POLI 123 MEC

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SOUTH AFRICAN POLITI
CAL SYSTEM

STUDY GUIDE FOR


POLI 123

MEC

*POLI123
MEC
*

FACULTY OF

HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES

MAFIKENG CAMPUS





ii

























Study guide compiled by:

J.O. Maseng




Instructional Design by Mrs Annelize Cronje, Academic Staff Advisor, ADC

Page layout by
Roxanne Bremner,

Academic
Development

Centre

Printing arrangements and distribution by Department Logistics
(Distribution Centre).

Printed by.

Nashua Digidoc Centre (018) 299 2827

Copyright


20
13

edition. Date of revision 20
15
.

North
-
West University,
Mafikeng

Campus.

No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means without written
permission
from the publisher.



iii

TABLE OF

CONTENTS

Module
Information

................................
................................
................................
....................

vi

Module
Title
:
Introduction
to
Political Science

................................
................................
..........

vi

Module
Qualification
:
Bachelor
of
Social Sciences
-
Political Science
/
International
relations
...

vi

Mod
ule
Structure

................................
................................
................................
.......................

vi

Word of
Welcome

................................
................................
................................
......................

vi

Contact persons
................................
................................
................................
.........................

vi

Module
Outcomes
................................
................................
................................
......................

vi

Introduction

................................
................................
................................
................................
vii

Rationale

................................
................................
................................
................................
....
vii

Learning assumed to be in place

................................
................................
..............................
vii

Content
................................
................................
................................
................................
.......
vii

Learning tasks/activities

................................
................................
................................
............
vii

Assesment

................................
................................
................................
................................
.
vii

Moderation

................................
................................
................................
................................

viii

Action verbs used in the study guide

................................
................................
.......................

viii

Prescribed & recommended reading material
................................
................................
...........

xi

Study icons

................................
................................
................................
................................
xii

Warning against plagiarism

................................
................................
................................
.......
xii

Study unit
1
:

The
context of south african government and politics

.......................

1

1.1

Unit
outcomes

................................
................................
............................

1

1.2

Introduction

................................
................................
................................

1

1.3

Key
issues to be discussed on this unit are

................................
..............

2

1.4

References
................................
................................
................................
.

2

1.5

Test
your knowledge
................................
................................
..................

2

1.6

Preparation
for test and exam

................................
................................
...

2

Study unit
2
:

Parliament
................................
................................
................................
.

3

2.1

Unit
outcomes

................................
................................
............................

3

2.2

Introduction

................................
................................
................................

3

2.3

Key
issues to be discussed on this unit are

................................
..............

3

2.4

References
................................
................................
................................
.

4

2.5

Test
your knowledge
................................
................................
..................

4

2.6

Preparation
for test and exam

................................
................................
...

4

Study unit
3
:

Executive
and its powers
................................
................................
........

5

3.1

Unit
outcomes

................................
................................
............................

5

3.2

Introduction

................................
................................
................................

5

3.3

Key
issues to be discussed on this unit are

................................
..............

6


iv

3.4

References

................................
................................
................................
.

6

3.5

Test
your knowledge

................................
................................
..................

6

3.6

Preparation
for test and exam

................................
................................
...

6

Study unit
4
:

The
legal system and the judiciary

................................
........................

7

4.1

Unit
outcomes

................................
................................
............................

7

4.2

Introduction

................................
................................
................................

7

4.3

Key
issues to be discussed on this unit are

................................
..............

8

4.4

References

................................
................................
................................
.

8

4.5

Test
your knowledge

................................
................................
..................

8

4.6

Preparation
for test and exam

................................
................................
...

8

Study unit

5
:

Administering
national government

................................
......................

9

5.1

Unit
outcomes

................................
................................
............................

9

5.2

Introduction

................................
................................
................................

9

5.3

Key
issues to be discussed on this unit are

................................
............

10

5.4

References

................................
................................
...............................

10

5.5

Test
your knowledge

................................
................................
................

10

5.6

Preparation
for test and exam

................................
................................
.

10

Study unit

6
:

Provincial
government in south africa

................................
................

11

6.1

Unit
outcomes

................................
................................
..........................

11

6.2

Introduction

................................
................................
..............................

11

6.3

Key
issues to be discussed on this unit are

................................
............

