Chapter 14 Genetic Engineering Guided Reading

clattergumneckBiotechnology

Oct 23, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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Chapter 14: Genetic Engineering


Guided Reading


1.

Define

the following:

a.

Genetic

engineering



b.

Biotechnology



c.

Recombinant

DNA technology




2.

Discuss

the following concerning recombinant DNA technology:


a.

Restriction

enzymes


b.

Vector

c.

Plasmid

d.

Transformation

e.

Palindromic

sequences

f.

Sticky

ends

g.

DNA ligase

3.

List the steps of creating a recombinant DNA plasmid (Figure 14
-
2 may help).







4.

How can a scientist clone DNA? Discuss the following:


a.

Genome

b.

Genomic library

c.

Genetic probe

d.

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)


e.

Gel

electrophoresis


5.

What

are some of the applications of genetic engineering?







6.

What are transgenic organisms? How do scientists get DNA inside animals to make them
transgenic? What are some reasons to make transgenic plants?