Zone of Impending: Articulation

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Dec 10, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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Zone of Impending: Articulation

“Looming” “Impending” environmental crisis






Zone of the Impending: Articulation

INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, 18
th
-
19
th

CENTURY

Factories/assembly line lead to water/air pollution, heavy use of fossil fuel & coal, overconsumption


18
th

CENTURY

Concern with waste dumping, Henry David Thoreau & John Muir philosophize about “inherent right of nature” and becoming “intim
ate

with nature”


20
th

CENTURY

Chipko movement 1970. Literally hugged trees as a peaceful demonstration.

Increasing preservation of parks, wildlife, “Deep Ecology” theories

Earth as single organism.

“Because of the complexities of the climate system, more warming is inevitable, but we still have time to enact policies that

wi
ll avoid the most catastrophic impacts.”

Human activities have caused unwanted changes in the environment

Apprehensions about technology (Kittler)

Designer as “god” responsibility/moral obligation (
LaTour
)



MAIN “IMPENDING” ENVIRONMENTAL CRISIS:

GLOBAL WARMING:

Global warming is happening and its effects are catastrophic. Man is the cause. We must act quickly by enforcing policy, spr
ead
ing global awareness, and incorporating a strong principle
of “efficiency” into our lives.


OVERPOPULATION:

Population is rising. Especially in “Third World” countries. This is bad because the earth can’t support (in terms of space a
nd
resources) that many people. People need to be efficient in
terms of reproduction.


OVERCONSUMPTION/WASTE:

Augments “overpopulation.” More people, more consumption of resources.



http://globalwarming.house.gov/issues/globalwarming?id=0002#main_content








Brief Historical Basis of Environmentalism






Zone of the Impending: Articulation

ENVIRONMENTALISM AS THE NEW “UNIVERSAL CHURCH”


Against Nature” documentary, Channel 4, UK, 1997
. PHILLIP ATKINSON:

“Characterizing environmentalist ideology as
unscientific, irrational

and
anti
-
humanist
, this acerbic and polemical three
-
part series turns '
Green
' ideas on their head.

Against Nature

begins by exposing the absence of scientific rigor behind notions such as the greenhouse effect and global warming. It goes o
n
to contrast densely populated,

industrialized First World countries (much hated by the
Greens
), which have clean air, clean water and long life expectancies, with sparsely populated, largely pre
-
industrial

countries (much loved by the
Greens
), which have polluted water, terrible air and far shorter life expectancies. The second programme exposes the myth of overpo
pul
ation and


points to the barbarism and racism of environmentalist plans to reduce population levels in the Third World. The last program
me

in the series identifies environmentalism as the


new enemy of science, taking over from religion. It argues that
Green

scaremongering about genetics and fertility has led to valuable scientific research being stopped.”

http://
www.ourcivilisation.com/aginatur/index.htm


AFFLUENT NORM/POWER
, LESS AGENCY FOR POOR

"And it seems to me that there is no accountability here. It's not the people of Africa and Asia or Latin America that have d
ema
nded environmental policies; these are

policies that are being pushed by everybody in the West, from the World Bank to Green organizations. Who gave them the author
ity
? By what moral right do they dictate

the terms of how these societies can develop and realize their potential for the future?"

-
“A Theory of Civilization, ”
Phillip Atkins http://
www.ourcivilisation.com/index.htm


GLOBAL WARMING CHALLENGE


An Inconvenient Truth….or a Convenient Fiction?” documentary , Hayward

“The problem with VP Al Gore and other global warming extremists, is that they distort the science, grossly exaggerates the r
isk
s, argue that anyone who disagrees is corrupt,


and suggests that solutions are cheap and easy…and that’s an all too convenient fiction.”

http://
www.aconvenientfiction.com
/


OVERPOPULATION CHALLENGE

“Demographic Bomb” documentary, By Rick Stout 2009

Data suggests that population is declining. “Fewer workers leads to few consumers, fewer consumers leads to lower economic re
pro
duction…” Only a select few to walk the

Earth? Humans become less a resource, less valued, cheapened.

http://
www.demographicbomb.com
/








Challenges to “Going Green”





Zone of the Impending: Articulation










Why are we doing this?






