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EC proposal Ref No FP
-
7
-
218795

NARMA User interface dossier

User requirements


AMESD/ECOWAS










Towards an Operational GMES Land Monitoring Core Service

NARMA

User Interface dossier

ECOWAS

User requirements


G2
-
NA
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RP
-
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-
1
0.
1
.3



Issue 1.3


EC Proposal Reference No.
FP
-
7
-
218795


Due date of deliverable:
08/2009

Actual submission date:
30.10.20
09


Start date of project: 01.
09
.200
8






Duration:
50

months


Organisation name of lead contractor for this deliverable:
Joint Research Centre


Book Captain:

Bruno Combal (JRC)

Contributing A
u
thors:

Etienne Bartholome
(JRC)


Massimo Martini
(Agrhymet)

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
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No.

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Issue:
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Date
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2009

geoland confidential

Page:

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Project co
-
funded by the European Commission within the
Seventh

Framework Programme (2002
-
2006)

Dissemination Level

PU

Public

X

PP

Restricted to other programme participants (including the Commission Services)


RE

Restricted to a group specified by
the consortium (including the Commission Services)


CO

Confidential, only for members of the consortium (including the Commission Services)


EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




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Document Release Sheet


Book captain:

Bruno Combal (JRC)

Sign



Date

Approval

Etienne Bartholomé (JRC)

Sign



D
ate

Endorsement:

Co
-
ordinator (ITD)

Sign



Date

Distribution:

Sub
-
task me
m-
bers, AMESD pr
o-
gramme







EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




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Change Record


Issue/Rev

Date

Page(s)

Description of Change

Release

-

08
.
10
.200
8

all

Release of Draft 1

I1.00

I1.00

02.12
.2008

all

Specific templ
ate proposal to compile user requir
e-
ments

D1.01

I1.00

20/04/2009

all

First issue

I1.0

I1.1

04/06/2009

all

Template modification

I1.1

I 1.2

29/07/2009

All

Update after VGT@Work mission in Agrhymet

I1.2

I1.3

30.10.2009

all

Minor editorial modifications

I
1.3






















EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




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2009

geoland confidential

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TABLE OF CONTENTS








1

Background of the document

................................
................................
............................

7

1.1

Executive Summary

................................
................................
................................
..........

7

1.2

Scope and Objectives

................................
................................
................................
.......

7

1.3

Content of the document

................................
................................
................................
...

7

1.4

Related documen
ts

................................
................................
................................
...........

8

1.4.1

Input

................................
................................
................................
................................
.

8

1.4.2

Output

................................
................................
................................
...............................

8

1.4.3

Abbreviations

................................
................................
................................
....................

8

1.5

Source of information relevant for this document

................................
............................

10

1.5.1

General references

................................
................................
................................
.........

10

1.5.2

Specific references

................................
................................
................................
.........

10

1.5.3

Specific contacts between
Agrhymet and NARMA

................................
..........................

10

2

Agrhymet
user needs

................................
................................
................................
.......

11

2.1

general description of
Agrhymet

................................
................................
.....................

11

2.2

Agrhymet specific

information service

................................
................................
.............

16

2.2.1

Information service # 1:
vegetation biomass for range land and crop condition monitoring

16

2.2.2

Information service # 2:
surface water monitoring

................................
...........................

28

2.2.3

Information service # 2:
locust breeding condition monitoring

................................
.........

31

2.2.4

Information service # 4:
bush fires monitoring

................................
................................
.

35

3

Conclusions

................................
................................
................................
......................

42


EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
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Date
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2009

geoland confidential

Page:

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List of Figures


Error! No table of figures entries found.


List of Tables


Table

1: description of vegetation biomass related services

................................
..........................

17

Table 2 input product NDVI, DMP and VPI required to feed the information service.

....................

19

Table 3 input product Precipitation required to feed the information service.

................................
.

22

Table 4 input product Evapotranspiration required to feed the information service.

.......................

24

Table 5 input product surface Temperature required to feed the information service.

...................

26

Table 6: description of surface water monitoring se
rvice

................................
...............................

28

Table 7 input product SWB required to feed the information service.

................................
............

29

Table 8: description of locust breeding conditio
n related services

................................
.................

31

Table 9 input product fCover required to feed the information service.

................................
..........

32

Table 10: description of bush fi
re monitoring services

................................
................................
...

35

Table 11 input product MODIS required to feed the information service.

................................
.......

36

Table 12 input product MSG F
ires required to feed the information service.

................................
.

38

Table 13 input product burnt areas required to feed the information service.

................................

40



EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

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RP
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Issue:
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Date
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2009

geoland confidential

Page:

7

of
42


1

BACKGROUND OF THE DO
CUMENT

1.1

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The African NARMA users are represented by the regional information centres (RICs) partners of
the AMESD (Africa Monitoring for Environment and Sustainable Development) project: CEMAC,
ECOWAS, IGAD, IOC, and SADC. In the framework of AMES
D (Africa Monitoring for Environment
and Sustainable Development), funded by the European Development Fund, each regional centre
defined it needs around a thematic program:

-

CEMAC: water resources

-

ECOWAS: crops and pastures

-

IGAD: Degradation and Habitat pro
tection

-

IOC: Marine and Coastal Areas

-

SADC: Agricultural and environmental resources


The purpose of this document is to describe the needs of Agrhymet,
the

AMESD
RIC

for the
ECOWAS region, in term of input data to be provided by the NARMA (Natural resourc
e Monitoring
in Africa) Core Information Service of Geoland.

This document specifies if such input data has to be provided directly by NARMA or be integrated
as a post
-
processing component of the e
-
station deployed in the framework of the AMESD project

1.2

SC
OPE AND OBJECTIVES

This document
aims to define the followi
ng elements specifically for of ECOWAS
:

o

A brief general description of
ECOWAS

o

A brief
description

of
ECOWAS

information services

o

The identification of input data to be provided by NARMA, including
technical specifications


1.3

CONTENT OF THE DOCUM
ENT

This document is structured
as follows:

Section
1
:
Background of the document

Section
1.5
:

Source of information relevant for this document

Section
2
:


Agrhymet


structured according

to the three key components indicated in
1.2


EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
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ment
-
No.

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Issue:
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Date
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2009

geoland confidential

Page:

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of
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1.4

RELATED DOCUMENTS

1.4.1

Input

Overview of former deliverables acting as inputs to this document.

Document ID

Descriptor

G2
-
BP
-
RP
-
BP011

Biopar users requirements


SATCHMO users requirements








1.4.2

Output

Overview of other deliverables for which this document is an input.

