final test of copyrigthx - pTEC Web Dev

deliriousattackInternet and Web Development

Dec 4, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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pTEC

Copyrigth
-
Final
Project

Web Development

Pedro Bendicho

9/5/2013



1.

Define the term Intellectual Property


The

ownership

of

ideas

and

control

over

the

tangible

or

virtual

representation

of

those

ideas.

Use

of
another

person's

intellectual

property

may

or

may

not

involve

royalty

payments

or

permission,

but

sh
ouldalways

include

proper

credit

to

the

source.


2.

Name the Seven Intellectual Properties Types and
Explain E
ach


Only I know this six type of Intellectual Property



Patents

A

patent

grants an inventor

exclusive rights

to make, use, sell, and import an

invention

for a limited
period of time, in exchange for the public disclosure of the invention. An invention is a solution to a
specific technological problem, which may be a product or a process.


Copyright

A

copyright

gives the creator of an original work

exclusive rights

to it, usually for a limited time.
Copyright m
ay apply to a wide range of creative, intellectual, or artistic forms, or "works".

Copyright
does not cover ideas and information themselves, only the form or manner in which they are
expressed.






Industrial design rights

An

industrial design right

protects the visual design of objects that are not purely utilitarian. An
industrial design consists of the creation of a shape, configu
ration or composition of pattern or
color, or combination of pattern and color in three dimensional form containing aesthetic value. An
industrial design can be a two
-

or three
-
dimensional pattern used to produce a product, industrial
commodity or handicra
ft.




Trademarks

A

trademark

is a recognizable

sign
,

design

or

expression

which identifies

products

or

services

of a
particular source from those of others.


Trade dress


Trade

dress

is a legal term of art that generally refers to characteristics of the visual appearance of
a product or its packaging (or even the design of a building) that signify the source of the product to
consumers.


Trade secrets

A

trade secret

is a

formula
,

practice
,

process
,

design
,

instrume
nt
,

pattern
, or compilation
of

information

which is not generally known or reasonably ascertainable, by which a

business

can
obtain an economic advantage over competitors or customers. In the US, trade secret law is
primarily handled at the state level under the

Uniform Trade Secrets Act
, which most states have
adopted, and a federal law.

This law contains two provisions criminalizing two sorts of activity. The
first,

18 U.S.C.

§

1831
, criminalizes the theft of trade secrets to benefit foreign powers. The
second,

18 U.S.C.

§

1832
, criminalizes their theft for commercial or economic
purposes.



3.

What does Copyright protect?

Copyright, a form of intellectual property law, protects original works of authorship, including literary,
dramatic, musical, and artistic works such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and
architecture. Copyright does not protect facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation, although it
may protect the way these things are expressed. For more information refer go to the U.S. Copyright
Office web site.


4.

When does Copyright protection start?

The protection of the intellectual property starts with creation, that is, as soon as the work has been
made, as soon as the idea has taken form. Whether or not you give the work to someone, by
intention or not, is not important.


5.

What Six Rights Does a C
opyright Owner Own?

When you have a Copyright, you have six exclusive rights:

1) The exclusive right to reproduce the work. An example of this is having your song on one CD and
allowing that cd to be copied a million times. By law, no one can copy your wor
k without your
permission, unless they pay you a 8.5 cent royalty per cd (for songs).

2) The exclusive right to prepare derivative works. And example would be if you wrote a novel, which
becomes a best seller. A year later, a movie company wants to make a
movie out of your novel. The
movie company must get your permission to make the movie since it would be "derived" from your
work.

3) The exclusive right to distribute copies of the work. An example of this would be a distributor. A
distributor or any perso
n must have permission to distribute your work.

4) The exclusive right to perform the work publicly. As it relates to songs, a radio station or DJ cannot
play your song without a license from you or (ASCAP, BMI).

5) The exclusive right to display the work
This has to do with those who are painters. Only the
copyright holder can allow others to visually see their work.

6) The exclusive right to perform the work publicly by digital audio transmission. This has to do with
Record Labels. This is the Sound
Recording Copyright. This allows certain companies to collect
royalties for certain performances.

6.

Define The Term Infringement.

Infringment:


A violation, as of a law, regulation, or agreement; a breach.



7.

Define The Fair Use Doctrine.

Fair use

is
a

limitation and exception

to the

exclusive
right

granted by

copyright

law to the author of
a creative work. In

United
States copyright law
, fair use is a

doctrine

that permits limited use of
copyrighted material without acquiring permission from the rights holders. Examples of fair use
include

commentary, search engines, criticism, news reporting, research, teaching, library archiving
and scholarship. It provides for the legal, unlicensed citation or incorporation of copyrighted material
in another author's work under a four
-
factor

balancing test
.



8.

What Will Happen If You Infringe Copyright?

Anyone found to have infringed a copyrighted work may be liable for statutory damages up to
$30,000 for each work infringed an
d, if willful infringement is proven by the copyright owner, that
amount may be increased up to $150,000 for each work infringed. In addition, an infringer of a
work may also be liable for the attorney's fees incurred by the copyright owner to enforce his
or her
rights


9.

What Is Public Domain Work?