ROLE OF “ARTIST” OR “DESIGNER”


--
Realize data in an interactive, emotional way



“…the phenomenon of inter
-
faciality…If people look at each other, a nontrivial space arises that cannot be construed

as physical or geometric

inter
-
facial space”


(Spheres Theory,
Sloterdijk)


--
Humanize the data encounter, make cold data tangible


--
Pose questions


--
Focus on real
-
time as “syndrome of our time” and the idea of the “network” as contemporary organizational pattern



“Yet, in a time of networks, swarms, and multitudes, it would seem that the third approach
--

that of 'pattern'
--

is today dom
inant in the life sciences

(genetics, genomics), health care (biotech industry), technology (a
-
life, AI, networks), war (bioterror, emerging epidemics) an
d even alternative scientific

viewpoints (biocomplexity, emergence) [1]. A new, vital pattern pervades systems of all kinds
--

global economies, social syste
ms, immigration patterns,

information exchanges, mobile and wireless communications, and so forth.”



(
“Biophilosophy,” Thacher
)


---
Draw parallels between nature and technology











Zone of the Impending: Precedence










Artists






“LISTENING POST, ”MARK HANSEN & BEN RUBEN 2001


Takes real time data from internet chat rooms, public forums and displays them on LED screens. The texts are read (or sung)

by

a voice synthesizer, and simultaneously
displayed across a suspended grid of more than two hundred small electronic screens. Listening Post cycles through a series o
f s
ix movements, each a different arrangement
of visual, aural, and musical elements, each with it's own data processing logic. Dissociating the communication from its con
ven
tional on
-
screen presence, Listening Post is a
visual and sonic response to the content, magnitude, and immediacy of virtual communication.




Idea of surveillance















Purpose: To inform
-

Interactive narrative of ecological dangers due to human inhabitance


Idea:
Six

globes will represent six ecological issue: pollution of water,

air, earth, global warming, depleting of natural resources and human inhabitance


How does it work?
Each globe will be fitted with a
ipad
. The ipad will feed information about that particular

globe’s ecological issue via the internet (example: water pollution). Each globe will upon interaction, will glow

indicating it’s use. Once the viewer interacts with one globe another globe illuminates
-
hopefully getting the

viewers attention and expose him or her to another danger...etc.
Once each globe has been interacted

with a large center globe will illuminate its light and play a collection of video pieces that illustrate the

underlying clause of environmental destruction.






Human Inhabitants

Project 1

Human Inhabitants

Human Inhabitants

GLOBAL WARMING

Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of Earth's near
-
surface air and oceans since the mid
-
20th century and
its projected continuation. Most of the

observed temperature increase since the middle of the 20th century has been caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse

ga
ses, which result from human activity

such as the burning of fossil fuel and deforestation.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warming


WATER POLLUTION

Water pollution occurs when pollutants are discharged directly or indirectly into bodies of water without adequate treatment
to
remove harmful compounds.


Trash ,Detergents, Petroleum hydrocarbons, including fuels (gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuels, and fuel oil) and lubricants…


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_pollution


AIR POLLUTION

The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other
liv
ing organisms, or damages the natural

environment into the atmosphere.


Carbon monoxide

is a colorless, odorless, non
-
irritating but very poisonous gas. It is a product by incomplete combustion of fuel such as natur
al gas, coal or wood.


SOIL CONTAMINATION

Caused by the presence of human
-
made chemicals in the natural soil environment. This type of contamination typically arises from

the rupture of underground

storage tanks, application of pesticides, oil and fuel dumping, leaching of wastes from landfills or direct discharge of indu
str
ial wastes to the soil.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soil_contamination








Purpose: To inform


Interactive data from different sides of “impending environmental crisis.”


Idea:
Six

globes will represent six ecological issue: pollution of water,

air, earth, global warming, depleting of natural resources and overpopulation.


How does it work?
Each globe will be fitted with a
ipad
. The ipad will feed information about that particular

globe’s ecological issue via the internet (example: water pollution). The data will be collected from both sides of the

debates, and will display at random. Each globe will upon interaction, will glow indicating it’s use. Once the viewer

interacts with one globe another globe illuminates
-
hopefully getting the viewers attention and expose him or her to

Another issue...etc. Once each globe has been interacted with a large center globe will illuminate its light

and play a collection of textual data that illustrates all the environmental issues mentioned.






