Mstudy Student's Guide for Topic Talk

cockedhatpocketInternet and Web Development

Dec 11, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

125 views



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 01 : Claude Monet


Claude

Monet

was

one

of

the

founders

and

a

central

figure

of

the

19
th

century

art

movement

known

as

Impressionism
.

Earl y

in

his

career,

Monet

painted

realistic

landscapes,

but

after

the

1870
s

he

focused

more

on

the

effect

of

changing

light

on

everyday

objects
.

Often

he

painted

multiple

studies

of

the

same

subjects,

from

train

stations

and

haystacks

to

the

London

skyline,

the

Rouen

Cathedral

and,

most

famously,

water

lilies
.

Du r i n g

t h e

F r a n c o
-
P r u s s i a n

Wa r

(
1 8 7 0
-
7 1
)

Mo n e t

f l e d

f r o m

P a r i s

to

England,

where

he

formed

friendships

with

Camille

Pisarro,

Auguste

Renoir

and

other

figures

central

to

Impressionism
.

He

returned

to

Paris

at

the

end

of

the

war,

but

ended

up

settling

in

Giverny,

where

he

began

a

long

series

of

paintings

of

haystacks

(or

grain

stacks)

during

the

1890
s
.

Monet's

Impressi oni sti c

pai nti ngs

sol d

wel l

and

hi s

fi nanci al

success

al l owed

hi m

to

purchase

property

in

Giverny,

where

he

built

a

large

garden

that

became

the

subject

of

his

series

Water

Lilies

(
1906
-
26
)
.

Monet's

scenes

have

since

become

some

of

the

most

recognized

paintings

in

the

world
.



Monet's

painting

Impression
:

Series

(
1872
)

is

said

to

be

the

inspiration

for

the

name

of

Impressionism
.

Monet

spent

two

years

in

the

military,

in

Algiers,

before

his

father

agreed

to

buy

him

out

of

his

conscripted

seven
-
year

service
.


Source
:

http
:
//www
.
who
2
.
com/claudemonet
.
html


Vocabulary:



purchase


impressionism


haystacks


conscripted


Questions:

1.
If you were to paint, what subject would you choose and why?

2.
Do you know other forms of painting?

3.
Describe the most beautiful painting you’ve ever seen.

4.
What famous painting do you like the most?

5.
Do you agree to the saying, “You have to be really mad/crazy to be an artist?”


DID YOU KNOW THAT…


A popular painter, Kim Hong
-
do, also
known by the name Tanwon, was one
of the first Korean artists to depict
the common people in his work. His
scenes of 18th
-
century life were
painted with great realism.


Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 02 : TomKat




Tom

Cruise

and

Katie

Holmes

fans

may

be

hearing

wedding

bells



or

maybe

the

sound

of

a

cash

register
.

The

couple

reportedly

have

hammered

out

a

prenuptial

agreement

that

will

give

Holmes

as

much

as

$
33

million

and

that

will

pave

the

way

for

the

two

to

get

hitched
.



The

happy

couple

and

their

lawyers

have

come

up

with

a

contract

that

will

give

Holmes

$
3

million

a

year

and

up

to

$
33

million

for

each

year

that

she

is

married

to

Cruise,

as

well

as

a

palatial

home

in

Montecito,

California,

according

to

Life

&

Style

Weekly
.

If

the

marriage

lasts

longer

than

eleven

years,

the

contract

becomes

void

and

California's

community

property

law

kicks

in



giving

Holmes

half

of

Cruise's

rather

sizeable

fortune
.



When

contacted

by

The

Scoop
,

Cruise's

rep

declined

to

comment,

but

an

"insider"

told

the

mag

that

Holmes's

parents

had

been

trying

to

get

her

out

of

the

relationship



but

have

changed

their

minds

and

now

want

her

to

marry

Cruise
.

“If

she

walks

now,

Tom

will

fight

her

for

custody

of

daughter

Suri,

and

Katie

can’t

outlast

him

in

court,”

an

insider

told

the

mag
.

“She

knows

she

needs

to

marry

him

to

get

the

money

to

fight

him

for

custody,

if

it

comes

to

that
.



Source
:

Story

by

Jeannette

Walls

MSNBC
.
com

Vocabulary:


prenuptial


pave


palatial


decline


custody


outlast


Questions:

1.
Are you in favor of a prenuptial agreement?

2.
If you were Katie Holmes, would you agree to the conditions of this
arrangement with Tom Cruise?

3.
Why do you think it is necessary to have a prenuptial agreement?

4.
If you were to have a prenuptial agreement with your partner, what terms and
conditions would you include in it?

DID YOU KNOW
THAT…


Tom Cruise is one of the highest paid
and most sough
-
after movie stars in
Hollywood.
Mission: Impossible

(1996)
gave him a total of $70 million with
percentage of gross included. He used
to be a seminarian and his ambition was
to become a priest.

IDIOMS:

hear wedding bells



a probable wedding

sound of cash register



a probable big amount of money

get hitched



get married

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 03 : The Earth is Now on it’s Hottest in 2,000 Years



It

has

been

2
,
000

years

and

possibly

much

longer

since

the

Earth

has

run

such

a

fever
.

According

to

the

National

Academy

of

Sciences

in

the

US,

the

recent

warmth

is

unprecedented

for

at

least

the

last

400

years

and

potentially

the

last

several

millennia
.

A

panel

of

top

climate

scientists

proved

that

the

Earth

is

heating

up

due

to

human

activities
.

Their

report

said

average

global

surface

temperatures

in

the

Northern

Hemisphere

rose

about

1

degree

Fahrenheit

during

the

20
th

century
.

Thi s

is

shown

in

boreholes,

retreating

glaciers

and

other

evidence

found

in

nature
.


Other

new

research

today

showed

that

natural

cycles

were

minor

factors

in

about

half

of

the

extra

hurricane


fuelled

warmth

in

North

Atlantic

in

2005
.

Research

shows

that

these

weather

phenomena

are

mostly

generated

by

global

warming
.

The

Bus h

admi ni str at i on

has

mai nt ai ned

t hat

t he

t hr eat

is

not

severe

enough

to

warrant

new

pollution

controls
.

Besi des,

the

White

House

says

such

control s

woul d

have

cost

five

million

Americans

their

jobs
.


Climate

scientists

have

concluded

the

Northern

Hemisphere

was

the

warmest

it

has

been

in

2
,
000

years
.

T h e

w a r m i n g

in

the

last

few

decades

of

the

20
th

century

was

unparalleled

over

the

last

1
,
000

years,

though

relatively

warm

conditions

persevered

around

the

year

1000
,

followed

by

a

“Little

Ice

Age”

from

about

1500

to

1850
.


Between

1

A
.
D
.

and

1850
,

volcanic

eruptions

and

solar

fluctuations

were

the

main

causes

of

changes

in

greenhouse

gas

levels
.

But

those

temperature

changes

were

much

l ess

pronounced

than

the

warming
.

This

is

due

to

greenhouse

gas

levels

by

pollution

since

the

mid
-
19
th

century
.

