AQA B Cognitive Psychology Module 2

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Nov 17, 2013 (3 years and 4 months ago)

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AQA B Cognitive Psychology Module 2

11.5 Perception and Attention

Content

To introduce students to the main areas of study in cognitive and social psychology; the
nature and scope of cognitive psychology.

Its applications to law/medicine/education/workplac
e etc.

Introduction to Perception and Attention



Time allocation

2 lessons

Differentiated text and web references

AS psychology for AQA B Chapter 8

Psychology for AS level Chapter

Psychology (Gross)

Cardwell p310

www.holah.co.uk

www.revisiontime.com/alevelpsychology.html

http://w
ww.sociologystuff.com/index.php?Site=psychologyStuff&Module=223&Unit
=243&PHPSESSID=8253d64107e3d267dd80889282826c44

http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Modules/MC10220/visper01.html


TEACH
ING/LEARNING opportunities/activities/investigations

1.

Use lots of examples of where psychology could be useful


discussion
and overview.

2.

Each student is given or chooses an object to study/describe


write
down description, others guess it and then discus
s if things in list are
direct sensations or interpretations.

3.

Write own theory of perception


can do next lesson if not ready.

4.

Powerpoint intro to cognitive psychology and all its methods.

5.

Collect and discuss optical illusions.

6.

Discuss perception in babi
es.

7.

Look at strongly lit black paper through a narrow tube


looks grey.

8.

Look at work of Deregowski and cross
-
cultural reception


see website
3 above


need to log in first (jbridger)

9.

Visit really good lecture notes on visual perception


see website 4.
D
iscussion/survey on “the most important sense.”

Assessment

Past exam questions


sheet on
perception

questions.

Resources

Perception booklet


with all sheets to be used.

Previous optical illusion collections

Perception sheets 1/1A and questions.

Homework

Collect optical illusions/research for questions

Possible extension work

Make extra notes from last website above.



AQA B Cognitive Psychology Module 2

11.5.1
Processing sensory information


Content

‘Bottom
-
up’ and ‘top
-
down’ theories of information proce
ssing.

Gibson and Gregory and differences between the 2 ideas.

Depth perception as evidence for bottom up theory.

Vocabulary such as optic flow/array/variance/constancies etc

Time allocation

2 lessons

Differentiated text and web references

AS psychology f
or AQA B Chapter 8

Psychology for AS level

Psychology (Gross)

Cardwell p310

Active psychology

www.holah.co.uk

www.revisiontime.com/alevel

psychology.html

http://www.sociologyst
uff.com/index.php?Site=psychologyStuff&Module=223&Unit
=243&PHPSESSID=8253d64107e3d267dd80889282826c44

http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Modules/MC10220/visper01.html


TEACHING/LEARNING
opportunities/activities/investigations

1.

Postman Pat picture


encourage students to collect their own to show
texture and depth from books and magazines.

2.

Depth perception sheet 2A


study and explain to partner.

3.

Explain affordances with an example such as

ladder/postbox etc.

4.

Collect keywords and meanings.

5.

Start a discussion of the theories and their differences.

6.

Worksheet to compare.

Assessment

Past exam questions/ perception questions.

Resources

Perception booklet


with all sheets to be used.

Sheets 2/2A
, comparing theories sheet

Homework

Fill in comparison sheet, perception questions.

Possible extension work

Explanation of optical illusions.













AQA B Cognitive Psychology Module 2

11.5.1
Perception


Content

The influence of factors, including mot
ivation, expectation, emotion

and culture, on perception.

Visual perception
Types of perceptual constancy. Examples of visual illusions,

including Müller
-
Lyer, Ponzo and ambiguous figures. What these illusions tell us about
visual perception.



Time alloca
tion

2 lessons

Differentiated text and web references

AS psychology for AQA B Chapter 8

Psychology for AS level p240

Psychology (Gross)

www.holah.co.uk

www.revisiontime.com/alevelpsychology.html


http://www.sociologystuff.com/index.php?Site=psychologyStuff&Module=223&Unit
=243&PHPSESSID=8253d64107e3d267dd80889282826c44


TEACHING/LEARNING opportunities/activities/investigations

1.

