Dr. Paige H. Meeker

companyscourgeAI and Robotics

Oct 19, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Dr. Paige H. Meeker


Definition

What are robots?


Definition

According to Wikipedia, the defining characteristics are:

1 is not 'natural', i.e. it is artificially created

2 can sense its environment, and manipulate or interact with things in it

3 has some ability to make choices based on the environment, often using
automatic control or a preprogrammed sequence

4 is programmable

5 moves with one or more axes of rotation or translation

6 makes dexterous coordinated movements

7 moves without human intervention

8 appears to have intent or agency (See anthropomorphism for examples
of ascribing intent to inanimate objects.)
[3]





Text Definition:


A
robot is a mechanism
or an artificial entity that can
be guided by automatic controls.

A Brief History of Robots…


Industrial Robots


mobile robots


exploring hazardous environments ranging from
radioactive sites, volcanoes, finding and destroying
mines, military surveillance, etc.


Planetary Rover Robots


Medical Robots


Toys and Entertainment


Education

Robots and Computing


Automatically controlling
a

robot almost always
implies that there is a computer involved.


In the process of learning about and playing with
robots you will also uncover the world of computers.


Computer speak to our robots via a wireless
communication technology called
bluetooth
.


Therefore



control the computer, control the robot!

Robots and Computing


How do you control the computer?


PROGRAMMING!!

(Using a programming language)


Python


A modern programming language that’s easy to learn
and use


In addition to Python, we will use a library called

MyRo
” (for “my robot”) that was written in order to
make programming the robot a little easier.

What are some
robots you’ve heard
of?

Medical and Surgical Robots


Da

Vinci Surgical System


Cyberknife



Robo
-
Doc


Robot wheelchairs


Da

Vinci Surgical System


Primarily used in
prostatectomies

cardiac valve repair and
gynecologic surgical procedures


Made up of four robotic arms.
Three of those arms hold tools. The
fourth has a camera with two
lenses that allow the surgeon full
vision.


http://www.davincisurgery.com/index.aspx



http://www.intuitivesurgical.com/patientresou
rces/index.aspx


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Frr2eR3brd
E


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fOq78wzyI
XQ


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IZHwCm0t
h2k





Cyberknife


It is designed for radio surgery


It produces radiation from a
small linear particle
accelerator


Has a robotic arm which
allows its energy to be aimed
at any part of the body from
any direction



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Cyberknife


http://www.youtube.com/wat
ch?v=3gH2zjTfojo


Robo

Doc


Remote Presence (RP6) Robots


Medical experts examine patients from anywhere in the
world


Used for diagnosis, surgical teaching, videoconferencing


Dr. can view patient, ask questions, read patient records,
view X
-
rays and test results from their computer


Allows immediate access to medical specialists


http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/05/0505190837
15.htm


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0yzhOssm5Xg




Wheelesley

Uses:


Sonar


Infrared


Bump and vision sensors


Balance Support







http://robotics.usc.edu/~maja/teaching/cs584/papers/ai
-
at
-
yanco.pdf


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IxAE3omf6Og





Home Robots


Roomba


Scuba


Dirt Dog


Verro


Looj


ConnectR


Robomow

Roomba
Vacuum Cleaning Robots


iRobot: “Life happens in busy homes. Stay ahead of messy
floors with the touch of a button! Smart and efficient
iRobot Roomba lifts an amazing amount of dirt, dust, pet
hair, cat litter, crumbs and other debris from your carpets
and hard floors.”


Powerful suction and rotating brushes


Automatically navigates for best cleaning coverage


Cleans under and around furniture, into corners and
along wall edges


Self
-
adjusts from carpets to hard floors and back again


Automatically avoids stairs, drop
-
offs and off
-
limit areas


Simple to use


just press the Clean button and Roomba
does the rest



http://www.irobot.com/sp.cfm?pageid=122



Scooba
Floor Washing Robot


Preps, washes, scrubs and squeegees sealed hardwood,
tile and linoleum floors


Knows where to clean and avoids rugs, carpets and cliffs


Cleans beneath cabinet edges, tables, chairs and other

hard
-
to
-
reach places


Washes floors with only clean solution and deposits
grime into the dirty water tank


Patented cleaning system covers each area of the floor an
average of 5 times



http://www.irobot.com/sp.cfm?pageid=128



Dirt Dogs
Shop Sweeping Robot


Tough
-
as
-
nails cleaning tactics pick up woodchips, nuts, bolts, leaves
and rugged debris


Sweeps patios, workshops, garages, basements and other industrial
grade floors




Cleans under workbenches, cars, and hard
-
to
-
reach places while
avoiding stairs and drop
-
offs