LOOMING ENCOUNTERS

LOOMING ENCOUNTERS

LOOMING ENCOUNTERS

GLOBAL WARMING

In the United States, scientists believe that most areas will to continue to warm, although some will likely warm more than o
the
rs.

http://
www.epa.gov/climatechange/basicinfo.html


According to the U.S. National Climate Data Center 2008 temperatures in the USA were

below the 115

year average for most of the
country.

U.S. 2009 summer temperatures were also very cool, the 34th coolest since 1895.



http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/img/climate/research/2008/dec/01_12_2008_DvTempRank_pg.gif



WATER POLLUTION

Water pollution occurs when pollutants are discharged directly or indirectly into bodies of water without adequate treatment
to
remove harmful compounds.


Trash ,Detergents, Petroleum hydrocarbons, including fuels (gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuels, and fuel oil) and lubricants…


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_pollution


AIR POLLUTION

The introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other
liv
ing organisms, or damages the natural

environment into the atmosphere.
Carbon monoxide

is a colorless, odorless, non
-
irritating but very poisonous gas. It is a product by incomplete combustion of fuel such as natur
al gas, coal or wood.


OVERPOPULATION

Nevertheless, global population continues to rise at a rate of roughly 78 million people per year.

http://
www.nationalgeographic.com/eye/overpopulation/effect.html








Zone of the Impending: Materials











Globes




COMPLEXPLASTICS.COM

Waiting for price 60" sphere



















SAVEONCRAFTS.COM

Glowing Orb9.5 inches $19.99 X 6 = $120.00 (Come with LED lights)



















MOONSE e7001


TOUCHSCREEN (ANDROID TABLET)

140 X 6 = $840.00



















HOMEDEPOT.COM Cord

$6.97 X 6= $41.82

















Dying Growth

To reconstruct a digital rain forest by using fiber optics, led light and digital sounds. The coloring of fiber optic lights
rep
resent
three stages of the rain forest; deforested, stable areas and increased forested area. Reds will represent deforested areas,

vibrant shades of blues will represent stable areas, greens represent new growth.

Goal

To expose the dangers of the depleting rainforest in a visual manner that evokes emotion on both the consciences and sub
consciences levels.

Project 2

What is Deforestation

The clearance of forests by logging and or burning.


Environmental Problems



Global Warming



The water cycle



Destruction of biological life



Economically lower the living standards of the world's poor by reducing the
GDP


(a measure of a country's overall official economic output)


mapshowstuffworks.com

Why use light: Relationship between light and plant life

Photosynthesis is how plants produce energy from the sun and give off oxygen into the atmosphere.

Source: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/350805/how_colored_light_affects_plant_growth_pg3.html?cat=58


How does light, plants and Humans relate?

Circadian Rhythm:
a 24
-
hour cycle in the biochemical, physiological, or behavioral processes of living entities, including plants,
animals fungi and germs (see bacterial circadian rhythms) revolving around light
-
and dark cycle.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circadian_rhythm



Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Circadian_rhythm_labeled.jpg

Why the use of colored Lights?

The most effective kind of light for photosynthesis is certain red and blue wavelengths as they contain the right amount of e
ner
gy to charge electrons to a higher
energy level. The plant also contains other pigments that absorb more blue, red, orange, and yellow wavelengths. Since none o
f t
he pigments absorb green
wavelengths plants appear green when we look at them

Source: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/350805/how_colored_light_affects_plant_growth_pg3.html?cat=58


Light effects mood in Humans

Influence of light and darkness on circadian rhythms and related behavior through the
suprachiasmatic

nucleus in

humans. The
suprachiasmatic

nucleus

or
nuclei
, abbreviated
SCN
, is a tiny region on the brain's midline, situated

directly above the optic chiasm. It is responsible for controlling circadian rhythms. The neuronal and hormonal

activities it generates regulate many different body functions in a 24
-
hour cycle, using around 20,000 neurons.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circadian_rhythm




Colors, like features, follow the changes of the emotions.”
-

Pablo Picasso

Color Psychology:

the study of color as a factor in human behavior.

Color Therapy:

alternative medicine where therapist use color and light to balance "energy" in the body

Color Meaning:
or the interpretation of color.