Source
:

Ireland

On
-
Line

Vocabulary:


unprecedented


warrant


greenhouse


millennia


glaciers


boreholes


fluctuation


phenomena


Questions:


1.
How do you feel when the temperature is too warm or too cold?

2.
What causes global warming?

3.
How does global warming affect our daily lives?

4.
What can you do to help reduce global warming?

5.
What do you think the government should do to help reduce global warming?



DID YOU KNOW THAT…


Rising temperatures have a dramatic
impact on the Arctic ice, which serves
as a kind of "air conditioner" at the
top of the world. Since 1978, the
Arctic sea ice area has shrunk by
some 9% per decade, and thinned as
well.

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 04 : Idiomatic Expressions

1. IN THE FLESH


-

see in person





Example: “Have you seen Tom Cruise
in the flesh?”


2.

IN THE LONG RUN




in the end; in the final result





Example: No matter how hard you try to convince him to stay,


he will still find his own way
in the long run.”


3.

IN THE LINE OF FIRE





in a dangerous position between two opposing parties



Example: “Both of you are my friends, and since I can’t get the


two of you to like one another,
I’m in the line of fire.”


4.

IN THE MIDDLE OF NOWHERE





in a deserted, faraway place



Example: “When my car stopped on the highway
in the middle of


nowhere
, it took forever to get help.”


5.

IN THE HEAT OF THE MOMENT


-

in great anger


Example: “
In the heat of the moment
, Rebecca slapped her


husband’s face while arguing about their daughter.”

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: Advance II5.5

Lesson No. 05: American “T” (Bottom of the Staircase)






“T” at the bottom of a staircase is in the
held

position. By held,
it means that the tongue is in the T position, but the air isn’t
released. To compare, when you say
T

as in
Tom,

there’s a
sharp burst of air over the tip of the tongue, and when you say
Betty
, there’s a soft puff of air over the tip of the tongue.
When you hold a
T

as in
hot
, your tongue is in the position for
T, but you keep the air in.




Sentences
:


1.
She

hi
t

the

ho
t

hu
t

with

her

ha
t
.

2.
We

wen
t

to

tha
t

ne
t

si
t
e

to

ge
t

wha
t

we

needed
.

3.
Pa
t

was

qui
t
e

righ
t
,

wasn’
t

she?

4.
Wha
t
?

Pu
t

my

ha
t

back?



Words:


suit


note


sit


incident


wait


put


what


hot


fat


light


point


dirt



not


tight


paint


set


late


goat


Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 06: Say No to Genetic Engineering


While

scientific

progress

on

molecular

biology

has

a

great

potential

to

increase

our

understanding

of

nature

and

provide

new

medical

tools,

it

should

not

be

used

as

justification

to

turn

the

environment

into

a

giant

genetic

experiment

by

commercial

interests
.

The

biodiversity

and

environmental

integrity

of

the

world's

food

supply

is

too

important

to

our

survival

to

be

put

at

risk
.


Genetic

engineering

enables

scientists

to

create

plants,

animals

and

micro
-
organisms

by

manipulating

genes

in

a

way

that

does

not

occur

naturally
.


These

genetically

modified

organisms

(GMO)

can

spread

through

nature

and

interbreed

with

natural

organisms,

thereby

contaminating

non

'GE'

environments

and

future

generations

in

an

unforeseeable

and

uncontrollable

way
.

Their

release

is

'genetic

pollution'

and

is

a

major

threat

because

GMOs

cannot

be

recalled

once

released

into

the

environment
.



Because

of

commercial

interests,

the

public

is

being

denied

the

right

to

know

about

GE

ingredients

in

the

food

chain,

and

therefore

losing

the

right

to

avoid

them

despite

the

presence

of

labeling

laws

in

certain

countries
.


Biological

diversity

must

be

protected

and

respected

as

the

global

heritage

of

humankind,

and

one

of

our

world's

fundamental

keys

to

survival
.

Governments

are

attempting

to

address

the

threat

of

GE

with

international

regulations

such

as

the

Biosafety

Protocol
.

Vocabulary:

genetic

pollution

biodiversity

protocol

pyramid

integrity

manipulating

interbreed




Questions:


1.
Are you in favor of genetic engineering?

2.
What do you think are the dangers of eating genetically engineered food?

3.
What do you think are the grave effects of genetic engineering to the
environment?

4.
Do you think genetic engineering is the answer to the world’s shortage on
food?

Did you know…

In one second
6,242,000,000,000,000,000
electrons pass any given point
in an electrical current. (3)



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 07: The Use Of Robotics in Surgery


Robotics

can

be

used

as

surgical

tools
.

These

tools

are

not

used

to

replace

the

physician,

but

are

used

to

complement

the

human

surgeons
.

Surgical

robots

are

technical

components

in

an

overall

system

that

allows

the

joining

of

information

and

action
.

The

ability

to

perform

various

medical

procedures

using

sensing

manipulation,

modeling

and

geometric

analysis

and

human

interfaces,

is

what

many

specialists

call

“Surgical

Robotics
.



The

advantages

of

robotic

surgery

are

numerous
.

It

uses

a

much

smaller

incision,

about

an

inch

in

length

depending

on

what

type

of

robot

they

are

using
.

T h e

p a t i e n t ’ s

s t a y

in

the

hospital

will

be

much

shorter

than

regular

surgery
.

The

patient

will

suffer

less

pain

and

the

surgery

will

be

much

cleaner

because

the

small

arms

of

the

robots

can

manipulate

around

small

veins

and

arteries
.

Probably,

the

best

advantage

of

surgical

robotics

is

that

the

robots

eliminate

the

quivering

of

the

surgeon’s

hand

resulting

in

a

more

delicate

surgery
.


Vocabulary:

robotics

complement

technical

numerous


components

procedure

manipulate

interfaces



Questions:

1.
Have you undergone surgery?

2.
If you will go under surgery, will you consider a robot to perform the surgical


procedure on you?

3.
Which do you prefer, a human surgeon or a surgical robot?

4.
What do you think are the disadvantages of using robots in the field of surgery?

5.
What for you is the best advantage of surgical robotics?

Source:
www.hpeds.on.ca

Did you know…

The hardest thing for a
robot

to do is to walk. This is hard
for the creators of the
robot

as
well, since the act of walking
involves hundreds of specific
motions.

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson

No
.

08
:

Computer

&

Technology

in

the

Movie

Industry


Today,

the

entertainment

industry,

specifically

the

movie

industry,

remains

to

be

one

of

the

most

popular

industries

of

our

society
.

As

a

result

of

the

high

level

of

competition

between

movie

companies,

the

ability

to

use

technological

advancement

becomes

a

major

factor

in

reaching

success
.

With

the

increase

of

technology,

companies

are

continuously

looking

to

change

rather

than

stabilize,

to

overcome

their

competitors
.


The

Internet

has

the

greatest

effect

on

the

movie

industry
.

Analysis

points

out

the

fact

that

time

spent

in

front

of

a

computer

screen

if

overtaking

time

spent

in

front

of

a

television

screen

in

most

American

households
.

Entertainment

companies

are

taking

advantage

of

the

resources

and

opportunities

the

World

Wide

Web

has

to

offer

in

advertisement,

production,

and

sales
.


