lockheed - Department of Systems and Computer Engineering


Feb 22, 2014 (7 years and 8 months ago)


RCTI Networks for Defence and
Security Applications

Lockheed Martin

Ottawa, Jan. 29, 2008

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Presentation Outline

Who we are.

Research Centre in Technology Innovation (RCTI).

Networks for Defence.

Wireless Sensor Networks.

Sensors, Circuits and Devices for Defence.

Networks and Swarms of Autonomous Vehicles (UAVs).

Network Intelligence and evolution



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Who is RCTI?

31 Professors at all levels.

From 6 Departments and 3 Faculties.

Systems and Computer Eng., Electronics, Mechanical Eng., Computer Science, Information
Technology and Business.

Advance research and scholarly activity in electrical and systems
engineering, computing science, and the development and
commercialization of new products

Link R&D carried out by Carleton faculty and graduate students with

Be a valuable source of talent, knowledge, prototypes, and technology to
innovative companies.

Member of Technop
le Security and Defense

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Networks of things

Networks that perceive, understand and take action for security


Military Applications


Border Security


Industrial control and security


Power grid control and security


Transportation systems


Telephone, internet communication systems

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Wireless Ad Hoc Network

Air drop wireless sensors over region. The system establishes its
communication topology. Low power, low cost devices that are
easily augmented and replaced.

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Research For Wireless Networks

Facilitate the collection of sensor data from a collection of resource
sensor systems, connected wirelessly. How should the sensors talk to each other?

Support new applications and the re
tasking of wireless nodes.

Support easy integration of new sensors.

Efficient distribution of the information from the sensors to various interested
parties (first responders, airport authorities, etc.).

Combine/fuse data derived from different sites.

Wireless mesh testbed, consisting of 14 custom
build mesh routers and a range of
client devices (PDAs, laptops, etc.).

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Research Directions in Sensors and Vehicles (The Things)

Biosensors and authentication.

Autonomous vehicles (Land, Air and Sea).

Video sensors (Cameras)and video understanding.

Super resolution enhancement.

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The heart rate and breathing

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Biometrics from biosensors provide some promising solutions to
the authentication problems.






Finger vein


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Military tactical mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) challenge
security design.

As the front line of defence, authentication is the core
requirements for integrity and confidentiality in networked
centric warfare.

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Research into Wireless Bio Sensors.

development and evaluation of biosensor wireless networking and
management schemes that take into account wireless communication,
power consumption and computational resource requirements,

development and evaluation of biometric
based user authentication and
encryption for high security wireless communications,

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Autonomous Vehicles

Built from low cost robot kit.

HandyBoard HC11 controller

Bluetooth communication channel.

Sonar sensor.

Able to control over internet.

On board navigation control

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Robotic Boat

developed by 4
year students

The boat can be controlled over a
wireless network

User with a PC and a web browser
can control the boat from anywhere

The web server is placed on the
board microcontroller, which
has not be done before by others

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Robotic Tracking

Activmedia PeopleBot Robot

2 DOF camera

Optical flow
based target detection and

Target’s motion is estimated using a particle

Laser rangefinder

It is used to determine distance between
robot and target

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Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Development

UAS for geophysical surveys is being developed in the Mechanical
and aerospace Engineering department (M&AE), with industry
partner, an Ottawa company and with support from Systems and
Computer Engineering (SCE)

UAS has a demanding mission

hours endurance

Airspeed between 60 and 100 kts

Low altitude down to 30 ft above terrain; terrain following is required

Sensitive magnetometers are mounted on the wingtips

Magnetic signature of the air vehicle must be minimized

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UAS Development: Status

Air Vehicle prototype is being built

Size: Wing span 16 ft, weight 200 lb, engine power 30 hp

Start of flight testing: spring of 2009

Four research projects are underway, collaboration between M&AE
and SCE:

Autonomous operation

Obstacle detection and avoidance

Magnetic signature control

cost non
magnetic airframe

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UAS Development: Experimentation

Two small aircraft, avionics test
beds, are being used for testing

Autopilot system

Telemetry system

Communication system

Iridium satellite system selected and
being tested

Altimeter system

A laser altimeter has been purchased for

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Cooperative robots and intelligence

Robots have own control and navigation algorithms

Robots only know their position and others

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Video Processing and Understanding

Tracking of video objects

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Intelligent Video Object Tracking

Tracking, counting and timing of video

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Networks of Robots and Sensor Swarms

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Vehicles Playing the Evader

Pursuit Game

Research Topics

Vehicles Learn Each Others

Vehicles Adapt Behaviour

Coalition and Team Formation

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Swarm Intelligence and Personality Evolution

Game Theory, Coalition formation.

Evolutionary Game Theory.

Learning (fuzzy, adaptive, genetic).

Personality Traits.

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A rich simulation environment for network development, operator training
and visual display.

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The Research Centre in Technology innovation is a unique grouping
of 31 faculty and 100’s of students. The goal is to work closely with
industry to bring new innovative ideas to market.

The research is focused on networks of sensors and devices.

Applications in Security and Defense.

Expertise and research in sensors, wireless systems, autonomous
vehicles and computer networks.

Research into network intelligence, swarm intelligence and adaptive
and learning systems.

Networks that perceive, understand and take action.