Document

ID

Descriptor

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA30.1

NARMA Design dossier
-

System Concept document

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA30.2&3

NARMA Design dossier



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-

-

-
kA㌰K
4

kAojA 摥獩g渠摯獳n敲


j整桯搠捯É灥湤i畭


-

-

-
kA㄰MKO

kAojA 獣s敮tifi挠獯s湤n
敳猠É敶i敷


-

-

-
kA㄰MKP

kAojA t散É湩捡c f敡獩扩lity


1.4.3

Abbreviations

AMMA

: African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses

CEDEAO:
Communauté économique des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest

CILSS: Comité Permanent
Inter
-
états

de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dan
s le Sahel

ECOWAP

: Politique agricole commune

ECOWAS: Economic Community Of West African States

(see CEDEAO)

GIRE: Gestion
Intégrée

des Ressources en Eau

NEPAD: New Partnership for Africa’s Development

PAU: Politique Agricole de l’Union

PASR
/AO
: Program
m
e

d’Action Sos
-
Régional

de lutte contre
la
désertification

en Afrique de
l’Ouest

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
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No.

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Date
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2009

geoland confidential

Page:

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PDDAA: P
rogramme

D
étaillé

de

développement

de

l’Agriculture Africaine

Pr
é
liss:
Programme Régional de Lutte

I
ntégrée contre les Sauteriaux au Sahel

RIC
: Regional Implementation
Center

SIPSA
:
S
ystème d’
I
nformation sur le
P
astoralisme au Sahel.

UE
MOA

: Union Economique et Monétaire

Ouest
-
Africaine

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
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No.

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Issue:
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Date
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2009

geoland confidential

Page:

10

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1.5

SOURCE OF INFORMATIO
N RELEVANT FOR THIS
DOCUMENT

1.5.1

General

references

The “
Environmental Integration Handbook for EC Development Co
-
opera
tion


(EuropeAid)

is a
reference document for the development of environmental indicators.

Some general Information on Agrhymet and
ECOWAS

was found in R3
-
ECOWAS

report of
AMESD “
Ev
a
luation des besoins en information
”, Mai 2009, Martini (
ECOWAS thematic ex
pert
).


1.5.2

Specific

references

This paragraph includes references of web pages and document which are exploited to complete
the following sections of this document.

Most of the information related to ECOWAS (CEDEAO in French) legal mandate are found in the

P
lan d’action régional 2005
-
2010 pour la mise en œuvre de la Politique Agrico
le de la CEDEAO
(ECOWAP) et du
PDDAA/NEPAD en Afrique de l’Ouest.



For
NEPA
D:
http://nepad.org

PDDAA:
http://www.
fao.org/docrep/009/a0586f/a0586f00.htm

Rapprochement ECOWAS/CEDEAO/UEMOA:
http://www.uemoa.int/BullInfo/Bull236.pdf

Scientific references are reported in the method compendium.

1.5.3

S
pecific contacts b
etween
Agrhymet

and NARMA

This paragraph lists the specific exchanges (meetings, teleconferences, email exchanges as rel
e-
vant) that contributed to the preparation of this document.

CILSS is a major partner of ECOWAS, since it represent
s

9 countries out of
the 15 members of
ECOWAS. For CILSS region, extensive exchanges between
Regional Centre
Agrhymet (
which
contributes to food security and improvement of production, and improvement of natural resources
in Sahel region).

A range of meeting and projects gave
the opportunity to exchange on the needs of ECOWAS, i.a.:



Through collaboration in the VGT4Africa project, including African staff training in Europe
(at JRC, Medias
-
France and VITO);



AMESD meeting in Accra

(6
-
10 Oc
t
o
ber 2008): representatives of the
regio
nal centres
could express

their vision of the provision of service to build from the Eumetcast system.
The E
-
station, developed for JRC needs and adapted to AMESD users context in geoland2
project, was also presented: it is the system that will process the

data and generate env
i-
ronmental indicators for the users from the Eumetcast flux



Visit of E. Bartholomé to AGRHYMET in October 2008



Visit

of M. Martini, AMESD technical assistant for CEDEAO, at JRC
in

January 2009

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




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2009

geoland confidential

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Addis Ababa (Feb 2009), participants:
M.
Martini, I Alfari, (
AMESD
/AGRHYMET
), E.
Ba
r
tholomé, P. A. Brivio, E. Barisano (geoland/NARMA)



Mol (August 2009).
Participants: E. Bartholomé, I. Alfari (AMESD/CICOS) (VGT@work final
workshop)



Abuja (Oct 2009, AMESD TEM#8) Participants: E. Bartholomé (geola
nd), M. Martini, I A
l-
fari, (AMESD/AGRHYMET),


2


AGRHYMET

USER NEED
S

2.1

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
OF
AGRHYMET




Table
1
: General information
on

Agrhymet (
representing ECOWAS+CILSS
)

institutional aspects

Overview of
Agrhymet for
ECOWAS


Pro
vide
here
a short description of the user
institution

Territory covered

ECOWAS covers

16 countries: Benin, Burkina F
aso, Cabo Verde, Cote d’Ivoire,
The
Gambia
,
Ghana
, Guinea, Guinea Bissau
, Ghana
, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone,
Togo

Agrhymet is a technical service of the CILSS, which covers 9 Sahel countries: Gambia, Gui
n-
ea Bissau, Mauritania, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Tchad and Cabo Verde.

In consequence, Agrhymet and ECOWAS share a common territory:
The
Gambia
,

Guinea
Bis
sau, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Cabo Verde.

Thematic
activities of the institution

The primary objectives of t
he AGRHYMET Regional Centre are to
contribute to achieving
food security and increased agricultural production in the CILSS member St
ates

and
to
i
m
prove natural resource management in the Sahelian region
.

Agrhymet is a centre of excellence of the CILSS in
training officers from Sahelian countries
and elsewhere;
regional agromet
eorological and hydrological monitoring; agricultural statistics
and crop monitoring;
regional databases
; management and dissemination of information on
natural resource monitoring across the Sahel; docu
mentation on agrometeorology, crop pr
o-
tection, environmental monitoring, desertification, natural resource management, etc; maint
e-
nance of meteorological instruments and electronic equipment; strengthening interstate co
-
operation by sharing methodologies a
nd technologies.

To whom does the user report

(institutional point of view)

Agrhymet is an institution reporti
ng to the 9 CILSS member states. For the AMESD project, all
the CILSS+ECOWAS countries are considered as users, which report to
different ministri
es in
EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




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2009

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charge of different domains (agriculture, environment, water…). Presently, a rapprochement
between CILSS, UEMOA and ECOWAS is going on to set up a common regional policy
(Ouagadougou meeting, 6/04/2009).

Legal mandate

[
provide reference

to legal te
xts if appropriate)

[from CILSS website]
Le mandat ou l’objectif général qui guide l’action du CILSS est de
s’investir dans la recherche de la sécurité alimentaire et dans la lutte contre les effets de la
sécheresse et de la désertification, pour un nouvel

équilibre écologique au Sahel

à travers

:



La formulation, l’analyse, la coordination et l’harmonisation des stratégies et politiques

;



Le renforcement de la coopération scientifique et technique

;



La collecte, le traitement et la diffusion des information
s

;



Le renforcement des capacités des différents acteurs, y compris le secteur privé

;



La capitalisation et la diffusion des expériences et acquis

;



L’accompagnement dans la mise en ouvre des stratégies, politiques et programmes.

