Bulgarian Research and Education Network

commonkissingcanNetworking and Communications

Feb 17, 2014 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Dr. Krassimir Simonski

Chair

Bulgarian Research and Education Network

1


Pre
-
History:


1988
: eMail at CCITT (X.400)


1989
: X.25/Decnet Link with Linz University


Austria


1989
: X.25/IP link with Vienna (
4.8 kbs
)


1990
: EARN membership (
European Academic and
Research Network
)


1992
: UNICOM
-
B (
UNIversity
COMmunications


Bulgaria
)


Members: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;Ministry
of Education and Sciences; Union of Scientists, …


2


NARN (National Academic and Research
Network)
-

1995


20 universities


20 research institutes


50 other (schools, institutes, embassies)


National Education Science and Research
Network (
НОНИМ
)
-

1996


Information Society Technologies Foundation


3


RARE and EARN


RIPE NCC (Reseaux IP Europeens)
-

1992


TERENA (TransEuropean Research and
Education Network Association)
-

1994


CEEnet (Central and Eastern European
Network)


since 1994


DANTE (Delivery of Advanced Network
Technology to Europe)


GEANT


SEEREN

4


4.8 kbs


1989 (Linz, Austria)


19.2 kbs


1993 (Vienna, Austria)


92.8 kbs


1995 (Vienna, +satellite link)


+2x64 kbs


1996 (Amsterdam)


34 mbs


1999


155 mbs


2005 (Budapest)


2x155 mbs


2006 (Budapest)


1 Gbs


2008


3x10 Gbs
-

2008



5

6

7

BREN Topology

8


Sofia University st. Kliment Ohridski


Techincal University


University of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy
(UACEG)


University of National and World Economy


University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy (UCTM)


University of Forestry


University of Mining and Geology st. Ivan Rilski


Medical University


Medical University
-

Sofia, Medical College


Higher School of Transport "Todor Kableshkov"


Civil Engineering Higher School "Luben Karavelov"


College of Telecommunications and Posts


New Bulgarian University


9


Technical University of Sofia, Branch Plovdiv


University of Plovdiv
-

Paisii Hilendarski


Medical University
-

Plovdiv


Agricultural University


Academy of Music and Dance


Technical University
-

Varna


"Nicola Vaptsarov" Naval Academy


University of Economics


Varna Free University "Chernorizets Hrabar"


10


Rousse University "Angel Kanchev"


University of Veliko Tarnovo


National Military University


Medical University
-

Pleven


Technical University
-

Shoumen


Konstantin Preslavski University of Shoumen


Faculty "Artillery, Air Defense and
Communications”


Trakia University


Tsenov Academy of Economics


11


Bulgarian Academy of Sciences


Central Laboratory of Parallel Processing


Laboratory of Telematics


Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
-

Central Administration


Cyrillo
-

Methodian Research Center


Institute of Biophysics


Institute of Computer and Comunnication Systems


Laboratory of General Ecology


Institute of Mathematics and Informatics


Institute of Physiology and Institute of Botany


Institute of Organic Chemistry


Geological Institute


Geophysical Institute


Solar Terrestrial Influences Laboratory


Laboratory of Computer Virology


Wide Field Plate Database
-

BAS


Institute of Optical Storage and Processing of Information


Institute of Information Technologies


Central Library of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences


Institute of Philosophical Research BAS


Central Laboratory of Photoprocesses BAS


12


State Agency for ITC


Council of Rectors


Bulgarian Academy of Sciences


NRN including:


International Society Technologies Foundation


Ministry of Education and Sciences


BAS


25 universities

13


Internet access for the academic and
educational organizations


Training in Internet technologies


Network administration


Internet Security


Promotion of Internet products and services


Representation in EU structures


Conferences

14


34 countries through 30 national research
and education networks (NRENs)


Backbone at multiple 10Gbps speeds


DANTE project


Part of e
-
Infrastructure Program of EC

15

16

17

18


Follows 6DISS (Dissemination of IPv6 in
Europe): Training


Objectives:


IPv6 Training


Supporting IPv6 Deployment


Partners:

Martel CH, Cisco NL,
Renater FR, GRNET GR,
FCCN P,
NIIF HU,
Consulintel ES, UCL UK, Soton
-
ECS

UK,
UNINETT N, AfriNIC MU,
LACNIC UY, BREN BG


Budget:

1,284,776


Kick
-
off meeting: April 2
-
3, 2008 (30
months)

19


Donation from Cisco


Equipment at the cost of $1,300,000


Second lab in Europe


Located in the premises of SAITC but access
remotely


Access to IPv6 curriculum developed by 6DISS

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21


Government:


Associated links


education as government job


Lack of operational power


expensive labor


Attacks from universities


Attacks against universities


Cybersecurity recruitment


Awareness while still learning


Universities as research cybersecurity labs


The Aim: to protect the users and content


no critical content but time!


Restrictions vs. Liberty


Internal breaches


Experimental Computer Sciences


Personal laptops


Vague Responsibilities



Academic CSIRT/CERT


Tracking down violators


Awareness


Training and education


Developing tools


GEANT SA3 activity


Assisting the government


Internet role


Commercial and even political Interests


Technology flaws at application level


DNS,
open ports, application software


Build
-
in software flaws


Technology race accelerates


difficult to be
“a step ahead”



1970 to 1995:
Academic

Period


Role of Universities and Research Institutions


TCP/IP vs. others


Introducton of Internet


1995 to 2005: Business Period


WWW


Servers


IP addresses still enough


2005 + : Social Phenomena


Web 2.0


Social networks


Internet of things



Bulgaria


1998 to 2005


mass penetration of Internet


IP addresses were already a limited resource


1993


2 Class B addresses, 1998


<6 Class B


Number of PC
-

> 1 mln. (150,000 every year)


Number of computers > IP addresses


Mobiles


over 100% (potential IP users)


27


Solution:


Almost unlimited number of computers behind the
firewall


Problem:


Anonymity


Tracking users by IP address (Directive #40)


Additional hardware and software


No sharing of resources and information


Universities have important role to play in
cybersecurity


Universities could be an experimental
polygon but also a critical tool to fight
cybercrime


Investment in academic cybersecurity is
justified against increased awareness and
adequate cyber behavior

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