HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS

coralmonkeyMechanics

Oct 27, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS


1.

Course Name

:

Heat and Thermodynamics


2.

Course Code

:

PHY1206

3.

Credit hours

:

2

4.

Course Description


This course introduces general concepts of heat and thermodynamics and requires 2 hours of lectures per week for
15 weeks i.e. 30 co
ntact hours in semester. It covers the following major topics:



Equations of state;



Basic heat transfer;



Simple kinetic theory;



Temperature and the laws of thermodynamics;



Thermodynamic changes/relations;



Maxwell’s distribution.


5.

Course Objectives

At the e
nd of the course the student should be able to:



State the relationship between temperature and heat;



Analyze thermodynamic changes using laws of thermodynamics;



Use the equation of state and the simple kinetic theory in solving problems;



State the laws of

thermodynamics and apply them to the real world;



Use Maxwell’s distribution of velocities to obtain mean speed and mean velocity.


6.

Course Outline


Equation of state
:

Intensive and Extensive variables; Equation of state; Work; P
-
V diagrams.

Heat Flow
:

He
at conduction in solids and gases; thermal conductivity; convection;

radiation
-
black
-
body radiation; Stefan
-
Boltzmann’s law.

Simple Kinetic Theory
:

Internal energy; the energy equation; boiling and vapour pressure.

Temperature
:

Thermodynamic equilibri
um; concept of temperature; temperature scales; concept of heat; absolute zero.

The laws of thermodynamics
:

The Zeroth law; the first and second laws of thermodynamics; Clausius and Kelvin statements of the second
law.

Thermodynamic changes
:

Reversible a
nd Irreversible changes; the Carnot cycle; Clausius’ inequality and entropy; heat engines.


Thermodynamic relations
:

specific heats; equation of state; Maxwell’s relations; examples


liquid film, C
p
-
C
v
.

Maxwell’s distribution
:

Mean speed and mean veloc
ities; kinetic energy; equipartition theorem, treated simply.

7.

Reading List

Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory and Statistical Thermodynamics, by F.W Salinger

Properties of Matter by B H Flowers and E Mendoza