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deadmancrossingraceAI and Robotics

Nov 13, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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© 2012
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Robert G Parker

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Robert G Parker

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Robert G Parker

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Robotics

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Gates believes that robotics today is like the world of
computers 30 years ago. Robotics, like computers in
the 1970s, have widespread applications in industry, but
the models available for home users tend to be
expensive and have appeal mainly for tinkerers and
hobbyists.


Gates foresees a world 30 years from now where home
robots are as ubiquitous and indispensable as windows
computers and Microsoft Office.



Drug stores in Canada have implemented and are
operating robotic pharmacies.

Scientific America


December 2006

Robotics

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Robotics

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http://www.riken.go.jp/engn/r
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world/research/lab/asi/tricollabo/index.html

Robotics

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Robotics

Robotics

In the United States Military

Looking Into The Future

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Introducing
robots
that fight fires, climb
ladders, search for
bombs, and race
across the battlefield.


The
technological
singularity is near, say
military strategists
.


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CHARLi

You haven't seen flying, swimming, and fighting robots like
these before. The Department of Defense is expanding its
robotics research with new initiatives to develop machines
that can drive, climb, extinguish fires, or perform other
automated tasks. The ultimate goal includes using robots in
dangerous situations that would otherwise put U.S. soldiers
at risk.

In two recent developments, the
Defense Advanced Research Project Agency
(DARPA) launched
a
“grand challenge” for robot builders
, and the Naval
Research Laboratory opened its

Laboratory for Autonomous Systems Research
(LASR), which will focus on cutting
-
edge research in robotics and autonomous
systems.

DARPA is
offering a $2 million prize

to build a robot capable of using human tools
and navigating disaster
-
response scenarios. Contestants' robots will be required to
travel across rubble, remove debris from a blocked entryway, and climb a ladder,
for example.

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The
new Naval Research Laboratory facility will be used to develop robots for use by
the Navy, Marines, and other branches of the DOD. Its work is consistent with the
National Robotics Initiative, a federal effort to develop robots to help solve problems
in defense, space, health, and manufacturing
.


The U.S. military has been working on humanoid robots for years. Students at
Virginia Tech College of Engineering's


Robotics and Mechanisms
Laboratory


(
RoMeLa
), with funding from DARPA, produced
CHARLi
. The human
-
looking, five
-
foot
-
tall robot can walk upright
.


In many cases, military robots have applications outside of the battlefield. Last year,
CHARLi

helped Virginia Tech take home the gold from the
Robocup

soccer
tournament in Istanbul
.

A humanoid form isn't required in the challenge, but DARPA
does plan to provide a hardware platform with arms, legs, torso,
and head to some entrants.


A previous DARPA challenge produced several automobiles that
were capable of driving themselves and a
four legged robot
called Cheetah
, developed by Boston Dynamics with DARPA
funding, recently achieved a galloping speed of up to 18 miles
per hour, a new record for legged robots.

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Fire
-
Fighting Robot:
SAFFiR


The
Navy has tapped Virginia
Tech's robot team to turn
CHARLi

into a robot that can
perform fire
-
fighting duties.
Known as
SAFFiR

(Shipboard
Autonomous Firefighting
Robot), the mechanical
firefighter will be able to walk
and climb, feature a gas sensor
and infrared camera to see
through smoke, and be
programmed to receive
commands wirelessly from a
remote controller
.

Walk, Climb, Sense Gas, See Through Smoke, Commanded Wirelessly

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Disaster
-
Response
Robots


DARPA's Robotics
Challenge seeks to
develop robots that are
capable of responding
to dangerous situations
and assisting with
disaster response.


Competitors
are
expected to create
robots that can
use
common hand tools
and
equipment

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Running Robot: Cheetah


If
publicity can go to a
robot's head, then
Cheetah should be one
proud mechanical feline.
Developed by Boston
Dynamics, which was
spun off from MIT's
robotics laboratory several
years ago,

Cheetah recently garnered accolades as the "fastest robot in the world" when
it set a record at 18 mph
.

Cheetah is just one of the so
-
called "legged squad
support system" robot technology being developed for the military, with
potential for domestic police work.

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Big
Dog staggered but stayed upright and a
robo
-
star was born. Big Dog and
its two siblings,
Alphadog

and
Littledog
, together represent the army's effort to
develop robotic replacements for the pack mule.


Walking Robot: Big
Dog


Boston Dynamic's Big
Dog became something
of a YouTube sensation
when a video showed its
human developer kicking
it in the side as it strode
around the lab.

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With
its sealed body,
RHex

can
climb in rock fields, mud, sand, and
vegetation, across railroad tracks, up telephone poles, slopes, and
stairways
.
RHex

is controlled remotely at distances up to 700 meters, and IR
cameras and illuminators provide
front and rear views
from the robot


Crawling robot:
RHex


Some robots have
been tapped for military
service. The army has
begun testing Boston
Dynamic's
RHex
--
a
six
-
legged, 30
-
pound
crawling robot

inspired by the
cockroach
--
in
Afghanistan.