A public domain book is one that was either never subject to copyright or whose legal copyright term
has expired. It might be a novel l
ike Herman Melville's Moby
-
Dick
, an ancient work like Aristotle's
observations

on bees, or any one of the millions of scholarly, practical and entertaining works
written since the days of clay tablets and papyrus scrolls. These books represent a wealth of
knowledge that often is not easily discovered, so we're excited to help our li
brary partners share
these works with the world. Books that we have determined are in the public domain are fully
available in Google Books
-

that is, you can page through the book from start to finish.


10.

The First Interaction Of The
World Web

Was Released In
What Year and Whom.

I don’t have any idea.



11.

In What Year Was The first EMAIL Sent And Was
Sent?

Sent by computer engineer

Ray

Tomlinson

in 1971, the email was simply a test message to himself.
The email was sent from one computer to
another computer sitting right beside it in Cambridge,
Massachusetts, but it traveled via

ARPANET
, a network of computers that was the precursor to the

Internet.














12.

What Do The Abbreviations

FTP

And
HTTP

Stand
For?


HTTP

Short for

H
yper

T
ext

T
ransfer

P
rotocol
, the underlying

protocol

used by the
World

Wide

Web
.
HTTP
defines how messages are formatted and transmitted,

and what actions

Web

servers

and

browsers

should take in response to various commands. For example, when you enter
a

URL

in your browser, this actually sends an
HTTP

command to the Web server directing it to fetch
and transmit the requested

Web

page
.



FTP

Short for

F
ile

T
ransfer

P
rotocol,

the

protocol

for exchanging

files

over the
Interne
t
.
FTP

works in the
same way as

HTTP

for transferring Web pages from a

server

to a user's browser and

SMTP

for
transferring

electronic

mail

across the Internet in that, like these technologies,
FTP

uses the
Internet's

TCP/IP

protocols to enable data transfer.

FTP

is most commonly used to

download

a file from a server using the Internet or to

upload

a file to
a server (e.g., uploading a Web page file to a server).




13.

Explain What a Search Engine Is.

Search engines are

programs

that search documents for specified

keyword sand returns a list of the
documents where the keywords were found. A

search

engine

is really a general class of programs,
however, the term is often used to specifically describe systems like Google, Bing and Ya
hoo! Search
that enable users to search for documents on the

World

Wide

Web.




14.

Explain How Index Search Engine Work

Search engines are

answer machines
. When a person looks for something o
nline, it requires the
search engines to scour their corpus of billions of documents and do two things


first, return only
those results that are relevant or useful to the searcher’s query, and second, rank those results in
order of perceived usefulness.
It is both “
relevance
” and “
importance
” that the process of SEO is
meant to influence.

To a search engine, relevance means more than simply finding a page with the right words. In the
early days of the web, search engines didn’t go much further than this s
implistic step, and their
results suffered as a consequence. Thus, through evolution, smart engineers at the engines devised
better ways to find valuable results that searchers would appreciate and enjoy. Today, 100s of
factors influence relevance, many of

which we’ll discuss throughout this guide.



15.

Explain How
Pay
-
Per
-
Click

Works

Instead of paying a flat fee each month to place ads on the search result pages, you will be able to
keep advertising costs low by only paying when people click on your ad.

Bid amounts vary based on
the keywords you want to use. You will work with our Sales Representative and Account Manager to
determine a proper Pay Per Click budget based on the type of industry you are in and your marketing
budget.



16.

Explain Meta Tags

A sp
ecial

HTML

tag

that provides information about a

Web

page
. Unlike normal HTML t
ags, meta
tags do not affect how the page is displayed. Instead, they provide information such as who created
the page, how often it is updated, what the page is about, and which keywords represent the page's
content. Many

search

engines

use this information when building their indices.





17.

What are The Three Common Boolean Operators?

The Boolean operators add, subtract or intersect topological objects. Moreover, these basic
operations can
be combined to perform more complex one such a split, sewing or trim.

The Boolean operators proceed in three steps:

1)

Compute the intersection paths between all the boundaries of one body and the boundaries
of the other body. This splits each body into parts

that belong to only one body, or to the
both;

2)

Assign an attribute of "Keep" or "Remove" to each part, according to the operation;

3)

Build the resulting body.


18.

Define The Term Licensing Agreement

A License Agreement is a document which outlines how the licen
sor (the party with the property) will
grant the licensee (the party who is using the licensor's property). You can determine the length of
use and how the property is utilized with a License Agreement; you can specify, for example,
whether the licensee wi
ll have the right to the use the licensor's trademark on a specific product, or
the right to sell or distribute the licensor's intellectual property, like computer software for example.
Having a License Agreement can help set the foundation for a great bus
iness exchange.














19.

Define Terms Of Use

The Terms and Conditions are an important part of a website's business. The Terms and Conditions
explain how the website should be used as well as the responsibilities of the company and the
user.
This document also lays out the prohibited uses of the website. The Terms and Conditions will be
completed with our simple interview, but it may also be edited online or in Word format to include
special circumstances, policies, or provisions unique
to your business arrangement.



20.

Define The Term
RSS

Feed

A

file

that

delivers

information

from

a

website
,

sometimes

in

a

summary

with

links
to

the

full

docume
nt
,

to

another

website
.

RSS

feeds

ar
e

used

mainly

to

supply

the
latest

information

to

websites

that

ar
e

regularly

updated
.