Vocabulary:

industry

competition

Technological

underground


components

advancement

stabilize



Questions:

1.
Have you watched a movie in the Internet?

2.
Have you ever tried to download movies from the Internet?

3.
In what way is the Internet helpful to many movie companies?

4.
In what way is the Internet a threat to the movie industry?


Unfortunately,

advancement

in

technology

has

had

an

ill

effect

on

the

movie

industry

as

well
.

With

films

available

on

the

Internet,

the

ability

to

illegally

pirate

these

films

has

become

a

concern

for

the

industry
.

A

new

video

program

called

‘DivX’,

similar

to

an

MP
3

file

for

audio,

enables

the

computer

underground

to

pass

un
-
copyrighted

movies

among

networks
.

These

movies

can

be

downloaded

and

saved

on

CD’s
.

The

Motion

Picture

Association

of

America

has

already

started

lawsuits

against

pirating,

or

offering

unauthorized

movies

over

the

internet

in

a

plea

to

save

the

industry
.

Source
:

www
.
soc
.
duke
.
edu

Did you know…

Introduced in 1971, the

Kenbak
-
1
is generally
considered to be the world's
first personal computer.
Designed by John V.
Blankenbaker.

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 09: Useful Expressions



1.

I guess I could be pretty pissed off about what happened to me… but it’s hard to


stay mad when there’s so much beauty in the world. Sometimes, I feel like I’m seeing
all at once, and it’s too much. My heart fills up like a balloon that’s about to burst…
And then I remember… to relax, and not try to hold on to it. And then it flows
through me like rain. And I can’t feel anything but gratitude for every single moment
of my stupid little life. You have no idea what I’m talking about, I’m sure. Don’t
worry… you will someday.







-

American Beauty

Explanation:



Sometimes, when we are preoccupied with so much of stress and burden in life, we
forget to appreciate the good things. We become so irritable and complain a lot when
in fact, all we need to do is… relax, unwind and try seeing life in a different view.
Problems are always part of everyday life but they are just part and parcel of a
beautiful life that awaits each one of us. Thus, the only way to fully understand it is
to experience it.


2. First rule of leadership: everything is your fault.







-

A Bug’s Life

Explanation:


A good leader is a humble person. In order to be one, admitting fault should never be
considered as a shameful act. One must always know how to acknowledge and accept
fault, ask forgiveness and move on.


3.

I’d rather have thirty minutes of wonderful than a lifetime of nothing special…














-

Steel Magnolias

Explanation:


I would rather choose to have a limited time with someone dearly to me than have a
lifetime without having someone special to spend it with. We are only given one
chance in life and it would be lifeless without having someone to embrace, to love and
share your thoughts with.




Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 10: The World’s Greatest Natural Disaster



The Krakatoa Volcano Eruption


The

explosion

of

the

Krakatau

Volcano

("Krakatoa")

in

August

26
,

1883
,

in

Indonesia

was

one

of

the

most

catastrophic

natural

disasters

ever

recorded

in

history
.



The

effects

were

experienced

on

a

global

scale
.

Fine

ashes

from

the

eruption

were

carried

by

upper

level

winds

as

far

away

as

New

York

City
.

The

explosion

was

heard

more

than

3000

miles

away
.

Volcanic

dust

blew

into

the

upper

atmosphere

affecting

incoming

solar

radiation

and

the

earth's

weather

for

several

years
.


Vocabulary:

explosion

catastrophic

radiation

disaster

atmosphere

tsunami

Questions:

1.

Have you seen an exploding volcano?

2.

Do you have any volcanoes in Korea?

3.

What are the effects of a volcanic eruption?

4.

Are there any environmental benefits from a volcanic eruption?

5.

What are the common materials being emitted by a volcano?


A

series

of

large

tsunami

waves

generated

by

the

main

explosion,

some

reaching

a

height

of

nearly

40

meters

(more

than

120

feet)

above

sea

level,

killed

more

than

36
,
000

people

in

the

coastal

towns

and

villages

along

the

Sunda

Strait

on

Java

and

Sumatra

islands
.

Tsunami

waves

were

recorded

or

observed

throughout

the

Indian

Ocean,

the

Pacific

Ocean,

the

American

West

Coast,

South

America,

and

even

as

far

away

as

the

English

Channel
.

Source
:

www
.
nfbnet
.
org


Did you know…

In 1815 the Indonesian
volcano Tambora erupted
ejecting 180 cubic
kilometers of rock and
creating a caldera 6 Km
across.

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 11: World Health Organization Warns of Bird Flu




(Avian Influenza) Pandemic



The

director
-
general

of

the

World

Health

Organization

(WHO)

has

issued

a

severe

warning

that

another

influenza

pandemic

based

on

avian

influenza

or

Asian

bird

flu

is

fast

approaching
.

"There

is

a

storm

brewing

that

will

test

us

all
.

We

must

anticipate

it

and

prepare

to

the

very

best

of

our

combined

ability,"

Director
-
General

Dr
.

Lee

Jong
-
wook

stated

at

the

Pan

American

Health

Organization's

46
th

Directing

Council

Meeting

for

Health

Ministers

from

throughout

the

Americas
.


Vocabulary:

influenza

pandemic

mutate



anticipate

emphasize

collaboration

Questions:

1.

What is an avian influenza?

2.

What are the possible threats of avian flu to humans?

3.

What is the most popular anti
-
viral drug for avian influenza?

4.

Do you know someone who’s got an avian flu?

5.

What are the symptoms of this ailment?


"Forecasts

indicate

that

the

political,

social

and

economic

costs

of

such

a

pandemic

will

be

huge
.

I

cannot

emphasize

this

enough
.

Failure

to

take

this

threat

seriously

and

prepare

appropriately

will

have

catastrophic

consequences,"

Dr
.

Lee

said
.



Avian

flu

or

bird

flu

emerged

in

Asia

in

late

2003

and

spread

rapidly

in

birds

and

other

animals

igniting

fears

that

it

could

mutate

into

a

worldwide

human

pandemic,

possibly

killing

tens

of

millions

of

people
.

"Massive

international

collaboration

is

now

needed

on

the

advance

preparation

of

global

antiviral

stockpiles

and

pandemic

vaccine

development,"

Dr
.

Lee

advised
.

The

most

popular

anti
-
viral

drug

on

the

market

is

Tamiflu
.


Source
:

www
.
canadianpharmacychoice
.
com


Did you know…

Avian influenza is an infectious
disease of birds caused by type A
strains of the influenza virus. The
disease, which was first identified
in Italy more than 100 years ago,
occurs worldwide.

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 12: Idioms

1.
EACH TO HIS OWN





every one is entitled to his own individual opinion.





Example: “I can’t say that I like George’s new furniture. It seems


very plain and uncomfortable. Oh well,
each to his own
.


2.

NOT CUT OUT FOR





not suitable for something





Example: “He tried mountain climbing but he simply was not
cut out


for

it.”



3.

SCRAPE THE BOTTOM OF THE BARREL






the very last, or the very worst



Example: “These are the last volunteers we could find. We really


had to
scrape the bottom of the barrel

to find them.”




4.

A CLASS ACT





sophisticated, above average



Example: “He offered to help, even though he doesn’t know me.


He’s
a real class act
.”