11

6.4

References

................................
................................
...............................

12

6.5

Test
your knowledge

................................
................................
................

12

6.6

Preparation
for test and exam

................................
................................
.

12

Study unit

7
:

Local
government

................................
................................
..................

13

7.1

Unit
outcomes

................................
................................
..........................

13

7.2

Introduction

................................
................................
..............................

13

7.3

Key
issues to be discussed on this unit are

................................
............

14

7.4

References

................................
................................
...............................

14

7.5

Test
your knowledge

................................
................................
................

14

7.6

Preparation
for test and exam

................................
................................
.

14

Study unit

8
:

Public
policy making in south africa

................................
...................

17

8.1

Unit
outcomes

................................
................................
..........................

17

8.2

Introduction

................................
................................
..............................

17

8.3

Key
issues to be discussed on this unit are

................................
............

17

8.4

References

................................
................................
...............................

18



v

8.5

Test
your knowledge
................................
................................
................

18

8.6

Preparation
for test and exam

................................
................................
.

18

Study unit

9
:

Political
parties, elections, interest groups and social
movements

................................
................................
.............................

19

9.1

Unit
outcomes

................................
................................
..........................

19

9.2

Introduction

................................
................................
..............................

19

9.3

Key
issues to be discussed on this unit are

................................
............

20

9.4

References
................................
................................
...............................

20

9.5

Test
your knowledge
................................
................................
................

20

9.6

Preparation
for test and exam

................................
................................
.

20

Study unit

10
:

The
political economy of south africa in domestic and global
context

................................
................................
................................
....

21

10.1

Unit
o
utcomes

................................
................................
..........................

21

10.2

Introduction

................................
................................
..............................

21

10.3

Key
issues to be discussed on th
is unit are

................................
............

22

10.4

References
................................
................................
...............................

22

10.5

Test
your knowledge
................................
................................
................

22

10.6

Preparation
for test and exam

................................
................................
.

22

Study unit

11
:

South
african foreign policy 1989
-
2013

................................
..............

23

11.1

Unit
outcomes

................................
................................
..........................

23

11.2

Introduction

................................
................................
..............................

23

11.3

Key
issues to be discussed on this unit are

................................
............

23

11.4

References
................................
................................
...............................

24

11.5

Test
your knowledge
................................
................................
................

24

11.6

Preparation
for test and exam

................................
................................
.

24


vi

MODULE INFORMATION

MODULE TITLE:
INTRODUCTION TO POLI
TICAL SCIENCE

MODULE QUALIFICATION
: BACHELOR OF SOCIAL

SCIENCES
-
POLITICAL SCIENCE/IN
TERNATIONAL RELATION
S

MODULE STRUCTURE

Module
Code:

Module
Type:

Credits:

NQF Level:

Semester:

Duration:

POLI 123

Core

12

5

SECOND

12 Weeks

WORD OF WE
LCOME

Welcome to the Political Science and International Relations Unit in the Department of
History, Political Science and International Relations in this academic year. It will

truly be an
eventful year with more academic activities geared to giving you a sound foundation for a
career in Political Science and International Relations. The study of South African Political
System is an ideal module for those wishing to begin schola
rly participation in the South
African political spectrum. The module will have its focus on ensuring that students have an
understanding of the context of South African politics and government (parliament, the
executive and the legal and judicial system).

Themes such as administering national,
provincial and local government will be explored throughout the term. Lastly the module will
focus on public policy, political economy and political parties in South Africa.

CONTACT PERSONS

Position

Title & Names

Ph
one & Email

Office # &
Building A3

Lecturer

J.O. Maseng

018

389 2200

oshupeng.maseng@nwu.ac.za

A 326 GAB

Faculty officer

Mr. J. Ncoe

018

389 2263

John.nchoe@nwu.ac.za

A 312 GAB

Secretary

Mrs P. Dimpe

018

389 2251

Phomolo.dimpe@nwu.ac.za

B 202 GAB

MODULE OUTCOMES

On successful completion of this module, students should be able to:



Demonstrate knowledge

of the context of contemporary South African politics, the
structure and components of South African political system as well as identify and
interpret their mutual relations;



Use basic information collection skills to identify contemporary South African
political
problems and suggest solutions;



Utelise IT
-
technology to communicate individually or within groups within an ethically
acceptable framework.



vii

INTRODUCTION

South Africa has gone through a lot of political phases from the formation of the union of
S
outh Africa, the to the institutionalization of Apartheid and the post apartheid South Africa
with its own political, governmental and economic dynamics. This module on South African
Political system will help students grasp an understanding of the histori
cal and current
political, governmental and economic realities of South Africa. This will include the
development of knowledge on South African government and politics,

national, provincial and
local administration of government, public policy, political e
conomy and political parties.

