Computers in Medicine

deadmancrossingraceAI and Robotics

Nov 13, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Computers in Medicine


Will Henderson, Erica
Deahl
, Neal
Robinson

Robots


Robotic surgery is a new
advancement in surgery.
Robotic surgery allows
the surgeon to operate
through the aid of a
robot.


This enables the
surgeon to make smaller
incisions and operate
through the use of a
camera and “arms”.


Advantages To Robotic Surgery


Cuts down on simple human error, because
the surgeon is seated and relaxed.


Smaller incision means smaller scars and
faster recovery. The incision would normally
be nearly 10 times as big.


Cleaner, less chance of an infection.




Training



There are several ways that computers have
aided students in their training and education.


On
-
line schools such as
http://www.lincolncollegeonline
-
usa.com


Lincoln offers online courses on management
and running a doctor’s office.


Some operations can even be simulated on a
computer monitor and the surgeon practices
decision making and
other skills.

Easy Access to Medical Files


This can help them in the ER if a patient is
non
-
responsive and the doctors can find out
important information.


It can help if a patient needs to have tests
done or seek other opinions.


Makes switching doctors easy.


Also can access family history and check for
on
-
going family illnesses.

Treatment


Computers are vital to monitor patients
staying in hospitals.


Through the use of a computer a nurse can be
paged if a patients heart
-
rate drops or if their
body temperature rises.


It can also control things like IVs and change
their speed if necessary.


This way one nurse can monitor several
patients without actually being in the room.

WebMD


www.webMD.com

is a free website with
information on nearly everything medical
related.


It is a compilation site that covers anything
from drugs, diets, illnesses, and symptoms.


It also has information on nearby specialists.


Has information on prescription drugs and
side effects.

Electronic Medical Records


This is a safe way for medical practices to
electronically keep all the data of their
patients.


Advantages of Electronic Medical
Records


Improve Efficiency


Save money and earn money ($3) chart


Increase # of patients (speed)


Allows medications to be managed easily and
sufficiently


Accurate documentation of patients



Electronic Prescriptions


Electronic prescription systems are being
designed to increase in quality of care. These
systems are able to check the dosage of the
medicine and ensure that it will not cause a
reaction or bad event based on the history of
that particular patient.

Electronic Prescriptions


The accuracy of handwritten prescriptions
don’t even compare to electronic ones


4% error rate on electronic prescription to a
34% error rate on handwritten prescriptions


Greatest reason for error is communication,
such as the pharmacists not being able to read
the doctors handwriting.

Advantages of Computers in Medicine


Avoid illegal handwriting


Help identify patients


More easily collect data


Data can be transferred very quick and can
travel long distances


Improve medical education by decreasing the
amount of time and effort needed to know all
the necessary information

Disadvantages of Computers in
Medicine


Less useful for people who don’t type fast
enough


Viruses and technical problems


Fear that data in computers can be used
against doctors and hospitals


Make the relationship with the doctor and the
patient less personal


Computers can get fairly expensive


Computer Software


Can be used for diagnosis of diseases


Can be used for identifying internal organs in
the body


Can also be used to examine delicate organs in
the body


Some complex surgeries can be performed
with the aid of computers


Epocrates



Is one of the many software’s used in Medical
computers


Has 2600+ medications


Includes packaging and pricing information


Medical prescriptions are automatically updated


Formulary available for AK, CA, DE, GA, MA, MN,
OR, TX, WA, AZ, CT, FL, KN, MI, MO, OH, PA, VA


Alternative medication application in
development



Medical Appliances with small
programmed computers



X
-
Ray


MRI


Hospital Beds


Emergency Alarm systems



History of Computers in Medicine


Started in the 70’s


Main purpose of computerization was labor
-
saving
for the process of insurance claim and the scope was
limited only
within the administrative
section in
medical institutions


The physician order entry system (POES) appeared in
the 80’s by a centralized system of a host computer
and based on the computerization of clinical
laboratory and pharmacy




History Continued


The POES contributed reducing patient’s waiting
time in clinical institutions and also making the
process of insurance claim efficient.


The growth of networking, especially the internet
in the 90’s enhanced cooperation among clinical
professionals or clinical institutions.


The electronic medical record came into
existence in a Japan hospital, when it was the first
to get rid of paper in 1999.

Genome Informatics


1911
-

Alfred
Sturtevant

realized
that he could
map the locations of Drosophila genes
followed over
generations


Problem was managing the enormous amount
of data


New
computational approaches

help analyze
and understand the

data
generated by the
Human Genome Project (HGP)

Genome Informatics


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sDfCHZJw
-
KE


Effect on Jobs


Many offices have replaced paper files with all
computers


Opens up opportunities for IT techs,
programmers, and other software people


Takes away lower paying, traditional jobs


Expands the budgets of clinics

Handheld Computers

These small, convenient tools can help doctors
do the following things at the same time they
are caring for a patient:


Access reference information


Make medical calculations


Improve coding and billing


Track patient data

Medical Imaging


Use computers to create images of the human
body


Also used in magnetic resonance imaging


Computed tomography is used to form 3
-
D
images


Infrared cameras can be used with computers
to create high resolution images

Nuclear Medicine


Improved
acquisition, display and analysis of
radionuclide
data


Create ability
of radionuclide studies to
accurately quantify organ
physiology


Communication


Computers allow nurses to communicate with
each other quickly and easily


Don’t have to worry about tied up phone lines
in case of emergency


Can communicate with larger amounts of
people at a time


Cut down on costs of long distance calling

Advertisting


Websites can be used to market a physician’s
practice


Very cost efficient way of advertising


More people will be able to access and see
the advertisement

Software Programs


A4 Health
Systems


Acermed


AdvancedMD


LeonardoMD


Lytec

(NDC Health
)


Medical
Manager (
Emdeon

Practice Services
)


MediSoft

(Per
-
Se Technologies
)


Millbrook
(GE Medical Systems Information Technologies
)


Misys
Healthcare
Systems


Visionary
Medical Systems

Bibliography


hesca.org/past_meetings/winnipeg/pdas.ppt


http://www.iit.edu/~marajos/CS485/project/index.htm
l


http://www.anest.ufl.edu/computer/index.html


www.nii.ac.jp/pi/n2/2_3.pdf


http://www.buzzle.com/articles/importance
-
of
-
computers
-
in
-
medicine.html


http://library.thinkquest.org/03oct/00760/Advantages
%20of%20Robotic%20Surgery.htm


http://www.iit.edu/~marajos/CS485/project/index.htm
l