxelles - Belgium
Tél. 32 2 506 88 48
bruxelles@ird.fr
Annual report • 2006
61
Document produced by the Information and Communication Department
dic@paris.ird.fr
@IRD July 2007 - Coordinator: Marie-Noëlle Favier - Editing and production
monitoring: Claire Roussel - Pictures from Indigo Base: Claire Lissalde and
Danièle Cavanna - Maps: Elisabeth Habert and Catherine Valton - Graphic
design: Mazarine Image - Printing: imprimerie Jouve - Distribution: unité
diffusion, Bondy - English translation: Harriet Coleman - Revision: Yolande
Cavallazzi.
The following people took part in the editing:
Marie-Laure Beauvais, Ouidir Benabderrahmane, Samira Ben Touhami,
Catherine Bonte, Jacques Boulègue, Dominique Cavet, Marie-Simone
Chandelier, Jacques Charmes, Samuel Cordier, Ariel Crozon, Sylvain Dehaud,
Patrick Fayard, Eva Giesen, Malika Gravelier, Florence Lafay, Régine
Lefait-Robin, Benoît Lootvoet, Daniel Lefort, Alain Leplaideur, Rémy Louat
Régis Menu, Bernadette Murgue, Harry Palmier, Alain Poulet, Anne Pruvot,
Laurence Quinty Bourgeois, Marie-Christine Rebourcet, Ghislaine Thirion.
Scientific examples:
Laurence Albar, Serge Andrefouet, Patrice Baby, Sylvie Bredeloup,
Jean-Philippe Colin, David Courtin, Eric Delaporte, Daniel Delaunay,
Michel Esteves, André Garcia, Alain Ghesquiere, Isabelle Guérin,
Michel Lepage, Jean-Luc Le Pennec, Laurence Maurice, Jean-François
Molino, Yves-Martin Prével, Daniel Sabatier, Francisco Véas.
The IRD would like to thank the following for their testimonies:
Dramane Coulibaly, Amadou Mactar Konaté, Marie-Noëlle Ndjiondjop,
Flobert Njiokou, Souleymane Ouédraogo, Pablo Samaniego.
PHOTO CREDITS
Cover
©IRD – Michel Dukhan
left to right
©IRD – Pierre Chevallier
©IRD – Philippe Chevalier
©IRD – Alexandre Ganachaud
©IRD – Claudine Campa
©IRD – Alain Borgel
©IRD – Ronan Lietar
Contents
©IRD – Bernard Moizo
©IRD – Bernard Francou
©IRD – Jean-Michel Boré
©IRD – Vincent Simonneaux
©IRD – Joël Orempuller
©IRD – Claudine Campa
page 5
©IRD – Olivier Dargouge
page 7
©IRD – Marie-Lise Sabrié
page 9
©IRD – Olivier Dargouge
©IRD – Olivier Dargouge
©IRD – Ronan Lietar
©IRD – Michel Dukhan
©IRD – Ifremer/Fadio
©IRD – Jean-Michel Boré
page 10
©IRD – Bernard Francou
page 11
©IRD – Vincent Simonneaux
page 12
©IRD – Jean-Philippe Eissen
page 13
©IRD – Arnaud Vallée
©IRD – Yvan Repetto
page14
©IRD – Roger Fauck
©IRD – Johanna Derrider
page15
©IRD – Jean-Pierre Rafaillac
page 16
©IRD – Bernard de Mérona
page 17
©IRD – Edmond Hien
page 18
©IRD – Alain Rival
page 19
©IRD – Pierre Laboute
©IRD – Claire Garrigue
page 20
©IRD – Cécile Duwig
© IRD – Claude Dejoux
page 21
©IRD – Michel Dukhan
page 22
©RD – Alain Ghesquiere
page 23
©IRD – Mathilde Savy
©IRD – Claire Mouquet-Rivier
page 24
©IRD – Jean-Jacques Lemasson
page 25
©IRD – Cécile Neel
page 26
©IRD – Andre Garcia
page 27
©IRD – Michel Dukhan
page 28
©IRD – Thierry Ruf
page 29
©Laurence Vallet
©IRD – Daniel Delaunay
page 30
©IRD – Michel Dukhan
page 32
©IRD – Jean-Michel Boré
page 33
©IRD – D.R.
page 34
©IRD – Christian Hartmann
page 35
©IRD – Jean-Marc Hougard
©IRD – Céline Ravallec
page 36
©IRD – Patrick Fayard
©IRD – Patrick Fayard
page 37
©IRD – Johanna Derrider
©IRD – SCAC / Ambassade de France
©IRD – Mina Vilayleck
page 38
©IRD – Vincent Simonneaux
page 39
©IRD – Marc Pilon
page 40
©IRD – Patrick Blanchon
©IRD – Vincent Simonneaux
page 41
©IRD – Michel Grouzis
©IRD – Hubert Forestier
page 42
©IRD – Olivier Dargouge
©IRD – Vincent Simonneaux
©IRD – Bernard Moizo
page 43
©IRD – Pascal Dumas
page 44
©IRD – S. Janel
©IRD – Michel Dukhan
page 45
©IRD – Aster 2006
page 46
©IRD – Joël Orempuller
page 47
©IRD – Jean-Jacques Lemasson
page 48
©IRD – Ronan Lietar
©IRD – Marc Morell
©IRD – Nadine Fievet
page 49
©IRD – Christophe Maes
©IRD – Yann Hello
©IRD – Sylvain Bonvalot
©IRD – ASTER 2006
©IRD – Michel Dukhan
©IRD – Marie-Eve Miguères
page 50
©IRD – Marie-Noëlle Favier
page 54
©IRD – Claudine Campa
page 61
©IRD – Bernard Moizo