RATIONALE

This module provides knowledge and understanding of

the historical and current political,
governmental and economic dynamics of South Africa. The significance of this module is
based on its offering of scientific u
nderstanding of South African government and politics,

national, provincial and local administration of government, public policy, political economy
and political parties.

LEARNING ASSUMED TO
BE IN PLACE

Students enrolled in this module must have passed t
he prerequisite module of introduction to
political studies.

CONTENT

This module is divided into two parts containing eleven study units. All necessary
endeavours will be made to cover the prescribed content. Students are implored to make
efforts to supple
ment contact learning with more reading. The content is categorised into
study units which constitute themes of the module.

LEARNING
TASKS/
ACTIVITIES



Learning activities will be in the form of contact lessons which will encompass
microteaching, and experi
ential learning inclusive of group class presentations,
assignments and other case study mini
-
projects. Experiential learning will be more to
enable students to learn and retain more information and be able to transfer the skills
learned during the process

to other areas of life.



As active participants in the process of teaching and learning, students are required to
use the study units as weekly themes for facilitation and discussions. In this regard
students must have preparation prior to contact lessons
in order to contribute
constructively in discussions. Students are therefore required to gather important and
crucial data and material for the themes outlined in this guide.



Dates and logistics for presentations and group class presentation communicated i
n
advance to afford students time to prepare for module activities.

ASSE
SMENT

The assignments and other works for the module POLI 123 require students, to use the
library books and scholarly other materials, accredited journals and other credible sources.

Assessment Methods/Strategies

Students will be assessed on through the following methods:



Written tests



Assignments


viii



Presentations and



Examination at the end of the semester.

Assessment Criteria



Students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the

basic facets of
political science and international relations.



Students should be able to develop abilities to comprehend and assess individual and
social values, and recognize their importance in social problem solving and policy
making.

Assessment
Structure



2 X Tests: 50 Marks



1 X Assignment: 25 Marks



Presentation: 25 Marks



Module examination: 100 Marks



Examination duration: 3 hours



All marks will be equated to 100%

During the contact sessions, the module facilitator will give students feedback
concerning the
assignments, tests and presentations through guidance to students individually or in class or
small groups. Constructive and proper motivation and guidance will be given to students
regarding their works, written or verbally.

MODERATION

The
assessment of students performance and examination marks shall be made and
moderated by internal examiners or senior lecturers in the department of History, Political
Science and International Relations.

ST
UDENT ACADEMIC SUPPORT

All students are encouraged

to utilize the academic and support services on campus. With
regard to this module, students may also or ask for help from our assigned Student
Instructors (SI) who will be available at all times. If a student is not coping with their work due
to stress
-
r
elated or psychological problems, a student is not coping with work due to stress
-
related or psychological problems, a student will be referred to the relevant department or
unit for assistance.

TIME SCHEDULE/WORK PROGRAMME

Time schedule/work programme wil
l be availed to students on e
F
undi or handouts

NOTIONAL TIME

Notional time for all activities of this module is 2160 minutes.

ACTION VERBS USED IN

THE STUDY GUIDE

The following action verbs are included to give you clarity so you know what is
expected of
students/learners.
Please take thorough notice of them. When you come across these action
verbs in die outcomes, learning activities, self evaluations and exam, you can refer back to
the definitions listed here so you can determine how you must interpret
the questions so that
your answers correspond to what is expected of you.



ix

Analyse

Identify the parts or elements of a concept.

Comment

Give in short your opinion on a topic.

Compare

Show the resemblances (aspects that are the same) and the differences
between objectives,
ideas or perspectives. When you compare two or more objectives, you must do it
systematically


complete one aspect first. It is always better to do it in your own words.