5.
BE GLAD TO SEE THE BACK OF


-

be happy when a person leaves



Example: “That guy bothers me. I’ll
be glad to see the back of

him”



Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 13: Silent T


[t]

and

[n]

are

so

close

in

the

mouth

that

the

[t]

can

simply

disappear
.




1
.

interview

innerview



2
.

interface

innerface



3
.

Internet

innernet



4
.

interstate

innerstate



5
.

interrupt

innerupt



6
.

interfere

innerfere



7
.

interactive

inneractive



8
.

international

innernational



9
.

advantage

ədv
æ
n

j



10
.

percentage

percen

j



11
.

twenty


twenny



12
.

printout


prinnout

or

prin(d)out




13
.

printer


prinner

or

prin(d)er



14
.

winter


winner

or

win(d)er



15
.

enter


enner

or

en(d)er


Words:


international


interface


percentage


interview


interrupt


interstate


interactive



advantage


interfere


printout


Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Did you know…

It takes 1000 pounds
of almonds to make 1
pint of almond oil.




Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 14: Organic Foods and Their Health Benefits



Eating

organic

food

may

help

reduce

your

risk

of

heart

attacks,

strokes

and

cancer
.

The

finding

will

reignite

the

debate

over

its

health

benefits

and

may

force

regulatory

agencies

to

reconsider

their

position
.

Until

now

there

has

been

little

scientific

evidence

to

suggest

that

organic

food

is

any

healthier

than

conventional

produce
.



Vocabulary:

conventional

infirmary

organic



salicylic acid

anti
-
inflammatory

combat

Questions:

1.

Do you eat organic food?

2.

Which do you think is healthier, organic food or the processed food?

3.

How do you know if what you are eating is healthy?

4.

What ailments do organic food help reduce?

5.

What is your personal opinion about healthy living?


Now

Paterson

and

a

team

from

the

infirmary

and

the

University

of

Strathclyde

have

found

that

organic

vegetable

soups

contain

almost

six

times

as

much

salicylic

acid

as

non
-
organic

vegetable

soups
.

The

acid

is

responsible

for

the

anti
-
inflammatory

action

of

aspirin,

and

helps

combat

hardening

of

the

arteries

and

bowel

cancer
.

Salicylic

acid

is

produced

naturally

in

plants

as

a

defense

against

stress

and

disease
.

This

could

explain

why

levels

are

higher

in

organic

vegetables,

which

are

generally

grown

without

protection

from

pesticides
.



Earlier

research

by

Paterson's

team

discovered

significantly

higher

concentrations

of

the

acid

in

the

blood

of

vegetarian

Buddhist

monks

compared

with

that

of

meat
-
eaters
.


With

this

discovery,

the

Food

Standards

Agency

now

promises

to

study

the

new

evidence
.



Journal

reference
:

European

Journal

of

Nutrition

(vol
.

40
,

p

289
)

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 15: Alternative and Complementary Medicines


Complementary

and

alternative

medicine,

as

defined

as

a

group

of

diverse

medical

and

health

care

systems,

practices,

and

products

that

are

not

presently

considered

to

be

part

of

conventional

medicine
.

While

some

scientific

evidence

exists

regarding

some

complementary

and

alternative

medicine

(CAM)

therapies,

for

most

there

are

key

questions

that

are

yet

to

be

answered

through

well
-
designed

scientific

studies
--
questions

such

as

whether

these

therapies

are

safe

and

whether

they

work

for

the

diseases

or

medical

conditions

for

which

they

are

used
.


Vocabulary:

diverse

Conventional

chemotherapy


complementary

Alternative

therapies

Questions:

1.
How is complementary medicine different from alternative medicine?

2.
Do you think alternative medicine is safer than the conventional way of
treating patients?

3.
What is your personal opinion regarding the use of alternative and
complementary medicines to patients?

4.

Have you experienced CAM therapy? Is it better than the conventional?


The

list

of

what

is

considered

to

be

CAM

changes

continually,

as

those

therapies

that

are

proven

to

be

safe

and

effective

become

adopted

into

conventional

health

care

and

as

new

approaches

to

health

care

emerge
.



Complementary

and

alternative

medicines

are

different

from

each

other
.

Complementary

medicine

is

used

together

with

conventional

medicine
.

An

example

of

a

complementary

therapy

is

using

aromatherapy

to

help

lessen

a

patient's

discomfort

following

surgery
.

Alternative

medicine

is

used

in

place

of

conventional

medicine
.

An

example

of

an

alternative

therapy

is

using

a

special

diet

to

treat

cancer

instead

of

undergoing

surgery,

radiation,

or

chemotherapy

that

has

been

recommended

by

a

conventional

doctor
.


Source
:

National

Center

for

Complementary

and

Alternative

Medicine

website

Did you know…

Ginger has been clinically
demonstrated to work
twice as well as
Dramamine for fighting
motion sickness, with no
side effects

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 16: Yoga


Do

you

want

to

experience

mental,

emotional,

physical

and

spiritual

well
-
being?

Do

you

want

to

learn

how

to

meditate

and

keep

yourself

in

balance?

“Man

in

his

search

for

joy

and

happiness

is

running

away

from

the

Self
,

which

is

the

real

source

of

joy
.

Now

a

method

has

been

found

to

tap

the

Divine

power,

and

this

is

called

Sahaja

Yoga
.
"

-

Shri

Mataji

Nirmala

Devi

(founder

of

Sahaja

Yoga)


Sahaja

Yoga

is

a

method

of

Meditation

which

brings

a

breakthrough

in

the

evolution

of

human

awareness
.

It

was

created

by

Shri

Mataji

Nirmala

Devi

in

1970

and

has

since

spread

all

around

the

world
.

Vocabulary:

meditation

yoga

evolution




unnecessary

Stress

spontaneously

Questions:

1.

Have you tried yoga or any other kind of meditation exercises?

2.

Why do you think is yoga very popular?

3.

Do you think only those who are unhappy should practice yoga?

4.

Who else do you think should practice yoga?

5.

Have you heard about yoga being used as an alternative treatment patients?


Yoga

is

known

to

be

a

meditation

exercise
.

Meditation

is

best

understood

as

a

state

of

'mental

silence'

in

which

one

is

fully

alert

and

aware

but

free

of

the

unnecessary

thoughts

or

worries

that

lead

to

many

of

life's

day

to

day

stresses
.

This

state

of

silence

occurs

spontaneously

when

one

learns

how

to

focus

on

the

experience

of

the

present

moment,

leading

to

a

state

of

peace

and

calm
.

Through

a

simple

process,

known

as

Self
-
Realization

or

the

“kundalini

awakening,”

this

meditation

state

can

be

quickly

established,

maintained

and,

most

importantly,

enjoyed!

Source
:

www
.
sahajayoga
.
com
.
au

Did you know…

A human being loses an
average of 40 to 100
strands of hair a day.

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 17: Useful Expressions


Famous Movie Lines



1.
With great power comes great responsibility.






-

Spiderman

Explanation:


As one gets further in his/her career life, the more responsibility he/she
has. Sometimes, even to the point of self
-
sacrifice in order to perform
one’s task very well.


2.
I love you. You complete me.




-

Jerry Maguire

Explanation:


I love you simply because the other half of me lives in you… And without
you, this other part will be lifeless. There will be no sense in living if I
don’t have you in my life.



