Knowledge Management Division - Parliamentary Monitoring Group

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Traditional Healing, Research and
Development


Presentation for the Portfolio Committee

on



Arts, Culture, Science and Technology


S26
-

First Floor NCOP wing

Parliament

Cape Town


September 3
rd
, 2002

LEGISLATURE


Parliament Portfolio Committee of Science and Technology




Created National Advisory Group IKS



Commissioned an IKS audit



National/Regional workshops on IKS



IKS Bill



New Science Councils Programmes



Appointed a purchasing agent for research (NRF)

SA TRADITIONAL HEALTH SYSTEM



Institutional


-

80% of population consult 300 000 traditional healers


-

play significant role in community health and leadership


-

not formally recognized


-

lack of coordination and systems of validation and reaffirmation


-

lack of understanding and tolerance by western doctors



Knowledge and Resource Base


-

25 000 Bio
-
active plant species


-

500 years of indigenous/traditional knowledge


-

sound scientific research and development base


-

new drug leads (Malaria, TB, Immune modulator)


Utilization


-

Industry ‘exploitation’


-

Industry interested to form PPP’s (Public
-
Private Partnerships)


-

No benefit sharing (ownership)



Medicinal
T
rade in South Africa


1988


1996


750 plant species used in
TM



-

200 very infrequently traded


(used by approx. 12
-
15 million people)



20 000t
medicinal plants
traded/year

-


US
$
60million



1996



4300t of wildlife medicinals trade
d

in





KwaZulu
-
Natal


-


US
$
13.3million




1997



750t traded in Mpumalanga



US$2.25million

Animal products trade

Cunningham (1993a)


Trade in animal products in South African per yea
r




Hippopotamus






109



Lion





42



Nile crocodile




38.7



African Rock Python






37.7



Striped weasel




30



Monitor lizard



27.8



Black mamba




10








Nyamazane*

Ingredients primarily fish meal



12.6t



Vimbela*

Ingredients of mythical beasts



23.3t





Animal fats sold (litres/year) *
Tonnes/year


Mission of IKS (Health)



The

IKS

Centre

supports

the

MRC

goals

and

strategies

through

harnessing

of

IKS

for

the

equitable

and

fair

benefit

to

the

communities

of

practice
.






Objectives (Goals) of IKS (Health)




Facilitate

Research

&

Development




To

identify

relevant

research

areas,

develop

proposals

in

partnership

with

stakeholders,

source

funding,

implement

and

manage

research

teams
.



Develop IKS Research Support Systems



To

develop

appropriate

systems

for
:




Validating

the

safety

and

efficacy

of

botanicals



Intellectual

property,

equitable

benefit

sharing

and

information

transfer

Systems



Attracting

funds



Identifying

critical

IKS
-
related

research

issues

and

developing

action

plans
.

Objectives cont.


Support Policy Formulation



To

assist

the

government

and

stakeholders

in

the

formulation

and

development

of

national

&

regional

policies

for

the

utilization,

protection

and

management

of

IKS

(Health)
.




To Assist in Commercialization of Health IKS



To

facilitate

the

development

of

appropriate

technology

transfer

and

commercialization

processes

of

structures

for

the

equitable

and

fair

utilization

of

IKS

(Health)

innovations


Objectives cont.

To play a leading advocacy role in promoting IKS
(Health)



To

promote

the

value/awareness

and

protection

of

beneficial

scientifically



verified

traditional

claims

for

cures
.



To

add

value

to

knowledge

base



To

empower

communities

of

practice

(information)


To develop functional IKS networks


To

develop

and

maintain

functional

networks

to

promote

and

advance

IKS

amongst

various

stakeholders

including

the

following
:



Government

through

National

Department

of

Health,

DACST,

Education,

Agriculture




IKS

practitioners



Funders



Health

Researchers

(Universities,

Science

Councils)



Communities




Professional

Associations



Institutions

(Health

&

Development)



MRC

Staff