Criticise

This means you must indicate whether you agree with
a perspective or not. Thereafter you
must describe your refutation or corroboration of your point of view and give reasons for your
point of view.

Debate

Take a critical stand and make a formal argument. Present more than one point of view,
debate the pros and cons of each and reach and motivate a conclusion.

Define

Explain the correct meaning of a concept by conveying the necessary characteristics.

Demo
nstrate

Give and discuss examples. You must give evidence that you have knowledge of how the
process works or how a concept is applied in a real situation.

Describe

Say exactly how something is, give a report on the characteristics of something, and
de
scribe how something works. No view or argument is needed.

Discuss

Discuss something in your own words. It sometimes requires the debating of two points of
view or two different possibilities.

Evaluate

Discuss the importance of a case through a well
-
th
ought
-
out discussion of the case where
you discuss the importance or value of something.

Exemplify

A practical illustration of a concept is required.


x

Explain

Make something clearer or simplify it in such a way that it is easier to understand.

Identify

Give the necessary characteristics or aspects of a phenomenon.

Indicate

Indicate, make known, and explain in short.

List

Simply provide a list of names, facts or items asked for. A specific category or order might
be required. No discussion or explana
tion is necessary.

Mention

Name something in short without providing more detail.


Motivate

You must justify the reasons for your statements and points of view. You must try to
convince the reader of your point of view.

Sketch/give an overview

Stress t
he main characteristics, structures or general principles of a subject, without giving
the less important details. Give a little more detail than in the case of naming, listing or
stating information.

Write an essay

A detailed description of a subject is required.

LEARNING STRATEGY

Lesson material

Study the indicated pages of the recommended reading material at the end of each section
intensively to prepare for class discussions, and also so that you are able to answ
ere
possible long questions and complete assignments and other works.

Questions for discussions

Be prepared to answer applicable critical questions on the study section at the contact
sessions. Discussing these questions in class can also be valuable when
you are working on
the text for your assignments and other works and also during the class test and the exam.

Important: for class test/exam



Be prepared to answer an essay type question in the class test/exam on the prescribed
reading work as well as the c
ritique on that.



You must therefore take another look at the subthemes or summaries and your own
summarizing statements.



xi

Consult your notes made before and during the class discussion to ensure that you can
formulate critical and creative views on the
reading work.

PRESCRIBED & RECOMME
NDED READING MATERIA
L



Venter, A and Landsberg, C (3
rd
eds).2006.Government and Politics in the new south
Africa. Pretoria. Van Schaik Publishers.



Venter, A and Landsberg, C
(4
th

Eds).2011
.Go
vernment and Politics in S
outh Af
rica.
Pretoria. Van Schaik Publishers.



Le Pere,G & Van Nieuwkerk, A.1999.Making foreign policy in South Africa in Nel,P
(eds).1999. Power, wealth and global order.Cape Town.Foundation for global dialogue
and the University of Cape Town Press.



www.
dirco
.
gov
.
za
: Official website of the department of international relations
and cooperation

NOTE
:
More detailed reading list will be provided in the course of the semester.




xii

STUDY ICONS



Introductory statements



Individual exercise





Study the indicated material(s)
in the textbook / article, etc



Approximate study time



Test your Knowledge




Outcomes



Key terms

WARNING AGAINST PLAG
IARISM


ASSIGNMENTS ARE INDIVIDUAL TASKS AND NOT GROUP ACTIVITIES
.
(UNLESS
EXPLICITLY INDICATED

AS GROUP ACTIVITIES)

Copying
of text from other learners or from other sources (for instance the study guide,
prescribed material or directly from the internet) is
not allowed



only brief quotations are
allowed and then only if indicated as such.

You sh
ould
reformulate

existing text and use your
own words
to explain what you have
read. It is not acceptable to retype existing text and just acknowledge the source in a
footnote


you should be able to relate the idea or concept, without repeating the origin
al
author to the letter.

The aim of the assignments is not the reproduction of existing material, but to ascertain
whether you have the ability to integrate existing texts, add your own interpretation and/or
critique of the texts and offer a creative solu
tion to existing problems.