3.
“Being a fool for a woman such as yourself is always the right thing to do.”












-

Kill Bill 2

Explanation:


Women in general are hardly understood by many especially men. At times,
they may act out on impulse but women always know what they want and
how to get it.





Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 18:
Notting Hill


Anna

Scott

(Julia

Roberts)

is

the

world’s

most

famous

movie

star
.

Her

picture

has

been

plastered

on

the

cover

of

every

magazine,

and

every

time

she

makes

a

move,

the

entire

world

knows

about

it
.



William

Thacker

(Hugh

Grant)

owns

a

travel

bookstore
.

His

business

is

stagnant,

he

has

the

roommate

from

hell

and

since

his

divorce,

his

love

life

is

completely

non
-
existent
.



For

both,

something

or

someone

seems

to

be

missing
.

And

when

Anna

and

William’s

paths

unexpectedly

cross

in

the

eclectic

neighborhood

of

Notting

Hill,

romance

is

the

last

thing

on

their

minds
.

The

Couple

comes

to

face

the

ultimate

question
:

can

two

people

fall

in

love

with

the

whole

world

watching?



PolyGram

Films

and

Working

Title

Films

present

Notting

Hill,

the

charming

romantic

comedy

which

proves

that

love

can

spring

from

even

the

most

unlikely

of

circumstances
.


Vocabulary:

plastered

stagnant

non
-
existent

divorce

eclectic

ultimate


Questions:

1.
Have you watched the movie Notting Hill?

2.
Do you find this film hilarious?

3.
Do you believe love can happen between two persons whose lives are too different
from one another?

4.

If you are rich and famous like Julia Roberts in this film, will you fall for a guy like
Hugh Grant?

Source
:

©

1999

Universal

Studios



www
.

notting
-
hill
.
com

The Overview of the Best Romantic Movie in Years


Did you know…

Walt Disney's first
cartoon character was
called Oswald the
Rabbit.

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 19:
James Bond Fever


Can

you

name

a

famous

spy?

James

Bond,

perhaps?

Little

did

Ian

Fleming

(the

writer

of

James

Bond

books)

know

when

he

created

James

Bond,

007
,

the

culture

and

phenomenon

that

would

be

created

along

him
.

It's

a

truly

remarkable

from

his

first

scenes

in

Casino

Royale,

James

Bond

will

take

a

leap

into

the

movies

and

will

last

over

three

decades

and

continue

his

legacy

into

the

future,

strong

as

ever

before
.


Vocabulary:

phenomenon

remarkable

legacy


emerging

gadgets

sophisticated


Questions:

1.
Have you seen any of the James Bond movies?

2.
How will you describe James Bond?

3.
Are you a fan of James Bond?

4.
Among the James Bond movies, which do you like best?

5.
What other detective movies do you like?


After

the

release

of

the

first

movie,

Bond

fans

started

emerging

from

all

over

the

world
.

Each

movie

thereafter

would

only

create

more

and

more

fans

desperately

wanting

to

see

the

next

installment

of

007
.

It

was

here

the

Bond

culture

began
.


For

over

three

decades

Bond

fans

have

been

going

to

the

cinemas

to

see

their

favorite

spy

save

the

world
.

Children

play

with

toys

based

on

vehicles

or

gadgets

in

the

movies
.

Children

and

grown

men

act

and

pretend

to

be

James

Bond,

saying

behind

those

dark

sunglasses

looking

into

the

shiny

mirror,

"The

name's

Bond
.....

James

Bond"
.



Within

the

pages

of

Casino

Royale

(first

James

Bond

book),

James

Bond

appears

for

the

first

time

as

a

sophisticated

and

sensitive

man

and

he

has

great

anxieties

for

being

a

killer
.

His

darker

side

becomes

clear

throughout

the

book

as

being

"emotionally

cold

and

distant

to

the

opposite

sex

and

his

views

on

women

are

strong

and

chauvinistic"
.

Casino

Royale

also

shows

the

violent

and

most

ruthless

side

of

James

Bond
.

These

characteristics

however

were

not

seen

in

the

movies
.


Source
:

Bond,

James

Bond

-

The

history

&

Appeal

By

Davinder

Mahal


Did you know…

When Bugs Bunny first
appeared in 1935, he
was called Happy
Rabbit.


Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk


The

premise

of

this

story

is

unable

to

kill

him
.

Van

Helsing

imprisoned

Dracula

in

a

coffin

for

over

100

years
.

Now

modern

day

thieves

have

broken

into

the

vault

and

stolen

the

coffin
.

Van

Helsing,

who

vowed

not

to

die

until

he

found

a

way

to

kill

Dracula,

has

been

extending

his

own

life

by

injecting

himself

with

Dracula's

blood

acquired

by

leeches
.

The

coffin

filled

with

crawling

leeches

over

Dracula's

emaciated

body

was

one

of

the

more

gruesome

visual

effects
.

Van

Helsing

(Christopher

Plummer)

and

his

young

handsome

assistant

Simon

(Johnny

Lee

Miller)

are

on

the

trail

of

Dracula,

who

heads

to

New

Orleans

in

search

for

something

he

is

missing
.

Van

Helsing

had

a

daughter,

Mary,

who

carries

Dracula's

blood

and

has

a

psychic

connection

to

the

vampire
.

Can

Simon

save

Mary

from

Dracula's

clutches?

Can

they

finally

figure

out

how

to

end

Dracula's

life?



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 20: Dracula 2000

Vocabulary:

premise

emaciated

gruesome

radical


psychic

clutches

hypnotic



Questions:

1.

Have you watched any Dracula movies?

2.

Which Dracula movie did you like most?

3.

How do you find horror movies?

4.

Do you think Dracula really exist?


Gerald

Butler

makes

an

excellent

Dracula
.

-

a

piece

of

hypnotic

eye

candy

that

makes

all

the

girls

stop

and

stare
.

Justine

Waddell

as

Mary

is

an

innocent

good

Catholic

girl

worthy

of

saving
.



I

enjoyed

this

movie

very

much
.

I

especially

enjoyed

the

ending

which

was

a

radical

departure

from

the

familiar

Dracula

myths

that

it

made

a

very

refreshing

change,

but

I

felt

the

mimicking

of

the

original

story

was

a

little

bit

much
.

Instead

of

the

airplane

wrecks

on

the

coast,

the

pilot

lashed

to

the

yoke
.

And

Mary's

best

friend

is

Lucy
.

The

New

Orleans

Mardigras

setting

was

a

little

trite

as

well
.

The

story

was

fast

moving

and

visually

interesting
.

The

gore

and

horror

level

wasn't

over

the

top
.

I

would

rate

it

as

one

of

the

better

vampire

movies
.


Source:

“Dracula 2000 as reviewed by Linda Suzane, June 16, 2004”
www.midnightblood.com/movies

Did you know…

The Jazz Singer, 1927,
was the first movie with
audible dialogue


Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 21: Idioms

1.
EARLY BIRD





a person who is early for an appointment





Example: “Alice is in class 30 minutes before anyone else. What an


early bird
.”


2.
SCRATCH THE SURFACE






examine only a part of something. Uncover only a few facts


about something.





Example: “Cancer research is a very long
-
term process. So far, we have


just begun to
scratch the surface



3.