Sheet 3 to explain constancies

2.

Sheets

4,5 Optical illusions


natural and made up ones from collection


explanation

of them especially Muller
-
Lyer, Ponzo.

3.

Factors as above, use sheet 6, cultural evidence


use website 3.

4.

Reading examples such as three bears went for a walk though the
wood.

5.

N
umber v letter experiment with whole class

6.

Evaluation of theories using evidence from 2 lessons.

7.

Hudson’s pictures

8.

Discuss alternative theories to above 2


their own/ Neisser / Gestalt /
Marr

Assessment

Past exam questions

Resources

Perception booklet


w
ith all sheets to be used.

Sheets 3
-
6, optical illusions collection

Homework

Perception of cat question

Possible extension work

Discussion of alternative theories.








AQA B Cognitive Psychology Module 2

11.5.2
Attention


Content

Defining Attention : Se
lective and divided attention.

Early selection theories

Late selection theories



Time allocation

3 lessons

Differentiated text and web references

AS psychology for AQA B Chapter 8

Psychology for AS level

Psychology (Gross) p263
-
268

Cardwell p286
-
297

www.holah.co.uk

www.s
-
cool.co.uk

www.revisiontime.com/alevelpsychology.html


www.sociologystuff.com/index.php?Site=psychologyStuff&PHPSESSID=8253d6410
7e3d267dd80889282826c44


TEACHING/LEARNING opportunities/activities/investigations

1.

Why study at
tention? Discussion


cannot information process/ learn
unless information goes in.

2.

Give tasks e.g copy out writing + say nursery rhyme/ pat head, then
stomach


discuss why it is difficult to do these tasks, are there any
tasks that can be done


why?

3.

Sta
rt to go through theories


early, then late, decide on key words and
parts of theory.

4.

Broadbent and Cherry’s experiments


do they back up any theories?

5.

Frog and toad experiment or similar


discuss and evaluate.

6.

Design own experiment in a group of 3. One

on each side speaking to
subject in middle, who is told to shadow one message.

Assessment

Past exam questions

Attention questions sheet

Resources

Attention booklet


with all sheets to be used.

Attention theories sheets

Frog and toad sheets

Compare early
and late selection theories sheet


Homework

Describe and evaluate one attention experiment from research.

Possible extension work

Collect several attention experiments and summarise under headings


aim/method/

Results/conclusion etc.


AQA B Cognitive Psyc
hology Module 2

11.5 Evaluating models of attention

Content

Models of attention including those of Broadbent, Triesman,

Deutsch and Deutsch, and Kahneman.



Time allocation

2 lessons

Differentiated text and web references

AS psychology for AQA B Chapter

Psychology for AS level

Psychology (Gross) p263
-
268

Cardwell p286
-
297


www.holah.co.uk


http://www.s
-
cool.co.uk/topic_index.asp?subject_id=14&d=0


www.revisiontime.com/alevel

psychology.html

www.sociologystuff.com/index.php?Site=psychologyStuff&PHPSESSID=82
53d6410
7e3d267dd80889282826c44


TEACHING/LEARNING opportunities/activities/investigations

1.

Summarise each theory, link to piece of research to support it.

2.

Carry out experiment planned last week and report back.

3.

Prepare summary cards on the different theor
ies


name/brief intro/
experimental evidence/ evaluation.

4.

Carry out frog/toad experiment and other similar examples.

5.


Assessment

Past exam questions

Attention questions

Resources

Attention booklet


with all sheets to be used.


Homework

Work out examples

Possible extension work

Summary cards as in 3 above













AQA B Cognitive Psychology Module 2

11.6.1
The nature of memory

Content

Studying memory

Models of memory: the multi
-
store model (Atkinson and Shiffrin),

levels of processing
and working memory
. Episodic, semantic and procedural memory.