Be warned: students who submit copied text will obtain a mark of zero for the
assignment and disciplinary steps may be taken by the Faculty and/or University. It is
also unacceptable to do somebody else’s work, to lend your work
to them or to make
your work available to them to copy


be careful and do not make your work available
to anyone!

Part One


1








PART ONE: INSTITUTIO
NS




Part One


2

Study unit 1


1


1

THE CONTEXT OF SOUTH

AFRICAN
GOVERNMENT AND
POLITICS





1.1

UNIT OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this study unit, you will be expected to be able to



Understand the political direction of South Africa in

from 1910 to

the post apartheid
state



Build extensive theoretical and practical
knowledge of South African politics



Acquire and develop analytical skills to be applied on South African politics


1.2

INTRODUCTION

Building a knowledge base of South African politics requires understanding the historical
politics of Apartheid. Then the creat
ion of a link between the apartheid and t
he post apartheid
South Africa
is significant. This would offer an understanding of South Africa
is characterized
by various political factors which include eradicating the apartheid legacies through
enhancing polit
ical and economic equality amongst all racial and ethnic groups. Furthermore
there exists a vision of building a prosperous and united South Africa. In the academic front
there is a need for students in the field of politics to achieve the following:




Study unit 1


2


1.3

KEY ISSUES TO BE DIS
CUSSED ON THIS UNIT
ARE



The founding of union of South Africa and constitutional base 1910
-
1914



The founding of the white republic in 1961



Black struggle for political power



The post 1994 state
-
social, political and economic dynamics


1.4

REFERENCES



Venter, A & Landsberg, C.2011. Government and Politics in South Africa. 4
th

Edition.pp3
-
19


1.5

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE

Outline and demonstrate the main differences between the apartheid and post apartheid
state of South Africa.

1.6

PREPARATION FOR TEST

AN
D EXAM



See learning strategy of the study guide.



Study un
it 2


3


2

PARLIAMENT







2.1

UNIT OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this study unit, you will be expected to be able to



Explain the structure and setting of
parliament.



Explain the functions and powers of parliament



Explain the relationship of parliament and other role players in the legislative


2.2

INTRODUCTION

Most governments in the world have legislative functions to execute and these functions are
carried
out by legislature(s) often referred to as parliament(s). From country to country
legislatures vary in structures and settings. Some like in the case of South Africa are
composed of two hous
es. L
egislatures is
across countries
have common roles. Commonly
a
gain is the question of separation of powers and the legislature’s relationship with other
roles players in various government and
South Africa in particular.


2.3

KEY ISSUES TO BE DIS
CUSSED ON THIS UNIT
ARE



Path to new constitution



Legislative role of Presi
dent

Study unit 2


4



Parliament
-
National Assembly (NA) and National Council of Provinces (NCOP).



The committees and procedures of NA and NCOP.


2.4

REFERENCES



Venter, A & Landsberg, C.2011. Government and Politics in South Africa. 4
th

Edition.pp20
-
42


2.5

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE



What is the legislative role of the president in the South African parliament?



Describe the composition, membership and election of the South African parliament.

2.6

PREPARATION FOR TEST

AND EXAM



See learning strategy of the study guide.


Study unit 3


5


3

EXECUTIVE AND ITS PO
WERS







3.1

UNIT OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this study unit, you will be expected to be able to



Describe

features of the executive



Describe

the structure of the executive



Critically e
xplain the concept
of
separation of powers



Analyze

the relationship between the legislature and the executive



Provide in detail

the collective and ministerial responsibilities and cabinet



Explain various presidencies [Mandela, Mbeki, Zuma]


3.2

INTRODUCTION

Similarly as the legisl
ature, the executive is also a critical component of government charged
with executing inter alia government programmes and policies. Executive branches also
vary from government to government, in some instance they are headed by president(s)
while others

by prime minister(s). At any rate though may be regulated by different
constitutions of their respective countries, executive play roles of executing the activities of
governments.




Study unit 3


6


3.3

KEY ISSUES TO BE DIS
CUSSED ON THIS UNIT
ARE



Features of the executive



Structure of the executive



Tripartite separation of powers



The relationship between the legislature and the executive



The collective and ministerial responsibilities and cabinet



Presidencies [Mandela, Mbeki, Zuma]


3.4

REFERENCES



Venter, A & Landsberg, C.201
1. Government and Politics in South Africa. 4
th

Edition.pp44
-
57


3.5

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE



What are the powers of the president of South Africa?