Au niveau politique et tec
hnique, l’Institution est coordonnée par des Instances Statutaires

:

Conférence des Chefs d’État et/ou de Gouvernement
,
Conseil des Ministres
,
Comité
Régi
o
nal de Suivi et de Programmation
,
Conseil de Direction

Au plan organisationnel, le CILSS est structuré en trois (3) sites

:

Secrétariat Exécutif (situé à Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso)
,
Institut du Sahel (institution
spéc
i
alisée basée à Bamako, Mali)
,
Centre Régional AGRHYM
ET (institution spécialisée
basée à Niamey, Niger)
.


A series of
political framework applies

:

-

ECOWAP

(Cadre de politique Agricole pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest): signed between CEDEAO
and ECOWAS, July 2004

« La politique agricole de la CEDEAO a pour object
if de contribuer de manière durable à la
satisf
action des besoins alimentaires
de la population, au développement économique et s
o-
cial et à la réduction de la pauvreté dans les États membres. » Pour cela, la

politique doit,
entre autres, permettre d’« assu
rer une intensification raisonnée des systèmes de pr
o
duction,
appropriée aux différents

contextes agro
-
écologiques, afin d’assurer une croissance de la
production tout en préservant les ressources naturelles. »

La gestion des ressources nat
u-
re
l
les, la prot
ection de l’environnement et la mise en œuvre de stratégies de mise en valeur
d
u
rable

des espaces agricoles qui sont

principalement du niveau national doivent trouver des
prolongements et des approches communes

à l’échelle régionale.


-

PASR/AO
(programme
d’action sous
régiona
l

contre la
désertification

en A
frique de l’
ouest
et au Tchad) (note

: this term replaces
ECOWEP
).

Le Programme d'action sous
-
régional de lutte contre la désertification en Afrique de l'Ouest et
EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




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au Tchad (PASR/AO) CILSS

CEDEAO est entr
é en vigueur en 1999 et a pour but de dév
e-
lopper la coopération sous
-
régionale en matière de gestion rationnelle

des ressources nat
u-
relles partagées et contribuer au développement durable des pays de l'Afrique de l'Ouest afin
d'assurer la

sécurité alimenta
ire, la sécurité énergétique, et la croissance économique.

Pour atteindre cet objectif, le PASR/AO doit permettre de :



harmoniser, compléter et rendre plus efficaces les Programmes d'Action Nationaux (PAN) ;



définir et mettre en œuvre des stratégies so
us
-
régionales à long terme pour lutter plus eff
i-
cac
ement contre la désertification
et atténuer les effets de la sécheresse ;



accompagner les acteurs de la sous
-
région dans leurs efforts de gestion des ressources
parta
gées et réaliser des programmes
conjo
ints arrêtés de commun accord, en partenariat
entre acteurs.


-

PRE/AO (Politique des ressources en eau de l’Afrique de l’Ouest), between CILSS and
UEMOA
, which includes the «

Vision Ouest Africaine
pour l’eau
2025

» (
adoptée

par le co
n-
seil des ministres d
e l’eau et de l’environnement de la CEDEAO
)


-

PAU (Politique Agricole de l’UEMOA)

La Politique Agricole de l’Union (PAU) a été adoptée le 19 décembre 2001, par la Conférence
des Chefs d’
État et de Gouverne
ment. L’objectif de cette politique est de contrib
uer, de m
a-
nière durable, à la satisfaction des besoins alimentaires de la population,

au développement
économique et social des États membres et à la réduction de la pauvreté.

La PA
U est articulée autour de trois grands axes d’intervention :



l'adaptation

des systèmes de production et l'amélioration de l'environnement de la produ
c-
tion ;



l'approfondissement du marché commun dans le secteur agricole et la gestion des re
s-
sou
r
ces partagées ;



l'insertion de l'agriculture de l'espace UEMOA dans les marchés r
égional et mondial.

La Commission de l’UEMOA a aussi préparé plusieurs textes réglementaires communa
u-
ta
i
res, r
elatifs à la mise en oeuvre des
axes de la PAU, dont certains ont été adoptés en 2006
et 2007. D’autres textes sont en préparations, dont certains

en collaboration

avec la Commi
s-
sion de la CEDEAO (textes sur l’harmonisation des législations semencières et sur
l’homologation des pesticides).


-

GIRE (Gestion
intégrée

des ressources en eau)

: CEDEAO

/ECOWAS

La gestion intégrée des ressources en eau es
t un processus qui encourage la mise en valeur
et la gestion coordonnée de l’eau, des

terres et des ressources associées en vue de maxim
i-
ser le bien
-
être économique et social qui en résulte d’une manière équitable,

sans compr
o-
mettre la durabilité d’écosyst
èmes vitaux .

Pour résoudre dans sa globalité le problème des
EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

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geoland2 consortium

Issue:
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30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

14

of
42


ressources en eau en Afrique de l’Ouest, il serait vain de vouloir s’attaquer à

chaque cause
prise isolément, tant les interactions entre les causes sont fortes et complexes. Ces intera
c-
tions ex
istent non seulement

entre divers aspects du développement socio
-
économique mais
également entre territoires. La nature éminemment transfrontalière

des problèmes d’eau, ai
n-
si que l’existence d’un espace régional commun, économique et humain, justifie la mi
se en

œuvre d’une dynamique de «Gestion Intégrée des Ressources en Eau » (GIRE), concertée
au niveau régional.

La politique régionale de l’eau couvre l’ensemble des moyens et activités dédiés à la co
n-
naissance, la gouvernance, la préservation,

la mobilisat
ion, et l’utilisation des ressources en
eau.


-

NEPAD

:

P
DDAA
(
programme

détaillé de développement de l’agriculture africaine
)

:
e
xpa
n-
sion of area under sustainable land management and reliable water control
systems;
i
m-
provement of rural infrastructure and

trade
-
related capacities for better market access;

e
n-
hancement of food supply and reduction of hunger (including emphasis on emergencies and
disasters that require food and agricultural responses);

development of agricultural research,
technology dissemin
ation and adoption to sustain long
-
term productivity growth; and

sustai
n-
able development of livestock, fisheries and forestry resources (added after the Maputo
Summit of July 2003).

Territory covered by mandate

Indicate geographic extension and spatial d
etail

ECOWAP:

ECOWAS

countries

PASR/AO
:
CILSS + ECOWAS countries
, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cbo verde, Cote d’Ivoire, G
â-
mbia, Ghana, Guinea
-
Bissau, Guinea (Conakry), Libéria, Mali,
Maurita
nia, Ni
ger,
Nigeria,
Senegal, Sierra
-
Leone, Togo, Tchad
.