Time allocation

4 lessons

Differentiated text and web references

AS psychology for AQA B Chapter 9

Psychology for AS level p32
-
49

Psychology (Gross) p276
-
295

Cardwell p323
-
342

www.holah.co.uk

www.s
-
cool.co.uk

http://www.exploratorium.edu/memory/

www.sociologystuff.com/index.php?Site=psychologyStuff&PHPSESSID=8253d6410
7e3d267dd80889282826c44

http://www.bps.org.uk/publications/rd/rd_home.cfm

TEACHIN
G/LEARNING opportunities/activities/investigations

1.

Define memory and discuss why it is so important by thinking about how life would be
without memory.

2.

Case studies on amnesic/brain damaged patients to illustrate above


Clive Wearing,
HM, lost mariner et
c.

3.

TV programme on modern day people with memory problems.

4.

Discuss and decide how memory can be studied e.g Ebbinghaus/ Bartlett/serial and
free recall/trigrams etc.

5.

Carry out experiments


1) two component tasks and plot serial position curve, 2)
trigrams



with and without rehearsal. 3) size of STM and chunking.

6.

Collect list of earliest memories of people or most memorable TV moment or flash
bulb memories. Compare with 1999 top 50, and before and after Sept 11
th
.

7.

Use findings to come up with theory


Mult
i
-
store model and define each memory
type in terms of encoding, storage
-

capacity and duration/retrieval. Fill in task sheet.

8.

Revisions of model


divisions of LTM, levels of processing, working memory model.

9.

Collect evidence for each revision and evaluat
e it


produce revision cards.

10.

Working memory model task to illustrate visuo
-
spatial scratch pad


how many
windows in the house or walking around a giant letter F


count the corners turned
and tap desk each time.

11.

Patterned grid experiment


see AQA B boo
k

12.

Design an advice sheet for doctors


to help patient recall.

Assessment

Past exam questions 2 sheets.

Resources

Cognitive Power point from slide 57 onwards

Video on memory

Two component tasks sheet

Trigrams sheet

Analysis of STM/LTM sheet

Improving recal
l sheet

Homework
Lots of past exam questions

Possible extension work

Collect examples of experiments to back up each revision to model.


AQA B Cognitive Psychology Module 2

11.6.2
Forgetting


Content

Explanations, including decay, interference, retrieval f
ailure (context

and cues), displacement and lack of consolidation.


Time allocation

4
-
6 lessons

Differentiated text and web references

AS psychology for AQA B Chapter 9

Psychology for AS level


p50
-
57

Psychology (Gross) p306
-
310

Cardwell p323
-
342

www.holah.co.uk

www.s
-
cool.co.uk

http://www.exploratorium.edu/memory/

www.sociologystuff.com/index.php?Site=psychologyStuff&PHPSESSID=8253d6410
7e3d267dd80889282826c44

http://monitor.ad
min.musc.edu/~cfs/forgetting/mtsu_forgetting/

http://www.pbs.org/theforgetting/

http://allpsych.com/psychology101/memory.html

TEACHING/LEARNI
NG opportunities/activities/investigations

1.

Starter


brainstorm for 5 minutes as how they would organize material
so will not forget it


categories/ hierarchy/story/ object in each room/
mnemonics/ context etc. Does this give pointers as to how the memor
y
works?

2.

Do we remember everything


Bartlett


War of the Ghosts
experiment?

3.

List reasons for forgetting and define them


decay, interference,
displacement/ retrieval failure


cue and context dependent/ repression

4.

Collect evidence for each one.

5.

Carry ou
t experiment on retrieval cues etc.

6.

Accuracy of flash bulb memories, design experiment to test this.

7.

Sample question
-

go over to show model answer.

Assessment

Test question questions.

Sample question on sheets.