Describe the composition and powers of the South African cabinet.

3.6

PREPARATION FOR TEST

AND EXAM



See learning
strategy of the study guide.

Study unit 4


7



4

TH
E LEGAL SYSTEM AND T
HE
JUDICIARY





4.1

UNIT OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this study unit, you will be expected to be able to



Understand t
he nature of South African law



Demonstrate and explain the
Judicial functions and processes in South Africa



Demonstrate knowledge of c
onstitutional supremacy in South Africa



Explain and analyze t
he court systems in South Africa



Understand t
he role and influence of the South African judi
ciary


4.2

INTRODUCTION

Every state has a legal system comprising the rules of law that apply in that state. Everybody
from the different organs of the state to individuals is engaged daily in the application of
those rules of law to their relationships.
Every state has judicial branch of government that
resolves disputes that arise between members of society on authoritative basis by the
application of the proper rules of law (Malherbe,2006:61). The judiciary’s primary role
therefore is to ensure the abid
ance and application of the rules of law in a state.


Study unit 4


8

4.3

KEY ISSUES TO BE DIS
CUSSED ON THIS UNIT
ARE



The nature of South African law



Judicial functions and processes in South Africa



South African legal system



Constitutional supremacy in South Africa



The
court systems in South Africa



The role and influence of the South African judiciary


4.4

REFERENCES



Venter, A & Landsberg, C.2011. Government and Politics in South Africa. 4
th

Edition.pp59
-
79


4.5

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE



What does constitutional supremacy mean?



What

factors determine the independence of the judiciary?

4.6

PREPARATION FOR TEST

AND EXAM



See learning strategy of the study guide.

Study unit 5


9


5

ADMINISTERING NATION
AL
GOVERNMENT






5.1

UNIT OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this
study unit, you will be expected to be able to



Describe

the relationship between the national government and public service



Define

concept associated to national government and public service



Demonstrate knowledge of the

functions of the state and public s
ervice



Explain the relationship between the environment, national government and
management


5.2

INTRODUCTION

Service delivery is an essential duty and role of any government in the world. In order to
deliver services to citizens governments depend on their r
espective public service. In the
South African context delivering services to citizens is a constitutional obligation and
responsibility of various government departments. Delivering public services in South Africa
significantly revolves around the princip
le of “Batho Pele” which translates to the people first
in service delivery.




Study unit 5


10


5.3

KEY ISSUES TO BE DIS
CUSSED ON THIS UNIT
ARE



National government, public service and associated concepts



Functions of the state and public service



Structure and functions of
the state



State functions and government and public administration



The environment national government administration and management


5.4

REFERENCES



Venter, A & Landsberg, C.2011. Government and Politics in South Africa. 4
th

Edition.pp80
-
101


5.5

TEST YOUR
KNOWLEDGE



Why should government be responsible for providing public service?



Is code of conduct really necessary for public service?

5.6

PREPARATION FOR TEST

AND EXAM



See learning strategy of the study guide.


Study unit 6


11


6

PROVINCIAL GOVERNMEN
T IN
SOUTH AFRICA





6.1

UNIT OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this study unit, you will be expected to be able to



Demonstrate knowledge of o
rigins of South Africa’s nine provinces



Understand and describe the p
owers and functions of provinces



Describe t
he structures of provincial government



Explain the f
inancing
of
provincial government



Describe the i
ntergovernmental context of provinces


6.2

INTRODUCTION

South Africa is composed of nine provinces and each of these provinces has what is known
as a provincial government. Thus though there exists a national government South Africa
has nine provincial governments.


6.3

KEY ISSUES TO BE DIS
CUSSED ON THIS UNIT
ARE



Origins of South Africa’s nine provinces



Powers and functions of provinces



The structures of provincial government

Study unit 6


12



Financing provincial government



Intergovernmental context of provinces


6.4

REFERENCES



Venter, A & Landsberg, C.2011. Government and Politics i
n South Africa. 4
th

Edition.pp102
-
133


6.5

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE



Describe the relationship between provincial and national government.

6.6

PREPARATION FOR TEST

AND EXAM



See learning strategy of the study guide.