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Rolling/jumping robot:
Sand Flea


Also
deployed to
Afghanistan for testing is
another in Boston


Dynamic's
insect
-
inspired
robots, the Sand Flea.
This rolling robot can
jump up to 30 feet high,
over walls or onto
rooftops.


The
Sand Flea weighs 11
pounds and can jump 25
times per battery charge.



Vertically Jump Up to 30 Feet


Jump Over Walls and Onto Roofs


25 Jumps per Battery Charge


Weighs 11 Pounds

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Throwable

Robot: Recon
Scout


ReconRobotics

recently
received a $1.7 million
contract from the U.S.
Marine for 126 of its
Recon Scouts.


The
Recon Scout weighs
1.2
lbs

and can be thrown
into any environment, from
which it transmits real
-
time
video to help examine
vehicle undercarriages,
inspect bunkers and
caves, and evaluate
suspected IEDs.


Light
-
weight


1.2 Pounds/545 Grams

Meant to be Thrown


Over or Under Things

Transmits Real
-
Time Video

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Humanoid Robot:
Petman


Boston
Dynamics describes
Petman

as "the first
anthropomorphic robot that
moves dynamically like a real
person." It can walk upright or
crawl on all fours, and was
demonstrated doing push
-
ups.
Petman

already has a big
brother by the name of Atlas.


It's
possible that humanoid
robots used in DARPA's Grand
Challenge will be based on
Petman

or
CHARLi
.


Human Physical Characteristics
and Movements

Walk Upright

Crawl on All Fours

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Human Augmentation:
Ekso

Skeleton


Ekso

Bionics, a spin
-
off from
Berkeley's robotics lab, has received
research grants from the DOD and
licensed technology to Lockheed
Martin, in connection with its body
-
enhancing robot,
Ekso

Skeleton.


Originally
intended to help soldiers in
the field in terms of strength,
endurance, and surviving catastrophic
wounds,
Ekso

Bionics markets its
technology commercially as an aid
to paraplegics.


Assists Human Movement

Provides Added Strength

Suitable for Paraplegics

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Biomimicing

Robot:

DASH


Cockroaches
have a reputation for being
indestructible. That could explain DASH
(Dynamic Autonomous Sprawled
Hexapod), a cockroach
-
like robot
developed by the Biomimetic
Millisystems

Lab at University of
California, Berkeley.


DASH
is small (10 cm) but fast (15 body
lengths per second) and resilient (it can
survive ground impact of 10 meters per
second).


Besides
the creepiness factor, the
crawling robots might be used as nodes
on a dispersed network
.

Small


4 Inches (10 cm)

Fast


15 Body Lengths per Second (5 feet per second)

Strong


Survive Ground Impact of 33 Feet per Second (32 foot fall)

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Biomimicing

Robot: DASH+WINGS


There
are several robotics labs
working on flying
-
insect robots,
including Harvard and Ohio State
University/Wright Paterson Air Force
Base.


But
Berkeley's Biomimetic
Millisystems

Lab did it the easy (or less hard) way,
by attaching wings on its cockroach
robot DASH.


Gives
new meaning to the term
"wireless network
.“

FLYING DASH

Additional Mobility

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Meet Lucas


Greg
Trafton
, a
roboticist

with the Navy Center
for Allied Research in Artificial Intelligence,
demonstrates Lucas, a humanoid robot, at the
Navy's Laboratory for Autonomous Systems
Research.


According
to LASR, Lucas is a "computerized
cognitive" robot, which means he's designed to
act and react the way a person might. Lucas
has a female counterpart, Octavia
.

Cognitive Robot
Acts and Reacts
Like Humans

However It Is Designed By Engineers

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TerraMax

In Afghanistan and Iraq, the Army has used robotic ground systems to
transport gear, navigate rough terrain, monitor remote areas, and search for
roadside bombs. Pictured here is the
TerraMax

autonomous vehicle made by
defense contractor Oshkosh
.

Robotic Vehicles

Navigate Terrain

Search for Roadside
Bombs

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Robojelly


Scientists
at the University of
Texas at Dallas and Virginia
Tech have built a jellyfish
-
inspired robot that can refuel
itself.


Robojelly
, developed with
funding by the Office of
Naval Research, has two
hemispherical canopies,
which are made of silicone
and are connected to
artificial muscles that
contract when heated.


Artificial Muscles

React to Heat

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Asteroid
Mining Plan Revealed

Google, Tech Execs Accelerate Space Privatization

IRS Database System Makes Tax Deadline, Finally

Air Force IT Strategy Stresses Mobile, Thin Clients

Federal Cyber Overhaul Cost: $710 Million Through 2017

Inside Red Cross Social Media Command Center

NASA's Blue Marble: 50 Years Of Earth Images

Top 14 Government Social Media
Initiatives

Recommended
Reading

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Robots will soon have
this capability

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This could
be worse
than driving
while texting

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Thank You for Your Interest and Participation

2012 Environmental Scan

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2012 Environmental Scan

robertgparker@shaw.ca

250
-
658
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0250

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