(veterinary area) Synthetic Antigens Laboratory. Made in Cuba ...

clatteringlippsBiotechnology

Dec 5, 2012 (4 years and 10 months ago)

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Gerardo González Núñez

Professor

Interamerican University of Puerto Rico


gegonza
@coqui.net




Business Opportunities in Cuba:


Implications for Puerto Rico, Dominican
Republic and the Caribbean


STRENGTHS


Population mostly young:



Up to 50 years: 72.3 %



Up to 35 years: 46 %



85% of Cuban workers have an average of 11
years of school education.



Almost 1 million professionals have graduated
since 1959



Infrastructure


Cuba

has

38

ports,

seven

major
:



North coast
: Mariel, La Habana,
Matanzas, Nuevitas



South coast
: Santiago de Cuba,
Manzanillo, Cienfuegos.




All those ports have a maritime depth greater
than
22
ft. The port of Matanzas is one of the
greatest depths in the Caribbean with
90
ft.

This port has an oil supertanker terminal for
tankers with dead
-
weights up to
150
,
000
tons.



The most important port is Havana,
handling
about
60
% of all cargo
. It has major facilities
for ships with complex repairs.



There are minor and medium repair facilities in
the other Cuban ports.





Cuba

has

21

airports,

11

with

international

flights
:

La

Habana,

Varadero,

Camagüey,

Holguín,

Santiago

de

Cuba,

Cayo

Largo,

Cayo

Coco

and

Manzanillo
.



La

Habana

and

Varadero

are

the

most

important

airports,

moving

aprox
.

80
%

of

all

passengers
.





There

is

a

railway

system

of

5
,
344

miles
.

80
%

of

the

population

has

access

to

rail

service
.



The

road

network

totals

about

19
,
000

miles,

which

up

to

half

is

paved
.

There

are

five

highways,

one

of

them

(Autopista

Nacional)

runs

for

745

miles

from

west

to

east
.



Cuba’s electrical generating system
consists of
19
plants with a production
capacity of
17
,
662
GWH
in
2008
.
18
plants are thermoelectric and one is
hydroelectric.
81
% of electricity is
generated from oil and
8
% is generated
from gas.



Electrification

level is
96
%.



Production Breakdown (2008)




WEAKNESSES



Underdeveloped
human resources.


Weak
physical infrastructure
:



*
Water and sewage system



*
Electrical system



* Road system


Telecommunications .

Telecommunications: The Cinderella

Fixed
t
elephone lines per 100 habitants.


Selected countries, 2008

4.2

8.5

9.4

10.5

12.1

15

16

17.3

17.8

20.3

26.1

26.3

33.8

54

Nicaragua
Cuba
Dom. Rep.
Honduras
Jamaica
El Salvador
Venezuela
Colombia
México
Chile
Puerto Rico
Trinidad - Tobago
Costa Rica
Barbados
Internet Users per 100 Habitants


Selected countries, 2008

2.6

3.6

7.9

9.3

10.4

11.7

12.4

14.1

16.9

17.4

23.2

25.4

35.6

59.4

Nicaragua
Honduras
Guatemala
El Salvador
Colombia
Cuba
Venezuela
Belice
Dom. Rep.
México
Puerto Rico
Costa Rica
Antigua - Barbuda
Barbados
Gross Formation of Fixed Assets as GDP %


Selected countries,
2008

8.2

12.1

13

16.9

17.5

19.6

20.4

22.4

22.6

25.4

25.8

26.8

27.4

28.7

29.8

41.8

Cuba
Uruguay
Puerto Rico
Brasil
Dom. Rep.
Costa Rica
Argentina
Panamá
México
Colombia
Chile
Ecuador
Honduras
Haití
Venezuela
Bahamas
Population Aging



OPPORTUNITIES


Manufacturing sector


Biotechnology and
pharmaceutical

sector


Tourism


Financial and banking system


Professionals

services


Construction

Manufacturing Sector

An Example


Copper and steel foundry facilities


Paper products (four plants)


Glass and bottles (six plants)


Sporting goods


Textiles (25 plants)


Cement (six plants


5.3 million ton/year)


Construction (22 prefabricated and 11 brick
plants)


Fertilizers (five plants)


Pharmaceuticals.

Major Cuban R
&
D Centers

Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals Sector


Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Center


Bioinorganic Laboratory


Medical Biophysics Center


Molecular Immunology Center


International Neurological Restoration Center


Finlay Institute


Pedro Kouri Tropical Medicine Institute


Labiofam (veterinary area)


Synthetic Antigens Laboratory.


Made in Cuba

Some BT, pharmaceuticals and medical products


Vaccines against meningitis, hepatitis B
and C, cholera and leprosy


Diagnostic equipments


Optical goods


Interferon


Monoclonal antibodies


PPG (control cholesterol levels)


Dermofural (anti
-
bacterial and anti
-
fungal
cream).



CHALLENGES


Attraction of foreign investments in some
areas



Tourism



Lack of information and knowledge about
Cuba’s economic potentialities


Tourism Performance

thousands of tourists

1
,
775

1
,
686

1,906

2
,
049

2,319

2
,
221

2,152

2,348

2
,
425

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009*
* Estimated


Tourism Receipts


millions of US dollars

1,840

1
,
769

1
,
999

2,114

2,399

2
,
235

2,236

2
,
359

2,097

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009*
* Estimated


Origins of Tourists


Major Countries

2008

0
100,000
200,000
300,000
400,000
500,000
600,000
700,000
800,000
900,000
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Canada
England
Italy
Spain
Germany
France
Mexico

Hotel Room Occupancy Rate

60.2
%

50
55
60
65
70
75
80
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
74
%

Average Receipts by Visitors

US dollars

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
$1,098

$
1
,
037

$1,049

$
1
,
049

$
1
,
032

$1,034

$
1
,
006

$1,039

$1,005


Tourism: Cuban Assets


Geographical

diversity


More

than

300

beaches


Cultural

diversity


4
,
000

miles

of

coastline


Clean

seas

with

coral

reefs


Rich

architectural

heritage


Well

educated

labor

force

I

would

like

to

acknowledge

the

contribution

of

Economist

Roberto

Orro
.