GIVE HIM THE SLIP






leave him, hide from him



Example: “I think that man is following us. Let’s
give him the slip
.”




4.
JUMP ON THE BANDWAGON






join a popular trend or activity



Example: “I like that new procedure and I’ve decided to
jump on the


bandwagon
.”


5.
GIVE THE BENEFIT OF THE DOUBT



-

believe someone’s statement, without proof



Example: “The teachers explanation did not seem logical, but I gave


the benefit of the doubt
.”



Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 22: The Silent T



Read the following sentences and make sure that the underlined Ts

are silent.


1
.

He

had

a

great

in
t
erview
.


[he

hæd
ə

gray

(d)
in
nerview]

2
.

Try

to

enter

the

infor
ma
tion
.


[tryd
ə

enner

the

infr
ma
tion]

3
.

Turn

the

prin
t
er

on
.




[trn

the

prin
nerän]

4
.

Finish

the

prin
t
ing
.



[f’n’sh

th
ə

prin
ning]

5
.

She’s

at

the

inter
na
tional

center
.



[sheez’(t)the(y)inner
na
tional





senner]

6
.

It’s

twenty

de
grees

in

To
ro
n
t
o
.


[‘ts

twenny

d’
gree
zin

trä
nno]

7
.

I

don’
t

under
stand

i
t
.



[I

doe

n
ənder

st
æ
n

d

t]

8.
She

in
ven
t
ed

in

Santa

Mo
nica
.


[she(y)in
ven
əd

din







s
æ


m
ä
nəkə]

9
.

He

can’
t

even

do

it
.



[he

kæneev
ən

du
(w)

t]

10
.

They

don

t

even

wan
t

it
.


[they

doe

neevən

w
ä
n

t]

11
.

What

s

the

poin
t

of

it?



[w

ts

the

poi

n

v

t]

12
.

She

s

the

intercon
t
inen
t
al

repre
sen
t
ative
.

[shez

thee(y)innerc
ä
n(t)n
.
nenl






repr

zen

d

v}

13
.

Has
n

t

he?



[
h
æ
z
ə

nee]

14
.

Is
n

t

he?




[
iz
ə

nee]

15
.

Are
n

t

I?




[
ä
r

n
ä
i]



Words:


interview


great


enter


representative


information


invented


degrees



printer


printing


center


Words:

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 23 : Alcohol Dependence Higher in Those Who Start Young

percent

eventually

developing

dependence
.

That's

compared

to

just

9

percent

of

those

who

didn't

drink

until

they

turned

21
.

People

who

started

drinking

before

turning

14

were

also

more

likely

to

develop

an

alcohol

problem

within

10

years

of

their

first

drink

--

27

percent

vs
.

4

percent

of

those

who

waited

until

they

were

21

to

start

using

alcohol
.


The

authors

note

more

than

75
,
000

deaths

are

attributed

to

alcohol

abuse

in

the

United

States

every

year,

making

it

the

third
-
leading

cause

of

preventable

death
.

Previous

studies

revealed

about

28

percent

of

high

school

students

are

reported

drinking

regularly

before

age

13
.


The

investigators

believe

their

findings

point

to

the

importance

of

implementing

policies

and

programs

aimed

at

delaying

alcohol

consumption

among

adolescents
.

"Whether

interventions

can

delay

the

onset

of

alcohol

use

among

adolescents

and,

in

turn,

reduce

the

development

of

alcohol

dependence

during

adolescence

and

the

adult

years

and

its

wide

range

of

adverse

consequences

is

a

research

question

of

vast

medical,

social,

and

public

health

importance,"

they

write
.


SOURCE
:

Archives

of

Pediatrics

&

Adolescent

Medicine,

2006
;
160
:
739
-
746


Vocabulary:


significance


dependence


implement


adolescence


consequences



research


alcohol problem


alcohol abuse


importance


intervention


Questions:



1.
At what age was quoted in the article could most likely to develop drinking
problems in adulthood?

2.
How many deaths are attributed to alcohol abuse in the United States?

3.
What is the percentage of high school students reported drinking regularly
before age 13?

4.
What is the importance of these findings in the article?

5.
How many people were surveyed by the researchers of these findings?


(Ivanhoe

Newswire)

--

People

who

started

drinking

before

they

turned

14

are

significantly

more

likely

to

develop

a

drinking

problem

in

adulthood,

report

researchers

who

surveyed

more

than

43
,
000

people

ages

18

and

older
.


Overall,

the

percentage

of

people

suffering

from

alcohol

problems

increase

with

decreasing

age

at

the

first

drink
.

The

results

were

most

striking

for

people

who

began

drinking

before

their

14
th

birthdays,

with

47

DID YOU KNOW THAT...

Alcoholism is the consumption of, or
preoccupation with,
alcoholic
beverages

to the extent that this
behavior interferes with the drinker's
normal personal, family, social, or
work life, and may lead to physical,
or mental harm.


Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

DID YOU KNOW THAT...


Autism occurs in 1 in every 500
births and in a rate of 5 boys to
every girl.




Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 24 :
Autism


Autism

is

classified

as

a

neurodevelopmental

disorder

which

manifests

itself

in

markedly

abnormal

social

interaction,

communication

ability,

patterns

of

interests,

and

patterns

of

behavior
.


Although

the

specific

etiology

of

autism

is

unknown,

many

researchers

suspect

that

autism

results

from

genetically

mediated

vulnerabilities

to

environmental

triggers
.

While

there

is

disagreement

about

the

magnitude,

nature,

and

mechanisms

for

such

environmental

factors,

researchers

have

found

seven

genes

prevalent

among

individuals

diagnosed

as

autistic
.

Some

estimate

that

autism

occurs

in

as

many

as

one

American

child

in

166
,

however

the

National

Institute

of

Mental

Health

gives

a

more

conservative

estimate

of

one

in

1000
[
1
]
.

For

families

that

already

have

one

autistic

child,

the

odds

of

a

second

autistic

child

may

be

as

high

as

one

in

twenty
.

Although

autism

is

about

3

to

4

times

more

common

in

boys,

girls

with

the

disorder

tend

to

have

more

severe

symptoms

and

greater

cognitive

impairment
.

Diagnosis

is

based

on

a

list

of

psychiatric

criteria,

and

a

series

of

standardized

clinical

tests

may

also

be

used
.


Autism

may

not

be

physiologically

obvious
.

A

complete

physical

and

neurological

evaluation

will

typically

be

part

of

diagnosing

autism
.

Some

now

speculate

that

autism

is

not

a

single

condition

but

a

group

of

several

distinct

conditions

that

manifest

in

similar

ways
.


By

definition,

autism

must

manifest

delays

in

"social

interaction,

language

as

used

in

social

communication,

or

symbolic

or

imaginative

play,"

with

"onset

prior

to

age

3

years",

according

to

the

Diagnostic

and

Statistical

Manual

of

Mental

Disorders
.

The

ICD
-
10

also

requires

symptoms

to

be

"manifest

before

the

age

of

three

years
.
"

There

have

been

large

increases

in

the

reported

incidence

of

autism,

for

reasons

that

are

heavily

debated

by

researchers

in

pschology

and

related

fields

within

the

scientific

community
.


