Modeling, Deployment and Integration

closebunkieAI and Robotics

Nov 15, 2013 (3 years and 4 months ago)


Semantic Rich Internet Application (RIA)

Modeling, Deployment and Integration

Zoran Balkić, Marina Pešut, Franjo Jović

Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Kneza Trpimira 2b, Osijek,,

Presentation outline

1. Introduction

2. Modular approach

2.1. Repository definition

2.2. Website / Application repository

2.2.1. Generic RIA Web GUI components

2.2.2. Application navigation

2.3. Document management

2.4. Security constraints repository

2.5. Business process / Workflow repository

2.6. Configuration repository

3. Discussion

1. Introduction

possibility of semantic Rich Internet Application using ontology

potential to facilitate the creation of semantic relationships
between various pieces of system components to enhance
modeling, deployment and integration

several approaches regarding rapid RIA application
development, but none of them offers semantics during modeling
and exploitation time

everal semantic projects have been started and they do
provide some higher level of semantic approach with SWEET using
WebML, WSMO, BPMN, etc.

2. Modular approach

Ontology plays the role of a modeling and binding factor that brings various
knowledge items and processes together to provide a richer and integrated
view of the knowledge domain to application clients as well as a platform for
semantic data mining techniques.

Analyzing existing RIA and their internal structure leads to the conclusion that
most of the functionality and design issues are borrowed from the fat client
world using well established patterns for RIA GUI creation, data and
metadata storing and retrieval as well as business process integration and

2.1. Repository definition

In our scenario
basic building block
, that


the core of the system for storage and
retrieval of data and metadata
, is

JCR (Java
Content Repository) as data manipulation
layer, basically built on top of the tree
representation for the data structures that
corresponds with semantic way of analysis
and modeling, emphasizing the use of URIs
for data creation/retrieval.

Content repository can be described as a generic application "data store" that
can be used for storing both text and binary data (image, video file, Word
document, PDF, etc.).

A custom repository reflects one of the five modular components (domains) of the
system that are ontology defined:

Website / Application tree (navigational data) derived from persisted data;

Document management (for binary data);

Security constraints (for user / groups data);

Business process (for storing BP definitions);

Configuration data (used by all repositories and server for runtime



Custom repositories are essential part of the Framework as
JCR defines three different compliance levels:

Level 1

defines a read
only repository: This includes functionality for the reading
of repository content, export of content to XML and searching using XPath, JCR
query. This functionality should meet the needs of presentation templates and basic

Level 2

defines a writable repository: In addition to Level 1's functionality, it
defines methods for writing content and importing content from XML. Applications
written against Level 2 features include any application that generates data,
information or content, both structured and unstructured.

Advanced options:

In addition to Level 1 or Level 2 features, the specification
defines five additional functional blocks: Versioning, (JTA) Transactions, Query
using SQL, Explicit Locking and Content Observation.

2.2. Website / Application repository

The main distinction from the classic approach is abstraction of the data
layer that results in the transparent component design regardless of the
type for data storage (RDBMS, file system, XML).

Among usual application characteristics we should emphasize just a few:

managing multilingual content;

delivering personalized content;

maintaining multiple corporate applications/ websites: public
corporate Web sites, global and localized sites, intranets and

publishing distributed and disconnected content from multiple
sources using multiple repository synchronization;

2.2.1. Generic RIA Web GUI components

Application ontology defines data structure from which all GUI components
are described. Modular Macromedia Flash solution should be used in this
scenario. Complete component description is necessary for successful GUI
rendering and manipulation.

Considering some other configuration parameters needed for GUI
accessibility and Look&feel we have two options to store data, either in the
configuration repository or application data repository itself where second
choice offers increased performance in some cases.

2.2.2. Application navigation

Primarily, application navigation represents two different types of data
rendering, one as static data retrieval as it is defined in the repository tree
and the other as dynamic semantic linking between data nodes in the

Data storage and retrieval layer is built as dynamic repository tree that
represents model/view independence where each node of the tree can hold
any type of data, either as direct entity instances, dynamic links or
transparently reused data preserving semantic linking.

2.3. Document management

Semantic Document Management is characterized by:

managing the document lifecycle, from creation to publication and to archive;

documents indexing;

semantic full
text search.

managing documents, attributes (metadata);

managing context links and semantic relationships between documents' types;

documents routing for processing tasks, approvals, and distribution (event
driven architecture);

streamlining document workflows and document publishing cycle times;

easy, secure and smart access to enterprise documents;

supporting timely decision
making throughout an organization;

documents follow
up action;

integration with enterprise applications;

2.4. Security constraints repository

Provides infrastructure for sucessful security policies adoptation:

based on inflexible rules, but on an understanding of the
expected series of interactions between parties within and outside
the protected domain

uniform access control restrict

access to specific data nodes in
the application/website repository

aggregated data with fine grained security rules that can span
up to each individual's retrieval and manipulation.

2.5. Business process / Workflow repository

One of the most complex parts of the model embeds core application logic and
business repository:

new task notification;

automatic tasks and documents routing for creation, changing, exception and
approval processing;

management of unfulfilled tasks;

parallel workflow processing;


dynamic routing;

monitor the status of any workflow across the enterprise;

workflow versioning;

2.6. Configuration repository

Standard part of any application wheather it is RIA, Web application or fat

server configuration;

functional modules configuration which includes templating mechanism,
component description and structure;

application framework metadata.

Thank you for your attention

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