Resources

Forgetting


3 key studies

Forget
ting notes

Homework

Essay question

Possible extension work

Produce summary cards for each type of forgetting




AQA B Cognitive Psychology Module 2

11.8.1
Face recognition


Content

Processes involved in recognition of faces. Explanations of face

recognitio
n, including feature analysis versus holistic forms.



Time allocation

4 lessons

Differentiated text and web references

AS psychology for AQA B Chapter 11

Psychology (Gross) p581
-
595

Psychology for AS level p66
-
67

w
ww.holah.co.uk

www.s
-
cool.co.uk

-

under attention has about face recognition

www.sociologystuf
f.com/index.php?Site=psychologyStuff&PHPSESSID=8253d6410
7e3d267dd80889282826c44


http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/java/faces.html


TEACHING/LEARNING opportunities/activities/inves
tigations

Look at lots of photos of familiar and unfamiliar/ mixed up etc faces and
discuss what they say about face recognition.

Identikit pictures


accurate or not? Discuss.

Sheet on Bruce and Young Model.

Design own mini experiment to find out about h
ow we recognize faces e.g if
upside down


see website 4

Assessment

Past exam questions

Resources

Intro sheet on face recognition

Sheet on Bruce and Young

Key Studies


Homework

Preparation of presentation/research/experiment

Possible extension work

Collect

photos for experiment









AQA B Cognitive Psychology Module 2

11.8.1
Eye
-
witness testimony


Content

Factors affecting the reliability of eye
-
witness accounts and

eye
-
witness identification.

.



Time allocation

4 lessons

Differentiated text and web r
eferences

AS psychology for AQA B Chapter 11

Psychology (Gross) p581
-
595

Psychology for AS level p59
-
69

http://faculty.washington.edu/eloftus/

this is Elizabeth Loftus website and has loads of article
s

http://www.s
-
cool.co.uk/topic_index.asp?subject_id=14&d=0

-

really good

www.holah.co.uk

-

Loftus and Palmer page

www.sociologystuff.com/index.php?Site=psychologyStuff&PHPSESSID=8253d6410
7e3d267dd80889282826c44

go to bit about Loftus and palmer


TEACHING/LEARNING opportuniti
es/activities/investigations

Emphasise reconstructive nature of memory.

Role play to show the unreliability of an eye witness

Discuss study by Allport and Postman p60 in ref 3


shows effect of culture on
reliability.

Use of leading questions see Loftus w
ork

Assessment

Past exam questions

Resources

Info sheets

Books and websearch


Homework

Preparation of presentation/research

Possible extension work













AQA B Cognitive Psychology Module 2

11.8.2
Amnesia


Content

Amnesia

Explanations of amnesic synd
romes, including head trauma, ECT,

surgery, alcohol and age
-
related dementia. Retrograde and

anterograde amnesia.

Recovered and false

Memories

Controversy surrounding the recovery of repressed memories.

Evidence relating to repression and the implanting of

false memories.

Ethical and theoretical implications of the false memory debate.

.



Time allocation

4 lessons

Differentiated text and web references

AS psychology for AQA B Chapter 11

Psychology (Gross) p306
-
310

Psychology for AS level p36
-
37

Cardwell
p341
-
342

www.holah.co.uk

www.sociologystuff.com/index.php?Site=psychologyStuff&PHPSESSID=8253d64
10
7e3d267dd80889282826c44

http://www.skeptic.com/02.3.hochman
-
fms.html

-

good article

http://www.brown.edu/Departments/Taubman_Center/Recovmem/



TEACHING/LEARNING opportunities/activities/investigations

Revise case studies such as HM, the lost mariner

Role play on difficulty of functioning with amnesia

Causes of amnesia

Debate t
he evidence for and against false and recovered memory


lots of
articles online

Assessment

Past exam questions

Resources

Web info

Creating false memories by Elizabeth Loftus

The Lost mariner

Explanations of Amnesia

Amnesia case studies

Recovered and False

memories info sheet

Homework

Preparation of presentation/research

Possible extension work

Prepare debate