Intro to Biotech Presentation Notes

denunequaledBiotechnology

Dec 1, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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THE FIVE “F”’s OF BIOTECHNOLOGY: FOOD, FIBER, FUEL,
FEEDSTOCKS, PHARMACEUTICALS
http://www.biotech.wisc.edu/outreach/Poster/apmaster.html


DEFINITION:



CLASSICAL OR “OLD” BIOTECHNOLOGY



Yeast cells





Example -

How long has biotech been around?




FOOD


Example #1 -

Example #2 -

“Old” Biotech?


“New” Biotech?


Example #3 –


Example #4 –
FIBER


Biopulping --




Fungus strands growing on wood (magnified).

Other fibers examples include c
otton,
wool, silk, linen, leather, and lumber.

Bioremediation –


FUEL


Producing ethanol fo
r gasohol, methane for
natural gas and crops for biorenewable
fuel. For example, yeasts ferment
cornstarch to yield ethanol; bacteria
decompose sludge, manure or landfill
wastes to produce methane; and firewood
heats homes.


FEEDSTOCKS: Bioplastics



Instead of petroleum
, biorenewable
materials such as starch from corn or
whey from cheese-making can be used to
make plastics. Industry uses microbes or
their enzymes to convert biomass to
feedstocks -- building blocks for
biodegradable plastics, industrial solvents
and specialty lubricants.


PHARMACEUTICALS: Medical Diagnosis and Prevention


Prospective or curent parents
learn about diagnosin
g and
treating inherited diseases
and whether their children
may inherit such diseases.





GENETIC COUSELING


Using vaccines, antibioitcs
and therapeutics produced
by microbes, plants or
animals.









Using biotechnology to speed diagnosis of

genetic disorders or infectious diseases
and early detection of pregnancy. For
example, strep throat can now be
diagnosed in 20 minutes rather than in
two days.


- OVER -
1. Use my website to find the link to the “Got Silk?” video in the “Intro to
Biotech Presentation” (teachers.oregon.k12.wi.us/kritsch). This is a great
example of how biotech is used to accomplish genetic engineering. As you are
watching this, jot down a few notes to yourself: Which animals are involved?
Why not just have the one animal make the silk naturally? Why would anyone
want to do this?