Brock Auto-ID HK - cecid

commonkissingcanNetworking and Communications

Feb 16, 2014 (2 years and 9 months ago)

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Beyond ebXML

Real
-
time logistics and telemetry

David Brock, Co
-
Founder and Director

Auto
-
ID Center

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

auto
-
id center



RAW MATERIALS

MANUFACTURING

DISTRIBUTION

RETAIL

CONSUMER

WASTE

atoms

atoms

atoms

atoms

atoms

NETWORK OF ATOMS

-

global supply chain

COMPUTE

COMPUTE

bits

NETWORK OF BITS

-

Internet

past



RAW MATERIALS

MANUFACTURING

DISTRIBUTION

RETAIL

CONSUMER

WASTE

atoms

atoms

atoms

atoms

atoms

NETWORKS LINKED

-

e
-
commerce

COMPUTE

COMPUTE

bits

present



RAW MATERIALS

MANUFACTURING

DISTRIBUTION

RETAIL

CONSUMER

WASTE

atoms

atoms

atoms

atoms

atoms

NETWORKS MERGE

“Smart world”

bits

bits

bits

bits

bits

future



network complexity

need for ubiquitous standard

The more complex the network, the more you need
standards

standards



auto
-
id center



Mission

Merge bits and atoms



Task

Create the standards and systems to
enable the
Internet of Things




AUTO
-
ID CENTER
-


Founded October 1, 1999




US Center

Headquarters at MIT, USA



European Centers

Cambridge University, ENGLAND




University of St. Galan,
SWITZERLAND



Pacific Center

University of Adelaide, AUSTRAILIA



China Center

Fudan University, Shanghai, CHINA



Japan Center

Keio University, Tokyo, JAPAN



South American

Center University of San Paulo,
BRAZIL



African Center

University of Cape Town, SOUTH
AFRICA



background



about the center


End User Sponsors


Abbott Laboratories, Ahold, Best Buy Corporation, Canon Inc.,
Carrerfour, Chep International, Coca
-
Cola, CVS, Dai Nippon
Printing, Department of Defense, Ean International, Eastman
Kodak, Home Depot, International Paper, Johnson & Johnson,
Kellogg’s, Kimberly
-
Clark, Kraft, Lowes Companies, Inc., Mead
Westvaco, Metro, Mitsui & Co, Ltd., Nestle Purina, Pepsi Bottling
Group, PepsiCo, Pfizer, Philip Morris US, Procter and Gamble
Company, Sara Lee, Smurfit Stone, Target Corp., Tesco Stores
Ltd., The Gillette Company, Toppan Printing, Uniform Code
Council, Unilever, United States Postal Service, UPS, Visy
Industries, Wal
-
Mart Stores Inc., Wegmans Food Markets, Inc.,
Yuen Foong Yu Paper Mfg. Co. LTD.



about the center


Vendor Sponsors


Accenture, ACNielsen, ADT/Sensormatic, Alien Technology, Avery
Dennison, Applied Wireless ID, Arbitron, Avery Dennison, AWID,
British Telecom, Cap Gemini Ernst & Young, Cash's, Catalina
Marketing Corp, Checkpoint Systems, Inc., Composite Materials PLC,
ConnecTerra, Inc., Display Edge, Ember Corporation, Embrace
Networks, Flexchip AG, Flint Ink, GEA Consulting, GlobeRanger, IBM.
IDTechEx, Imping Inc., Information Resources, Inc., Intel, Intermec,
Invensys PLC, Ishida, KSW Manhattan Associates, Markem Corp.,
Matrics, Microtec AG, Morningside Technologies, NCR Corporation,
Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation, NTT Comware,
OATSystems, Omron, Philips Semiconductors, Provia Software, PSC,
Rafsec, RF Saw Components, SAMSYS, SAP, Savi Technology,
Sensitech, Sensormatic Electronics Corp, Siemens Dematic Corp.,
STMicroelectronics, Sun Microsystems, Symbol Technologies,
TAGSYS, ThingMagic, Toppan Forms, Toray International, Inc.,
UNISYS, Vizional Technologies, Vizional, Zebra Technologies
Corporation



about the center


Trade Bodies


American Trucking Association (ATA), Association for Retail Technology
Standards (ARTS) also NRF, Auto
-
ID Manufacturers (AIM), Canadian
Council of Grocery Distributors, Consumer Electronics Association
(CEA), Efficient Consumer Response Europe (ECR Europe), Electronic
Commerce Council of Canada, Food Marketing Institute (FMI), Global
Commerce Initiative (GCI), Grocery Manufacturers of America (GMA),
Healthcare Distribution Management Association (HDMA),

International Federation of Pharmaceutical Wholesalers (IFPW),
International Hologram Manufactures Association (IHMA)
(Reconnaissance Intl), International Mass Retail Association (IMRA),
Material Handling Industry of America (MHIA), National Association of
Chain Drug Stores (NACDS), National Association of Convenience Stores
(NACS), National Retail Federation (NRF) also ARTS, Point of Purchasing
Advertising International (POPAI), Produce Marketing Association (PMA),
Uniform and Textile Services Association (UTSA)




intelligent infrastructure

Tag

Local Host

ONS

PML

Savant

Reader

Product

Remote Host

Network

Network

Network

Interface

Application



TAGS

RFID



EPC

Electronic Product Code



ONS

Object Name Service



PML

Physical Markup
Language



Savant
TM

Distributed Operating
System

EPC



tag



low cost rfid

time

5

10

15

20

handling cost

Silicon: 4cents/mm
2



why is rfid expensive today?


