lockheed - Department of Systems and Computer Engineering

dashingincestuousSecurity

Feb 22, 2014 (3 years and 3 months ago)

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RCTI Networks for Defence and
Security Applications

Lockheed Martin

Ottawa, Jan. 29, 2008

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Presentation Outline


Who we are.


Research Centre in Technology Innovation (RCTI).


Networks for Defence.


Wireless Sensor Networks.


Sensors, Circuits and Devices for Defence.


Networks and Swarms of Autonomous Vehicles (UAVs).


Network Intelligence and evolution


Simulation


Conclusion

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Who is RCTI?


31 Professors at all levels.


From 6 Departments and 3 Faculties.


Systems and Computer Eng., Electronics, Mechanical Eng., Computer Science, Information
Technology and Business.


Advance research and scholarly activity in electrical and systems
engineering, computing science, and the development and
commercialization of new products


Link R&D carried out by Carleton faculty and graduate students with
companies.


Be a valuable source of talent, knowledge, prototypes, and technology to
innovative companies.


Member of Technop
ô
le Security and Defense


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Networks of things



Networks that perceive, understand and take action for security
applications.



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Military Applications



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Border Security



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Industrial control and security



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Power grid control and security



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Transportation systems



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Telephone, internet communication systems

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Wireless Ad Hoc Network


Air drop wireless sensors over region. The system establishes its
communication topology. Low power, low cost devices that are
easily augmented and replaced.

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Research For Wireless Networks



Facilitate the collection of sensor data from a collection of resource
-
constrained
sensor systems, connected wirelessly. How should the sensors talk to each other?


Support new applications and the re
-
tasking of wireless nodes.


Support easy integration of new sensors.


Efficient distribution of the information from the sensors to various interested
parties (first responders, airport authorities, etc.).


Combine/fuse data derived from different sites.


Wireless mesh testbed, consisting of 14 custom
-
build mesh routers and a range of
client devices (PDAs, laptops, etc.).

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Research Directions in Sensors and Vehicles (The Things)


Biosensors and authentication.


Autonomous vehicles (Land, Air and Sea).


Video sensors (Cameras)and video understanding.


Super resolution enhancement.



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Bio
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sensors


The heart rate and breathing
monitor.


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Biometrics from biosensors provide some promising solutions to
the authentication problems.

Fingerprint

Face

Iris

Retina

Voice

Finger vein

Cardio
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based

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Military tactical mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) challenge
security design.


As the front line of defence, authentication is the core
requirements for integrity and confidentiality in networked
centric warfare.

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Research into Wireless Bio Sensors.


development and evaluation of biosensor wireless networking and
management schemes that take into account wireless communication,
power consumption and computational resource requirements,


development and evaluation of biometric
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based user authentication and
encryption for high security wireless communications,


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Autonomous Vehicles

Built from low cost robot kit.

HandyBoard HC11 controller

Bluetooth communication channel.

Sonar sensor.

Able to control over internet.

On board navigation control
.


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Robotic Boat


developed by 4
th
-
year students


The boat can be controlled over a
wireless network


User with a PC and a web browser
can control the boat from anywhere


The web server is placed on the
on
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board microcontroller, which
has not be done before by others


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Robotic Tracking


Activmedia PeopleBot Robot


2 DOF camera


Optical flow
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based target detection and
verification


Target’s motion is estimated using a particle
filter


Laser rangefinder


It is used to determine distance between
robot and target


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Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Development


UAS for geophysical surveys is being developed in the Mechanical
and aerospace Engineering department (M&AE), with industry
partner, an Ottawa company and with support from Systems and
Computer Engineering (SCE)


UAS has a demanding mission


8
-
hours endurance


Airspeed between 60 and 100 kts


Low altitude down to 30 ft above terrain; terrain following is required


Sensitive magnetometers are mounted on the wingtips


Magnetic signature of the air vehicle must be minimized

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UAS Development: Status


Air Vehicle prototype is being built


Size: Wing span 16 ft, weight 200 lb, engine power 30 hp


Start of flight testing: spring of 2009


Four research projects are underway, collaboration between M&AE
and SCE:


Autonomous operation


Obstacle detection and avoidance


Magnetic signature control


Low
-
cost non
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magnetic airframe


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UAS Development: Experimentation


Two small aircraft, avionics test
beds, are being used for testing


Autopilot system


Telemetry system


Communication system


Iridium satellite system selected and
being tested


Altimeter system


A laser altimeter has been purchased for
testing



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Cooperative robots and intelligence



Robots have own control and navigation algorithms



Robots only know their position and others

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Video Processing and Understanding

Tracking of video objects

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Intelligent Video Object Tracking

Tracking, counting and timing of video
objects.

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Networks of Robots and Sensor Swarms

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Vehicles Playing the Evader


Pursuit Game

Research Topics



Vehicles Learn Each Others
Dynamics.



Vehicles Adapt Behaviour
.



Coalition and Team Formation

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R

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Swarm Intelligence and Personality Evolution


Game Theory, Coalition formation.


Evolutionary Game Theory.


Learning (fuzzy, adaptive, genetic).


Personality Traits.

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Simulation


A rich simulation environment for network development, operator training
and visual display.

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Conclusions


The Research Centre in Technology innovation is a unique grouping
of 31 faculty and 100’s of students. The goal is to work closely with
industry to bring new innovative ideas to market.


The research is focused on networks of sensors and devices.


Applications in Security and Defense.


Expertise and research in sensors, wireless systems, autonomous
vehicles and computer networks.


Research into network intelligence, swarm intelligence and adaptive
and learning systems.


Networks that perceive, understand and take action.