Strategical Knowledge Management Knowledge Network Special

coilcruelManagement

Nov 6, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Strategical Knowledge
Management


Knowledge Network Special
Issue

Presenter: Ming
-
Chao Wang (
王明照
)


Hansen, M. T. 2002. Knowledge networks:
Explaining effective knowledge sharing in multiunit
companies.
Organization Science
, 13(3): 232
-
248.


Kogut, B. 2000. The network as knowledge:
Generative rules and the emergence of structure.
Strategic Management Journal
, 21(3): 405
-
425.

Strategical Knowledge Management
Special Issue

2

Purpose


What

s the knowledge network?

Direction


What

s the network?


The nature of network


The function of network


What

s the knowledge?


The different between knowledge and information


The knowledge network is
……

Strategical Knowledge Management
Special Issue

3

The Nature of Network


Burt (2000) and Tsai & Ghoshal (1998)


Node (actor)


Interaction (between actors)


Boundary (among actors)

Don

t discount the arrow between actors here


Established inter
-
unit relations as regularly occurring
informal contacts between groups of people from different
business units in a firm (Hansen, 2002).

Strategical Knowledge Management
Special Issue

4

The Functions of Network


The View from Kogut (2002)


A network is then a collection of firms, each ensconced
in an identity that supports specialization and a dynamic
of learning and exploration. (409)


The network not in the sense of providing access to
distributed information and capabilities, but in
representing a form of coordination guided by enduring
principles of organization. (407)


The View from Hansen (2002)


Short path lengths enable the team to know about
precisely described opportunities involving related
knowledge and allow it to discard information about
irrelevant opportunities. (235)


Direct relations to related business units is likely to
reduce the amount of time spent transferring knowledge.
(235)

Strategical Knowledge Management
Special Issue

5

What is the Knowledge?


Knowledge = Information ??


Types of knowledge


Tangible (explicit) vs. Intangible (tacit)


Definition in each research:


Knowledge is held tacitly, raising the problem of how
central planners could ever know as much as
decentralized firms (Kogut, 2000). (409)


Knowledge includes product
-
specific technical know
-
how,
knowledge about technologies and markets, as well as
knowledge embodied in existing solutions (Hansen,
2002). (234)


Knowledge acquisition involves complex cognitive
processes: perception, learning, communication,
association and reasoning.

Strategical Knowledge Management
Special Issue

6

The Knowledge Network is



Hansen (2002) suggested that the
network of lateral inter
-
unit relations that
enables task units to access related
knowledge. (232)


Knowledge network seeks to advance
understanding of knowledge sharing. (233)


Conduits for information about opportunities
for knowledge sharing. (233)


It affects the effectiveness of its search for
useful knowledge by being important conduits
for information about opportunities. (234)

Strategical Knowledge Management
Special Issue

7

Knowledge Network vs.
Social network

Knowledge
Network

Social Network

Similar

Structure

Network concept (actor / interaction)

Relation

Trust concept (among actors)

Dissimilar

Governance
mechanism

Knowledge
governance
(cognition)

Network
governance
(exchange)

Flow

Knowledge
processing

Information
processing

Thank you for
your listening

Q & A