increased chip size

greater functionality

reduce functionality

(Networking & software)

reduce chip size

(handle small chips)



tag: cheap chip

100
m
m



tag: cheap manufacturing



tag: cheap protocol

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
905
910
915
920
Frequency (MHz)
Noise
Gaussian Fit 0.8
912 100
2 Meters, 4 KHz,
SQW, 1 dBm


electronic product code (epc)

Naming scheme for physical
objects



epc
-

electronic product code

01.0203D2A.916E8B.0719BAE03C

Header 8 bits

256

EPC Manager 28 bits

268,435,456

Object Class 24 bits

16,777,216

Serial Number 36 bits

68,719,476,736



Items

1,152,921,504,606,846,976




ons


object naming service


Redirection Service

acts as telephone book in reverse

based upon Domain Name Service
(DNS)



pml


physical markup language


Language for describing physical
objects

classification and categorization




savant
tm



operating system for epc

Savant

Savant

Savant

data

readers

machines

sensors

Savant

Savant

“Store”

“Regional”

“National”



savant
tm



operating system for epc

Data Storage

Class

Server

Soap Interface

Query Processor 1

Query Processor 2

Query Processor n

Soap Query

Soap Response

Update

Schedules

Retrieve

Schedules

Class ID

Class

Task Manager

Savant

tm



making it real


One dozen EPC pilot trials



Gillette purchases 500 million EPC tags



Wal*Mart requires top 150 suppliers to put RFID tags on shipping
creates and pallets by January 2005 and all 25,000 suppliers by
January 2006


Computer World June 16, 2003.



1 Billion RFID tags with embedded Electronic Product Code (EPC)
for tracking and identification of items at the individual create and
pallet level


Pam Kohn V.P. Global Supply Chain Operations
Wal*Mart.



United States Department of Defense (DoD) mandate RFID and EPC
for higher value items.



United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandates RFID
for pharmaceutical supply chain.



what can you use it for?



real
-
time supply chain managmenet…

Real
-
time logistics data



…in the warehouse…



…and on the shelf



prevents theft…



… and counterfeit products



from product creation …



…to disposal



demand

time

demand

time

Reducing the “Bullwhip” Effect

a revolution in the supply chain…



continuing the revolution…

special interest group (SIG)

web services

Network



web services standards


LEVEL 0: EPC Events: RearID + EPC + Time (compressed)


LEVEL 2: EPC Filtered Events


LEVEL 3: EPC Aggregation


LEVEL 4: EPC Business Processes


LEVEL 1: EPC Events: RearID + EPC + Time



web services


Scenario 1: Tracking


Mfg

Retailer

Shipper

WAN Service
Provider

Service
Registration

-

Service names

-

Address

-

Data format

Service Lookup

Service = “Shipment notification”

Retailer = WMF

Shipper = UPS

Format Auto
-
ID XML
message

Data points, formats,
etc.

Package Shipped

Package X Shipped

Package X Shipped

Package X Shipped

Package Update

Package Tracking



automatic track and trace

Retailer

Stop & Shop

PO PO# 0010

Item List

1,500 Cheddar Cheese

2,000 Phil Cream Cheese


Supplier

Kraft

PO PO# 0010

Item List

1,500 Cheddar Cheese

2,000 Phil Cream Cheese


Warehouse

Warehouse

PO# 0010 EPC List

Pick List # 00101

10.03.0.09088.08BF6.0000000A

10.03.0.09088.08BF6.0000000B



10.03.0.09088.08BF6.0000015C

Receiving Dock

ASN

ASN

special interest group (SIG)

advanced packaging

healthcare research initiative



FutureStore

initiative



automatic inventory

“1 second” checkout

special interest group (SIG)

point of sale

sensor data…

example: fresh food

example: fresh food


76 Million cases of
foodborne disease


325,000
hospitalizations


5000 deaths*



1.8 Million deaths
from foodborne
illness worldwide




91 Million tons of food
disposed


Transported to
landfills


26% of food supply*




* United States figures


example: fresh food

350 Micron NanoBlock™
chips

Next Generation
Application Specific
Integrated Circuit
(ASIC)

Current Type 3 Tag

w/Temp Sensor

example: fresh food

example: fresh food

example: fresh food

n
t
T
R
E
Q
k
t
Q
g
a













)
(
1
e
Variables


E
a


Activation energy


k
1


Arrhenius constant


n


Order of the reaction


T

Temperature


Q

Quality


t

Time


























t
k
o
T
g
R
a
E
Q
t
Q
e
1
e
)
(
example: fresh food

example: fresh food

example: fresh food

ISSUE

INSPECT

DISPOSE

Shelf Life

Weather (NWS)

Location Tracking

Replenishment PUSH

Pathogen Detection VOC

Chemical Agent Detection

Transportation (DOT/GTN)