PRE/AO
: ECOWAS c
ountries

PAU
: UEMOA members
, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d
’Ivoire, Guinee
-
Bissau, Mali, Ni
ger,
S
e
negal, Togo

NEPAD/P
DDAA
: Continental

Thematic areas of intervention

Describe the thematic area of intervention

The primary objectives of t
he AGRHYMET Regional
Centre are to
contribute to achieving
food security and increased agricultural production in the CILSS member States

and
to i
m-
prove natural resource management in the Sahelian region
.

Agrhymet is a centre of excellence of the CILSS in
training officers from Sahelian countries
and elsewhere
;
regional agrometeorologi
cal and hydrological monitoring;
agricultural statistics
and crop monitoring;

region
al databases
;
management and dissemination of information on
natural resource monitoring across the Sahel; documentation on agrometeorology, crop pr
o-
tection, environmental monitoring, desertification, natural resource management, etc;

maint
e-
nance of meteo
rological instrum
ents and electronic equipment;
strengthening interstate co
-
operation by sharing methodologies and technologies.

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
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geoland2 consortium

Issue:
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Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

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of
42



Interaction with and influence on other organisations

-

e. g. networking with institutions at a different geographic level
within your region of intervention

-

e. g. networking with similar institutions outside your geographic region of intervention


Agrhymet has interactions with CILSS
member’s

states.

Focal points: meteorological se
r-
vices, enlarged recently to Agriculture an
d water resources ministries.

T
he expertise of officers of the Centre is increasingly sought
-
after by
bilateral and multilateral
organizations (USAID, FAO, WHO, IRD, CIRAD, …)
.

A non exhaustive list is found on the
Agrhymet web server (
http://www.agrhymet.
ne/eng/partenaires.htm
)
.

Agrhymet is a founding member of the Platform of Regional Institutions for the Environment
and Meteorology based in Niamey (PIREM), including NBA, ACMAD, AGRHYMET, CRESA,
EAMAC and ICRISAT.


Current

geo
-
spatial monitoring capacity

[
C
urrent HW/SW in place

Idrisi
,
Erdas Imagine, E
nvi IDL, Windisp, Arc Gis. This

software is used both for research,
production and
for organizing trai
n
ing, which is a mandate of Agrhymet.

M
anpower (number; qualification)

The information and research d
ep
artment has 25 staff members.

The IT sector (in the Departement Appui Technique) has 7 engineers and technicians.

A
ccess to in situ data (differentiate between what should be in place and what is act
u-
ally in place today)

A
ccess to Earth Observation data (s
ame remark)

Use
of Eumetcast receiving station, already in place

and operational
. This material will be
ren
ewed and an e
-
station installed.

Access to NOAA and Eumetsat images.

Many other i
m-
ages are obtained through the Internet, although the bandwidth is r
ather low and variable
along the year, with frequent loss of connection.

Data from Envisat (a receiving station is installed). D
ata are archived,

there is no mature pr
o-
c
essing chain.

Other data (i.a. Modis, landsat) are obtained from Internet

W
hat are the

critical bottlenecks today

Internet connection, archive organisation is still rather manual

TOOLS

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

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Issue:
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2009

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of
42


Réseau

de
Prévention

des Crises alimentaires:
réunion

des acteurs
régionaux

avec les

bai
l-
leurs de fonds, pour
évaluer

l’
évolution

de la campagne

plusieurs fo
is entre aout et Avril de
l’
année

suivante et
établir

la
nécessité

et l’amplitude d’interventions

Fewsnet

PIREM

: plateforme des institutions regionales pourl’environnement et la meteorologie

AMMA

Preliss

:
GIS combining population dynamic model, GIS and r
emote sensing data.

SIPSA

: système d’information sur le pastoralisme au Sahel.


2.2

AGRHYMET

SPECIFIC

INFORMATION SERVICE

Description of the specific information service to be provided by
Agrhymet

and to which NARMA will be co
n-
tributing by providing /
organi
zing

the production of input data / information
. This description is meant to re
p-
resent the views of the
Agrhymet.

The
services are
:

-

Vegetation
condition monitoring

for

range land
and crop
condition monitoring

-

S
urface water
condition

monitoring

-

Locust bree
ding
condition
monitoring

-

Bush fires monitoring

2.2.1

Information service # 1
:
vegetation biomass
for range land and crop
condition mon
i-
toring

A given institution may have several information services. This section therefore needs to be co
p-
ied as many times as t
here are services

The required indicators are mostly indicating deviations from the standard vegetation status, u
p-
dated every 10
-
days. Thus, a standard situation (average or mean) is assessed, both for the whole
season, and for each dekad, and the deviatio
n from this standard is measured. The deviation is
represented through a range of indicators which give the expert several information to confirm his
assessment of the situation.

The indicators are mostly based on Spot/Vegetation S10 NDVI

and dry matter pr
oductivity
, 1km
resolution. Because of the poor quality of observation along the gulf of guinea (pixel cloud scree
n-
ing), MSG images acquired at 15min may be used to be 10
-
days synthesis with a higher probability
to observe ground between pixel cloud screen
ing occurrences.

Beside the observation of the vegetation

properties the service requires information from related to
the rain fall, evapotranspiration,
and surface temperature. Surface temperature is used to co
mpute
a

vegetation health index combining veg
etation and temperature condition index.

Computational details

of the indicators

are found in the method compendium.

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
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-
RP
-
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-
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2009

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42



The goal is to make assessment of the biomass situation at mid term, then a second time and at
the end of the season.

This information is
intended

to be used by financial bakers.

The generated indicators are

(see method compendium for more details)
:

-

NDVI

(actually filtered NDVI)



Average NDVI (time independent and per dekad)



Standard deviation for each dekad



Minimum and maximum (by dekad)



Dif
ference between the current situation and the average



Difference to the average normalized by the standard deviation



VCI:
Difference to the minimum, relative to the difference between the min
i-
mum and maximum

-

VPI: current value compared to the histogram of
values for this pixel at this dekad.
Note: standard VGT4Africa product, no filtering applied on the input data.

-

FCover

-

SWB



Seasonal synthesis and synthesis by administrative units

-

Temperature



Temperature condition index

(TCI)
: max
-
current divided by the ma
ximum
amplitude



Vegetation health index: average between TCI and VCI
, alternatively
atan(Ts/NDVI)

-

Precipitation

-

Evapotranspiration

Table
1
: description

of
vegetation
condition

related services

title

Vegetation

condition monitoring

Description
of the i
n-
formation

Assessing the vegetation and monitoring its evolution
, in ECOWAS countries.

Define fr
e-
quency of
update

Every 1
0
-
days.

First update: mid
-
term, late August, for Crops

EC Proposal Reference No.:

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-
7
-
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user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

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-
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-
RP
-
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2009

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of
42


Update at late septembre/mid October

Final estimate: quanti
tative assessment of range lands and crop, for bidders

Define a
c-
ceptable
time lag

Immediately after S10
-
NDVI reception, which in turns should be provided 1
-
2
days after the end of the decade.

