Internet-of-Things for Sustainability of Mega Cities

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Feb 16, 2014 (3 years and 3 months ago)

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IBMResearch
-
China
IBM

Research

China
Internet-of-Things for Sustainability of Mega Cities
HuiSu, PhD
Associate Director, IBM Research –China
© 2010 IBM Corporation
ConnectedWorld:MegaCitiesandUrbanAgglomeration
Connected

World:

Mega

Cities

and

Urban

Agglomeration

Megacity
-a city with more than 10 million people.
Urban Agglomeration
-an extended city or town area
comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a
iilit)dbblikdbtib
Present:
26
megacities
13
inAsia
mun
i
c
i
pa
lit
y
)
an
d
any su
b
ur
b
s
li
n
k
e
d

b
y con
ti
nuous ur
b
an area.
Present:

26
megacities
,
13
in

Asia
.
By 2015: around 35, about 20in Asia.
Up to
30,000
people per sqKm
35
26
2
4
19501975
2011
2015
2
4
Pbli
Healthcare
Trans
p
ortation
Nature
Resource
City
P
u
bli
c
Services
Supply
Chain
Energy
p
Security
Challenges: Pollution, disease, resource depletion, traffic
congestionoverpopulationdisastersglobalwarming
MitStfSt
© 2010 IBM Corporation
congestion
,
overpopulation
,
disasters
,
global

warming
, …
M
egac
it
y as
S
ys
t
ems o
f

S
ys
t
ems
3
Asmartermoresecureresilientandself
-
healingnervous
Government
A

smarter
,
more

secure
,
resilient

and

self
healing

nervous

system is needed for Megacity---Analogy: Human Body and Smarter City
Government

Services
Comm. &
Transportation
Immune System:
A collection of biological
processes that protects
aga
in
st

d
i
sease

by

Emergency
agastdseaseby
identifying and killing
pathogens and tumor
cells.
Management
Energy and
Utilities
Education
Emergency Mgt:
Dealing with and
avoiding risks, preparing
for a disaster before it
Infrastructure
Healthcare
occurs, disaster
response, as well as
supporting, and
rebuildingsociety
© 2010 IBM Corporation
rebuilding

society
Internet
-
of
-
Things
Internet
of
Things
A global system of interconnected people, physical objects and IT systems, supported by
scalable and affordable technologies, to better manage the physical world via pervasive data
collection
,
smart networkin
g,

p
redictive anal
y
tics
,
and dee
p
o
p
timization.
,g,py,pp
Human BodyHuman Body
Brain
Internet
Internet--ofof--ThingsThings
Models &
+
Brain
Analytics
Intellig
e
Interconnection
+
Nervous
System
e
nce
Sensors&
+
Nervecell
Sensors

&
Actuators
Nerve

cell
& Muscles
Sense &
Understand
Control &
Mana
g
e
© 2010 IBM Corporation4
Physical World
g
IoTApplicationsforSmarterCity
IoT

Applications

for

Smarter

City
Tourism
Healthcare
……
Diili
Resource optimization
D
ec
i
s
i
on ana
l
yt
i
cs
Energy
Logistics

Pi
Sft
Ttti
Traffic
Pi
pe
S
a
f
e
t
y
T
ranspor
t
a
ti
on
© 2010 IBM Corporation
Process efficiency, automation and control
Case:SystemCoordinationofTraffic,WaterPipeandLogistics
Case:

System

Coordination

of

Traffic,

Water

Pipe

and

Logistics

© 2010 IBM Corporation