Assessment of regional climate change and adaptation options

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Nov 6, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Assessment of regional climate change
and adaptation options
‘Coping with Climate Change –Transnational Action in the Alps’
Alpine Space Expert Workshop
Interlaken, Switzerland, 4-5 May 2010
Dr. Stéphane Isoard
Impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change
(
Stephane.Isoard@eea.europa.eu
)
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Indicators
•Atmosphere and
climate
•Cryosphere
(glaciers, snow and
ice)
•Marine biodiversity
and ecosystems
•Water quantity
•Freshwater quality
and biodiversity
•Terrestrial
ecosystems and
biodiversity
•Soil
•Agriculture and
forestry
•Human health
•Adaptation to
climate change
•Economic
consequences of
climate change
http://reports.eea.europa.e
u/eea_report_2008_
4/en/
(Update of 2004 edition)
Mapping past and projected impacts in vulnerable
Mapping past and projected impacts in vulnerable
regions and sectors
regions and sectors
-
-
2008 EEA/JRC/WHO report
2008 EEA/JRC/WHO report
Main biogeographic regions of Europe Main biogeographic regions of Europe (EEA member countries)(EEA member countries)
Regional climate change and adaptation
Most vulnerable areas
•Southern Europe
•Mountain areas
•Coastal zones
•River floodplains
•Arctic region
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•How will climate change affect the Alps?
•How does water supply from the Alps affect
Europe?
•How are sectors influenced by and adapting to
changing water availability?
•What lessons can be learnt from regional case
studies?
•Latest climate science findings
•Cross-sectoraland integrated perspective
•Case studies-based assessment
•Transferability of lessons learned
•Translation of the report’s Executive Summary to
support reaching stakeholders at the local and
regional levels
•EEA’sETC/ACC: UBA-D, UBA-V, PIK, EURAC, Alpine
Convention
Regional climate change and adaptation
Regional climate change and adaptation


The Alps
The Alps
facing the challenge of changing water resources
facing the challenge of changing water resources
Regional climate change and adaptation
http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/alps-climate-change-and-adaptation-2009
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•Temperatures increased more than twice the global average
•Changes in the hydrological cycle: precipitation patterns and run-
off regimes, decreases in snow and glacier cover, reduction in
permafrost
•More droughts (summer), floods and landslides (winter); higher
inter-annual variability
•Increasing water demand
•Severe adverse effects on ecosystems goods and services, and
economic sectors (e.g. agriculture, energy, forestry, tourism)
Vulnerability of the Alps to climate change
Vulnerability of the Alps to climate change
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Vienna’s water mountains (Austria)
1.Water quality critically dependent on upstream land use
activities
2.City of Vienna governance towards forest management
Savoy (France)
1.Water supply highly dependent on climate and human
activities
2.Expanding communities and influx of tourists
3.Water demand problems exacerbated by supply limitations
and climate change
Socariver (Slovenia and Italy)
1.Example of transboundaryriver management
2.Slovenian-Italian Commission for water management
South tyrol(Italy)
1.Dry inner-valleys
2.Traditional adaptation to water scarcity
3.Uneven temporal and spatial distribution of demand and
supply
Examples of case studies
Examples of case studies
Regional climate change and adaptation
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1.The Alpine climate has changed
considerably and this is expected to
continue
2.The Alps are highly vulnerableto climate
change, both natural and human systems
3.The Alps are the water tower of Europe-A
regional topic with a European dimension
4.Regional and local adaptation strategies
needed, that consider all sectors and
transboundaryor basin issues
5.Lessons learned, success factors and
barriers to adaptation identified through
regional case studies are generic.
Transferring to other vulnerable regions is a
challenge.
6.The EU is to provide the overall adaptation
policy frameworks
Key findings
Key findings
Regional climate change and adaptation
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Mapping vulnerability, disaster risks and adaptation options (conceptual framework) Source
: Isoard (2009)
Reference
: Isoard S. 2009, ‘Conceptual framework for mapping vulnerability, disaster risks and adaptation options in Europe’,
Expert meeting ‘Climate information services based on reanalyses systems’, EEA 11-12 February, Copenhagen.
GHG Emissions
Potential IMPACTS
Vulnerability
(now-casting)
Sensitivity
Adaptive Capacity
Willingness to
adapt
Mitigation
Climate Change
Exposure
Socio-economic
& Institutional
Capacity
Human systems & the natural
environment
Implemented
Adaptation
Potential Vulnerability
(forecasting - different time
horizons)
Planned Adaptation
Risks mapping
(probabilistic now-casting &
forecasting)
Economic costs
Mapping vulnerability of human and natural systems
Mapping vulnerability of human and natural systems
Vulnerability to climate change
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•The White Paper recognises the need to develop adaptation
strategies at EU, national and regional levels
•National adaptation strategies/plans:
•Adopted (10): Finland (2005), France (2006), Spain (2006), the
Netherlands (2007),Denmark (2008), Germany (2008), Hungary
(2008), Norway (2008), United Kingdom (2008), Sweden (2009)
•Under preparation: Belgium, Estonia, Latvia, Romania
•IVA assessments: most of the remaining countries
•Overview tablekept up-to-date by the EEA:
http://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/climate/national-adaptation-strategies
•Regional adaptation strategies
•Adopted: Andalucia(Spain), North-Rhine Westphalia (Germany),
Rhône-Alpes (France)
Towards national and regional adaptation strategies
Towards national and regional adaptation strategies
National and regional adaptation strategies
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Key messages
Key messages
•Assessments at regionaland local levels are key for
implementing tailor-made adaptation measures which are
proportionate and cost-effective
•Lessons learned from European case studies are genericand
can be scaled-up for supporting stakeholders in other
vulnerable regions, communities and sectors in making
informed decisions –‘no regret’measures and good practices
•There is a need for enhancing information-sharingat all levels
of decision-making
•Better understanding vulnerabilityof human and natural
systems is key for strengthening the knowledge base and
mainstreaming climate adaptation into key policy areas (e.g.
water, spatial planning, regional policy, Natura2000, agri).
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Thank you for your
Thank you for your
attention!
attention!
Please do not hesitate to ask the European
Please do not hesitate to ask the European
Environment Agency for information
Environment Agency for information
http://www.eea.europa.eu
Stephane.Isoard@eea.europa.eu