Study unit 7


13


7

LOCAL

GOVERNMENT







7.1

UNIT OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this study unit, you will be expected to be able to



Explain the r
elationship between the three spheres of government



Describe the l
ocal government models



Demonstrate knowledge of t
he elections of
councillors



Critically analyze t
he (political) decision making bodies and processes



Understand the o
bjects, powers and functions of municipalities



Demonstrate understanding of
Integrated Development Planning (IDP)



Have knowledge of municipal f
inancial matt
ers



Describe the m
unicipal service provision



Understanding the municipal law making processes



Provide explanations of d
ilemmas of local government in South Africa


7.2

INTRODUCTION

Local government is the third and lowest sphere of government in South Africa. Though
being the lowest sphere of government it constitutionally charged to provide services and
enhance socio
-
economic development of local communities across South Africa.

Study unit 7


14


7.3

KEY ISSUES TO BE DIS
CUSSED ON THIS UNIT
ARE



Constitutional overview of spheres of government



Local government models



The elections of councillors



The (political) decision making bodies and processes



Objects, powers and functions of municipalities



Integrate
d Development Planning (IDP)



Financial matters



Municipal service provision



Making of laws



Dilemmas of local government in South Africa


7.4

REFERENCES



Venter, A & Landsberg, C.2011. Government and Politics in South Africa. 4
th

Edition.pp134
-
161


7.5

TEST YOUR
KNOWLEDGE



Describe the various local government models in South Africa
.



What are the roles of the speaker and majors in municipalities?



Describe the relationship between the national, provincial and local government?

7.6

PREPARATION FOR TEST

AND EXAM



See learn
ing strategy of the study guide.

Part Two


15










PART TWO: PROCESSES
AND POLICIES


Part Two


16

Study unit 8


17


8

PUBLIC POLICY MAKING

IN
SOUTH AFRICA





8.1

UNIT OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this study unit,

you will be expected to be able to



Define the c
oncepts and
describe the
context of public policy making

in South Africa



Provide t
heoretical perspectives on public policy



Describe and explain t
he process of public policy making in South Africa



Identify and

discuss the m
ajor actors in public policy and their interactions


8.2

INTRODUCTION

Public policy is a single concept that designates both the processes and contents of
government and the practices of governance (Booysen,2006:163). Thus public policy is
roote
d in the activities of actors, public servants, government departments and the
legislature.


8.3

KEY ISSUES TO BE DIS
CUSSED ON THIS UNIT
ARE



Concepts and context of public policy making



Theoretical perspectives on public policy



The process of public policy m
aking in South Africa

Study unit 8


18



Major actors in public policy and their interactions


8.4

REFERENCES



Venter, A & Landsberg, C.2011. Government and Politics in South Africa. 4
th

Edition.pp165
-
183


8.5

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE



Mention the key actors in South African public polic
y making.



Which actors have more influence than others in the public policy making process?

8.6

PREPARATION FOR TEST

AND EXAM



See learning strategy of the study guide.

Study unit 9


19


9

POLITICAL PARTIES,
ELECTIONS, INTEREST
GROUPS AND SOCIAL
MOVEMENTS





9.1

UNIT OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this study unit, you will be expected to be able to



Political parties (and elections), Interest groups and Social movements (difference
between these actors)



Functions of Political parties,
Interest groups and Social movements



Financing of Political parties, Interest groups and Social movements



Women and political parties



Type of party system in South Africa



Role of opposition parties in South Africa



Theories of group politics in South Africa


9.2

INTRODUCTION

The South African political landscape is characterised by various political actors. These
actors are inter alia political parties, interest groups and social movements. Though they vary
in classification and roles, these actors are critical

in any political dispensation.




St
udy unit 9


20


9.3

KEY ISSUES TO BE DIS
CUSSED ON THIS UNIT
ARE



Political parties

and elections in South Africa



Interest groups

in South Africa



Social movements

in South Africa


9.4

REFERENCES



Pp 202
-
229.Sadie, Y.2006. Political parties,
interest groups and social movements in
Venter, A and Landsberg, C (3
rd
eds).2006.Government and Politics in the new south
Africa. Pretoria. Van Schaik Publishers.