Define r
e-
quired sp
a-
tial detail

Pixel size (1km) for all produc
ts.

A validity mask of the S10 time series will be used to mask out un
-
trusted
results

(cloud screening), which would be an
incentive

to consider MSG data
in replacement.

To whom is
the info
r-
m
a
tion to be
provided

Les utilisateurs directs des produits diff
usés par le CRA sont :


Le personnel technique du CRA, qui bénéficiera des équipements, des outils i
n-
formatiques, des produits d’informations

et des formations.


Les institutions de la région ès actives dans le secteur du suivi de l’environnement
qui bén
éficieront des produits

d’information, des stations thématiques AMESD, des outils informatiques d’analyse et
des formations.


Les services techniques gouvernementaux et les institutions nationales et régi
o-
n
a
les responsables du suivi de l’environnement

des

pays de la CEDEAO qui bénéficieront des produits d’information, des stations
thématiques

AMESD (dans certains cas), des outils informatiques d’analyse et des formations.


Les chercheurs africains et internationaux qui pourront accéder via internet aux
pr
oduits d’information et à la base

de données historiques.


Certains décideurs de la région qui opèrent dans le secteur de l’environnement qui
participeront aux rencontres

organisées par le CRA sur des thématiques spécifiques liées à l’utilisation des do
n-
n
ées d’EO

Les bénéficiaires finaux des produits AMESD du CRA sont :


Les décideurs régionaux et nationaux responsables des politiques agricoles et
environnementales qui bénéficieront

de la disponibilité d’informations fiables, pertinentes et accessibles po
ur la réalisation
de leur mandat.


La CEDEAO, le CILSS, les agences de coopération des donateurs et les autres
organisations régionales et internationales

opérant dans les secteurs de l’environnement, de l’agriculture, de l’élevage et de la
sécurité alime
ntaire en

Afrique de l’Ouest ; ils bénéficieront à temps d’informations plus pertinentes et pou
r-
ront ainsi activer plus rapidement

des réponses aux crises conjoncturelles et des stratégies de développement plus
appropriées sur le moyen et

long terme.


Les

Gouvernements de la région qui recevront par le CRA et par les services tec
h-
niques nationaux des informations

plus utiles et compréhensibles pour la mise en place de politiques agricoles et env
i-
ronnementales plus efficientes

et des réponses plus rapides e
t efficaces aux crises.


Les populations de la région qui pourront profiter de meilleures stratégies de dév
e-
loppement, de réduction de la

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
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2009

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Page:

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of
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pauvreté et d’atténuation des effets des crises alimentaires.

In what fo
r-
mat is the
information
to be pr
o-
vided

-

report bulletin

-

web sites

De
scribe up

to what
point is the
service in
place today

Pour NDVI: service en place, nécessiter d’ajouter des services de diffusion de
data

Composante thermique et précipitation

: a définir.

If the info
r-
mation ca
n-
not be d
e-
livered, what
are a
c-
cep
t
able
altern
a
tives

No alternative, other information (on site data sampling) is too coarse, expe
n-
sive, some areas difficult to access etc.


This table describes the products to be provided to
Agrhymet

by NARMA (or other source) in order
to ensure the operation of
Agr
hymet’s

vegetation monitoring
. This part is prepared jointly by ge
o-
l
and NARMA and Agrhymet
.


An information service may require several input products. This table needs to be copied for each
input product

Table
2

I
nput
product

NDVI
,

DMP and VPI

required to feed the information service
.


Input product
NDVI S10 for vegetation monitoring (service 1)

Free description (in short)

10 day composite (minimisation of cloud screening) NDVI
, DMP and VPI

Product
feature

requirements

Input dat
a source


10
-
day MVCNDVI from VGT
, f
or cloudy regions, use of MSG

can be considered.

DMP and VPI: products generated by VGT4Africa project

Ancillary data
(if needed)

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




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-
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-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
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2009

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A map of noise probability has to be generated to decide which source to use: Spot/VGT
or MSG
.

This
maps also indicate where not to consider DMP and VPI.

A grid for aggregating information: likely to be FAO level 2 and 3 administrative layers,
largest region
should be split in ¼ degrees width cells

Methodology

In a period of 10 days (3 tim
es a month, starting at 1
st
, 11
th

and 21
st

of the month), gives the
maximum NDVI for each pixel.

For Spot/VGT: already in production

For MSG: algorithm to define.

Use of TOA (SEVIRI) of TOC (albedo, Landsaf)
, minimising a
n-
gular effect.

At this stage, Spot
and MSG NDVI can not be cross calibrated and thus can not be used in the
same map.

DMP and VPI are only available for
Spot/VGT

Geometric resolution
of input product

Standard Spot/Vegetation geometry: 1km resolution, geolocation better than 1/3 pixel.

MSG
: 3km at the Equator, increasing away (around 4km on the fringes of Africa), ifov dramat
i-
cally increases away from MSG Nadir.
Reprojection tool available.

Geographic projection / Reference system

Plate carree, WGS84
, 1km (reprojected and resampled for MS
G)

Positional pixel accuracy

Better than 1/3 pixel

accuracy

-
na
-

Up
-
date frequency

Every 10
-
days

Acceptable time lag

Input data to be available 1
-
2 days after the end date of the synthesis.

Derived products generated the same day

Data type
and
De
livery format

The input file formats are:

-

HDF4, no geocoding for Spot/VGT

-

HRIT format for SEVIRI data

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




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ment
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-
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-
RP
-
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-
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-

HDF5 for Landsaf data

All formats automatically imported in geotiff by the e
-
station.

Additional comments


Service

feature
requirements

Customer serv
ice

Is the product to be delivered directly to
AGRHYMET?

No

Is the production tool to be delivered to
AGRHYMET

?

YES


does it have to be integrated into the e
-
station?

YES

If yes

is it a NARMA contribution?

YES

User interface

AMESD receiving station inc
l.
e_station: yes

Medium

EUMETCast (preferred!
) yes

Delivery reliability

All 36 products (3*12 months) must be available to ensure computation of the statistics and
deviation.

Delivery time

Within how many days / weeks after the period should the pro
duct be available?

Archive

Is an archive necessary? For security reasons or because of the needs of the analysis/ inte
r-
pretation? Is re
-
processing an acceptable approach?

Two types of archive exist:

-

archive of Eumetcast received data: may be kept for VGT
4africa products, to be
dropped for MSG data (too many)

-

archive of the ingest data as 10
-
days synthesis: should be kept, at least to allow
creation of other products in the future.

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

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-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
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2009

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Any other comments




Table
3

input
product

Prec
ipitation
required to feed the information service
.


