Name BISM 1200 Introduction to Computing Sound Byte Lab Chapter 1

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Nov 2, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Copyright © 201
3

Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall


Name






B
ISM
1200 Introduction to Computing


Sound Byte Lab Chapter 1



History of the Personal Computer


Introduction:
The history of the personal computer is vast and complex. As computers continue to
develop, each development brings greater
opportunities and challenges to the world of computing.


Learn how it all started and where it has led to in today’s world.



1.

The first accurate mechanical calculator was invented in 1642 by __________.

a.

Charles Babbage

b.

Blaise Pascal

c.

Joseph Marie Jacquard

d.

H
erman Hollerith


2.

In 1834, the ________ included components of RAM, CPU, and input/output devices
that are used in today’s computers.

a.

Babbage analytical engine

b.

Hollerith tabulating machine


c.

Pasculine calculator


d.

UNIVAC


3.

In 1975,
Popular Electronics

magazine advertised the __________ as the first computer
available for personal use.

a.

Altair

b.

Apple Lisa

c.

IBM

d.

ENIAC


4.

In 1956, Jack Kilby, from Texas Instruments, invented the ________, which could
store thousands of transistors on a single chip.

a.

processor


b.

i
ntegrated circuit


c.

transistor


d.

microprocessor


5.

The __________, which can alter its electric state between on and off, is the basic building
block for computer circuitry.

a.

p
rocessor

b.

c
ircuit

c.

t
ransistor

d.

m
icroprocessor




Copyright © 201
3

Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall


6.

The first spreadsheet software
application for personal computers was __________.

a.

Word

b.

Lotus 1
-
2
-
3

c.

Excel

d.

VisiCalc


7.

Built in 1939, the __________ computer was the first to use vacuum tubes instead of
mechanical switches to store binary data.

a.

ENIAC

b.

Altair

c.

Atanasoff
-
Berry

d.

IBM


8.

Which
computer was the first computer designed for U.S. business?

a.

UNIVAC

b.

ENIAC

c.

Altair

d.

ADA


9.

The __________ is considered to be the first successful high
-
speed electronic digital
computer.

a.

Hollerith tabulating machine

b.

Jacquard loom

c.

ENIAC

d.

Pascaline calculator


10.

Who
is considered the first computer programmer?

a.

Charles Babbage

b.

Herman Hollerith

c.

Grace Hopper

d.

Ada Lovelace