Venter, A and Landsberg, C
.2011
.Go
vernment and Politics in S
outh Africa. Pretoria.
Van Schai
k Publishers.
Pp184
-
212


9.5

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE



Mention and discuss the functions of political parties in South Africa.



Discuss and analyze the party system applicable to South Africa.

9.6

PREPARATION FOR TEST

AND EXAM



See learning strategy of the study guide.

Study unit

10


21


10

THE POLITICAL ECONOM
Y OF
SOUTH AFRICA IN DOME
STIC
AND GLOBAL CONTEXT





10.1

UNIT OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this study unit, you will be expected to be able to



Define p
olitical economy



Explain m
acro
-
economic policies



Understand and demonstrate the r
ole of the state in the economy



Demonstrate knowledge of the s
tructure of South African economic system



Provide an explanation of the e
conomic challenges in South Africa



Understand, discuss and analy
ze South Africa’s position in the international political
economy.


10.2

INTRODUCTION

The South African political economy is one shaped by the legacies of apartheid, globalization
and international politics. The sitting government thus is faced with a challen
ge of being an
effective competitor in the global economy and again most importantly to meet the socio
-
economic rights of citizens in a sustainable manner and have a growing economy.
In addition
the challenges of the economy domestically are coupled with t
he realities of the international
political economy. As regards this makes the domestic and international political economy of
South Africa inseparable.

Study unit 10


22


10.3

KEY ISSUES TO BE DIS
CUSSED ON THIS UNIT
ARE



Political economy



Macro
-
economic policies



Role of the st
ate in the economy



Structure of South African economic system



Economic challenges in South Africa



South Africa’s position in the international political economy.


10.4

REFERENCES



Pp 233
-
248.Schoeman, M.2006. The political economy of South Africa in global
context in Venter, A and Landsberg, C (3
rd
eds).2006.Government and Politics in the
new south Africa. Pretoria. Van Schaik Publishers.



Pp 252
-
266.Maseng, J.O & Kunene M.L.2011.

Violent Service Delivery Protests in
Global Perspective: Issues of Governance in

Post
-
Apartheid South Africa

in Boulle,L
(eds). 2011. Globalisation and Governance



Venter, A and Landsberg, C
.2011
.Go
vernment and Politics in S
outh Africa. Pretoria.
Van Schaik Publishers.
Pp213
-
230


10.5

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE



What can South Africa learn from de
veloped economies in order to accelerate
sustainable development?



In form of a discussion provide an explanation of the structure of the South African
economy.

10.6

PREPARATION FOR TEST

AND EXAM



See learning strategy of the study guide.

Study unit 11


23


11

SOUTH AFRICAN FOREIG
N
POLICY 1989
-
2013






11.1

UNIT OUTCOMES

Upon completion of this study unit, you will be expected to be able to


11.2

INTRODUCTION

Foreign policy formulation in the context of South Africa is characterised by actors

and both
the domestic and international environment. The formulation of foreign policy thus relies on
process (subset) and policy (subject).


11.3

KEY ISSUES TO BE DIS
CUSSED ON THIS UNIT
ARE



Orientation of South African foreign policy



Foreign policy decision
making in South Africa



Setting of South African foreign policy



Actors in foreign policy formulation



Domestic and international environment

Study unit 11


24


11.4

REFERENCES



Pp 250
-
265.Landsberg, C.2006. Foreign policy
-
making and implementation in post
-
settlement South Africa
in Venter, A and Landsberg, C (3
rd
eds).2006.Government and
Politics in the new south Africa. Pretoria. Van Schaik Publishers.



Pp 196
-
214.Le Pere,G & Van Nieuwkerk, A.1999.Making foreign policy in South Africa
in Nel,P (eds).1999. Power, wealth and global o
rder.Cape Town.Foundation for global
dialogue and the University of Cape Town Press.



Venter, A and Landsberg, C
.2011
.Go
vernment and Politics in S
outh Africa. Pretoria.
Van Schaik Publishers.
Pp231
-
256



w
ww
.
dirco
.
gov
.
za
: Official website of the department of

international relations and
cooperation



11.5

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE



Outline the role players in South Africa’s foreign policy formulation and discuss
lengthily their functions and roles.

11.6

PREPARATION FOR TEST

AND EXAM



See learning strategy of the study guide.