Input product
precipitation

for vegetation monitoring (service 1)

Free description (in short)

Estimate of precipitation

Product feature requirements

Input data source


Two sources of data to be con
sidered:

-

rfe (Early Warning
Network
, USGS
)

-

MPE:
Multiple sensor precipitation estimate
(Eumetsat)

Ancillary data
(if needed)

A grid for aggregating information: likely to be FAO level 2 and 3 administrative layers, and
largest r
e-
gion
s

should be split in
¼ degrees width cells
.

Methodology


Geometric resolution
of input product

-
rfe:
8
km

-
mpe: 3km

Geographic projection / Reference system

Plate carree, WGS84, 1km (r
eprojected and resampled for both sources
)

Positional pixel accuracy

Not specified

for

rfe

MSG accuracy for MPE

accuracy

At this stage, a calibration exerci
s
e is required.

Up
-
date frequency

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

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-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
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Every 10
-
days

for rfe

Every 15min for mpe

Acceptable time lag

Input data to be available 1
-
2 days after the end date of the synthesis.

Derived pr
oducts generated the same day

Data type and
Delivery format

All input formats to be exported to geotif

Additional comments


Service

feature
requirements

Customer service

Is the product to be delivered directly to
AGRHYMET?

NO

Is the production tool
to be delivered to
AGRHYMET

?

YES

does it have to be integrated into the e
-
station?

YES

If yes is it a NARMA contribution?

YES


User interface

AMESD receiving station incl.
e_station: yes

Medium

MPE: Eumetcast

Rfe: ftp

now, eumetcast distribution anno
unced

Delivery reliability

All 36 products (3*12 months) must be available to ensure computation of the statistics and
deviation.

Delivery time

EC Proposal Reference No.:

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-
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-
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ment
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The same day

Archive

Is an archive necessary? For security reasons or because of the needs of the analysis
/ inte
r-
pretation? Is re
-
processing an acceptable approach?

Two types of archive exist:

-

archive of
produced delivery
: may be kept
if space is affordable

-

archive of the ingest data as 10
-
days synthesis: should be kept, at least to allow
creation of other pro
ducts in the future.

Any other comments




Table
4

input
product

Evapotranspiration
required to feed the information service
.


Input product
evapotranspiration

for vegetation monitoring (service 1)

Free description (in short)

Estimate of
evapotranspiration


Product feature requirements

Input data source


LandSaf
, not in production yet!

Ancillary data
(if needed)


Methodology


Geometric resolution
of input product

3km at the equator

Geographic projection / Reference sy
stem

Plate carree, WGS84, 1km (reprojected and resampled for both sources)

Positional pixel accuracy


EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
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-
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-
RP
-
NA
-
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accuracy

Unknown yet

Up
-
date frequency

Synthesis on 10
-
days basis
, to be defined

Acceptable time lag

Input data to be available 1
-
2 days after t
he end date of the synthesis.

Derived products generated the same day

Data type and
Delivery format

All input formats to be exported to geotif

Additional comments


Service

feature
requirements

Customer service

Is the product to be delivered directly

to
AGRHYMET?

TBD

Is the production tool to be delivered to
AGRHYMET

?

TBD


does it have to be integrated into the e
-
station?

TBD

If yes is it a NARMA contribution?

TBD


User interface

AMESD receiving station incl.
e_station: yes

Medium

EUMETCast (pref
erred!) yes

Delivery reliability

All 36 products (3*12 months) must be available to ensure computation of the statistics and
deviation.

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

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Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

26

of
42


Delivery time

The same day

Archive


Any other comments



Table
5

input
product

surface
Temperature
required to feed the information service
.


Input product
surface temperature

for vegetation monitoring (service 1)

Free description (in short)

Surface temperature or brightness temperature

Product feature requirements

Input data source


-

s
urface temperature: Landsaf

-

brightness temperature: from MSG/Seviri

Ancillary data
(if needed)


Methodology


Geometric resolution
of input product

3km at the equator

Geographic projection / Reference system

Plate carree, WGS84, 1km (reprojected and

resampled for both sources)

Positional pixel accuracy

1/3 pixel

accuracy

A confidence level is provided for LST, that estimates the uncertainties: <1K, 1K<2K, >2K

Up
-
date frequency

Synthesis on 10
-
days basis
. Daily maximum temperature and 10days av
erage

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

27

of
42


Acceptable time lag

Data provided every 15 minutes, synthesis feasible at the night corresponding to the end of
the synthesis period

Data type and
Delivery format

All input formats to be exported to geotif

Additional comments


Service

feature
requirements

Customer service

Is the product to be delivered directly to
AGRHYMET?

YES

Is the production tool to be delivered to
AGRHYMET

?

NO TBC


does it have to be integrated into the e
-
station?

NO TBC

If yes is it a NARMA contribution?

TBD


User int
erface

AMESD receiving station incl.
e_station: yes

Medium

EUMETCast (preferred!) yes

Delivery reliability

All 36 products (3*12 months) must be available to ensure computation of the statistics and
deviation.

Delivery time

The same day

Archive


Any other comments

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

28

of
42




2.2.2

Information service # 2:
surface water monitoring

This service requires the assessment of surface water availability by administrative units.

The input data is the SWB product from VGT4Africa and derived indicators. The indicators ar
e
mostly synthesis by administrative units and season, indicating the dates of replenishment and
percentage of identified water bodies replenished.

Goal: anticipate herds migration and potential conflicts with farmers, especially at harvesting time

Table
6
: description

of surface water monitoring
service

title

Surface water monito
r
ing

Description
of the i
n-
formation

Assessing the amount of surface water available, and date of availability in
the season

Define fr
e-
quency of
update

Fro
m July to late December, update every 10
-
days

Define a
c-
ceptable
time lag

Immediately after
SWB

reception, which in turns should be provided 1
-
2 days
after the end of the decade.

Define r
e-
quired sp
a-
tial detail

Pi
xel size (1km) for all products in input.

T
he synthesis are provided per administrative units.


To whom is
the info
r-
m
a
tion to be
provided

Comites Nationaux de Coordination, represented in 5 CILSS countries.

In what fo
r-
mat is the
information
to be pr
o-
vided

-

report bulletin

-

web sites

Describe up
to

what
point is the
This product does not exist yet
, to be Implemented in geoland 2 and AMESD

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

29

of
42


service in
place today

If the info
r-
mation ca
n-
not be d
e-
livered, what
are a
c-
cep
t
able
altern
a
tives

None exist.


Table
7

input
product

SWB
re
quired to feed the information service
.


Input product SWB

for
vegetation monitoring (service 2
)

Free description (in short)

10 day composite (minimisation of cloud screening)
SWB
.

Product feature requirements

Input data source


VGT4Africa SWB product
, based on MVC 10
-
days synthesis

Ancillary data
(if needed)

A grid for aggregating information: likely to be FAO level 2 and 3 administrative layers, largest
region should be split in ¼ degrees width cells

Methodology

Based on 10 MVC composite of Spot/
VGT channels. SWB identified on the basis of the co
m-
parison of NDVI, NDWI and SWIR to their moving window (45x45pixels) average.

