Creator of the

deadmancrossingraceAI and Robotics

Nov 13, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

52 views

The History of Photography, film and
Video Arts

Louis Daguerre

Creator of the
Daguerreotype
process


In 1826, Frenchman Joseph Niepce took
a picture (heliograph, as he called it) of a
barn.


The image, the result of an eight
-
hour
exposure, was the world's first
photograph.



Little more than ten years later, his associate
Louis Daguerre devised a way to permanently
reproduce an image, and his picture

a
daguerreotype

needed just twenty minutes'
exposure.



Photography was born.


Daguerreotypes


The exquisite detail along with the silver
-
mirror
quality gave these Daguerreotype a magical
appearance.


Some considered it impolite to
stare too long

at
those people in the photograph.


The first practical photographs were not
paper like today's, but on a sheet of metal
or glass. 1870’s Tintype of baseball
players.


The beginning of the 19th century was an
exciting time to be alive. As people began to
learn more and more about the world, the
need for capturing surroundings more
accurately arose.


This need exceeded the capability of the
artists. People sought ways of directly
capturing images so that they were preserved.

http://www.fi.edu/learn/sci
-
tech/daguerreotype
-
photography/daguerreotype
-
photography.php?cts=photography

Baseball Cards & Photography


Baseball cards as we know them can be traced not
only to the rising popularity of baseball in the mid
-
1800s, but to the development of photography and
commercial printing processes..



The Man Who Coined "Photography"


Also in 1839, the term "photography" was coined by
Sir John Herschel, a British mathematician and
astronomer (side note: his father, Sir Frederick
William Herschel, also a famous astronomer,
discovered the planet Uranus!)


Herschel also coined the terms "
negative
" and
"positive
" in the context of photography, and also of
the vernacular "snapshot."

American Civil War Photography


The American Civil War (1861

65) was the first
war in history to be caught on camera.



There were a good number of battles and other
scenes of the American Civil War, and they have
provided the world with a visual first hand account
of this period in American history.



In terms of photography, the American Civil War is
the best covered conflict of the 19th century. It
presaged the development of the wartime
photojournalism of World War II, the Korean War,
and the Vietnam War.


Mathew Brady




Mathew B. Brady, was born in 1823 in New York.


Brady can be viewed as the father of photojournalism.


He was the most prominent photographer of the Civil War
because of his commitment and mastery of his job.


He mastered the art when he was in his 20s.


Brady would later spend his own accumulated earnings to
take pictures of the war. "
From the first, I regarded myself
as under obligation to my country to preserve the faces of
its historic men and mothers."

Mathew Brady


Mathew Brady taken shortly
after the First Battle of Bull
Run, wearing a saber given to
him for defense.



Brady was almost killed at
Bull Run and in the confusion
got lost for three days,
eventually making his way to
Washington nearly dead from
starvation




Oldest Photographs

The Kodak Brownie



If you asked people in the 1950s, 1970s, or even 1990s what
life would be like in the year 2000, many would have had
some pretty interesting answers for you. Futuristic clothing,
spaceship
-
like cars, and advanced robotic systems to handle
the most ordinary daily tasks.


But now that we are well into the 21st century, we take a
moment to reflect on an
object

that helped to usher in the
beginning of a previous century.

This camera made photography easy
and affordable for average families.


The Kodak "Brownie" camera made its debut
at the turn of the twentieth century and sold
for one dollar.


100,000 of them were purchased during the
first year alone.


The Brownie helped to put photography into
the hands of amateurs and allowed the
middle class to take their own "snapshots" as
well.


Eastman Kodak introduced the new Brownie
dollar box camera in 1900; the release was
supported by a major advertising campaign.
The name "Brownie" was chosen primarily
because of the popularity of a children's book
of cartoons of the same name.



Brownie Camera Commercial 1958