OASIS Presentation - June 2008 (PPT, 760 KB)

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Feb 22, 2014 (3 years and 4 months ago)

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Project Presentation

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2

Ageing population: facts


In absolute terms, the number of older persons has tripled over the last
50 years and will be more than triple again over the next 50
-
year
period to reach nearly 2 billion in 2050.


By 2020 the 65+ population will represent the 25% of the overall
population in Europe.


Due to increased longevity and reduced birth
-
rate:


The annual growth of the older population (1.9%) is significantly higher
than that of the total population (1.02%)


In the near future, the difference between those two rates is expected to
become even larger, as the baby boom generation starts ageing in many
parts of the world, including Europe.


The ageing of the population is changing also the workforce scenario
in Europe:


currently the ratio between working people and retired ones is equal to 4:1;
drastic reduction of this ratio up to 2:1 in 2050.


Healthcare and Pension systems are struggling to cope with additional
demand also in consideration that age and disability are strongly
correlated: around a fifth of people over 50 experience severe vision,
hearing and dexterity problems.

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The elderly society barriers


Barriers to independence, affecting the lives of elderly people include:


Major deficiencies in assistance to the elderly in the transportation modes,
hampering their social and working activities.


Due to the lack of appropriate retraining, lifelong learning activities, and
tele
-
working infrastructure, senior workers are often confronted with
unemployment.


Social isolation is a common problem for senior people. The
consequences of ageing population present enormous challenges and
opportunities for ICT.



A typical example is the Internet that has
become an enabler of social inclusion
,
as
it allows
contact to the outside world.


Senior people can walk out of loneliness,
by sending e
-
mails to family members
and friends all over the world, chatting in
forums to exchange feelings and ideas,
etc.

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4

OASIS vision


OASIS aims at an
open and innovative reference
architecture
, based upon
ontologies and semantic
services
, that will allow plug and play and cost
-
effective
interconnection of existing and new services

in all
domains required for the
independent and
autonomous living of the elderly and their Quality of
Life enhancement
. Both the open reference
architecture and the related tools will be made available
as
open source
.


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OASIS data summary


EC co
-
funded project (ICT
-
FP7)


Coordinator: Philips FIMI (Italy)


Start/end date: 1 January 2008
-

31 December
2012


Consortium: 33 Partners from 12 countries

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Target user group


Elderly people who experience mild cognitive and physical
impairments due to ageing.


These people have the competence, in most cases, to lead
independent and active lives, but, are at risk of exclusion
due to the slight cognitive and physical deteriorations that
they are experiencing, as well as the complexity and lack
of utility, accessibility and usability of ICT.


The OASIS main
end
-
user group
, can be broken down
into 3 sub
-
groups :


‘Young’ Elderly: ages 55
-
65, i.e. people who are healthy with active
lives, but who have just started to experience slight deteriorations
in their quality of life due to ageing.


Elderly: ages 65
-
75, i.e. people who are healthy, but are more
likely to experience mild cognitive and physical problems due to
ageing.


‘Old Elderly’: ages 75+, i.e. people who are very likely to
experience cognitive and physical deteriorations due to ageing.

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OASIS target domains


Independent Living Applications, including
socialisation


nutritional advisor, activity coach, brain and skills
trainers, social communities platform, health
monitoring and environmental control



Mobility Applications,


elderly
-
friendly transport information services, elderly
-
friendly route guidance, personal mobility services


Smart Workplaces Applications


biometric authentication interface
and multimodal dialogue mitigation
and other smart workplace
applications

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8

OASIS modules at a glance


A
new Architectural Framework
, called “COF
-
Common Ontological
Framework” or “OASIS hyper
-
ontology”. The hyper
-
ontology is open, modular,
holistic, easy
-
to
-
use and standards
-
abiding and allows the interoperability,
seamless connectivity and sharing of content between not only single services
but also competing ontologies of the same or different application domains.


A
n
Open Reference Architecture

(also called ‘OASIS Platform’), composed
by the COF and its support tools, both available as open source, that allow the
automatic or semi
-
automatic connection of existing and emerging ontologies
and services to the OASIS Architectural Framework.


The
OASIS System
, composed of the new Open Reference Architecture,
enriched by an AmI Framework (a multi
-
Agents platform) and the Interaction
Platform (allowing automatic UI self
-
creation for new connected services and
self adaptation to the device used, the context of use and the user needs and
preferences).


A wide range of
connected applications

(over 12 different service types), all
integrated within the OASIS System, and interoperating in integrated scenarios
and Use Cases, covering the needs of the elderly and their caregivers
.


A
Pilots test
-
bed
, consisting of 4 sites Europe
-
wide (in North, Central, South
and East
-

Europe) and all potential test environments per site: Living Labs,
Sheltered Homes, Independent Living (private) homes.

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OASIS overall concept and parts

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10

SP1: Open Reference Architecture,
User Interface, Platform and Tools


Building of the open
-
ended reference architecture
(COF: Common Ontological Framework) for
organising, maintaining and applying
heterogeneous ontologies. This architecture
framework is aimed to achieve:


Interoperability between different web services from the
same or different application domains.


Sharing of contextual information between different
objects and services.


Seamless connectivity between hardware, from
hardware to service and from service to service.

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SP2: Independent Living Applications


This SP promotes activities to enhance the elderly
autonomy, comfort, safety, security and health while
at home. The aim is facilitated by the following
modules:


Nutritional advisor
:
personalization and adaptation
of the recommendation and
advices to the elder for
improving his/her nutrition


Activity coach
: monitors,
supports and coaches several
physical activities, aiming to
reduce the age
-
related declines
in the musculoskeletal and
cardiovascular systems

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12

SP2 (cont.)


Brain and skills trainer
: through different exercises and
simulated scenarios, the mental health of persons will be
promoted. A set of personalized exercises will maintain
his/her memory and mental activities level.


Social relation and recreation platform
: building of a social
community platform, at different levels, in order to fight the
social isolation of elderly people and to facilitate new
collaborative experiences.


Health monitoring
: management of the elderly people’s
health and assurance of their optimal health status while
realising the rest of their daily lives activities.


Environmental control
: Domotics applications allowing the
elderly to be confident in his/her house and contribute to
the comfort of the person.


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SP3: Autonomous Mobility and Smart
Workplaces Applications


This SP promotes activities to “push” the elderly user out
of his/her home, guaranteeing safety, security and comfort.
The aim is facilitated by the following modules:


New functionalities, for more independency and safety in
their trips, by easing their driving, avoiding the exposure to
risks and accelerating the emergency rescue procedures.


New route guidance prototype, incorporating elderly
cognitive needs and behavioural patterns.

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SP3 (cont.)


Appropriate mobility services, including journey
planning and support while driving (assistance
navigation, extended emergency call and tele
-
diagnostics, driver monitoring and comfort),
accessible tourism, leisure and social activities.


The need of older people to remain active in the
business domain can be supported while at home,
or anywhere, as mobile users.



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SP4: Integration, Pilot sites and
devices


All the developed applications will be tested in 4
sites Europewide:


UK


Germany


Italy


Greece, Romania & Bulgaria


(combined site)






Participation of hundreds of users, their caregivers
and other stakeholders, in order to evaluate the
overall success and to get the required data to
optimise them.

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SP5: Horizontal activities


Management, dissemination, marketing and
exploitation

of the project concept and results,
ethical and gender issues protection
,
training

(to
familiarize the partners with the technology) and
standardisation

(OASIS platform and applications
will be submitted for standardisation by the
established OASIS world
-
wide Industrial Forum).