Red

is the color of fire and blood, so it is associated with energy, war, danger, strength, power, determination as well as passi
on,

desire, and love.


Green

is the color of nature. It symbolizes growth, harmony, freshness, and fertility. Green has strong emotional correspondence wi
th
safety.


Source : http://www.color
-
wheel
-
pro.com/color
-
meaning.html


Zone of the Impending: Materials










Fiber Optic Trees





FIBER OPTIC SPARKLE LIGHTS


(3mm) 900 meter Spool $954.00

http://
trinorthlighting.com



















FIBER OPTIC ILLUMINATOR CONTROL

(100 X$180.00 )



















MOONSE e7001


TOUCHSCREEN (ANDROID TABLET)

140 X 6 = $840.00

ALTERNATIVE COMMERICIAL GRADE ROPE LIGHT

.5 inch 150FT $58.00

http://www.1000bulbs.com/product/2129/SIV
-
206ULB.html

















City vs. Nature


Purpose:
Showing real time data on park trees to inform people on deforestation.


Idea:
A projector will project real time data on percentages of deforestation of primary forest in
the world and the effects of deforestation such as global environmental change and biodiversity
loss. Projecting data at a city park will inform people of the consequences of construction and
human consumption have on nature. The reason the projected type is yellow is because yellow
on trees represents fire which can be representative of destruction and better presented at night
and or red type.


How does it work?
City vs. Nature, works with a projector and finding a location at a busy
city park at night. Yellow type will be projected on the trees. The location of trees must be
condensed together for maximum projection quality.


Project 3

What is Deforestation


The clearance of forests by logging and or burning.


Environmental Problems


Global Warming


The water cycle


Destruction of biological life


Economically lower the living standards of the world's poor by reducing the GDP


(a measure of a country's overall official economic output)


City Growth Affecting Forest Population

Scientific American quotes: “
a statistical analysis of 41 countries revealed that forest loss

rates are most closely linked with urban population growth and agricultural exports from

2000 to 2005... “


Projection Details

The first projection is showing the effects of deforestation to make viewers understand the importance of
the issue. It is then followed by a slideshow displaying the percentages of deforestation of primary (most
important for the eco
-
system) forests in the world. For a more visible projection, minimal text is largely
displayed on the trees at the city park. Showing a vast amount of percentages displayed will show the
viewers the massive amount of deforestation going on in the world.


Color Choice

The human eye can detect
lightwaves

that range from the

red wavelengths
to the violet wavelengths.
The red waves are about 2 times longer than the violet waves. By using lasers we can generate over a
thousand million (trillion) different wavelengths (colors); however, our eyes only can sense relatively few
different colors. These colors in order of decreasing wavelength are Red, Orange
, Yellow
, Green, Blue,
Lavender, Indigo, and Violet (the colors of the rainbow).
~ info by The
MadSci

Network


In addition, yellow and red are stereotypically colors of fire, and fires are one cause

of deforestation. The audience should view the data about deforestation as

environmental destruction.



Ross Ashton Projection Artist

Projection Artist and Designer of London. Creates large scale public


art using buildings as the projection surface. Pieces are designed to

fit the architecture and to re
-
interpret it. Work is often narrative.







Reading which were incorporated in the Zone of the Impending Projects


Readings


Escaping Flatland”, in Human Inhabitance, is stepping away from 2D art and
visualizing the 3D experience of objects

around a singular object with multiple interfaces and multimedia. In “
Dieing

Growth”
it is experiencing data in 3D way and 2D, with fibro
-
optics trees visualizing data and
an user interface displaying numerical data. In addition, in “City vs. Nature” the
numerical data projected onto trees incorporates a 3D experience.



Synthetic Times”, by Zhang
Ga
, The Exhibition
-

“rethinking of the fundamental
alienation manifested by the perpetual struggle in which control and submission,
exploitation and revolt are the underlying dynamics that rubricate complex human
conditions”. In all the projects, each display data in front of the viewer, intriguing the
viewer to interact or have a re
-
action to the piece (by viewing the data). The projects
exploit data to get a response from the viewer.


Using the article, “The Historical Roots of our Ecological Crisis”, Lyn White Jr., the
projects give the notion that technology is ruthless to nature but stepping away from
the anti
-
Christianity perspective. People and Technology are ruthless to nature.