As a result, provides free water and humid areas detection.

Geometric resolution
of input product

Standard Spot/Vegetation ge
ometry: 1km resolution, geolocation better than 1/3 pixel.

Geographic projection / Reference system

Plate carree, WGS84, 1km

Positional pixel accuracy

Better than 1/3 pixel

accuracy

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

30

of
42


Commisision error below 3%, omission error not specified.

Up
-
date
frequency

Every 10
-
days

Acceptable time lag

Input data to be available 1
-
2 days after the end date of the synthesis.

Derived products generated the same day

Data type and
Delivery format

The input file formats are:

-

HDF4, no geocoding for Spot/VGT

All
formats automatically imported in geotiff by the e
-
station.

Additional comments


Service

feature
requirements

Customer service

Is the product to be delivered directly to
AGRHYMET
?


NO

Is the production tool to be delivered to
AGRHYMET

?

YES

does it h
ave to be integrated into the e
-
station?

YES

If yes is it a NARMA contribution?

YES

User interface

AMESD receiving station incl.
e_station: yes

Medium

EUMETCast (preferred!) yes

Delivery reliability

All 36 products (3*12 months) must be available to
ensure computation of the statistics and
deviation.

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

31

of
42


Delivery time

Within how many days / weeks after the period should the product be available?

Input data to be available 1
-
2 days after the end date of the synthesis.

Derived products generated the same
day

Archive

Is an archive necessary? For security reasons or because of the needs of the analysis/ inte
r-
pretation? Is re
-
processing an acceptable approach?

Two types of archive exist:

-

archive of Eumetcast received data: may be kept for VGT4africa product
s

(small
size)

-

archive of the ingest data as 10
-
days synthesis: should be kept, at least to allow
creation of other products in the future.

Any other comments

Mapping at 1km may be inaccurate in areas where the SWB are too large (saturation of the
45x45
analysis window)



2.2.3

Information service # 2:
locust breeding condition monitoring

NOTE:
from discussions during

B. Combal’s

mission in Agrhymet, late July 2009, it seems
that Agrhymet does not require
anymore
this category of products, although it is usefu
l for
the r
e
gion.


In arid areas (Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Tchad), locusts breeding areas are usually characterized by
slightly humid areas, where vegetation has the capacity to grow. The detection of potential areas of
breeding correspond to the detection

of sparse/low density (at 1km resolution) vegetation in an arid
area. The identification of
favorable

condition would help to orga
nize locust
larvae

destruction.

Favorable areas may correspond

to the identification of start of growth of vegetation in its
earlier
stage, or humid areas.

The service consists in providing converging information to let the user infer potential breeding
places.

Note the SWB product is the same as for the surface water monitoring, with same conditions.

Table
8
: description

of locust breeding condition related services

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

32

of
42


title

Locust breeding condition monitoring

Description
of the i
n-
formation

Detection potential breeding areas

Define fr
e-
quency of
update

Every 10
-
days.

Season to be defined.

Define a
c-
ceptabl
e
time lag

Immediately after
VGT4Africa product

reception, which in turns should be
provided 1
-
2 days after the end of the decade.

Define r
e-
quired sp
a-
tial detail

Pixel size (1km) for all products.

To whom is
the info
r-
m
a
tion to be
provided

Structure
crée

a Dakar par la FAO

(
?
)

In what fo
r-
mat is the
information
to be pr
o-
vided

-

report bulletin

-

web sites

Describe up
to what
point is the
service in
place today

To be developed in geoland2/AMESD

If the info
r-
mation ca
n-
not be d
e-
livered, what
are a
c-
cep
t
able
alter
n
a
tives

FAO service



Table
9

input
product

fCover
required to feed the information service
.


EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

33

of
42


Input product
fCover

for
locust

monitoring (service 3
)

Free description (in short)

10 day composite (minimisation of cloud screening)
SWB and fCover

Product feature requirements

Input data source


-

Vgt4africa

-

S10NDVI
-
> estation

Ancillary data
(if needed)

none

Methodology

Vgt4africa: the next version of the algorithm will be based on neural network. Risk that very
low fcover values

are filtered out

Estation production: from NDVIS10: detection of bare soil NDVI/pixel, remove from NDVI, r
e-
scale. Should be applied on filtered NDVI

Geometric resolution
of input product

Standard Spot/Vegetation geometry: 1km resolution, geolocation bet
ter than 1/3 pixel.

Geographic projection / Reference system

Plate carree, WGS84, 1km

Positional pixel accuracy

Better than 1/3 pixel

accuracy

-
na
-

Up
-
date frequency

Every 10
-
days

Acceptable time lag

Input data to be available 1
-
2 days after the

end date of the synthesis.

Derived products generated the same day

Data type and
Delivery format

The input file formats are:

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

34

of
42


-

HDF4, no geocoding for Spot/VGT

All formats automatically imported in geotiff by the e
-
station.

Additional comments


Service

feature
requirements

Customer service

Is the product to be delivered directly to
AGRHYMET
?

Is the production tool to be delivered to
AGRHYMET

? does it have to be integrated into the e
-
station?

If yes is it a NARMA contribution?


User interface

AMESD r
eceiving station incl.
e_station: yes

Medium

EUMETCast (preferred!) yes

Delivery reliability

All 36 products (3*12 months) must be available to ensure computation of the statistics and
deviation.

Delivery time

Within how many days / weeks after the p
eriod should the product be available?

Archive

Is an archive necessary? For security reasons or because of the needs of the analysis/ inte
r-
pretation? Is re
-
processing an acceptable approach?

Two types of archive exist:

-

archive of Eumetcast received data:

may b
e kept for VGT4africa products

-

archive of the ingest data as 10
-
days synthesis: should be kept, at least to allow
creation of other products in the future.

Any other comments



EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

35

of
42


2.2.4

Information service # 4:
bush fires monitoring



feux actifs dérivés d
es données MODIS

;

Le produit de base est une carte journalière ou hebdomadaire des feux détectés. Il est produit par
l’Université de Maryland (ref : http://modis
-
fire.umd.edu/products.asp, et notamment http://modis
-
fire.umd.edu/documents/MODIS_Fire_Users
_Guide_2.2.pdf ). Le CCR en dérive déjà à l’heure
actuelle des cartes hebdomadaires pour toute l’Afrique de l’Ouest dérivées de données décha
r-
gées via ftp du site MODIS aux Etats
-
Unis. Les données d’entrée ne sont pas à l’heure actuelle
distribuées par EU
METCast. Dans ce cas il est souhaitable (1) qu’un effort conjoint CCR
-
EUMETSAT
-
AMESD mène à la distribution des données utiles via EUMETCast, (2) que le CCR
intègre les méthodes de postproduction dans la e
-
station afin de générer les cartes de synthèse.



feux actifs détectés à partir des données MSG ;

Le produit fourni par le Land SAF d’EUMETSAT est le « fire Radiative Power » calculé par pixel
toutes les 15 minutes. Il fournit non seulement la position du feu, mais aussi la quantité d’énergie
émise, qui

par intégration temporelle permet d’estimer la quantité de biomasse brûlée et la quantité
de CO2 émise. Le produit tel qu’il est livre requiert une fonction de postproduction dans l’e
-
station
visant à produire des synthèses décadaires du produit. L’algori
thme a une base physique validée,
mais le produit lui
-
même est neuf et requiert une validation par rapport à de l’information de terrain.
En déc. 2008 le produit est au stade pré
-
opérationnel. Une demande doit être introduite par
AMESD pour en accélérer la

livraison vers l’Afrique via EUMETCast.