With

intense

therapy

practice

and

schooling,

some

children

diagnosed

with

autism

can

improve

their

social

and

other

skills

to

the

point

where

they

can

fully

participate

in

mainstream

education

and

social

events,

but

there

are

no

indications

that

a

cure

from

autism

is

possible

with

current

technology

or

advances

in

medicine
.

Some

autistic

children

and

adults

who

are

able

to

communicate

(at

least

in

writing)

are

opposed

of

attempts

to

cure

their

autism,

because

they

(and/or

the

guardians)

see

autism

as

part

of

who

they

are
.

Vocabulary:


autism


vulnerability


neurological


social interaction


social communication


mainstream


physiological


diagnose


psychiatric


Questions:



1.
What is autism?

2.
What U.S. agency gave a more conservative estimation of cases of autism in
children?

3.
How can autistic children improve their social skills and participation in
mainstream education?

4.
According to the article, how can autism be diagnosed?

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 25 : With Cochlear Implants, Earlier Use Leads To Better Speech


"Bye
-
bye,

bye
-
bye,"

said

a

three

and

a

half
-
year

old

child,

born

deaf

but

with

a

cochlear

implant

that

partially

restored

hearing

nine

months

earlier
.

That's

the

most

complex

speech

the

child

uttered

during

a

testing

session

that

involved

play

with

a

toy

train

set
.


Cochlear

implant’s

external

component

senses

sound

and

sends

electrical

signals

to

an

internal

component

that

stimulates

the

hearing

nerves

in

the

inner

ear
.



In

contrast,

a

child

of

the

same

age

who

had

a

cochlear

implant

31

months

earlier

made

more

sophisticated

statements
:

"OK,

now

the

people

goes

to

stand

there

with

that

noise

and

now



Woo!

Woo!"

and

"OK,

the

train's

coming

to

get

the

animals

and

people
.
"

The

testing

session

was

part

of

research

that

indicates

the

earlier

a

deaf

infant

or

toddler

receives

a

cochlear

implant,

the

better

his

or

her

spoken

language

skills

at

age

3

and

a

half
.

The

research

was

conducted

by

Johanna

Grant

Nicholas,

Ph
.
D
.
,

research

associate

professor

of

otolaryngology

at

Washington

University

School

of

Medicine

in

St
.

Louis

and

colleague

Ann

E
.

Geers,

Ph
.
D
.
,

from

the

Southwestern

Medical

School

at

the

University

of

Texas

at

Dallas
.


"Ninety

percent

of

children

born

deaf

are

born

to

hearing

parents,

and

these

parents

know

very

little

about

deafness,"

Nicholas

says
.

"They

don't

know

how

to

have

a

conversation

in

sign

language

or

teach

it

to

their

children
.

Many

of

these

parents

would

like

their

children

to

learn

spoken

language
.



The

researchers

tested

the

spoken

language

skills

of

76

children,

all

3

and

a

half

years

old,

who

had

cochlear

implants

and

compared

those

results

to

the

Vocabulary:


cochlear implant


component


sign language


conversation


tremendous



misdiagnose


sophisticated


infant


hearing aid


hearing

Questions:


1.
What

is

a

cochlear

implant?

2.
Who

are

the

people

who

conducted

the

research

on

cochlear

implants?

3.
According

to

the

article,

which

is

better,

hearing

aid

or

cochlear

implant?

4.
What

publication

is

this

research

published?


Length

of

time

each

child

had

his

or

her

implant
.

They

found

that

with

increased

implant

time,

children's

vocabulary

was

richer,

their

sentences

longer

and

more

complex

and

their

use

of

irregular

words

more

frequent
.

The

researchers'

work

was

reported

in

the

June

issue

of

Ear

and

Hearing
.


Nicholas

notes

that

many

of

the

children

who

received

cochlear

implants

at

the

youngest

ages

have

nearly

the

same

spoken

language

skills

as

children

with

normal

hearing
.

The

researchers'

further

studies



not

yet

published



suggest

that

by

age

4

and

a

half,

children

who

had

cochlear

implants

very

early

often

have

normal

speech

and

can

potentially

enter

kindergarten

with

their

hearing

peers
.


"Kids

with

residual

hearing

can

get

some

help

from

hearing

aids,

but

cochlear

implants

give

a

tremendous

hearing

advantage

over

hearing

aids



the

implants

provide

more

sound

information,"

Nicholas

says
.

"For

example,

high
-
frequency

sounds

are

magnified

more

with

cochlear

implants,

so

kids

can

hear

’s’

sounds

and

'ed'

endings

better
.

So

they

tend

to

catch

on

to

plurals

and

verb

tenses

faster
.
"

While

studies

like

this

and

others

favor

early

implantation,

the

decision

for

or

against

cochlear

implantation

are

frequently

put

off,

Nicholas

indicates
.

Hearing

parents

often

find

they

need

time

to

learn

about

deafness

and

potential

treatments
.

Implantation

also

may

be

delayed

to

make

certain

an

infant's

deafness

has

not

been

misdiagnosed
.


Even

when

deafness

is

confirmed,

the

idea

of

head

surgery

for

their

baby

makes

many

parents

hesitate
.

And

they

may

be

daunted

by

the

fact

that

a

cochlear

implant

is

forever



the

device

destroys

any

residual

hearing

so

that

hearing

aids

are

no

longer

an

option
.

DID YOU KNOW THAT...


A cochlear implant is a small,
complex electronic device
that can help to provide a
sense of sound to a person
who is profoundly deaf or
severely hard
-
of
-
hearing.


Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 26: Useful Expressions

It was a real eye
-
opener !!!


Natasha:
That was a really fantastic end
-
of
-
year party. Nobody wanted to
leave.


Yvette:
Yes, I reckon it was the best our office has ever had.


Natasha:
What did you like best ?


Yvette:
What I enjoyed most was when they persuaded people to stand up on
the stage and do karaoke.


Natasha:
Yes that was a lot of fun. The girl from accounts was amazing I
thought.


Yvette:
Yes, she's normally so shy but she sang like a professional performer.
You'd never have thought she would have had the confidence to do that.


Natasha: It was a real eye
-
opener.


Yvette:
She has real talent. Maybe she ought to think about going professional.

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 27 : T Connections





What


But


That



a


wədə


bədə


thədə


I


wəd
ä
i


bəd
ä
i


thəd
ä
i

I

m


wəd
ä
im


bəd
ä
im


thəd
ä
im

I

ve


wəd
ä
iv


bəd
ä
iv


thəd
ä
im

if


wədif


bədif


thədif

it


wədit


bədit


thədit

it

s


wədits


bədits


thədits

is


wədiz


bədiz


thədiz

isn

t


wədiznt


bədiznt


thədiznt

are


wədr


bədr


thədr

aren

t

wəd
ä
rnt


bəd
ä
rnt


thəd
ä
rnt

he


wədee


bədee


thədee

he

s


wədeez


bədeez


thədeez

her


wədr


bədr


thədr

you


wəchew


bəchew


thəchew

you

ll


wəch
ü
l


bəch
ü
l


thəch
ü
l

you

ve

wəchoov


bəchoov


thəchoov

you

re

wəchr


bəchr


thəchr







Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 28 :
Diana, Princess of Wales


The

Lady

Diana

Frances

Spencer

(Diana

Frances

Mountbatten
-
Windsor,

née

Spencer)

(July

1
,

1961

August

31
,

1997
)

was

the

first

wife

of

Charles,

Prince

of

Wales
.

