Unit 6: Genetics Eligible Content (BIO.B.2.1.1) Describe and/or ...

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Oct 23, 2013 (4 years and 18 days ago)

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Unit
6
:
Genetics


Eligible Content (BIO.B.2.1
.1
)

Describe and/or predict observed patterns of inheritance (i.e. dominant, recessive, codominance,


Incomplete dominance, sex
-
linked, polygenic, and multiple alleles).






Miller
-
Levine Dragonfly Book Sections:



S
ection
11
-
1



Section 11
-
2



Section 11
-
3



Section 14
-
1


Vocabulary


1.

Genotype 15. Gregor Mendel 29. Sex
-
linked genetic disorders

2.

Phenotype 16. Self/Cross pollination 30. XX/XY

3.

Gene 17. True breeding

4.

Chromosomes 18. Hybrid

5.

Alleles

19. Homozygous/Heterozygous

6.

Inheritance 20. Gametes

7.

Codominance 21. Punnett Square

8.

Dominant inheritance* 22. Probability

9.

Incomplete dominance 23. P Gen/F1/F2

10.

Multiple alleles

24. Independent Assortment

11.

Recessive inheritance* 25. Autosomes

12.


Sex
-
linked trait 26. Sex chromosomes

13.

Polygenic 27. Pedigree

14.

Trait

28. Autosomal genetic disorders



Unit 6
:
Genetics


Eligible Content (BIO.B.2
.1
.2
)

Describe processes that can alter composition or number of chromosomes (i.e. crossing
-
over,


Nondisjunction, duplication, translocation, deletion, insertion, and
inversion).


Eligible Content (BIO.B.2.3.1)

Describe how genetic mutations alter the DNA sequence and may or may not affect phenotype

(e.g. silent mutation, nonsense mutation, frame
-
shift mutation)


Miller
-
Levine Dragonfly Book Sections:



Section 1
1
-
4

(pg. 275
-
278)

*Crossing
-

over



Section 12
-
4 (pg. 307
-
308)



Section 14
-
2 *Nondisjunction (pg. 352
-
353)



Vocabulary

1.

Chromosome mutation

2.

Mutation

3.

Point Mutation

4.

Frame
-
shift mutation

5.

Crossing
-
over

6.

Nondisjunction

7.

Down Syndrome

8.

Turners/
Klinefelters

9.

Deletion

10.


Duplication

11.

Inversion

12.

Translocation

13.

Polyploidy

14.

Gene

15.

Gene expression*




Unit
6
:
Genetics


Eligible Content (BIO.
B.2.2
.1
)


Describe how the process of transcription and translation are similar in all organisms.







Miller
-
Levine Dragonfly Book Sections:



Section
12
-
3



Vocabulary


1.

Protein synthesis 17. Anticodon

2.

Transcription 18. Polypeptide chain

3.

Gene

4.

Nucleus

5.

Ribosome

6.

Translation

7.

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

8.

DNA

9.

mRNA/rRNA/tRNA

10.

RNA polymerase

11.

Promoters

12.

Introns/Exons?

13.

Genetic Code

14.

Polypeptide/Protein

15.

Codon

16.

Amino acid

Unit 6
:
Genetics



Eligible Content (BIO.B
.
2.2.2
)

Describe
the role of ribosomes
, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, and the nucleus in the

Production of specific types of proteins.






Miller
-
Levine Dragonfly Book Sections:



Section 12
-
3 (Protein synthesis)



Section 7
-
2 (Organelles)



Vocabulary

1.

Protein synthesis


2.

Gene

3.

Gene expression

4.

Nucleus

5.

Ribosome

6.

Transcription/Translation

7.

Golgi apparatus

8.

ER

9.

Vesicle












Unit 6
:
Genetics



Eligible Content (BIO.B.2.4
.1)

Explain how genetic engineering has impacted the fields of medicine,
forensics, and agriculture

(e.g. selective breeding, gene splicing, genetically modified organisms (GMO’s), gene therapy






Mill敲
-
L敶in攠Mragonfly Book S散tions:



Section 14
-
3 (pg. 355
-
360)



Section 13
-
2 ?? (genetic

engineering?) and Section 13
-
4 (Transgenic, cloning)



Vocabulary


1.

Agriculture

2.

Biotechnology

3.

Cloning

4.

Forensics

5.

Gene recombination

6.

Gene splicing

7.

Genetically modified organism (GMO)

8.

Transgenic?

9.

Gene therapy