La capacité de détection des feux par MSG est de l’ordre de 0.22 ha pour un feu à 750K à
l’équateur, et de 0.45ha pour un même feu à 50deg latitude (Prins & al).

(Ref : http://landsaf.meteo.pt/algorithms.jsp?seltab=
9)

Elaine M. Prins, Donna McNamara Christopher C. Schmidt (2005?) : Global Geostationary Fire
Monitoring System. Ref à trouver.

Prins, E. Y. Govaerts, and C.O. Justice, 2004: Report on the Joint GOFC/GOLD Fire and CEOS
LPV Working Group Workshop on Global
Geostationary Fire Monitoring Applications.
EUMETSAT
Darmst
adt, Germany 23


25 March 2004



surfaces brulées ;

Ce produit se base sur les données VEGETATION (1 km) sa livraison débutera via EUMETCast
début 2009 (projet geoland 2) Ce produit est fourni
sur base décadaire.


Table
10
: description

of bush fire monitoring services

title

Bush fire
monitoring

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

36

of
42


Description
of the i
n-
formation

Detection of active fires and burnt areas, surface estimate, seasonal progre
s-
sion

Define fr
e-
quen
cy of
update

Every
day

for active fires

Every 10 days for burnt areas

Define a
c-
ceptable
time lag

1
-
2

day
s

Define r
e-
quired sp
a-
tial detail

1km for burt areas

Synthesis by grid
s

for active fires

To whom is
the info
r-
m
a
tion to be
provided

Equivalent de prote
ction civile (feux actifs)

Statistiques de surfaces
brulées

:
ministère

de
l’environnement/Agriculture/
élevage

In what fo
r-
mat is the
information
to be pr
o-
vided

-

report bulletin

-

web sites

Describe up
to what
point is the
service in
place today

En cours de
developpement

If the info
r-
mation ca
n-
not be d
e-
livered, what
are a
c-
cep
t
able
altern
a
tives

None


Table
11

input
product

MODIS
required to feed the information service
.


Input product
Modis for bush fire
monitoring (service 3)

Free de
scription (in short)

Daily map derived from MODIS

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

37

of
42


Product feature requirements

Input data source


MODIS

Ancillary data
(if needed)

none

Methodology


Geometric resolution
of input product

1km

Geographic projection / Reference system

ISin

Positi
onal pixel accuracy


accuracy

-
na
-

Up
-
date frequency

Every day

Acceptable time lag


Data type and
Delivery format

HDF5
, ISin projection

Additional comments


Service

feature
requirements

Customer service

Is the product to be delivered directl
y to
AGRHYMET
?

NO

Is the production tool to be delivered to
AGRHYMET

?

YES

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

38

of
42


does it have to be integrated into the e
-
station?

YES

If yes is it a NARMA contribution?

YES

User interface

AMESD receiving station incl.
e_station:
tbd

Medium

EUMETCast (prefe
rred!)

NO, FTP

Delivery reliability


Delivery time


Archive

Only the current season is required

Any other comments






Table
12

input
product

MSG Fires
required to feed the information service
.


Input product Modis for bus
h fire monitoring (service 3)

Free description (in short)

Dection of active fires by MSG

Product feature requirements

Input data source


Landsaf, fire radiative power

Ancillary data
(if needed)

none

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

39

of
42


Methodology


Geometric resolution
of input prod
uct

3km at the equator

Geographic projection / Reference system

Can be projected to plate carree

Positional pixel accuracy

Better than 1/3 pixel

accuracy

-
na
-

Up
-
date frequency

Every 15minutes, to be integrated daily

Acceptable time lag

1day

D
ata type and
Delivery format

HDF5

Additional comments


Service

feature
requirements

Customer service

Is the product to be delivered directly to AGRHYMET
?

NO

Is the production tool to be delivered to
AGRHYMET

?

YES

does it have to be integrated into
the e
-
station?

YES

If yes is it a NARMA contribution?

YES

User interface

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

40

of
42


AMESD receiving station incl.
e_station:
yes

Medium

EUMETCast (preferred!)
: an agreement as to be signed between Landsaf and Eumetsat

for
broadcasting free of charge in Africa.

Delivery reliability


Delivery time

Every 15 minutes, ingestion by the e
-
station once a day

Archive

Only the current season is required

Any other comments






Table
13

input
product

burnt areas
required to feed the informat
ion service
.


Input product Modis for bush fire monitoring (service 3)

Free description (in short)

S10 burnt areas

Product feature requirements

Input data source


Spot/Vegetation (VGT4africa product)

Ancillary data
(if needed)

none

Methodology

L3J
RC code

Geometric resolution
of input product

1km

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

41

of
42


Geographic projection / Reference system

Plate carree

Positional pixel accuracy

Better than 1/3 pixel

accuracy

-
na
-

Up
-
date frequency

Every
10
day

Acceptable time lag


Data type and
Delivery f
ormat

HDF4, ingested into geotiff by the estation

Additional comments


Service

feature
requirements

Customer service

Is the product to be delivered directly to AGRHYMET
?

NO

Is the production tool to be delivered to
AGRHYMET

?

YES

does it have to be
integrated into the e
-
station?

YES

If yes is it a NARMA contribution?

YES

User interface

AMESD receiving station incl.
e_station: tbd

Medium

EUMETCast (preferred!)
yes

Delivery reliability

EC Proposal Reference No.:

FP
-
7
-
218795

user requirements AMESD/CICOS




Doc
u
ment
-
No.

G2
-
NA
-
RP
-
NA
-
0
11

©

geoland2 consortium

Issue:
I1.3

Date
30.10.
2009

geoland confidential

Page:

42

of
42



Delivery time


Archive

Only the current season is requir
ed

Any other comments

Production to be started in 2009



3

CONCLUSIONS

There is enough information to develop part of the requested functionalities. Some other ones can
be delayed because data are not yet available. Input data quality can be an issue over

the sout
h-
ern part of the area covered (cloud cover).

A number of input data needed for the service do not belong to the BioPar portfolio.