Her

children,

Prince

William

and

Prince

Harry,

are

second

and

third

in

line

to

the

British

throne

respectively
.


Starting

in

the

mid
-
to
-
late

1980
s,

the

Princess

of

Wales

became

well

known

for

her

support

of

charity

projects
.

This

stemmed

naturally

from

her

role

as

Princess

of

Wales

and

also

as

an

interested

supporter

of

various

health

causes

newly

raised

in

the

UK
.

Diana,

Princess

of

Wales

is

remembered

for

and

credited

with

considerable

influence

in

campaigns

against

the

use

of

landmines
.


In

April

1987
,

the

Princess

of

Wales

was

the

first

high
-
profile

celebrity

to

be

photographed

knowingly

touching

a

person

infected

with

the

HIV

virus
.

Her

contribution

to

changing

the

public

opinion

of

AIDS

sufferers

was

summarized

in

December

2001

by

Bill

Clinton

at

the

'Diana,

Princess

of

Wales

Lecture

on

AIDS'
.


Diana

also

made

clandestine

visits

to

show

kindness

to

terminally

ill

AIDS

patients
.

According

to

nurses,

she

would

turn

up

unannounced,

for

example,

at

the

Mildmay

Hospice

in

London,

with

specific

instructions

that

these

visits

were

to

be

concealed

from

the

media
.


Perhaps

her

most

widely

publicized

charity

appearance

was

her

visit

to

Angola

in

January

1997
,

when,

serving

as

an

International

Red

Cross

VIP

volunteer,

she

visited

landmine

survivors

in

hospitals,

toured

de
-
mining

projects

run

by

the

HALO

Trust,

and

attended

mine

awareness

education

classes

about

the

dangers

of

mines

immediately

surrounding

homes

and

villages
.


The

pictures

of

Diana

touring

a

minefield,

in

a

ballistic

helmet

and

flak

jacket,

were

seen

worldwide
.

(In

fact,

mine
-
clearance

experts

had

already

cleared

the

pre
-
planned

walk

that

Diana

took

wearing

the

protective

equipment
.
)

In

August

that

year,

she

visited

Bosnia

with

the

Landmine

Survivors

Network
.

Her

interest

in

landmines

was

focused

on

the

injuries

they

create,

often

to

children,

long

after

the

conflict

has

finished
.


As

of

January

2005
,

Diana's

legacy

on

landmines

remained

unfulfilled
.

The

United

Nations

appealed

to

the

nations

which

produced

and

stockpiled

the

largest

numbers

of

landmines

(China,

India,

North

Korea,

Pakistan,

Russia

and

the

United

States)

to

sign

the

Ottawa

Treaty

forbidding

their

production

and

use,

for

which

Diana

had

campaigned
.

Carol

Bellamy,

Executive

Director

of

the

United

Nations

Children's

Fund

(UNICEF),

said

that

landmines

remained

"a

deadly

attraction

for

children,

whose

innate

curiosity

and

need

for

play

often

lure

them

directly

into

harm's

way"
.


Vocabulary:


charity


HIV


landmine


ballistic helmet


terminally ill



world wide


AIDS


contribution


volunteer


legacy

Questions:


1.
Who is princess Diana?

2.
What is her royal title?

3.
Who was she married to?

4.
What

contribution

of

the

country

is

she

known

for?


DID YOU KNOW THAT...


Diana, Princess of Wales,
devoted herself to a host of
domestic and international
issues, such as disadvantaged
children, the homeless,
HIV/Aids, and landmines.



Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk



Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 29 :
Down Syndrome


Down

syndrome

(also

Down's

syndrome
)

or

trisomy

21

is

a

genetic

condition

resulting

from

the

presence

of

all

or

part

of

an

extra

21
st

chromosome
.

Down

syndrome

is

characterized

by

a

combination

of

major

and

minor

abnormalities

of

body

structure

and

function
.

Among

features

present

in

nearly

all

cases

are

impairment

of

learning

and

physical

growth,

and

a

recognizable

facial

appearance

usually

identified

at

birth
.

Many

other

organ

systems

may

be

affected

as

well
.

It

is

named

after

John

Langdon

Down,

the

British

doctor

who

first

described

it

in

1866
.


While

children

with

Down

syndrome

have

lower

than

average

cognitive

ability,

some

have

earned

college

degrees

with

accommodations,

and

nearly

all

will

learn

to

read,

write

and

do

simple

mathematics
.

The

common

physical

features

of

Down

syndrome

also

appear

in

people

with

a

standard

set

of

chromosomes
.

They

include

simian

crease

(a

single

crease

across

one

or

both

palms),

almond

shaped

eyes,

shorter

limbs,

speech

impairment,

and

enlarged

tongue
.

In

addition,

health

concerns

for

children

with

Down

syndrome

include

a

higher

risk

for

congenital

heart

defects,

gastroesophageal

reflux

disease,

recurrent

ear

infections,

obstructive

sleep

apnea,

and

thyroid

disfunctions
.


Early

childhood

intervention,

screening

for

common

problems,

such

as

thyroid

functioning,

medical

treatment

where

indicated,

a

conducive

family

environment,

vocational

training,

etc
.
,

can

improve

the

overall

development

of

children

with

Down

syndrome
.

Our

experience

with

children

with

Down

syndrome

shows

that

while

some

genetic

limitations

cannot

be

overcome,

education

and

proper

care

can

produce

excellent

progress

whatever

the

starting

point
.

The

commitment

of

parents,

teachers,

and

therapists

to

individual

children

has

produced

previously

unexpected

positive

results
.

Vocabulary:


down syndrome


genetic


abnormality


accommodation



intervention


thyroid


combination


volunteer

Questions:


1.
What

is

down

syndrome?

2.
What

features

are

present

in

some

cases

of

down

syndrome?

3.
Who

is

the

British

doctor

this

syndrome

was

named

after?

4.
What

is

early

childhood

intervention?


DID YOU KNOW THAT...


Named after John Langdon
Down, the first physician to
identify the syndrome,


Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk

Level: 5.5

Lesson No. 30: Idioms

1
. Enough is enough


Explanation: this should stop.

Example: "i have listened to his complaints for years but enough is enough.“


2.
Hang out


Explanation: be together. Spend time with each other.

Example: "hey Lauren, let's get together at the Starbucks on Robson. We can
just hang out and practice our English.“


3.
A change of heart


Explanation: a changed opinion.

Example: "at one time, i supported George Bush. As time went on, however, i
had a change of heart.“


4.
Get something off your chest


Explanation: explain something that is bothering you.

Example: “Gary, you do not seem happy. Is there something you would like to
get off your chest?“


5.
Don't count your chickens before the eggs have hatched

Explanation: DO NOT MAKE PLANS FOR SOMETHING THAT MIGHT HAPPEN.


Example: "yes, i think we will probably get a raise in pay this year. Remember,
though, don't count your chickens before the eggs have hatched."

Mstudy Student’s Guide for Topic Talk