High
-
speed Counter
-
Rotating Brushes are specially designed for rough
surfaces


Large, oversized dirt bin holds an amazing amount of debris


just slide
it out to empty


http://www.irobot.com/sp.cfm?pageid=272



Verro
Pool Cleaning Robot


Self
-
contained cleaning and filter system reduces pool
filtration run time


Improves pool water chemical mix and temperature
circulation


Removes leaves, hair, sand, dust, debris, algae, bacteria and
particles as small as 2 microns


Mesh filter bag captures large debris such as leaves and
sand


Fine filter bag captures fine particles such as algae, bacteria
and pollen


No installation, no hoses, no booster pumps


just drop it
in and let it go!




http://www.irobot.com/sp.cfm?pageid=316



Looj
Gutter Cleaning Robot


Avoid climbing and repositioning the ladder multiple times


Works with standard K
-
style, aluminum, copper, metal or vinyl gutters


Avoid over reaching into gutters from dangerous heights


Cleans a 60
-
foot section of gutter in just 10 minutes



http://www.irobot.com/sp.cfm?pageid=354


ConnectR
Virtual Visiting Robot


Participate in family moments even though you're working late


On a business trip? Read your kids a story and see their faces light up


Join the fun from near or far


Throw a party from a thousand miles away


Tell Fido he's a "good boy" even while you're on vacation


Robomow
Robot Lawn Mower


Automatic lawnmower that cuts the grass all by itself


Leaves its base station at the pre
-
set scheduled days and times. At the
end of each operation Robomow returns to the Base Station for
charging until the next scheduled operation.


Your lawn will be maintained even when you are away from home!



http://www.friendlyrobotics.com/


Military and Tactical Robots


Dragon Runner


TALON


ACER


PackBot


Dragon Runner


A military robot built for urban
combat.


The robot has four wheels, is 15 inches
long, less than a foot wide, and 5
inches in height.


very rugged, and can be thrown over
fences, up or down stairwells, and from
a moving vehicle at 45 miles per hour.


designed for areas too dangerous or
inaccessible for human soldiers.


Main use is to relay information such
as pictures back to the soldier.



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dragon_
Runner



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G
mPMlT6XpHM



SWORDS TALON


TALON robot is a small, tracked
military robot designed for
missions ranging from
reconnaissance to combat.


one of the fastest robots in the
market, one that can travel through
sand, water, and snow (up to 100
feet deep) as well as climb stairs.


Costs $230,000


Grenade launcher, machine gun,
and rifle can be placed on this
robot.


http://www.foster
-
miller.com/lemming.htm



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=
6FLvb5odPd4




ACER


Roughly the size of a small
bulldozer and weighing 2.25 tons,
ACER is among the larger of the
terrestrial military robots.


Reaches speeds of up to 6.3 mph.


Uses for this robot include clearing
obstacles, removing explosives,
hauling cargo and disabled
vehicles, and serving as a platform
for various other tasks, such as
clearing buildings and disarming
landmines.


Runs on a diesel engine



http://science.howstuffworks.com/
military
-
robot5.htm



Packbot


smaller and lighter than the
TALON, weighing in at about 40
lbs.


Man
-
portable


Controlled by a Pentium processor
that has been designed specially to
withstand rough treatment,
Packbot

has a GPS system, an
electronic compass and
temperature sensors built in.


can withstand a 6
-
foot drop onto
concrete.


Main use is to find out where
enemy is hiding, but also searches
for bombs and other dangers.


http://www.irobot.com/sp.cfm?pag
eid=171



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=
eaP0waiz43w


Space Exploration


Spirit


Opportunity


Robonaut


Sojourner


MER
-
A, Spirit and MER
-
B
Opportunity


Mars Exploration Rover


Two rovers, sent three weeks apart.


Landed on Mars 1/4/04


Was supposed to last only 90 days; has lasted over 4 years.


Sends back extensive geological analysis of Martian rocks and
planetary surface features.



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spirit_rover


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opportunity_rover



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g_OfPxPIBAc


Robonaut


http://robonaut.jsc.nasa.gov/


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZbYj10RYD8c


Sojourner Rover


http://www.robothalloffame.org/mars.html


Toy Robots


Pleo



Mindstorm


Robosapien

Fictional Robots


R2D2 and C3P0


Rosie


Transformers


I Robot


KITT


WALL•E


EVE


Others…


Industrial Robots


Nanorobots


Swarm Robots


Evolutional Robots


Telemarketing Robots (
Yikes!
)


Etc, etc, etc!